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  • Neonatal
  • We hypothesized that clinical factors, such as age at stroke (neonatal versus childhood), cyanotic or acyanotic heart lesion, and history of a recent cardiac surgery, may modify stroke risk, and secondarily, we aimed to evaluate these potential effect modifiers. (ahajournals.org)
  • Catheter
  • During catheterisation the defect is crossed with a catheter from the left to right ventricle. (grupocorpal.com)
  • In this pathbreaking volume, a multidisciplinary team of international experts puts catheter-based treatment techniques in context by exploring the pathobiology of specific diseases alongside a discussion of imaging tools and functional tests, and a comparison to alternative treatment approaches provided by cardiovascular surgery. (wiley.com)
  • When the defects are a certain size they generally need to be corrected either with a catheter procedure or with open heart surgery. (stjosephkc.com)
  • coronary disease
  • With aging, other factors become superimposed such as onset of coronary disease, hypertension, and senescent changes in diastolic function. (healthtap.com)
  • Some people inherit what are called 'dyslipidemias'- which is a fancy way of saying messed up lipids - that cause coronary disease - but what most people actually inherit are bad habits - bad eating habits, smoking , obesity , lifestyle etc. (healthtap.com)
  • CHF has multiple other causes including acquired injuries to the heart (like in coronary disease) wherein genetics play a role as one of the risks. (healthtap.com)
  • muscular
  • The heart is divided into left and right halves by a muscular wall (the septum). (lakeviewvets.co.uk)
  • Muscular VSD is a hole located in the muscular portion of the septum, relatively distant from the valves leading into and out of the heart. (nemours.org)
  • placenta
  • Blood from the body is pumped through the heart back to the body & placenta without going through the lungs. (healthtap.com)
  • Tricuspid
  • In this kind of defect, the hole is located in the lower part of the atrial septum, near the tricuspid valve, which opens into the right ventricle. (pted.org)
  • blood
  • With surgery, it can be repaired to prevent blood from travelling from the left to the right side of the heart or vice versa. (susquehannahealth.org)
  • The third type of ASD is known as a sinus venosus defect, in which the hole is located near one of the two places where the vena cava (the vein that carries blood from the body to the heart) enters the right atrium. (pted.org)
  • The right side of the heart sends blood to the lungs where it picks up oxygen. (lakeviewvets.co.uk)
  • The left side of the heart pumps the blood around the body. (lakeviewvets.co.uk)
  • In a VSD the septum doesn't develop properly resulting in a small 'hole' in the septum allowing some blood to divert from the left side of the heart to the right side. (lakeviewvets.co.uk)
  • Heart murmurs are caused by the sound of abnormal and high-speed blood flow and are very common findings in dogs with VSD. (lakeviewvets.co.uk)
  • The excess blood has to be pumped again by the heart to make it out to the body, which forces the heart to work harder than it should. (nemours.org)
  • known
  • The most common type of ASD (accounting for 50-70% of all cases) is known as ostium secundum defect, or simply, secundum (2). (pted.org)
  • This is known by surgeons, who close the defect with a patch sutured to its edges. (grupocorpal.com)
  • Also known as Hypermetropia, it is a defect of vision due to which near objects are not seen clearly. (hubpages.com)
  • Also known as Myopia, it is a defect in which one cannot see distant objects properly. (hubpages.com)
  • acute
  • Mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept, a prodrug of mycophenolic acid 1 ) is an immunosuppressive agent used in combination with ciclosporin and corticosteroids for the prevention of acute transplant rejection in patients who have received kidney, heart, or liver transplants. (www.gov.uk)
  • lipids
  • Comparative analysis of genome-wide association studies signals for lipids, diabetes, and coronary heart disease: Cardiovascular Biomarker Genetics Collaboration. (snpedia.com)
  • Health
  • Coates, T. J., Jeffery, R. W., and Slinkard, L. A. The heart health program: Introducing and maintaining nutrition changes among elementary school children. (springer.com)