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  • Fentanyl
  • Blood tests revealed the presence of cocaine in his system and urine tests detected norfentanyl, a chemical produced by the breakdown of fentanyl in the body, the researchers said. (drugs.com)
  • We think the fentanyl is adding to that effect and exacerbating that effect," possibly when taken in combination with a stimulant like cocaine. (drugs.com)
  • Because fentanyl is so potent and cheaper than heroin, Brennan said, many drug traffickers have taken to cutting heroin with the synthetic. (drugs.com)
  • ST. LOUIS - The street version of fentanyl blamed in the deaths of thousands of Americans is also threatening police officers, forcing changes in long-standing basics of drug investigations, from confiscations to testing and undercover operations, law enforcement officials say. (pressherald.com)
  • Overdose deaths have surged as drugs such as heroin, cocaine and counterfeit prescription pills are now commonly laced with fentanyl to increase potency, though drug investigators say it is increasingly sold by itself, too. (pressherald.com)
  • Street fentanyl is increasingly dangerous to users, but police say officers are at risk, too. (pressherald.com)
  • James Shroba, special agent in charge of the Drug Enforcement Administration's office in St. Louis, said agents are even trained in how to give themselves the anti-overdose Narcan in case of accidental exposure to fentanyl because "if they actually touch it or inhale it, they could die. (pressherald.com)
  • Testing later showed the confiscated drugs were cocaine and heroin mixed with fentanyl. (pressherald.com)
  • Yes, you can and should test your drugs for fentanyl! (dancesafe.org)
  • With the rise of fentanyl-cut drugs on the black market, testing your substances is more important than ever. (dancesafe.org)
  • Fentanyl, a potent synthetic opioid knowingly fatal at low quantities, is being used recklessly as an adulterant in heroin, and now more recently in cocaine, across the United States and Canada. (dancesafe.org)
  • Understandably, some people may be under the impression that there is no way to test for fentanyl as it is not detectable with current drug checking reagents, the most common form of drug checking available to the public. (dancesafe.org)
  • As of 2016, Insite of Vancouver, Canada, North America's first legal supervised injection site, began using urine analysis strips to detect fentanyl in drugs (mostly heroin). (dancesafe.org)
  • Following suit, DanceSafe teamed up with the University of California San Francisco and conducted a study assessing five different immunoassay fentanyl test strips for their effectiveness at detecting fentanyl and its various analogs at concentrations typically found in street drugs. (dancesafe.org)
  • DanceSafe now offers these strips through its website to harm reduction service providers and drug consumers alike in the hopes of reducing fentanyl-related fatalities. (dancesafe.org)
  • however, there currently is no better alternative for people who are worried about fentanyl-adulterated drugs. (dancesafe.org)
  • However, testing opioids to ensure they do not contain fentanyl is a proven measure to reduce mortality and harms to drug users. (dancesafe.org)
  • Fentanyl is commonly mixed with heroin prior to being sold to drug users, who may or may not know what they are using. (dea.gov)
  • The operation led to 18 arrests and seizures of 22 guns - including five assault rifles - as well as about 11,000 doses of heroin and fentanyl, and 750 grams of cocaine. (nj.gov)
  • In "Operation 4K Boyz," the alleged leader of a heroin and fentanyl distribution network in Paterson, Kashard Whitaker, a founding member and leader of the 4K Boyz set of the Bloods street gang, was arrested, along with nine other targets, including alleged mill operators and associates. (nj.gov)
  • The Division of Criminal Justice and Paterson Police Department dismantled two sophisticated opioid mills, seizing over 27,000 individual doses of heroin, one kilo of bulk heroin, and nearly 400 grams of fentanyl, along with equipment and materials used to cut, process and package the drugs. (nj.gov)
  • gangs
  • In "Operation West End," the New Jersey State Police Crime Suppression Central Unit, Division of Criminal Justice Gangs & Organized Crime Bureau, and Trenton Police Department Street Crimes Unit conducted multiple investigations targeting gun and drug trafficking in and around the West End section of Trenton. (nj.gov)
  • counterfeit
  • It is also sold in combination with cocaine or pressed into counterfeit pills and marketed as oxycodone or Xanax. (dea.gov)
  • substances
  • In the United States, under the Federal Drug Paraphernalia Statute, which is part of the Controlled Substances Act, it is illegal to possess, sell, transport, import, or export drug paraphernalia as defined. (drug-rehab-program-directory.com)
  • Synthetic drugs are produced by modifying the chemical structure of existing illicit substances, with the goal of mimicking those substances� effects while evading criminal prosecution. (naag.org)
