• The goal of the present minireview was to contribute to the evolution of marine viral ecology, through the assimilation of available data regarding the manner and degree to which environmental factors affect viral decay and infectivity as well as influence latent period and production. (nih.gov)
  • Considering the ecological importance of viruses in the marine ecosystem and the increasing pressure from anthropogenic activity and global climate change on marine systems, a synthesis of existing information provides a timely framework for future research initiatives in viral ecology. (nih.gov)
  • Ecological Complexity is an international journal devoted to the publication of high quality, peer-reviewed articles on all aspects of biocomplexity in the environment , theoretical ecology , and special issues on topics of current interest. (elsevier.com)
  • The ecological approach was introduced as human ecology into the field of sociology at a critical period in the development of the latter discipline. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The application of the concepts from plant and animal ecology to the human community carried with it the implication that the community was essentially a natural phenomenon, which meant that it had developed independently of plan or deliberation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Political ecology is the study of the relationships between political, economic and social factors with environmental issues and changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Political ecology differs from apolitical ecological studies by politicizing environmental issues and phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • From these assumptions, political ecology can be used to: inform policymakers and organizations of the complexities surrounding environment and development, thereby contributing to better environmental governance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peter A. Walker traces the importance of the ecological sciences in political ecology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The framework for this thinking is what I call, 'looking through an ecological lens' at physical reality - the physics that underlies the chemistry, that underlies the biology, that underlies the ecology, that underlies the human economy. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This course examines how the underlying structure, function, diversity, and ecology of plants determine environmental patterns. (reed.edu)
  • On March 10-12, 1997 a small workshop on "Universal Phenomena in Ecology? (ucsb.edu)
  • The self-organized assembly of ecological communities is a universal phenomenon of ecology. (ucsb.edu)
  • It was regarded as a meromictic lake, where deep waters do not mix with surface waters," says the lecturer Teresa Vegas-Vilarrúbia, from the Department of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology and Environmental Sciences of the UB. (phys.org)
  • The field of behavioral ecology applies evolutionary and ecological theory to consider adaptive solutions to a wide range of problems typically experienced in the life course of an organism, given competing demands on limited resources. (pnas.org)
  • for example regarding external features, coloration, food preferences or regarding the environmental conditions under which they can live", says Dr. Matthias Stöck, currently a Heisenberg-Fellow of the German Science Foundation at the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB). (idw-online.de)
  • If economic and environmental changes in a community affect access to food, food security, and dietary health, then this interplay between culture and biology is in turn connected to broader historical and economic trends associated with globalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • to develop the basic notions and methodology of biochemistry and applied biology useful for identifying, understanding and interpreting biomedical phenomena, environmental phenomena and ecological cycles. (unimi.it)
  • Examples of this phenomenon include the seemingly self-organizational biology of life, as atoms combine to create molecules, chains that fold to form proteins, then cells, tissue, organs, and so forth until their interaction and spatial conformation create the complex animal organisms which we are familiar with. (prezi.com)
  • Meets the biology requirement for environmental studies majors. (ithaca.edu)
  • Yet, it is by examining the connections between such levels that many phenomena in biology, and complex systems in general, are best explained. (northwestern.edu)
  • The geological record provides the rich source of information that is essential for developing an understanding of the origin and controls of biological diversity, the controls and dynamics of biogeochemical cycling, the ecological impacts of climate change and variability, and the extent and consequences of habitat alteration. (nap.edu)
  • The relative activities of the functional classes of ecoenzymes provide both a measure of nutrient availability and ecosystem metabolism that may be used to assess large-scale phenomena such as regional impacts of climate change or anthropogenic disturbances. (epa.gov)
  • We speak of this group of interacting organisms as an-'ecological community. (nap.edu)
  • Topics include the structure and basic ecological features of communities, adaptation of organisms to their abiotic and biotic environments, symbiotic relationships, success, endemism, and biogeography. (reed.edu)
  • Coral reefs exhibit marked spatial and temporal variability, and coral reef organisms exhibit trade-offs in functional traits that influence demographic performance under different combinations of abiotic environmental conditions. (biologists.org)
