Loading...
  • outbreak
  • As the authors acknowledge, the conclusions that can be drawn are limited by biases that affect whether an infectious outbreak is reported, including, among others, the ease of documentation of specific organisms involved, the degree of interest in the circumstances or etiologic agent, and the number of persons involved. (acpjc.org)
  • Following the largest Ebola virus disease outbreak from 2013 to 2016, viral RNA has been detected in survivors from semen and breast milk long after disease recovery. (bioportfolio.com)
  • During the 2014 West African Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended that all emergency department (ED) patients undergo travel screening fo. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Person-to-person transmission of ANDV Sout lineage was described during an outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in southwest Argentina. (cdc.gov)
  • Understanding the infectious diseases outbreak of algae can provide significant knowledge for disease control intervention and/or prevention. (springeropen.com)
  • Implications
  • Infectious diseases constitute a constant threat to the Norwegian fish farming industry with major economic implications, in addition to being a problem for fish welfare and the environment. (nr.no)
  • The classification of an infectious agent as airborne and therefore 'aerosol-transmissible' has significant implications for how healthcare workers (HCWs) need to manage patients infected with such agents and what sort of personal protective equipment (PPE) they will need to wear. (biomedcentral.com)
  • pathogen
  • Anthropogenic landscape change can lead to increased opportunities for pathogen transmission between domestic and non-domestic animals. (duhnnae.com)
  • Future studies will integrate host density, as well as landscape features, to better understand the mechanisms driving disease exposure and to predict zones of cross-species pathogen transmission among wild and domestic felids. (duhnnae.com)
  • Direct transmission occurs when pathogen-containing droplets fall onto a susceptible traveler's conjunctiva or mucosa or are inhaled. (pnas.org)
  • We developed a model of pathogen dissemination in the outpatient clinic that incorporates key kinetic aspects of the transmission process, as well as uncertainty regarding whether or not each incident patient is contagious. (cdc.gov)
  • vector-borne
  • We examined exposure to three pathogens that are taxonomically diverse bacterial, protozoal, viral, that incorporate multiple transmission strategies vector-borne, environmental exposure-ingestion, and direct contact, and that vary in species-specificity. (duhnnae.com)
  • Interestingly, a directly transmitted species-specific disease FIV was not associated with geographic location, while exposure to indirectly transmitted diseases - vector-borne for Bartonella spp. (duhnnae.com)
  • Some studies in the past have indicated that doubling the air exchange could cut the infection risk from tuberculosis in half and using disinfectants to clean the cabin between flights to areas of the world prone to malaria and other vector-borne diseases can help reduce disease transmission. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Centers
  • Articles were identified from a MEDLINE search for the years 1966 to 1989, a hand search of relevant journals for the years 1980 to 1990, and a review of over 2900 epidemiologic field investigations in which the Centers for Disease Control and other agencies participated (1946 to 1989). (acpjc.org)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The authors thank Dr. Nathaniel Hupert and his colleagues at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Preparedness Modeling Unit for guidance and useful discussions related to the 2010-2011 cholera epidemic in Haiti. (annals.org)
  • Publically available from HealthMap ( http://healthmap.org/en/ ), the MSPP of the Republic of Haiti (2) , and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (15) . (annals.org)
  • Diarrheal
  • The construction of a new road in a previously roadless area of northern coastal Ecuador provides a valuable natural experiment to examine how changes in the social and natural environment, mediated by road construction, affect the epidemiology of diarrheal diseases. (pnas.org)
  • occurs
  • Our findings open the possibility that some of the sporadic Alzheimer's cases may arise from an infectious process, which occurs with other neurological diseases such as mad cow and its human form, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease," said Claudio Soto, Ph.D. , professor of neurology at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, part of UTHealth. (healthcanal.com)
  • droplets
  • According to the World Health Organization, the main transmission route for diseases such as influenza and SARS are respiratory droplets (≥5 μ) that are propelled short distances (≤1 m) ( 4 ) when an infectious person sneezes, coughs, talks, or even breathes ( 4 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 9 ). (pnas.org)
  • among
  • However, it also brings some problems, for example infectious diseases could spread quickly among the flocking birds. (hindawi.com)
  • Modelling the spread of infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) among salmon farms based on seaway distances between farms and genetic relationships between ISA virus isolates. (nr.no)
  • If the proportional weight of sexual transmission among all secondary transmission events was substantial, ascertaining the end could even require waiting 1 year from the purported last case. (bioportfolio.com)
  • infections
  • Over a dozen cases of inflight transmission of serious infections have been documented, and air travel can serve as a conduit for the rapid spread of newly emerging infections and pandemics. (pnas.org)
  • Over a dozen cases of inflight transmission have been documented, and studies of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) ( 2 ) and pandemic Influenza (H1N1p) ( 3 ) transmission on airplanes indicate that air travel can serve as a conduit for the rapid spread of newly emerging infections and pandemics. (pnas.org)
  • epidemic
  • An appropriate quantification of the transmission potential requires the estimation of the cohort generation time during the initial growth phase of an epidemic or adjustment of the time-effect (e.g., adjustment of the growth rate of the epidemic during the sampling time) on the period generation time. (aimsciences.org)
  • Sexual transmission and the probability of an end of the Ebola virus disease epidemic. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Ebola virus disease epidemic. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We devised a statistical model to compute the probability of the end of an Ebola virus disease epidemic, accounting for sexual transmission and under-ascertainment of cases. (bioportfolio.com)
  • During the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in Liberia, contact tracing was implemented to rapidly detect new cases and prevent further transmission. (bioportfolio.com)
  • During the 2014 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic, the Ebola-Tx trial evaluated the use of convalescent plasma (CP) in Guinea. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Adherence to Universal Travel Screening in the Emergency Department During Epidemic Ebola Virus Disease. (bioportfolio.com)
  • control
  • Researchers injected the brain tissue of a confirmed Alzheimer's patient into mice and compared the results to those from injected tissue of a control without the disease. (healthcanal.com)
  • None of the mice injected with the control showed signs of Alzheimer's, whereas all of those injected with Alzheimer's brain extracts developed plaques and other brain alterations typical of the disease. (healthcanal.com)
  • Using cohort and case-control studies, we implicated oral transmission by consumption of açaí palm fruit. (cdc.gov)
  • burden
  • Given the increasing number of emerging pathogens recently identified, there is an urgent need to understand how environmental change influences disease burden. (pnas.org)
  • intervention
  • It is therefore important to clarify such terminology, where a particular intervention, like the type of personal protective equipment (PPE) to be used, is deemed adequate to intervene for this potential mode of transmission, i.e. at an N95 rather than surgical mask level requirement. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Losses
  • The World after Ebola: An Overview of Ebola Complications, Vaccine Development, Lessons Learned, Financial Losses, and Disease Preparedness. (bioportfolio.com)