  • This article will focus on two such classes, synthetic cathinones and synthetic cannabinoids, and the emergence of such classes of drugs in the mainstream retail market, as well as the efficacy of legislation enacted to combat the use of these hazardous substances. (naag.org)
  • In addition to the unpredictable side effects caused by synthetic drug use, there is little information regarding the long-term effects of these substances. (naag.org)
  • Students are expected to comply with local and state laws pertaining to alcoholic beverages, controlled substances and illegal drugs. (ccaurora.edu)
  • The creation of new substances to exploit loopholes in drug control legislation has been a problem since the international drug control system was first established. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • In the profiles of 'new drugs', EMCDDA lists plant-based substances such as Salvia divinorum and khat. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • By the end of December 2017, the EMCDDA was monitoring more than 670 new substances that have appeared on Europe's drug market over the past 20 years. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • It also marked the first time when the new opioids were the single largest group of new substances to appear on the drug market in any one year - a position that has previously been dominated by the cannabinoids and cathinones. (drugwarfacts.org)
  • traffickers
  • Dealer-specific products are used by drug traffickers for preparing illegal drugs for distribution at the street level. (drug-rehab-program-directory.com)
  • These operations in Trenton and Paterson reflect our dual law enforcement priorities of combatting the opioid epidemic and suppressing gun violence by targeting the weapons and drug traffickers who fuel these twin scourges," said Attorney General Grewal. (nj.gov)
  • hallucinations
  • Users have reported experiencing hallucinations, psychosis and suicidal thoughts that have lasted for three to four days. (naag.org)
  • Prescription
  • In the past several years, lawmakers in 25 states have sought to make pseudoephedrine - the one irreplaceable ingredient in a shake-and-bake lab - a prescription drug. (theinvestigativefund.org)
  • It was on the virtual drug marketplace, authorities said, that a Delaware physician sold hundreds of prescription drugs illegally and shipped them to Central Florida, throughout the U.S. and to people in more than 15 other countries. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • That makes the synthetic opioid much more powerful than either heroin or other prescription painkillers, according to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (drugs.com)
  • Nonmedical Use of Prescription Medication Among Adolescents Using Drugs in Quebec. (usherbrooke.ca)
  • Crystal
  • The drug-usually (but not always) in a powder or crystal form-is dissolved in water, normally in a spoon, tin, bottle cap, the bottom of a soda can, or another metal container. (wikipedia.org)
  • enforcement
  • For example, in a recent law enforcement effort, Operation Pipe Dreams, the 18 companies targeted accounted for more than a quarter of a billion dollars in retail drug paraphernalia sales annually. (drug-rehab-program-directory.com)
  • The charges follow a long-term investigation by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration'(DEA) New York Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Strike Force, Financial Investigations (FIT) and SNP's Investigators Unit. (dea.gov)
  • I've generally found law enforcement agencies to be unreliable source of drug information. (metafilter.com)
  • The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and U.S. Homeland Security Investigations assisted in the takedown on Aug. 2. (nj.gov)
  • At the same time, he added, inadequate resources in both his office and in law enforcement statewide would limit the number of paraphernalia cases pursued. (cannabisnews.com)
  • Hailey McGill, a freshman at Seattle University, tutors Turina James, participant in Seattle's Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion and a former heroin user, at Seattle Central Community College on Thursday, Nov. 16, 2017. (deseretnews.com)
  • Yet if there is one thing the 'War on Drugs' has taught us, it is that cracking down on drug use via highly punitive enforcement measures is an inadequate solution . (thevarsity.ca)
  • An example of this is Vancouver's Four Pillars drug strategy , which has been successful in preventing the spread of infectious diseases, overdose deaths, and public drug use by focusing on the combined principles of harm reduction, prevention, treatment, and enforcement. (thevarsity.ca)
  • harm
  • While SIFs - along with other harm-reduction approaches - focus on the health of drug users, there's another important benefit to the facilities: they can increase the drug users' social capital . (theconversation.com)
  • the Lower East Side Harm Reduction Center, and the New York Harm Reduction Educators, which has the street van and operates in Harlem and the Bronx. (nytimes.com)
  • If you're pregnant, cocaine can harm your baby and even cause miscarriage. (www.nhs.uk)
  • inject drugs
