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  • fiber
  • While too much refined simple sugar in the diet can have negative effects on both humans and cats, complex carbohydrates and fiber do not, and can actually have positive effects. (skeptvet.com)
  • A third class of dietary material, fiber (i.e., nondigestible material such as cellulose), seems also to be required, for both mechanical and biochemical reasons, though the exact reasons remain unclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevention is by maintaining a healthy weight and eating a diet high in fiber and low in simple carbohydrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • It also includes dietary fiber which is a carbohydrate but which does not contribute much in the way of food energy (calories), even though it is often included in the calculation of total food energy just as though it were a sugar. (wikipedia.org)
  • absorption
  • This effect may be attributed to the resistance of these carbohydrates to hydrolysis and absorption in the small intestine, thus, being available in the large intestine as substrates for fermentation by gut microbiota. (frontiersin.org)
  • We had previously reported on the effect of exposure to light on the human digestive system: daytime bright light exposure has a positive effect, whereas, evening bright light exposure has a negative effect on the efficiency of dietary carbohydrate absorption from the evening meal. (go.jp)
  • These results prompted us to examine whether the light intensity to which subjects are exposed in the evening affects the efficiency of dietary carbohydrate absorption the following morning. (go.jp)
  • Carbohydrates and proteins provide 17 kJ approximately (4 kcal) of energy per gram, while fats provide 37 kJ (9 kcal) per gram, though the net energy from either depends on such factors as absorption and digestive effort, which vary substantially from instance to instance. (wikipedia.org)
  • microbiota
  • 58.5% female), with available genotype (genome-wide arrays), dietary (12-month food frequency questionnaire, FFQ), faecal microbiota (16S sequencing) and IBS status (self-reported from questionnaire) data, as previously described in detail. (bmj.com)
  • We then studied PopGen and FoCus faecal microbiota profiles in relation to carbohydrate consumption and SI 15Phe genotype. (bmj.com)
  • carbon
  • Like other carbohydrates, it combusts to carbon dioxide and water. (wikipedia.org)
  • In scientific literature, the term "carbohydrate" has many synonyms, like "sugar" (in the broad sense), "saccharide", "ose", "glucide", "hydrate of carbon" or "polyhydroxy compounds with aldehyde or ketone" Some of these terms, specially "carbohydrate" and "sugar", are also used with other meanings. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • Fructose may be metabolized into liver glycogen[citation needed], but it is ineffective at raising muscle glycogen levels (which is the objective of carbohydrate loading). (wikipedia.org)
  • Glycogen
  • Glycogen is a carbohydrate found in the liver and muscles (as animal source). (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbohydrate loading, commonly referred to as carb-loading or carbo-loading, is a strategy used by endurance athletes, such as runners, to maximise the storage of glycogen (or energy) in the muscles and liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumption
  • These observations were not assessed in relation to key dietary factors including carbohydrate (ie, SI substrates) consumption. (bmj.com)
  • The study is designed as non interventional to collect data on the effectiveness of acarbose and metformin monotherapy, respectively, in terms of change from baseline in post prandial blood glucose level at the end of 16 weeks in drug-na├»ve type 2 diabetic patients within each carbohydrates consumption subgroup under real-life treatment condition in large sample of type-2 diabetes patients in India. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • effects
  • The same year, he started research at the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory in Cambridge, working principally on the effects of dietary vitamins. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Working with Walter Willett, Liu was among the first to introduce dietary glycemic load (GL) and quantify its physiological relevancy in population-based studies and prospectively link high GL to increased cardiovascular risk. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the day before the race, the athlete performs a very short, extremely high-intensity workout (such as a few minutes of sprinting) then consumes 12 g of carbohydrate per kilogram of lean mass over the next 24 hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consequently, sources of high-fructose carbohydrates, such as fruit and sweets, are less than optimal for the task. (wikipedia.org)
  • reduction
  • In the early 1960s, Wolfgang Lutz conducted ground-breaking hen-feeding trials which showed that, in hens, a reduction in carbohydrate - not of fat - reduced the incidence of arteriosclerosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • nutrient
  • They make up a large part of foods such as rice, noodles, bread, and other grain-based products, but they are not an essential nutrient, meaning a human does not need to eat carbohydrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • by contrast, and surprisingly, for two other key glycolytic enzymes (phosphofructokinase enzyme - pfkl - and pyruvate kinase - pk -) some of the paralogs ( pfklb and pklr ) are inhibited by carbohydrates whereas some of the genes coding gluconeogenic enzymes (the glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme - g6pcb1b and g6pcb2a gene and the fructose1-6 biphosphatase paralog fbp1a ) are induced. (biologists.org)
  • hydrogen
  • We measured unabsorbed dietary carbohydrates using the breath-hydrogen test the morning after exposure to either bright light or dim light the previous evening. (go.jp)
  • study
  • This study shows that CL is the most effective carbohydrate source for improving growth of this species of juvenile abalone and practically applicable in formulating abalone feed. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Diabetes
  • The purpose of this statement is to review the available scientific data regarding the effect of the type or source of carbohydrate on the prevention and management of diabetes and to clarify the position of the American Diabetes Association on this important topic. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • With cats in particular, the claim is made that since they are obligate carnivores, carbohydrates are effectively poison for this species, causing diabetes, cancer and all sorts of other diseases. (skeptvet.com)