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  • 2017
  • Presenting a Tutorial on Social Media for Health Research at ICWSM in May 15, 2017 with Ingmar Weber and Kenneth W. Goodman. (google.com)
  • http://deafrica.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/DEAfrica-UN-ESOCO.png 600 1200 DEAfrica http://deafrica.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/deafrica-logo.png DEAfrica 2017-09-06 10:59:44 2018-01-17 20:40:44 Distance Education for Africa granted special consultative status by the United Nations Economic and Social Council. (deafrica.org)
  • norms
  • This review proposes four categories of barriers to accessing PMTCT: social norms and knowledge, socioeconomic status, physiological status and psychological conditions. (springer.com)
  • Social norms and knowledge and socioeconomic status stand out. (springer.com)
  • With regard to social norms and knowledge, non-disclosure, stigma and partner relations are the most commonly cited barriers. (springer.com)
  • Barriers related to social norms and knowledge, socioeconomic status and physiology can all be affected by the mental and psychological state of the individual to create a psychological barrier to access. (springer.com)
  • We also find a great diversity in questions asked in these datasets, spanning definition of obesity as a disease, social norms, and governmental policies. (google.com)
  • Shi, N., Y. Hong, and K. Wang and P. A. Pavlou (2013), "Social Commerce Beyond Word of Mouth: Role of Social Distance and Social Norms in Online Referral Incentive Systems", Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS), Milan, Italy. (ssrn.com)
  • This study integrates ultimatum game (fairness) theory with construal level theory to investigate the impacts of social distance, social norms, and monetary incentives on the performance of different designs of online social referral incentive systems. (ssrn.com)
  • Incentivized controlled lab experiments and randomized field experiments with an online ticketing company were conducted to test hypotheses on the effects of social distance, social norms, and the split of the referral bonus (monetary incentive) between a proposer and a responder on the performance of online social referral incentive systems. (ssrn.com)
  • Welfare
  • Social Choice and Welfare. (uea.ac.uk)
  • For those who remain in rural areas, improved social welfare systems and investment in health services are critical. (oecd.org)
  • We also find strong evidence of social learning: the followers tend to blindly mimic their own predecessor, but act opposite to their match's predecessor, no matter whether these actions are welfare-improving or not. (repec.org)
  • influenza pandemic
  • Conclusion Balancing school closure against "business as usual" and obtaining sufficient stocks of effective vaccine are more important factors in determining the economic impact of an influenza pandemic than is the disease itself. (bmj.com)
  • Estimates of the economic cost of an influenza pandemic range from $374 billion (in 2014 US$) for a mild pandemic ( 4 ) to $7.3 trillion for a severe pandemic with 12.6% loss of gross domestic product (GDP) and 142 million deaths extrapolated globally ( 5 ). (pnas.org)
  • impacts
  • TEDIS Project C9 was coordinated by the University of Edinburgh and brought together a network of academics from across the European Community to investigate the economic and social impacts of electronic data interchange (EDI). (ed.ac.uk)
  • It is split into three main sections: an analysis of the economic impacts of EDI on industry, an analysis of the context in which electronic trading is developing, and an assessment of the regional and employment impacts. (ed.ac.uk)
  • The discussions of the strategic and symbolic importance of EDI have obscured the key questions influencing the development of the technology in the future: what are the economic benefits of trading electronically, to whom do they accrue and what will be the wider social impacts. (ed.ac.uk)
  • sectors
  • Main outcome measures The economic impact of various scenarios with different pandemic severity, vaccination, school closure, and prophylactic absenteeism specified in terms of gross domestic product, output from different economic sectors, and equivalent variation. (bmj.com)
  • vaccination
  • Examples include initiating a vaccination program, isolating infected individuals, implementing social distancing, evacuation of a region, shutting down air transportation (for a county, state or a whole country), closing a road or preventing mixing of infected individuals across borders. (eclipse.org)
  • Objectives To estimate the potential economic impact of pandemic influenza, associated behavioural responses, school closures, and vaccination on the United Kingdom. (bmj.com)
  • Approach
