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  • person's
  • A method used to identify multilocus DNA banding patterns that are specific to an individual by exposing a sample of the person's DNA to molecular probes and various analytical techniques such as Southern blot analysis. (dictionary.com)
  • Fingerprint:An impression or mark made on a surface by a person's fingertip, especially as used for identifying individuals from the unique pattern of whorls and lines. (smore.com)
  • Additionally, in a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Pathology in 2015, the researchers at Washington University's School of Medicine Genomics and Pathology Services center in St Louis, MO, determined that 2% of tissue samples received in their lab for next generation sequencing were contaminated by another person's DNA to an extent to be clinically significant (i.e. greater than 5% of the sample was contaminated). (wikipedia.org)
  • Jeffreys
  • The then usual scientific tests pointed towards a local youth named Richard Buckland, whose blood type and enzyme profile matched the evidence from the bodies: he confessed under questioning, but when Jeffreys conducted full DNA testing on semen samples thanks to extraction techniques developed by the Forensic Science Service - he conclusively demonstrated that Buckland could not have been the rapist. (information-britain.co.uk)
  • laboratory
  • The Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology performs human identification using DNA profiling techniques , mainly for the Department of Justice in Belgium. (ugent.be)
  • The laboratory is recognized by the Department of Justice as a forensic DNA laboratory in criminal cases and has a BELAC accreditation since September 15th, 1996. (ugent.be)
  • He was in his laboratory at the University of Leicester looking at X-ray images of the DNA make-up of several members of his technician s family, and noted their similarities and their differences. (information-britain.co.uk)
  • genes
  • Hypothesis: If DNA samples are collected from different mother and fathers, then it can be determined which DNA samples have common genes fragments. (bartleby.com)
  • Besides
  • Besides the routine DNA typing for the Department of Justice, our lab performs research in the field of DNA analysis in order to optimize and improve the procedures. (ugent.be)
  • molecular
  • Sangita Mukhopadhyay (born January 1, 1966) is an Indian molecular cell biologist, immunologist and the head of the molecular biology group at the Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics. (wikipedia.org)
  • drop of blood
  • A drop of blood or the root of a hair contains enough DNA for testing. (smore.com)
  • DNA is also sensitive -- just one forty-millionth of a drop of blood can produce a result" (Platt, R. "DNA Analysis. (hubpages.com)
  • radioactive
  • The fragments underwent autoradiography in which they were exposed to DNA probes-pieces of synthetic DNA that were made radioactive and that bound to the minisatellites. (britannica.com)
  • The sample is given radioactive probes which bonds to the DNA. (bartleby.com)
  • sample
  • The procedure for creating a DNA fingerprint consists of first obtaining a sample of cells , such as skin, hair, or blood cells, which contain DNA. (britannica.com)
  • The use of a sample of DNA to determine the identity of a person within a certain probability. (dictionary.com)
  • Only a small sample of cells is needed for DNA fingerprinting . (smore.com)
  • An analysis of a DNA sample shows the alleles that it contains. (hubpages.com)
  • A small sample can be amplified where the amount of DNA is increased such that it is amenable for analysis, according to Platt. (hubpages.com)
  • found
  • For example, the amount of DNA found at the root of one hair is usually sufficient. (accessexcellence.org)
  • DNA profile starts with short tandem repeats (STRs) consisting of minisatellites found in the chromosome. (hubpages.com)
  • There is only one individual found with a specific STRs in a population of 100 trillion with the use of 13 STRs, called CODIS (combined DNA index system) which is the standard in the United States. (hubpages.com)
  • hair
  • Our lab can also perform analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) , specifically on samples where nuclear typing has failed or cannot be performed such as hair without a root. (ugent.be)
  • technology
  • An additional application of DNA fingerprint technology is the diagnosis of inherited disorders in adults, children, and unborn babies. (accessexcellence.org)
  • And I tend to agree with Judge Joseph's assertion, but with the invention and implementation of DNA profiling and technology has come numerous problems. (bartleby.com)
  • physical
  • It is called a "fingerprint" because it is very unlikely that any two people would have exactly the same DNA information, in the same way that it is very unlikely that any two people would have exactly the same physical fingerprint. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • Brenner S, Williams SR, Vermaas EH, Storck T, Moon K, McCollum C (2000) In vitro cloning of complex mixtures of DNA on microbeads: physical separation of differentially expressed cDNAs. (springer.com)
  • done
  • DNA testing also can be done on cells obtained by a simple mouthwash or a swab of the cheeks inside the mouth, but these methods are not recommended. (adventisthealthcare.com)
  • certain
  • In theory, this argument is true, but many believe certain factors can lead to inconsistent data gathered from DNA. (bartleby.com)
  • samples
  • Forensic DNA samples frequently are degraded or are collected postmortem , which means that they are lower-quality and subject to producing less-reliable results than samples that are obtained from a living individual. (britannica.com)
  • In special and very urgent cases, DNA identification can be performed within 24 hours after receipt of the samples (max. (ugent.be)
  • As data substantiates, SPCs are an under-recognized problem in clinical practice that warrants further investigation and consideration of additional safety measures such as required DNA testing to confirm the identity of biopsy samples. (wikipedia.org)
  • made
  • The DNA pieces are passed through a gel made from seaweed agarose (a jelly-like product made from seaweed). (accessexcellence.org)
  • Based upon DNA variation detected from these comparisons, we determined that the original plague strains that infected the U.S. had their origin in Asia and likely made their way to California via Hawaii. (newswise.com)
  • known
  • It should be known that the theoretical chances of someone having the some DNA fingerprint of someone else is said by some to be as little as one in one quadrillion. (bartleby.com)
  • biological
  • This type of DNA fingerprinting can be used to characterize both natural and nefarious plague outbreaks-which is crucial when a bacterium is used as a biological weapon. (newswise.com)
  • B and Tiarne N Date: 09/09/14 Aim: The aim of this experiment was to determine who boy #1's biological parents are, with the use of DNA fingerprinting. (bartleby.com)
  • Brenig B, Beck J, Schutz E (2010) Shotgun metagenomics of biological stains using ultra-deep DNA sequencing. (springer.com)
  • scientists
  • Newswise - An international team of scientists has traced major plague pandemics such as the Black Death back to their roots using DNA fingerprinting analyses. (newswise.com)
  • This is why many scientists and prosecutors believe DNA is a great way to create an open-and-shut case. (bartleby.com)
  • characteristics
  • The characteristics of all living organisms, including humans, are essentially determined by information contained within DNA that they inherit from their parents. (accessexcellence.org)
  • identity of a person
  • The earth has only 6 billion people (in contrast to the 100 trillion domain of CODIS) that is why DNA profile-CODIS is reliable in establishing the identity of a person, according to Cummings. (hubpages.com)
  • evidence
  • In many cases ranging from the famed O.J. Simpson murder trial to the JonBenet Ramsey case, DNA had been used to acquire evidence leading to a possible conviction. (bartleby.com)
  • Called DNA fingerprint or DNA profile it has been accepted as an evidence in court in United Kingdom since 1986, and in the United States since 1987. (hubpages.com)
  • type
  • We are t We are tooling up to DNA fingerprint large numbers (100's to 1,000's) of individuals, and would like to ask the following questions of fellow bio.netters: 1) Can anyone suggest or recommend software (DOS) for handling pen-and-tablet type digitizers. (bio.net)