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  • peripheral
  • Peripheral pitting edema, as shown in the illustration, is the more common type, resulting from water retention. (wikipedia.org)
  • this is a non-specific term to describe the manifestations of right ventricular failure on the rest of the body and includes peripheral edema (swelling of the legs, in general, of the "pitting" variety, wherein the skin is slow to return to normal when pressed upon), raised jugular venous pressure and hepatomegaly , where the liver is enlarged and may be tender or even pulsatile. (wikipedia.org)
  • cytotoxic edema
  • In cytotoxic edema, the blood-brain barrier remains intact but a disruption in cellular metabolism impairs functioning of the sodium and potassium pump in the glial cell membrane, leading to cellular retention of sodium and water. (wikipedia.org)
  • It appears to be a vasogenic edema (fluid penetration of the blood-brain barrier ), although cytotoxic edema (cellular retention of fluids) may play a role as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is this swelling of the individual cells of the brain that is seen as the main distinguishing characteristic of cytotoxic edema, as opposed to vasogenic edema, wherein the influx of fluid is typically seen in the interstitial space rather than within the cells themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymphedema
  • Persistent edema of rosacea (also known as "Chronic upper facial erythematous edema," "Morbihan's disease," or "Rosaceous lymphedema") is a hard, nonpitting edema found on the areas involved, those mainly being the forehead, glabella, upper eyelids, nose, and/or cheeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • This condition is also known as chronic upper facial erythematous edema, Morbihan's disease, morbus Morbihan, and rosaceous lymphedema. (wikipedia.org)
  • oedema
  • The Merck Veterinary Manual, "Malignant Edema" A World of Petcare, "Malignant Oedema" Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • Symptoms vary depending on the cause of edema. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Patient history and presenting symptoms, along with laboratory blood studies, if indicated, assist the health professional in determining the cause of the edema. (encyclopedia.com)
  • List of common symptoms: "sac-like" appearance of the vocal folds Hoarseness and deepening of the voice Trouble speaking (Dysphonia) Reduced vocal range with diminished upper limits Stretching of the mucosa (Distension) Shortness of breath Reinke's edema is characterized by a "sac-like" appearance of the vocal folds. (wikipedia.org)
  • nephrotic syndrome
  • Although a low plasma oncotic pressure is widely cited for the edema of nephrotic syndrome, most physicians note that the edema may occur before there is any significant protein in the urine ( proteinuria ) or fall in plasma protein level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Heart failure, cirrhosis of the liver, venous insufficiency, and a kidney disease called nephrotic syndrome are the most common systemic diseases that cause edema. (geni.com)
  • Other causes of edema include heart failure, hypoalbuminemia, nephrotic syndrome and venous stasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • abnormally
  • Edema is a condition of abnormally large fluid volume in the circulatory system or in tissues between the body's cells (interstitial spaces). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The most common clinical symptom associated with Reinke's edema is an abnormally low pitched voice with hoarseness. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • An edema will occur in specific organs as part of inflammations, tendonitis or pancreatitis, for instance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reinke's
  • Reinke's edema is the swelling of the vocal cords due to fluid (edema) collected within the Reinke's space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reinke's edema is characterized by the "sac-like" appearance of the fluid-filled vocal cords. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the major symptom of Reinke's edema is a hoarseness similar to laryngitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major cause associated with Reinke's edema is smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, 97% of patient's diagnosed with Reinke's edema are habitual smokers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first cases of Reinke's edema were recorded in 1891 by M. Hajek, followed by F. Reinke in 1895. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his investigations, Reinke injected a stained glue into the superficial lamina propria (Reinke's space) to mimic edema. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reinke's edema is considered to be a benign (non-cancercous) polyp (protrusion) that represents 10% of all benign laryngeal pathologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment of Reinke's edema starts with the elimination of associated risk factors, such as smoking, gastric reflux, and hypothyroidism. (wikipedia.org)
  • causes edema
  • Protein levels are decreased in the blood, and in an effort to maintain a balance of concentrations, fluid shifts out of the vessels and causes edema in tissue spaces. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Varicose veins or thrombophlebitis (a blood clot in an inflamed vein) of the deep veins in the legs causes edema that is localized to the legs. (geni.com)
  • chronic
  • The edema typically worsens slowly over months to years and is often on a background of chronic inflammation. (wikipedia.org)
  • severe
  • Such severe systemic edema is called anasarca . (wikipedia.org)
  • Edema may also be found in the cornea of the eye with glaucoma, severe conjunctivitis or keratitis or after surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • While not all patients who have experienced a stroke will develop a severe edema, those who do have a very poor prognosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although higher pulmonary arterial pressures are associated with the development of HAPE, the presence of pulmonary hypertension may not in itself be sufficient to explain the development of edema: severe pulmonary hypertension can exist in the absence of clinical HAPE in subjects at high altitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • manifest
  • The differential diagnosis includes acne vulgaris, streptococcal cellulitis, and Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, as these conditions can also rarely manifest with a similar edema, as well as other forms of rosacea, lupus erythematosus, and sarcoidosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The key distinguishing feature is that these conditions don't tend to manifest with pitting edema at the back of the hands. (wikipedia.org)