  • The vulnerability approach suggests that disasters such as epidemics have different effects according not only to physical vulnerability but also to economic class (status). (biomedcentral.com)
  • It provides evidence of the economy-wide impact of each approach, as well as the impact that vaccine development may have in reconciling the two objectives of minimising both the health and economic effects of a pandemic. (bmj.com)
  • Overall, cost distance modeling continues to be an important optimization approach and used as part of simulations that attempt to understand changing cost surfaces and movement corridors. (gislounge.com)
  • interpersonal
  • The possibility to intervene and participate in acts of communication in interpersonal settings and distance learning, or simply the possibility of using a device that simulates the vocalization of requests, greetings, and caresses gain a redoubled sense in the efforts to include citizens with special needs, as it does to the senior citizens, in societies attempting to promote equal opportunities among its members. (igi-global.com)
  • policy
  • American Economic Journal: Economic Policy. (uea.ac.uk)
  • He then demonstrates how differences in bargaining arrangements among these groups lead to contrasting policy profiles and patterns of taxing and spending, which in turn explain a large number of outcomes: economic performance, political legitimacy, equality, job security, safety and risk, real health, the reduction of poverty and environmental threats, and the effectiveness and fairness of regulatory regimes. (ucpress.edu)
  • 3 Preparedness planning for a pandemic must therefore balance two key policy strands-maintaining "business as usual" to minimise the economic impact of a pandemic, and encouraging "social distancing" to minimise the health related impact of a pandemic 4 -as well using resources such as antivirals and vaccinations. (bmj.com)
  • impact
  • This is common since social distancing usually have economic impact. (eclipse.org)
  • The bank announced that the main reason for the interest rate cut was not only sluggish economic recovery but also a larger than expect impact from MERS on the economy, raising concerns about the worsened economic situation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • School closure increases the economic impact, particularly for mild pandemics. (bmj.com)
  • If widespread behavioural change takes place and there is large scale prophylactic absence from work, the economic impact would be notably increased with few health benefits. (bmj.com)
  • and two doses of a matched vaccine could limit the overall economic impact to about 1% of gross domestic product for all disease scenarios. (bmj.com)
  • Prophylactic absence from work in response to fear of infection can add considerably to the economic impact. (bmj.com)
  • This response is likely to emerge at higher case fatality rates and to be moderated by the availability of effective vaccines (the current strain of H1N1 influenza seems to be highly infectious but not very deadly, and this may explain its limited economic impact to date). (bmj.com)
  • The impact of ICT use, and more specifically the computer and the Internet's impact has on the increase of seniors social capital and in the promotion of their (re)integration into society was a theme already studied in some works, especially in the international context, such as Spain, the United States, Ireland and Scotland (the latter by comparing the Swedish senior). (igi-global.com)
  • Modeling
  • In another case from ecology, to understand susceptibility of plants, such as pine trees, to diseases, cost distance modeling can be used to determine areas where trees are more likely to be vulnerable. (gislounge.com)
  • For more on an example of cost distance modeling in ecology, see: Richard, Y. & Armstrong, D.P. (2010) Cost distance modelling of landscape connectivity and gap-crossing ability using radio-tracking data . (gislounge.com)
  • For more on maritime rescue modeling using cost distance measures, see: Siljander, M., Venäläinen, E., Goerlandt, F. & Pellikka, P. (2015) GIS-based cost distance modelling to support strategic maritime search and rescue planning: A feasibility study . (gislounge.com)
  • Here, we use real options economic modeling of current globally coordinated adaptation strategies for pandemic prevention. (pnas.org)
  • Convergence
  • Going forward, access to and quality of education will be key to sustain economic convergence with the most advanced economies and to offset the drag exerted by population ageing. (oecd.org)
  • optimization
  • Optimization using cost distancing is one way this problem could be approached, where transport costs, production potential, and markets can be calculated together to determine overall costs and areas of best benefits for fuel provisioning. (gislounge.com)
  • individuals
