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  • Specifications
  • All generic manufacturing, packaging, and testing sites must pass the same quality standards as those of brand name drugs, and the generic products must meet the same exacting specifications as any brand name product. (igi-global.com)
  • file
  • In most countries, the original inventor of a new medicine or drug can file a patent and assert monopoly rights on the commercial exploitation of his invention or discovery for a certain number of years - such a drug is generally called a brand-name drug. (igi-global.com)
  • brand name
  • A generic pharmaceutical drug is equivalent to a brand-name product in dosage, strength, route of administration, quality, performance, and intended use. (igi-global.com)
  • Generic drugs go through a similarly rigorous (as a brand name drug) national and international regulatory approval before they can be released in the market. (igi-global.com)
  • The generic drug manufacturer must prove its drug is the same as (bioequivalent) and performs the same the brand name drug. (igi-global.com)
  • In fact, many generic drugs are made in the same manufacturing plants as brand name drug products. (igi-global.com)
  • Pfizer
  • Or why the University of Chicago's MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics cosponsored a recent conference with Pfizer, Merck, and PhRMA, the pharmaceutical industry trade organization, on inequities in American health care. (slate.com)
  • Bruce Littman, president of Translational Medicine Associates, LLC, in Stonington, Connecticut, moved to an industry position at Pfizer after studying the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis as a professor at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. (sciencemag.org)
  • Unethical
  • the PR campaign they've created is called "The Ethics, the Urgency and the Potential," and its premise is that it is "unethical not to use the drug. (slate.com)
  • These days, you are more likely to see "unethical" linked closely with the drug industry that during the time of its birth during the Civil War in the U.S. used "ethical" to distinguish its products from quack medicines. (blogspot.com)
  • prescription
  • Reuters) - As U.S. consumer outrage grows over prescription drug prices, state authorities and patient advocates in Maryland are preparing to enforce the nation's first law designed to punish drugmaker price-gouging. (reuters.com)
  • Generic copies of branded products, usually much cheaper than the originals, account for around 89 percent of U.S. prescription volume, but only 26 percent of total drug spending, according to Quintiles IMS Holdings Inc. (reuters.com)
  • Prescription drug prices would be controlled through the Department of Health and Human Services, and, McCaughey and Newsweek claim, would "certainly suppress research" that might benefit patients of incurable diseases and disorders. (historycommons.org)
  • The amount of money people spend on prescription drugs has nearly doubled since the 1990s. (gao.gov)
  • Retail prescription drug expenditures were estimated to account for about 12 percent of total personal health care service spending in the United States in 2015, up from about 7 percent through the 1990s. (gao.gov)
  • definition
  • Well, considering that any institution which developed and marketed a drug would immediately become part of the pharmeceutical industry by definition, your request for a list is rather self-serving. (bio.net)
  • generics
  • With no costs for developing new drugs or conducting expensive trials, India's $26 billion generics industry is able to sell medicine for as little as one-tenth the price of the companies that developed them, making India the second-largest source of medicines distributed by UNICEF in its global programs. (law.com)
  • International drug companies have accused India of disregarding intellectual property rights, and have pushed for stronger patent protection that would weaken India's generics industry. (law.com)
  • Much of this increase is due to expensive brand-name drugs, but the prices of some generics have also gone up. (gao.gov)
  • Medicines
  • Fake medicines often contain the wrong or toxic ingredients and pose a growing health threat worldwide, especially in poor countries where drugs are sold to treat conditions such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV. (reuters.com)
  • With the aged tendency of population in China and the increasing morbidity of chronic diseases which have to be treated with medicines for the rest of patients life, market scale of cardiovascular drugs is expanding. (pitchengine.com)
  • The Association for Accessible Medicines, a generic industry trade group that filed the lawsuit, argues that the law is unconstitutional because it does not define price-gouging and amounts to intervention by an individual state in interstate commerce. (reuters.com)
  • The lives of millions of people in the developing world are hanging in the balance ahead of a ruling that will determine whether India's drug companies can continue to provide cheap versions of many life-saving medicines. (law.com)
  • From Africa's crowded AIDS clinics to the malarial jungles of Southeast Asia, the lives of millions of ill people in the developing world are hanging in the balance ahead of a legal ruling that will determine whether India's drug companies can continue to provide cheap versions of many life-saving medicines. (law.com)
