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  • occurs
  • The Slashdot effect, also known as slashdotting, occurs when a popular website links to a smaller website, causing a massive increase in traffic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In population genetics, the founder effect is the loss of genetic variation that occurs when a new population is established by a very small number of individuals from a larger population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The founder effect occurs when a small group of migrants that is not genetically representative of the population from which they came establish in a new area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bandwagon effect occurs in voting: some people vote for those candidates or parties who are likely to succeed (or are proclaimed as such by the media), hoping to be on the "winner's side" in the end. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, when the Osborne effect occurs, the quantity of unsold goods increases and the company must react by either discounting or lowering production of the current product, both of which depress cash flow. (wikipedia.org)
  • This effect occurs in most optically transparent dielectric materials (including liquids) under the influence of magnetic fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • This effect occurs with male-only, female-only and mixed gender groups, and both small and large groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect occurs to the same extent with groups of four and 16 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fluid mechanics, the Cheerios effect is the phenomenon that occurs when floating objects that don't normally float attract one another. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • A nocebo effect is said to occur when negative expectations of the patient regarding a treatment cause the treatment to have a more negative effect than it otherwise would have. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. (rxlist.com)
  • The denomination effect can occur when large denominations are perceived as less exchangeable than smaller denominations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect does not occur because group photos give the impression that individuals have more social or emotional intelligence: this was shown to be the case by a study which used individual photos grouped together in a single image, rather than photos taken of people in a group. (wikipedia.org)
  • explains
  • On the other hand, the theory of the Unruh effect explains that the definition of what constitutes a "particle" depends on the state of motion of the observer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kondo's model predicted that the scattering rate of conduction electrons of the magnetic impurity should diverge as the temperature approaches 0 K. Extended to a lattice of magnetic impurities, the Kondo effect likely explains the formation of heavy fermions and Kondo insulators in intermetallic compounds, especially those involving rare earth elements like cerium, praseodymium, and ytterbium, and actinide elements like uranium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extended to a lattice of magnetic impurities, the Kondo effect likely explains the formation of heavy fermions and Kondo insulators in intermetallic compounds, especially those involving rare earth elements like cerium, praseodymium, and ytterbium, and actinide elements like uranium. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bandwagon effect explains why there are fashion trends. (wikipedia.org)
  • adverse effects
  • Numerous studies have shown that diets rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can significantly reduce blood LDL cholesterol levels, decrease the total cholesterol-to-HDL cholesterol ratio, and help achieve optimal fat consumption without adverse effects on total fat or energy intake ( 7 , 8 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, with increasing numbers of patients chronically taking PPIs for gastroesophageal reflux disease and other common, persistent conditions, the long-term potential adverse effects are receiving increasing attention. (springer.com)
  • Studies in each area have led to differing conclusions, but when examined systematically, consistent results of several studies support the conclusion that long-term adverse effects on these processes can have important clinical implications. (springer.com)
  • liquids
  • When you ingest foods and liquids, the end products of digestion and assimilation of nutrients often results in an acid or alkaline-forming effect - the end products are sometimes called acid ash or alkaline ash. (drbenkim.com)
  • So there are two main forces at work on a daily basis that can disrupt the pH of your body fluids - these forces are the acid or alkaline-forming effects of foods and liquids that you ingest, and the acids that you generate through regular metabolic activities. (drbenkim.com)
  • He was later able to reproduce the effect in several other solids, liquids, and gases by procuring stronger electromagnets. (wikipedia.org)
  • exhibit
  • Major news sites or corporate websites are typically engineered to serve large numbers of requests and therefore do not normally exhibit this effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alexander Joshi has summed up the disposition effect as the disposition that investors have to hold on to losing positions longer than winning positions, saying that "investors hate losses and will gamble to avoid experiencing them, so they exhibit risk-seeking behaviour by holding losers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost all modern diagnostic x-ray machines exhibit the heel effect to some degree. (wikipedia.org)
  • physics
  • In physics, the Kondo effect describes the scattering of conduction electrons in a metal due to magnetic impurities, resulting in a characteristic change in electrical resistivity with temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Faraday, Paragraph #7718, Daily notebook The linear polarized light that is seen to rotate in the Faraday effect can be seen as consisting of the superposition of a right- and a left- circularly polarized beam (this superposition principle is fundamental in many branches of physics). (wikipedia.org)
  • Writing in the American Journal of Physics, Dominic Vella and L. Mahadevan of Harvard University discuss the Cheerios effect and suggest that it may be useful in the study of the self-assembly of small structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • opposite