  • There is a general belief that expanding labour-market regions, triggered by increased commuting, have positive economic effects on individuals, firms, and society. (diva-portal.org)
  • This work examines the individuals on social media that are posting questionable health-related information, and in particular promoting cancer treatments which have been shown to be ineffective (making it a kind of misinformation, willful or not). (google.com)
  • To identify the determinants of social capital formation, it is necessary to understand the social capital investment decision of individuals. (nber.org)
  • Effects
  • Warm-Glow Versus Cold-Prickle: The Effects of Positive and Negative Farming on Cooperation in Experiments ," Working papers 9406, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems. (repec.org)
  • interactions
  • Interactions in the modern world are no longer hampered by distance. (assumption.edu)
  • Using their first-hand knowledge of local systems, behaviors, social structures, and individual interactions, traffickers exploit vulnerabilities, often betraying the trust of their communities. (state.gov)
  • justice
  • David Takeuchi, Tiziana C. Dearing, Melissa W. Bartholomew, and Ruth G. McRoy , in their article, "Equality and Equity: Expanding Opportunities to Remedy Disadvantage," explicate the difference between equality, which now generally means similarity of treatment, and equity, which is linked to social justice. (asaging.org)
  • In " Gaps Matter: Environment, Health, and Social Equity ," Manuel Pastor and Rachel Morello-Forsch discuss why environmental justice is not as clear-cut as one might assume. (asaging.org)
  • estimates
  • Using longitudinal individual data from between 1985 and 2008, focusing on 55-year-olds in 1994, we model mortality through propensity score matching and Kaplan-Meyer estimates of survival among long-distance commuters and matched controls from the population travelling short distances to work. (diva-portal.org)
  • Education
  • There are, however, more specifically delineated rights, such as the Haitian Constitution 22 that "the State recognizes the right of every citizen to decent housing, education, food, and social security. (tufts.edu)
  • This seems to be driven by variations in income and education: for example, for women with long-distance commuting experience, substantially lower survival rates are found among those with low education and low income. (diva-portal.org)
  • Open and Distance Learning has provided opportunities for those who could not afford toleave their job to attend to full time conventional education. (slideshare.net)
  • It was recommended that the Nigerian government should thus subsidise ODL programmesjust like the conventional school system and improve electricity supplies to the nation.Key Words: Open and Distance Learning (ODL), University, Conventional, Education, Access, Information andCommunication Technology (ICT)IntroductionThe provision of quality education to millions has been one of the struggles facing developing countries such asNigeria. (slideshare.net)
  • systems
  • Online social referral incentive systems help attract new customers to commercial websites by leveraging existing customers' social networks. (ssrn.com)
  • driven
  • Open and Distance Learning remains the primarymechanism for the information-driven age, a tool that has bridged the gap between developed and developingcommunities. (slideshare.net)
  • Dynamics
  • Will be giving a keynote at the Workshop on Online Social Networks and Media: Network Properties and Dynamics at the WebConference . (google.com)
  • Intervention
  • The article also outlines an inventive intervention designed to reduce the social distance between black males (some who are in gangs) from poor neighborhoods and white, upper-middle-class professionals. (asaging.org)
  • common
  • Drawing on quantitative data and case studies covering the last 50 years and more than 400 interviews he conducted with top decision-makers and advisors, Wilensky provides a richly detailed account of the common social, economic, and labor problems modern governments confront and their contrasting styles of conflict resolution. (ucpress.edu)
  • relationship
  • Showing a complicated relationship with both religious and governmental authority, the concept of halal has its own life on the social media, redefining its traditional and market space. (google.com)
  • work
  • The results indicate that women who have experienced long-distance commuting face a significantly higher mortality risk compared with women with short commutes to work. (diva-portal.org)
  • explains
  • The Strategy of Nonviolent Defense explains this idea of the "counter offensive," and notes that women are often best suited to close the social gaps. (wagingnonviolence.org)
  • In the Green Room piece republished below, Barron YoungSmith explains why long-distance relationships are bad for our planet. (slate.com)