  • Public health activists say the question goes beyond Glivec to whether drug companies should get special protection for minor tweaks to medicines that others could easily have uncovered. (law.com)
  • If Novartis wins, even older medicines could be subject to patenting again, and it will become much more difficult for us in future to provide medicines to our patients being treated for HIV, hepatitis and drug resistant TB. (law.com)
  • companies
  • When the profit is high enough, I imagine the drug companies would do just about anything they felt they could get away with in order to maintain their cash-flow. (bio.net)
  • Most big drug companies oppose giving Medicaid discounts to the states, which spend $3.5 billion on drugs in Medicaid programs. (nytimes.com)
  • Indeed, he added, one advantage for investors of having drug stocks had been that the companies could always raise the prices of their products, even in a recession. (nytimes.com)
  • Jim Parks, who heads the $570 million Medi-Cal Drug Discount Program in California, said that ''a couple of companies are showing interest'' in discussing discounts. (nytimes.com)
  • To answer that question, we need to ask another one: Why do drug companies want to give money to bioethicists in the first place? (slate.com)
  • While KOLs are frequently offered positions as consultants or advisers, the drug companies do not expect them to push their products directly. (slate.com)
  • Some public relations agencies advise drug companies to encourage their KOLs to work for many different companies in order to maintain a posture of objectivity. (slate.com)
  • We serve all sizes and types of companies spanning across various industries. (pitchengine.com)
  • In a word, the report provides major statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Drug companies and nonprofit organizations are joining forces to develop new drugs and vaccines to target so-called "neglected" diseases that claim millions of lives in the developing world each year. (redorbit.com)
  • The article describes how public-private partnerships between drug companies, nonprofits, and philanthropists are springing up to address this problem, particularly the wide gap between drug need and availability. (redorbit.com)
  • Even though drug companies can expect to profit little from these ventures, a growing number see it as good business and are excited about a steady stream of new drug candidates, the article notes. (redorbit.com)
  • The case - involving Swiss drug maker Novartis AG's cancer drug Glivec - pits aid groups that argue India plays a vital role as the pharmacy to the poor against drug companies that insist they need strong patents to make drug development profitable. (law.com)
  • There have been plenty of short-term studies funded by drug companies, but they are on the order of four to 12 weeks. (smokymountainnews.com)
  • How have the drug companies fared with this investment? (smokymountainnews.com)
  • The share of total clinical (industry-sponsored) clinical trials and the share of total clinical trial enrollment held by the top 10 companies has been declining pretty steadily over that time as well. (sciencemag.org)
  • The authors of this new paper identify several trends that have delayed the expected mega-consolidation of the industry - the move to rare diseases, the rise of monoclonal antibody therapies (done at first by a number of players outside the big 10 companies at the time), the greater availability of outsourced services, and - in recent years - the relatively easy access to capital. (sciencemag.org)
  • Additionally, 67% of drug companies increased their annual profit margins during the same period-with margins up to 20 percent for some companies in certain years. (gao.gov)
  • About 67 percent of all drug companies saw an increase in their annual average profit margins from 2006 to 2015. (gao.gov)
  • For comparison, the annual average profit margin across non-drug companies among the largest 500 globally fluctuated between 4 and 9 percent. (gao.gov)
  • In addition, experts noted that market pressures such as rising research and development (R&D) costs, fewer drugs in development, and competition from generic drugs, have driven structural changes in the industry such as increased use of acquisition by large drug companies to obtain access to new research. (gao.gov)
  • In addition to grants, several federal tax provisions provided incentives for industry R&D spending, including the orphan drug credit, available for companies developing drugs intended to treat rare diseases, which increased more than five-fold from 2005 through 2014. (gao.gov)
  • With 153 tables and figures the report provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market. (reportsnreports.com)
  • 2002
  • After threats from Congress to crack down on industry swag, manufacturers agreed in 2002 to limit gifts to those of "modest value. (latimes.com)
  • patients
  • It was on the list of the top 10 drugs in the US on sci.med, and it has been shown to cause MORE heart attacks in hypertensive patients, than no treatment at all. (bio.net)