  • For example, ecological inheritance through the process of niche construction is defined by the regular and repeated activities of organisms in their environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The selective pressures of a changing world and environmental conditions ensure that organisms are in continuous modification, becoming adapted to fill the endless niches found on earth through out geological time. (kingsu.ca)
  • Just as paleoclimatological studies have revealed sensitivities and vulnerabilities in the global climate system that could not have been identified from analysis of modern systems alone (NRC, 2002a), so too are paleoecological studies revealing ecological responses to past climate changes that could not have been predicted solely from modern ecological investigations and theory (see examples described below). (nap.edu)
  • A low cost system of resource management such as composting toilets is helping to mitigate many of Haiti's social and ecological challenges. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The crucial problem is not that the agent overtly wills the domination of nature and affirms anthropocentric ideology, but rather that he or she abstracts an individual, egocentric conception of good from the larger system of social and ecological goods. (prezi.com)
  • Additionally, the ecoregions for Alaska and the conterminous United States, along with ecological regions for Canada (Wiken 1986) and Mexico, have been combined for maps at three hierarchical levels for North America (Omernik 1995, Commission for Environmental Cooperation, 1997, 2006). (epa.gov)
  • Commission for Environmental Cooperation, 1997, Ecological regions of North America - toward a common perspective: Montreal, Commission for Environmental Cooperation, 71 p. (epa.gov)
  • Although it by no means diminishes the importance of basic ecological experiments, genomic knowledge will serve both the expansive goal of improving mechanistic understanding and the practical challenge of implementing observational and manipulative studies on a spatial, temporal and numerical scale not previously attainable. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • GEO-supported activities also advance our ability to predict natural phenomena of economic and human significance, such as weather, climate change, earthquakes, fish-stock fluctuations, and disruptive events in the solar-terrestrial environment. (nsf.gov)
  • Succession is a process of ecological change in which a series of natural communities are established and then replaced over time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena 11(4), 5-15. (le.ac.uk)
  • Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena 2(4), 46-62. (le.ac.uk)
  • The geological record comprises an immense array of natural laboratories for studying how ecological systems operate under diverse conditions and at broad timescales. (nap.edu)
  • Amid climate warming, extreme climate changes or natural phenomena such as droughts, floods, heat waves, debris flows, sandstorms, and fog have negatively affected the sustainable operation of cities [ 1 , 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The final objective was to define the features of the climate change in the 21st century and discover the natural or anthropic origin of the phenomena that are related to the climate variability from the last 500 years, a period with anthropic-origin gas emissions from the industrial period that alter the natural climate signal. (phys.org)
  • It's a natural ecological occurrence that we're seeing all over," she said. (presstelegram.com)
  • These transversal and trans-generational dimensions of biological phenomena, which unfold together with the actual process of biogenesis, must be carefully considered in order to understand the intricacies and metabolic robustness of the first living cells, their underlying uniformity (i.e., their common biochemical core) and the eradication of previous -or alternative- forms of complex natural phenomena. (frontiersin.org)
  • The extinction prevention focus of natural resources policy diverts attention from important issues of ecological integrity and adaptation to climate change. (lclark.edu)
  • Examining the social construction of scientific and ecological knowledge will shed light on how we know and what we know about the natural environment. (ciis.edu)
  • It combines detailed information (ballast water source of each tank, transit time, time of the year when the water is released, environmental suitability of receiving habitat, impact, and habitat sensitivity) in order to assess ecological risk. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Focusing on remote rural communities in two monsoon-affected river basins in the Indian Himalaya, the study uses extended ethnographic fieldwork, qualitative local-scale geomorphological observations, and quantitative hydroclimatological analyses to assess current and future environmental risks as well as local understandings and cultural models of those risks, community resilience, and adaptive/transformative capacity. (uibk.ac.at)
  • Synchrony, Weather, and Cycles in Southern Pine Beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Reeve, John D 2018-02-01 00:00:00 Abstract Spatial synchrony and cycles are common features of forest insect pests, but are often studied as separate phenomenon. (deepdyve.com)
  • Topics include the history of emerging or reemerging diseases, epidemics and pandemics, the role of ecological factors in disease emergence, types of infectious agents, their mechanisms of action, and how our immune system responds to infection by these agents. (ithaca.edu)
  • Using object-based parallel, embodied modeling tools, students model the micro-rules that underlie the emergence of a phenomenon, and then observe the aggregate dynamics that result. (northwestern.edu)
  • Analysis, explanation, and ultimately prediction of such ecological phenomena are, however, impeded by a lack of knowledge of, and tools to delimit, spatial patterns of material supply to point locations. (epa.gov)