  • Since a linear polarization can be decomposed into the superposition of two equal-amplitude circularly polarized components of opposite handedness and different phase, the effect of a relative phase shift, induced by the Faraday effect, is to rotate the orientation of a wave's linear polarization. (wikipedia.org)
  • you will witness the exact opposite effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • absorption
  • Interest in this area has led to examination of the effects of PPIs on calcium absorption/metabolism and numerous cohort, case-control, and prospective studies of their ability to affect bone density and cause bone fractures. (springer.com)
  • In this article, these studies are systematically examined, as are studies of the effects of chronic PPI use on absorption of VB 12 , iron, and magnesium. (springer.com)
  • study
  • Therefore, this study was performed to investigate the effects of a walnut-enriched diet on endothelial function and other cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetic individuals. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • One study which was published in 1886 in the International Journal of Neuroscience showed that CBD oil could cause some mild side effects in patients with dystonia. (youtube.com)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-cancer effects of compounds obtained from the plant Leucaena leucocephala in human chronic myelogenous leukaemia, prostate, liver, tongue, lung, melanoma, gastric and colon adenocarcinoma cancer cell lines. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Hersh Shefrin and Meir Statman identified and named the effect in their 1985 study, which found that people dislike losing significantly more than they enjoy winning. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an effort to find evidence for the 'armpit effect,' Warren G. Holmes and Paul W. Sherman conducted a three-year study on two species of squirrels: Arctic ground squirrels (Spermophilus peryii) and Belding's ground squirrels (Spermophilus belding). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Faraday effect is used in spintronics research to study the polarization of electron spins in semiconductors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The first documented empirical study on the testing effect was published in 1917 by Gates. (wikipedia.org)
  • An important step in proving the existence of the testing effect was presented in a 1992 study by Carrier and Pashler. (wikipedia.org)
  • A third study tried to understand whether the denomination effect was particular to American culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2015 replication of Walker and Vul's study failed to show any significant results for the group attractiveness effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • describe
  • It was later extended to describe any similar effect from being listed on a popular site, similar to the more generic term, flash crowd, which is a more appropriate term. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Reddit effect has also been used to describe viral crowd fundraising efforts in addition to the surge in web traffic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The researchers coined the term "disposition effect" to describe this tendency of holding on to losing stocks too long and to sell off well-performing stocks too readily. (wikipedia.org)
  • scientists
  • This potential for relatively rapid changes in the colony's gene frequency led most scientists to consider the founder effect (and by extension, genetic drift) a significant driving force in the evolution of new species. (wikipedia.org)
  • long-term
  • Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a serious, long-term illness that affects many body systems. (cdc.gov)
  • it therefore seems without meaning to exchange nutritious and palatable natural fats with a chemical product with unknown long-term effects. (bmj.com)
  • The testing effect is the finding that long-term memory is increased when some of the learning period is devoted to retrieving the to-be-remembered information through testing with proper feedback. (wikipedia.org)
  • The testing effect provides the largest benefit to long-term memory when the tested material is difficult enough to require effort, the retrieval success is high, and feedback with correct answers is given after testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • A 2013 review found that nearly 1 out of 20 patients receiving a placebo in clinical trials for depression dropped out due to adverse events, which were believed to have been caused by the nocebo effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • Both placebo and nocebo effects are presumably psychogenic , but they can induce measurable changes in the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • For more information on alcohol's effects on the body, please see the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism's (NIAAA's) related web page describing alcohol's effects on the body . (drugabuse.gov)
  • While the THC in marijuana is will get you high, CBD is a chemical with many benefits from a medicinal point of view - and it does not have the same side effects on the body as THC. (youtube.com)
  • An injury to the spine can affect many functions in the body. (viagra.com)
  • demonstrate
  • In 2012, Beri and Cooper proposed a topological Kondo effect could be found with Majorana fermions, while it has been shown that quantum simulations with ultracold atoms may also demonstrate the effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Gestalt psychology, the Zeigarnik effect has been used to demonstrate the general presence of Gestalt phenomena: not just appearing as perceptual effects, but also present in cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • People
  • Alcohol often has a strong effect on people-and throughout history,people have struggled to understand and manage alcohol's power. (drugabuse.gov)
  • citation needed] The bandwagon effect has been applied to situations involving majority opinion, such as political outcomes, where people alter their opinions to the majority view. (wikipedia.org)
  • In psychology, the Zeigarnik effect states that people remember uncompleted or interrupted tasks better than completed tasks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The difficulty in a large denomination's transaction results in a positive affect towards the money, leading people to overvalue it and make them less likely to spend it compared to an identical amount in smaller denominations. (wikipedia.org)
  • implies