  • It may even increase costs,'' said Gerald J. Mossinghof, the association's president, adding that patients whose drugs were restricted often required additional care from doctors in hospitals. (nytimes.com)
  • But challenges remain, including who will pay for the drugs and how they will be distributed to patients in remote areas. (redorbit.com)
  • Accepting this kind of data as a scientific study to actually help patients seems a joke to me in view of the decades-long (possibly centuries) history of knowing these drugs are dangerous, addictive and cause personality changes. (smokymountainnews.com)
  • However, many industry insiders say these changes are opening up unique opportunities for researchers who focus on translating basic science into real-world cures and are eager to explore the molecular mechanisms of disease, test hypotheses, and do work that benefits patients. (sciencemag.org)
  • He was participating in some industry clinical trials, but the route to helping patients wasn't direct enough. (sciencemag.org)
  • The findings of the consortium could have an impact on improving the ability of patients to safely use existing drugs, Holden added. (bio-medicine.org)
  • malaria
  • The World Trade Organization says fake anti-malaria drugs kill 100,000 Africans a year and the black market deprives governments of 2.5-5 percent of their revenue. (reuters.com)
  • Development
  • The Hyperphosphatemia Drug market analysis is provided for the international market including development history, competitive landscape analysis, and major regions development status. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Although China has enjoyed the benefits of an expanding market for production and distribution, the industry is suffering from minimal innovation and investment in R&D and new product development. (bharatbook.com)
  • That's not surprising when you consider the crucial role for-profit industry has always played in the development and deployment of basic scientific discoveries. (sciencemag.org)
  • The move to industry has allowed him to "bring therapies to millions of people who weren't able to be helped," says Saltarelli, now divisional vice president for neuroscience development at Abbott Laboratories. (sciencemag.org)
  • Drug industry spending for research and development increased from $82 billion in 2008 to $89 billion in 2014. (gao.gov)
  • From 2008 through 2014, worldwide company-reported R&D spending, most of which went to drug development (rather than research), increased slightly from $82 billion to $89 billion in 2015 dollars. (gao.gov)
  • This will help in the development of drugs both in avoiding these side effects in the future and maybe developing tests to help identify people at high risk," she said. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Markets
  • This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Anemia Drugs in US$ Million by the following segments: Short Acting ESAs (Erythropoiesis Stimulating Agents), and Long Acting ESAs (Erythropoiesis Stimulating Agents). (medindia.net)
  • However, concentration was higher for narrower markets, such as for certain drugs in the same therapeutic class. (gao.gov)
  • meanwhile
  • meanwhile it makes predictions about prospective market so as to help investors know this industry well and provide decision-making references for them. (pitchengine.com)
  • ethical
  • When was the last time you heard "ethical" and "drug industry" in the same sentence? (blogspot.com)
  • Jennifer Miller, a fellow at the Edmund J Safra Center for Ethics at Harvard University and president of Bioethics International, a non-profit that advises educational programs on ethical issues on medicine and healthcare, is trying to develop the industry equivalent of a Good Housekeeping Seal of Approval," reports Pharmalot. (blogspot.com)
  • That would not be how the general public would want an "ethical" drug industry to operate. (blogspot.com)
  • Company
  • To get the discounts, Medicaid programs would have to accept all company products, exempting them from restrictions that currently exclude some expensive drugs. (nytimes.com)
  • So when a drug company gives money to bioethicists, it's a little like giving money to the poor. (slate.com)
  • If the drug company makes no effort to influence your work, is there anything wrong with taking their money? (slate.com)
  • Often, when a drug company is launching a new drug, it recruits a third party known as a Key Opinion Leader: an influential figure respected by his or her peers and often eagerly sought out by the press. (slate.com)
  • Line graph showing drug company profit margins nearing 20 percent. (gao.gov)
  • Research also suggests that drug company mergers can have varied impacts on innovation as measured by R&D spending, patent approvals, and drug approvals. (gao.gov)
  • Frederick Stearns and Company was acquired by Sterling Drug in 1944. (blogspot.com)
  • India
  • The implications of this case reach far beyond India, and far beyond this particular cancer drug," said Leena Menghaney, from the aid group Doctors Without Borders. (law.com)
  • We're already paying very high prices for some of the new drugs that are patented in India," said Petros Isaakidis, an epidemiologist with Doctors Without Borders. (law.com)
  • Clinical
  • Being anchored in my clinical specialty [child psychiatry] made it pretty easy to make the jump into industry," Gault says. (sciencemag.org)