  • From a public health perspective, SIFs provide a clean place to inject drugs - which reduces the spread of infectious diseases like HIV, AIDS and hepatitis C. Furthermore, wherever there are street drug users, an SIF makes the area safer by diminishing open drug use . (theconversation.com)
  • Blouin K, Leclerc P, Morissette C, Roy E , Blanchette C, Parent R, Serhir B, Alary M. Sex Work as an Emerging Risk Factor for HIV Seroconversion among People who inject drugs in the SurvUDI Network. (usherbrooke.ca)
  • risky
  • Taking cocaine is particularly risky if you have high blood pressure or already have a heart condition. (www.nhs.uk)
  • arrests
  • If you have an apartment complex in your community where drug dealing is occurring, you may have found that simply making arrests has not closed the drug market. (popcenter.org)
  • sell
  • NPS, such as mephedrone (meow meow) and spice, used to be available to buy legally in "head shops" (shops that sell drug paraphernalia) or online. (www.nhs.uk)
  • risks
  • Cocaine gives the user energy, a feeling of happiness and being wide awake, and an overconfidence that can lead to taking risks. (www.nhs.uk)
  • jail
  • I don't know if this would change anything in terms of the cases we prosecute in our office," Choi said.Add to this the fact that selling drug paraphernalia is a misdemeanor with a maximum of 90 days in jail and a fine of not more than $1,000 and the bite of the bill weakens. (cannabisnews.com)
  • sold
  • With the rise of the drug culture in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s, the country began to see the appearance of head shops which were stores that sold a wide range of drug paraphernalia. (drug-rehab-program-directory.com)
  • Some manufacturers are making designer drugs being sold as bath salts, said Wendy Stephan, health educator with the Florida Poison Information Center in Miami. (metafilter.com)
  • Operation West End involved a number of separate investigations, but all of them targeted individuals who allegedly sold guns and/or drugs in the same area of Trenton. (nj.gov)
  • Debating The Law / St. Paul City Attorney John Choi said that "proving it" showing someone bought or sold a pipe for an illicit use is time-consuming and extremely difficult with current laws. (cannabisnews.com)
  • short-lived
  • The effects are short-lived, so more drug is taken, which is often followed by a nasty "comedown" that makes you feel depressed and unwell, sometimes for several days. (www.nhs.uk)
  • often
  • PCP produces unpleasant psychological effects, and users often become violent or suicidal. (scribd.com)
  • They are often referred to as �designer drugs� because they do not exist naturally. (naag.org)
  • He or she cannot cut back on the use of the substance, often has a difficult time resisting cocaine when it is available, and may abandon work or school to spend more time acquiring and planning to acquire more cocaine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Visual portrayals of MA users generally serve as cautionary tales by emphasizing extremes in behavior and physical appearance by MA users and negative, often horrific, outcomes associated with the drug and its production (Erceg-Hurn 2008). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • It often applies to substance dependence and recreational drug use. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • For example, a person who overdoses on the street is ten times more likely to stay overnight in a hospital than one who overdoses in a SIF - saving public taxpayers $1,700. (theconversation.com)
  • For example, the individual may use cocaine in an unsafe environment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, recent research with three different samples of MA users showed that an average of nine to ten years elapsed between first use of MA and first entry into drug abuse treatment or engagement in other strategies to halt its use (Sexton et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • include
  • Schedule I drugs, which include heroin and LSD, have a high potential for abuse and serve no legitimate medical purpose in the United States. (scribd.com)
  • [Note Lopes initially drove to the intersection of Bristol Street and Wilbraham Road, then expanded his search to include the Daily Mart convenience store and gasoline station at the intersection of Alden Street and Wilbraham Road a short distance away. (masscases.com)
  • Cocaine use disorders include cocaine dependence and cocaine abuse. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These challenges include establishing the overall prevalence of injection drug use in a given community as the population denominator for disease incidence and prevalence calculations, and recruiting a representative sample of that population. (ucsf.edu)
  • authorities
  • Authorities said he was trying to deliver the drugs to his client, 36-year-old Jorge Zaragoza, who had a court appearance that day in an attempted carjacking case. (thedowneypatriot.com)
  • Drug paraphernalia and two bindles of rock cocaine were in Markman's wallet, authorities said. (thedowneypatriot.com)
  • But to local and federal authorities, it's another dangerous product misused as fake cocaine that's sending youths to emergency rooms and mental hospitals in Florida and across the country. (metafilter.com)