  • three years later I joined Microsoft Research with a new skills set and buzzing with ideas about how to make ecological predictive models better shadow reality - it was time to get serious about ecological prediction! (microsoft.com)
  • New ideas on patterns and underlying ecological and evolutionary mechanisms of assembly and interaction, recent development of new statistical and analytical tools for detecting discontinuous distributions, and implications of the spatial and temporal discreteness of assemblages for environmental policy and management all make this an important issue to reexamine. (ucsb.edu)
  • Geiser shows that it is already beginning, identifying an emerging movement of scientists, corporate managers, environmental activists, and government leaders who are fashioning a new, twenty-first-century approach to chemicals. (jhu.edu)
  • The emotional and psychic toll of ecological grief ( also termed 'solastagia' by philosopher Glenn Albrecht) is an expanding field of inquiry among both climate scientists and mental health professionals. (cbc.ca)
  • Scientists call this phenomenon "transgression" that enables hybrids to possibly obtain major advantages compared to their ancestral forms. (idw-online.de)
  • This research effort was initiated because of the void in ecological research on rhododendrons, the potential importance of ecological research on horticultural practices and breeding programs, as well as the value of rhododendrons as a research tool for ecologists. (vt.edu)
  • Political ecological research has shifted from investigating political influence on the earth's surface to the focus on spatial-ecological influences on politics and power-a scope reminiscent of environmental politics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Much research documented that this urban concentration leads to substantial climatological and meteorological problems [ 2 ], posing a heavy burden on the environmental sanitation and water quality, accompanied by a significant increase of air temperature [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • This map of ecoregions has been produced for Alaska as a framework for organizing and interpreting environmental data for State, national, and international level inventory, monitoring, and research efforts. (epa.gov)
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2010, Level III ecoregions of the continental United States (revision of Omernik, 1987): Corvallis, Oregon, USEPA - National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Map M-1, various scales. (epa.gov)
  • Moreover, the present state of research in the area of environmental alternative dispute resolution is woefully lacking. (nature.com)
  • I'm currently working on some research projects with UK companies to investigate the value of predictive models of geotemporal phenomena to their businesses. (microsoft.com)
  • The presentation addressed Canadian (national and provincial) environmental laws and regulation and examined how research and development in engineering and the environment is pivoted to keep up with competition and current issues. (geni.org)
  • This important volume should be of wide interest, not only to Mediterranean ecologists and students of biological invasions, but also to anyone whose research involves the structure, function, and stability of ecological communities. (cambridge.org)
  • But John Tanacredi, director of the Center for Environmental Research and Coastal Oceans Monitoring in West Sayville, argues many of the events described in the report are naturally occurring phenomenon and the threat of nitrogen from wastewater has been overblown. (newsday.com)
  • The ubiquity and scale of this activity has lead to considerable research attention, with environmental psychologists exploring knowledge of birds as indicators of ecological awareness, resource economists and tourism researchers revealing the scale and significance of bird-watching as an industry, and sociologists expanding on the cultural meanings of birds in different settings (see e.g. (publish.csiro.au)
  • This lesson was developed by Dr. Penny Firth, a scientist, and Mr. Bradley Smith, Director of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program of the Department of Defense, as part of a set of interdisciplinary Science NetLinks lessons aimed at improved understanding of environmental phenomena and events. (sciencenetlinks.com)
  • It is part of the National Science Foundation's Long-term Ecological Research Program- the largest and longest-lived ecological network in the America. (caryinstitute.org)
  • The LTER program was founded with the recognition that long-term, broad-scale research is necessary for understanding environmental phenomena, such as climate change. (caryinstitute.org)
  • The terms 'sustainable architecture', 'green building' and 'ecological design' have emerged, along with a host of similar permutations, in recent practice as environmentally friendly modes of design, construction and operation geared towards producing healthy enduring communities. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Rural communities in the Koshi River basin, a trans-boundary river basin in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas, have been experiencing unprecedented challenges for adapting with the livelihood challenges arising from floods, droughts and other climatic, environmental and socio-economic stresses. (uibk.ac.at)
  • Tussock formation is a global phenomenon that enhances microtopography and increases biodiversity by adding structure to ecological communities [ 19 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The academic discipline offers wide-ranging studies integrating ecological social sciences with political economy in topics such as degradation and marginalization, environmental conflict, conservation and control, and environmental identities and social movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • The past four decades have witnessed greater consilience in the understanding of human behavior due to the common thread of evolutionary and ecological theory weaving together the social and life sciences. (pnas.org)
