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  • 2001
  • Persistence and amplification of St. Louis encephalitis virus in the Coachella Valley of California, 2000-2001. (ajtmh.org)
  • We undertook annual surveys of flavivirus virus activity in the community of Billiluna of Western Australia in the southeast Kimberley region between 1989 and 2001. (ajtmh.org)
  • Strains were isolated at different points in time (from 1933 to 2001) which allowed for the estimation of divergence times of SLE virus clades and the overall evolutionary rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Epizootic activity of Murray Valley encephalitis virus in an Aboriginal community in the southeast Kimberley region of Western Australia: results of cross-sectional and longitudinal serologic studies. (ajtmh.org)
  • Five evolutionary genetic studies of SLE virus have been published of which four focused on phylogeny, genetic variation, and recombination dynamics by sequencing the envelope protein gene and parts of other genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • average
  • The results suggest that MVE virus is epizootic in the region, with activity only apparent in years with average or above average rainfall and increased numbers of Cx. (ajtmh.org)
  • study
  • All participants will receive Japanese encephalitis chimeric virus vaccine and measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and will be monitored for safety throughout the study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Murray Valley encephalitis (MVE) virus was isolated in 8 of the 13 years of the study from seven mosquito species, but more than 90% of the isolates were from Cx. (ajtmh.org)
  • Furthermore, this study found an increase in the effective population size of the SLE virus around the end of the 19th century that corresponds to the split of the latest North American clade, suggesting a northwards colonization of SLE virus in the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • pathogens
  • STING induces type I interferon production when cells are infected with intracellular pathogens, such as viruses, mycobacteria and intracellular parasites. (wikipedia.org)
  • STING mediates the type I interferon production in response to intracellular DNA and a variety of intracellular pathogens, including viruses, intracellular bacteria and intracellular parasites. (wikipedia.org)
  • Interferons (IFNs) are a group of signaling proteins made and released by host cells in response to the presence of several pathogens, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and also tumor cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Flu vaccines, according to the best scientific evidence available today, will only work against 10% of the circulating viruses that cause the symptoms of seasonal epidemic influenza. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • cells
  • Sera collected from a WNV-infected horse mediated lysis of WNV NS1-expressing cells in a dose-dependent manner at higher percentages than sera from a Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV)-infected horse. (nih.gov)
  • Due to its simplicity, specificity and sensitivity, RT-PCR is used in a wide range of applications from experiments as simple as quantification of yeast cells in wine to more complex uses as diagnostic tools for detecting infectious agents such as the avian flu virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a typical scenario, a virus-infected cell will release interferons causing nearby cells to heighten their anti-viral defenses. (wikipedia.org)
  • A virus-infected cell releases viral particles that can infect nearby cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inhibited protein synthesis destroys both the virus and infected host cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • They also limit viral spread by increasing p53 activity, which kills virus-infected cells by promoting apoptosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Actions
  • In addition, interferons induce production of hundreds of other proteins-known collectively as interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs)-that have roles in combating viruses and other actions produced by interferon. (wikipedia.org)
  • widely
  • Diverse aetiologies of viral and bacterial encephalitis are widely recognized as significant yet neglected public health issues in the Mekong region. (plos.org)
  • causes
  • The virus causes psychiatric problems like mental retardation, learning disabilities, speech and movement disorders and behavioural abnormalities as well. (medindia.net)
  • The children are more vulnerable targets of this virus, which causes massive neuronal loss in the Central Nervous System. (medindia.net)
  • fellow
  • Known for his studies on neurodiseases such as Japanese encephalitis, Basu is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science Academies namely the Indian Academy of Sciences, the Indian National Science Academy and the National Academy of Sciences, India as well as of the West Bengal Academy of Science and Technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • interferon
  • Although type I IFN is absolutely critical for resistance to viruses, there is growing literature about the negative role of type I interferon in host immunity mediated by STING. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • In these times of competing priorities and financial constraints for health authorities, can the burden of encephalitis in the Mekong region be estimated? (plos.org)
  • region
  • We reviewed published Medline-referenced resources on encephalitis and meningoencephalitis and used these to complete an overview of the epidemiological situation in this dynamic region of the world. (plos.org)
  • Society
  • As the "Running Mad Professor" he has increased awareness of encephalitis, whilst also helping to raise hundreds of thousands of pounds for the Encephalitis Society, for which he Chairs the Professional Advisory Panel. (wikipedia.org)