  • The Lindy effect is a concept that the future life expectancy of some non-perishable things like a technology or an idea is proportional to their current age, so that every additional period of survival implies a longer remaining life expectancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • As known from the orbital-orbital interaction requirement, if this stereoelectronic effect is to be favored, the donor-acceptor orbitals must have a low energy gap and they must retain antiperiplanar geometry to allow for perfect interacting direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Faraday effect is caused by left and right circularly polarized waves propagating at slightly different speeds, a property known as circular birefringence. (wikipedia.org)
  • He spent considerable effort looking for evidence of electric forces affecting the polarization of light through what are now known as electro-optic effects, starting with decomposing electrolytes. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • 21 percent of patients who receive donepezil discontinue treatment due to adverse side effects. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • That the serum cholesterol concentration was unchanged at follow-up in the only successful dietary trial (2) is in accord with the observation from the statin-trials (3), as well as from the previous cholesterol lowering trials (4), that any treatment effect is independent on the degree of cholesterol lowering. (bmj.com)
  • This increased attention results from the reported potential adverse effect of chronic PPI treatment leading to an increased occurrence of bone fractures. (springer.com)
  • In many cases, the small reduction in the cancer recurrence risk may not be worth the side effects of adjuvant treatment. (cochrane.org)
  • often
  • Diffuse brain injury and trauma often affects the cerebral cortex and thinking-brain. (dyslexiaonline.com)
  • ED is often caused by something physical, such as a disease, injury, or side effects from other drugs. (viagra.com)
  • It negates the effect of emission silence in the structure that is often observed from the related Kaiser effect at high loads. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sites that are maintained on shared hosting services often fail when confronted with the Slashdot effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to founder effects, the new population is often a very small population, so shows increased sensitivity to genetic drift, an increase in inbreeding, and relatively low genetic variation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This has the immediate effect of customers canceling or deferring orders for the current product, knowing that it will soon be obsolete, and any unexpected delays often means the new product comes to be perceived as vaporware, damaging the company's credibility and profitability. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Despite the prevalence of endothelial dysfunction in diabetes and evidence that walnut consumption may improve both endothelial function and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk in patients with hypercholesterolemia, no studies have investigated the effect of walnut intake on endothelial function in type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Several studies have tested this theory of the bandwagon effect in political decision making. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The armpit effect is a form of ontogenic recognition, wherein an animal uses its own or another animal's physical characteristics for recognition purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Unruh effect would then be the near-horizon form of the Hawking radiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • That is, Kennedy rejected the use of the term for pharmacologically induced negative side effects such as the ringing in the ears caused by quinine . (wikipedia.org)
  • When the targeted website has a community-based structure, the term can also refer to the secondary effect of having a large group of new users suddenly set up accounts and start to participate in the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term domino effect is used both to imply that an event is inevitable or highly likely (it's already started to happen), and conversely to imply that an event is impossible or highly unlikely (the one domino left standing). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Osborne effect is a term referring to the unintended consequences of a company announcing a future product, unaware of the risks involved or when the timing is misjudged, which ends up having a negative impact on the sales of the current product. (wikipedia.org)
  • trials
  • In order for a testing effect to be demonstrated, the test trials must have a medium to high retrieval success. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • The effect, they note, "has been documented in all the available large databases of individual investor trading activity and has been linked to important pricing phenomena such as post-earnings announcement drift and stock-level momentum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stereoelectronic effect contains a large variety of subtopics, including anomeric effects and hyperconjugation. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • That is not to say that the patient's psychologically induced response may not include physiological effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Taleb's 2012 book Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder he for the first time explicitly referred to his idea as the Lindy Effect, removed the bounds of the life of the producer to include anything which doesn't have a natural upper bound, and incorporated it into his broader theory of the Antifragile. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • It has been shown that, due to the nocebo effect, warning patients about side effects of drugs can contribute to the causation of such effects, whether the drug is real or not. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas CBD oil has been proven safe for human consumption, some researches done on it have identified a possibility of side effects in patients taking the oil. (youtube.com)
  • article
  • The article also draws attention to JetBlue's much smaller footprint in overall domestic passenger traffic, making any claims about a widespread effect much more tenuous. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, when a patient anticipates a side effect of a medication, they can suffer that effect even if the "medication" is actually an inert substance. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, it's associated with medical conditions that can affect blood flow. (viagra.com)