  • I'm fascinated by the fact that large carnivores provide food to small carnivores in the form of carrion, and yet they also kill small carnivores," says Laura, an assistant professor of quantitative wildlife sciences in the School of Environmental and Forest Sciences (SEFS). (washington.edu)
  • Petrovskaya, N.B., Petrovskii, S.V., and Murchie, A.K. (2012) Challenges of ecological monitoring: estimating population abundance from sparse trap counts. (le.ac.uk)
  • This book provides a critical understanding of the challenges that exist in protecting the local and global environment through compliance efforts using existing environmental regulations. (routledge.com)
  • Dans tous ces cas l'effet de l'acidification due aux transformations biochimiques de l'ammonium, et en particulier à l'oxydation de l'ammonium, e été mis bien en évidence par l'abaissement du pH jusqu'à des valeurs inférieures à 4. (springer.com)
  • This important biological phenomenon occurs in close proximity to wintering sites in Mexico and California, and is not well monitored (Davis et al. (amnh.org)
  • In constructing or assessing an account of a biological phenomenon, they focus on the plausibility of the mechanism proposed can it achieve the task assigned it in a biologically feasible manner? (northwestern.edu)
  • In FY 2003, GEO will provide $22.22 million, a decrease of $780,000 from FY 2002, to support the NSF-wide BE competition and a set of coordinated activities in environmental science, engineering and education that advance scientific knowledge about the connection between the living and non-living Earth system. (nsf.gov)
  • This means that science often faces high system uncertainties coupled with high decision stakes (e.g. ecological factors). (unesco.org)
  • It was supported jointly by SFI, through a grant from the Thaw Charitable Trust, and the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS), which is supported by the National Science Foundation. (ucsb.edu)
  • The present lack of sample diversity and ecological theory in psychological science fundamentally limits generalizability and obstructs scientific progress. (pnas.org)
  • One of the most prominent of Gandhi's intellectual heirs is Vandana Shiva , a physicist and philosopher of science by training who has developed a considerable reputation as a champion of sustainability, self-determination, women's rights, and environmental justice. (globalresearch.ca)
  • Climate change is impacting environmental conditions, especially with respect to temperature and ice cover in high latitude regions. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Most casual observers, and the early researchers, were so taken with the leaf rolling phenomenon, that they failed to observe a coinciding change in the leaf angle. (vt.edu)
  • Second, "any change in environmental conditions must affect the political and economic status quo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Climate change and urban sprawl are equally important global environmental phenomena in the 21st century, and their relationship is becoming close. (mdpi.com)
  • The phenomenon called ''coral bleaching,'' which has increasingly devastated coral reefs worldwide, results from the loss of the dino flagellate symbionts brought about by multiple forms of environmental change. (jhu.edu)
  • As Canadians cope with more catastrophic weather events, and the long-term effects of climate change gradually intensify, mental health experts say more Canadians will be afflicted by a psychological phenomenon known as 'ecological grief. (cbc.ca)
  • Following an exhaustive review of more than fifty years of long term data on environmental conditions at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, located in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, the paper's authors arrived at a sobering conclusion: current climate change models don't account for real life surprises that take place in forests. (caryinstitute.org)
  • Arguing from a cultural victimological perspective, this article makes a case for the wider utilization of restorative justice and mediation-based approaches as a means of providing alternative or parallel justice mechanisms for both human and nonhuman victims of environmental crimes and broader environmental harms. (nature.com)
  • Featuring leading scholars in the field, this collection critically examines the nature and extent of land grabbing in Southeast Asia, and seeks to locate this phenomena in broader agrarian and environmental transitions (AET). (routledge.com)
  • Ecological grief can include a vast spectrum, whether it's specific things like eco-anxiety related to our environment, or PTSD after experiencing an extreme weather event,' said Katie Hayes, a PhD candidate at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto. (cbc.ca)
  • However, the human-induced increase in greenhouse gases has enhanced the greenhouse effect and caused the climate system to warm - a phenomenon commonly called global warming. (gov.hk)
  • In consideration of future land use pattern, human health risks derived from environmental exposure to heavy metals were assessed. (hindawi.com)
  • The concentrations of pollutants in soil samples collected in and around a dumpsite in Heze, Shandong, China, were investigated, and the potential ecological and health risks of these pollutants were assessed. (hindawi.com)
  • Scientific knowledge is typically organised in theories covering a wide variety of phenomena. (unesco.org)
  • To understand the current ecological crisis, we need to investigate the ontological and epistemological foundations of our knowledge about the environment. (ciis.edu)
  • In this course, we will critically examine the social construction of scientific and ecological knowledge, coming to see Western scientific knolwedge as a particular cultural phenomenon. (ciis.edu)