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  • cortical
  • Whiskers, barrels, and cortical efferent pathways in gap crossing by rats. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Information from the barrel fields reaches motor areas via cortico-cortical, basal ganglia, or cerebellar pathways. (ox.ac.uk)
  • When the performance was stable, we made unilateral lesions in the central region of the basis pedunculi, which interrupted connections from the barrel field to the pons while leaving cortico-cortical and basal ganglia pathways intact. (ox.ac.uk)
  • cortical areas course via several pathways: the three components of the superior longitudinalfasciculus (SLF I, SLF II, and SLF III), the arcuate fasciculus (AF), the fronto-occipitalfasciculus (FOF), the cingulate fasciculus (CING F), and the extreme capsule (Extm C).Fibers from area 8Av course via FOF and SLF II, merging in the white matter of the inferiorparietal lobule (IPL) and terminating in the caudal intraparietal sulcus (IPS). (vdocuments.mx)
  • centers
  • The cochlear nucleus (CN) is the first brainstem auditory nucleus, and elevated activity at this level is of interest because it could either directly drive the hyperactivity seen in higher centers or, alternatively, it could trigger mechanisms that eventually lead to the de novo generation of hyperactivity in the higher parts of the pathway. (jneurosci.org)
  • bladder
  • Afferent and efferent nerve function in the atonic bladder caused by conus medullaris injury in a rat model was established by intradural microanastomosis of the left L5 ventral root (VR) to right S2 VR to restore pure motor-to-motor reinnervation coupled with extradural postganglionic spinal nerve transfer of L5 dorsal root (DR) to S2 DR for pure sensory-to-sensory reinnervation. (ovid.com)
  • central
  • Efferent axons of Vb cells occupy a central position within the basis pedunculi and terminate on cells in the pontine nuclei. (ox.ac.uk)
  • the increase in heat loss and the decrease in heat generation that follow the chemical manipulation of the central nervous pathways for thermoregulatory cold defense ( Morrison and Nakamura, 2011 ) suggests that the reduction in metabolism may also be actively driven by the CNS. (jneurosci.org)