  • Disposition effects have also been uncovered in other settings-in the real estate market, for example, and in the exercise of executive stock options. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kondo effect can be considered as an example of asymptotic freedom, i.e. a situation where the coupling becomes non-perturbatively strong at low temperatures and low energies. (wikipedia.org)
  • SiR3, -SnR3, -HgR, etc.) at the β-position of carbocation, the positive charge could be stabilized which is also due largely to the stereoelectronic effect (illustrated below using -SiR3 as an example). (wikipedia.org)
  • Wetting, an example of the "Cheerios effect," is when breakfast cereal clumps together or clings to the sides of a bowl of milk. (wikipedia.org)
  • seen
  • USA Today, in noting the trend to where the competitive effect on prices continued to be seen, but that JetBlue's impact on prices was now largest, suggested, "You might want to start calling it the JetBlue effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • drug
  • pregnancy-related issues are listed in the chart below for drugs where there is enough scientific evidence to connect the drug use to specific negative effects. (drugabuse.gov)
  • evidence
  • Discovered by Michael Faraday in 1845, the Faraday effect was the first experimental evidence that light and electromagnetism are related. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore
  • Paul says we are whether karma can be grounding it Effects Alcohol Viagra these Effects Alcohol Viagra two cassette-only releases key importance to narrative and therefore allowing applied in many other. (thebossofmylife.com)
  • sometimes
  • The Unruh effect (or sometimes Fulling-Davies-Unruh effect) is the prediction that an accelerating observer will observe blackbody radiation where an inertial observer would observe none. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effect is also sometimes referred to as retrieval practice, practice testing, or test-enhanced learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • Few definitive numbers exist regarding the precise magnitude of the Slashdot effect, but estimates put the peak of the mass influx of page requests at anywhere from several hundred to several thousand hits per minute. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • The founder effect is a special case of genetic drift, occurring when a small group in a population splinters off from the original population and forms a new one. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] When a newly formed colony is small, its founders can strongly affect the population's genetic makeup far into the future. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, who have a slow reproduction rate, the population will remain small for many generations, effectively amplifying the drift effect generation after generation until the population reaches a certain size. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following behind Wright, Ernst Mayr created many persuasive models to show that the decline in genetic variation and small population size accompanying the founder effect were critically important for new species to develop. (wikipedia.org)
  • years
  • This effect was anticipated years earlier in 1956 in Alfred Bester's novel The Stars My Destination. (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent years, new airlines have had a greater "Southwest Effect" than Southwest itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • physical
  • Ripple effect Rube Goldberg machine Relevant physical theory: Butterfly effect Cascading failure Causality Chain reaction Snowball effect Mathematical theory Mathematical induction Political theory Domino theory Social Chinese whispers Domino Day - world record attempt for the highest number of toppling domino stones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stereoelectronic effect is the effect on molecular structures, physical properties and reactivities due to the molecules' electronic structures, in particular the interaction between atomic and/or molecular orbitals. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • but if he adopts the conservation of resources policy favored by these senescent philosophers of "the Business", and confines himself to "specials" and "guest shots", he may last to the age of Ed Wynn [d. age 79 in 1966 while still acting in movies] Benoit Mandelbrot defined a different concept called the Lindy Effect in his 1984 book The Fractal Geometry of Nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • future
  • The Osborne Effect states that prematurely discussing future, unavailable products damages sales of existing products. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • Ferb generally get along and joy in your Effects Alcohol Viagra Buford is a. (thebossofmylife.com)
  • Typical stereoelectronic effects with specific orbital overlaps generally lead to a specific molecular conformation or energy differentiation among various transition states that would lead to a particular reaction selectivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stereoelectronic effect generally includes a donor-acceptor interaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • unusual
  • PPIs have a very favorable safety profile, and it is unusual for a patient to stop them because of side effects. (springer.com)
  • The stereoelectronic effect, along with the steric effect, inductive effect, mesomeric effect, etc., is one of the key theories in illustrating unusual selectivity, reactivity and stability cases in the course of organic chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • lead
  • Some lifestyle and psychological factors can play a role in causing ED, such as smoking, drinking, and stress because they may lead to conditions that affect blood circulation. (viagra.com)
  • In extreme cases, the founder effect is thought to lead to the speciation and subsequent evolution of new species. (wikipedia.org)
  • current
  • For instance, the Faraday effect has been used to measure optical rotatory power and for remote sensing of magnetic fields (such as fiber optic current sensors). (wikipedia.org)
  • definition
  • Mandelbrot agreed with Taleb's expanded definition of the Lindy Effect: "[Taleb] suggested the boundary perishable/nonperishable and he [Mandelbrot] agreed that the nonperishable would be power-law distributed while the perishable (the initial Lindy story) worked as a mere metaphor. (wikipedia.org)
  • serious
  • Notify your doctor if you experience serious side effects of Synthroid including rapid heartbeat, fluttering in your chest, or chest pain . (rxlist.com)