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  • catalytic
  • Finally, for both kinds of electrochemical catalysts, our results have evidenced that the measurement of the open-circuit voltage during catalytic process can be an indicator of the hydrocarbon conversion. (springer.com)
  • processes
  • In biological processes, the direction an ion moves by diffusion or active transport across a membrane is determined by the electrochemical gradient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our programs include extensive experimental components including synthesis of well-defined surfaces and nanostructured materials, and investigation of processes at the surfaces/interfaces using electrochemical methods coupled with ex situ and in situ X-ray-based and electron-based spectroscopy. (mit.edu)
  • reduction
  • By making the housing as a hermetically tight protective housing, which is part of an implantable medical device, contamination of surrounding tissue with toxic substances and hazard to the implant wearer by the malfunction of the secondary electrochemical cell can be precluded under all operating conditions with simultaneously great reduction of all dimensions. (google.es)
  • cells
  • In similar manner, chemical energy in cells can be used to create electrochemical gradients. (wikipedia.org)
  • As is known, photo-electrochemical cells constructed of semiconductor/electrolyte boundary layers have photo-electrochemical properties similar to those of the Schottky barrier of semiconductor/metal boundary layers. (google.com)
  • Electrochemical devices, such as batteries and fuel cells, have long employed a plurality of individual electrochemical cells which are electrically interconnected in a manner to produce the voltage-amperage characteristics desired in such an electrical power providing device. (google.com)
  • When a liquid electrolyte is employed with the cell stack and particularly when that electrolyte is circulated throughout the cell stack, there are additional problems attendant to the design of a cell stack because of the potential for leaks at locations where the electrolyte enters and leaves each of the electrochemical cells. (google.com)
  • potentials
  • In particular, we review studies on how electrochemical potentials influence the plasmon resonances in different nanostructures, as this type of fundamental understanding is necessary for successful combination of the methods. (chalmers.se)
  • cell
  • What is the importance of the solution in an electrochemical cell? (physicsforums.com)
  • 9. A regenerative photo-electrochemical cell as set forth in claim 1 further comprising carboxylic acid ligands bonding said chromophore layer to said semi-conductor layer. (google.com)
  • 10. A regenerative photo-electrochemical cell as set forth in claim 1 further comprising an electrolyte layer on and over said chromophore layer, said electrolyte layer having at least one of an iodide, bromide, and hydroquinone therein. (google.com)
  • A low-temperature and pressure approach would be to utilize an electrochemical cell, along the lines of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell to supply the hydrogen and electrons for deoxygenation. (aiche.org)
  • The thermal process pathways first removed the methoxy group (to form phenol) before any ring hydrogenation occurred, whereas in the electrochemical cell, hydrogenation to form methoxy cyclohexanol occurred first. (aiche.org)
  • The detector element is designed or can be set to acquire a predetermined unallowable operating state of the secondary electrochemical cell, and in an unallowable operating state of the secondary electrochemical cell, to actuate at least one switching element which prevents recharging and/or discharging of the secondary electrochemical cell. (google.es)
  • An electrochemical (EC) compressor and heat pump system includes an EC cell and a mixed gas refrigerant-based cooling system. (rexresearch.com)
  • Laboratory
  • Bernard Tribollet is Director of Research Emeritus at the Laboratory for Interfaces and Electrochemical Systems (LISE) at the University of Pierre and Marie Curie and adjunct professor at the Beijing University of Chemical Technology. (wiley.com)
  • organic
  • The organic electrochemical transistor ( OECT ) is a transistor in which the drain current is controlled by the injection of ions from an electrolyte into a semiconductor channel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electrochemical Remediation Technologies (ECRTs) use a proprietary AC/DC electrical signal to mineralize organic compounds (e.g. volatile organic compounds (VOCs) ), and to mobilize and remove metal contaminants . (cpeo.org)
  • It forms an excellent starting point from which synthetic organic chemists, in both academia and industry, can appreciate uses for electrochemical methods in their own work. (elsevier.com)
  • methods
  • This book covers, in 13 well-illustrated chapters, the potential of electrochemical methods intimately combined with a biological component for the assay of various analytes of biological and environmental interest. (routledge.com)
  • Materials scientists find numerous examples for the combination of electrochemical experiments with simple and with highly complex x-ray scattering and spectroscopy methods. (degruyter.com)
  • We briefly give an overview of their optical properties and discuss implementation of electrochemical methods. (chalmers.se)
  • biological
  • Written by leading international experts in different fields of electrochemical transduction for biological phenomena and biosensors, this timely book is well suited for graduate students and scientists, providing a good overview of current research trends and perspectives in the area. (routledge.com)
  • Systems
  • MicruX, leading company in Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC) platforms based on microfluidic and electrochemical systems, coordinates a transnational project, codename MATSENS, initiated through the collaborative network M-ERA.NET. (environmental-expert.com)
  • samples
  • After introduction into the cartridge, liquid samples are measured out and transported to the electrochemical device utilizing a sequential application of centrifugal force followed by pressurization of the system. (google.ca)
  • process
  • The applicability of an electrochemical Fenton-type process (EF-HOCl-ReFe) to the treatment of three actual wastewaters, namely wastewater from an automobile factory (automobile wastewater), metal scrap-cleansing wastewater, and municipal wastewater, is discussed in this research. (environmental-expert.com)
  • technology
  • Mark E. Orazem is a Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Florida, adjunct professor at the Beijing University of Chemical Technology, a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society, past President of the International Society of Electrochemistry, and recipient of the 2012 ECS Linford Award for Outstanding Teaching. (wiley.com)