  • The immediate goal would be to develop a test that could identify who will have a problem with a drug before they get it," said Dr. Paul Watkins, director of the General Clinical Research Center at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Merck
  • There is a lot of merit to the Merck proposal,'' said a spokeswoman for another leading drug maker, who asked not to be identified. (nytimes.com)
  • Several Medicaid drug bills, including one that would strengthen Medi-Cal's leverage in bargaining for discounts and one supporting the Merck approach, have been introduced in the Legislature. (nytimes.com)
  • John L. Zabriskie, president of Merck Sharp & Dohme, Merck's drug-making unit, said that four states - Arkansas, Delaware, Utah and South Carolina - had indicated that they would accept Merck's offer. (nytimes.com)
  • business
  • Only the more easily absorbed drug would be affected, Althoff said, adding that its own generic business, Sandoz, produces cheap versions of its drugs for millions across the globe. (law.com)
  • If von Eschenbach has his way, FDA will be out of the business of approving new drugs based on efficacy, but will merely rubberstamp any drug that won't kill humans outright (see here )! (blogspot.com)
  • Reuters
  • PARIS (Reuters) - Counterfeit drugs have become a $200-billion-a-year industry and the 176-nation World Customs Organization (WCO) will sign a declaration later this month to fight the scourge, an official said on Thursday. (reuters.com)
  • Spurred by Chirac's foundation, 176 national customs chiefs will sign a declaration on June 24 to ban the making and marketing of counterfeit drugs, Zimmermann told Reuters. (reuters.com)
  • candidates
  • For another thing, we've learned a lot more about potential problems with drug candidates, but not so much about how to fix them. (theatlantic.com)
  • price increases
  • Several states have passed laws requiring drugmakers to disclose price increases, but the Maryland law is one of a few drawing the most attention from the drug industry. (reuters.com)
  • Nevada has been sued by two industry trade groups after passing in June a law requiring diabetes drugmakers to justify price increases above a certain amount. (reuters.com)
  • A similar measure failed in California last year, but the state's legislature this week approved a drug pricing bill requiring drugmakers to justify price increases over 16 percent in a two-year period. (reuters.com)
  • Much of this growth was driven by use of expensive brand-name drugs, but price increases have been reported for some generic drugs as well. (gao.gov)
  • prices
  • All of those issues affect drug prices, but you have to have something to sell before you can talk about its price. (theatlantic.com)
  • research
  • The primary and secondary research is done in China in order to access up-to-date government regulations, market information and industry data. (bharatbook.com)
  • Order a copy of "Prostate Cancer Treatment Drugs Industry" research report at USD 1000 (Single User License) http://www.marketreportsonline.com/contacts/purchase.php?name=426034 . (pitchengine.com)
  • During the same period, federal spending, which funded a greater amount of basic research relative to industry, remained stable at around $28 billion. (gao.gov)
  • discovery
  • As someone who works in the drug discovery labs, I'm just as guilty as everyone else: twenty years in the labs, and I've never worked on anything that's on a pharmacy shelf. (theatlantic.com)
  • Aspirin, acetominophen, and penicillin wouldn't have made it through a modern drug discovery effort. (theatlantic.com)
  • Used by all living things to make proteins, messenger RNA is one of the least explored frontiers of drug discovery. (acs.org)
  • This paper in Nature Reviews Drug Discovery has some numbers. (sciencemag.org)
  • sales
  • The drug industry says such bans, which also have been enacted in the last two years by Yale University and the University of Pennsylvania, will make it more difficult for doctors to interact with and learn from sales representatives. (latimes.com)
  • data
  • Data were collected from the Chinese government publications, Chinese language newspapers and magazines, industry associations, local governments' industry bureaus, industry publications, and our in-house databases. (bharatbook.com)
  • physicians
  • The drug industry doles out $21 billion a year in marketing (90% directed at physicians), far more than it spends on consumer advertising. (latimes.com)
  • To reinforce the point, Lilly has funded a $1.8 million project called the " Values, Ethics & Rationing in Critical Care Task Force ," in which bioethicists and physicians from various American medical schools will examine the ethics of rationing certain drugs and services. (slate.com)
  • billion
  • In 2013 market scale of cardiovascular drugs has reached CNY 17.8 billion in China. (pitchengine.com)
  • And it was Incivek, approved by the FDA in 2011, that held the record for the fastest launch - $1.56 billion in the first year - until Sovaldi smashed it last month, according to figures from the industry watchers at EP Vantage. (npr.org)
  • expensive
  • One reason for this is that Xigris may not be any better than older treatments for sepsis, but the main reason is that the drug is so expensive. (slate.com)