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  • obesity
  • It has been argued that Montignac confuses the direction of causality between obesity and hyperinsulinemia and that the weight loss is simply due to the hypocaloric character of the diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Elevated levels of non-HDL cholesterol and LDL in the blood may be a consequence of diet, obesity, inherited (genetic) diseases (such as LDL receptor mutations in familial hypercholesterolemia), or the presence of other diseases such as diabetes and an underactive thyroid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental factors include obesity, diet, and stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern diet and sedentary lifestyle is argued to be the blame for current levels of obesity, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, colorectal cancer, acne, gout, depression, and diseases related to vitamin and mineral deficiencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, in rats treated with GW501516, increased fatty acid metabolism in skeletal muscle and protection against diet-induced obesity and type II diabetes was observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fats
  • Another aspect of the diet regards the choice of fats: the desirability of fatty foods depends on the nature of their fatty acids: polyunsaturated omega 3 acids (fish fat) as well as monounsaturated fatty acids (olive oil) are the best choice, while saturated fatty acids (butter and animal fat) should be restricted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avoiding trans fats and replacing saturated fats in adult diets with polyunsaturated fats are recommended dietary measures to reduce total blood cholesterol and LDL in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • inducible
  • Fecal metabolic transformation studies, and oral isotope tracer studies before versus after chronic l-carnitine supplementation, revealed that omnivores and vegans/vegetarians alike rapidly converted carnitine to γBB, whereas the second gut microbial transformation, γBB→TMA, was diet inducible (l-carnitine, omnivorous). (jci.org)
  • humans
  • Due to the variety of environments inhabited, physiologies of the humans and human ancestors alive during the Paleolithic over 2.8 million years, we can't ascribe a single set diet to any species, regional or cultural group. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a starting point comparative analysis of the diets of humans closest living relatives, great apes such as chimpanzees, bonobos and other great apes, though these comparison are limited. (wikipedia.org)
  • Paleolithic
  • Strictly speaking, according to evolutionary anthropologists and archaeologists there is not a single Hominin Paleolithic diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • A generalization between Paleolithic diets of the various human ancestors that many anthropologists do make is that they are all to one degree or another omnivorous and are inextricably linked with tool use and new technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social determinants of health Paleolithic diet / Paleolithic lifestyle The China Study (2005 book on the relationship between the consumption of animal products and selected illnesses) Affluenza General: Nutrition Urbanisation Westernization Ezzati M, Vander Hoorn S, Lawes CM, et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • However, early in the development, it was observed that Aramchol reduced liver fat infiltration in animals fed a high fat, lithogenic diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2003). Prevention of diet-induced fatty liver in experimental animals by the oral administration of a fatty acid bile acid conjugate (FABAC). (wikipedia.org)
  • 2008). Treatment of preestablished diet-induced fatty liver by oral fatty acid-bile acid conjugates in rodents, Eur J GastroenterolHepatol 20(12), 1205-13. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • Meanwhile, in the mid-1950s, with improved methods and design, Keys recruited collaborating researchers in seven countries to mount the first cross-cultural comparison of heart attack risk in populations of men engaged in traditional occupations in cultures contrasting in diet, especially in the proportion of fat calories of different composition, the Seven Countries Study still under observation today. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolutionary anthropologists who study the evolution of human origins and diet use a variety of methods to determine what human ancestors ate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutrition
  • The exact formulation for this diet recommended by the American Institute of Nutrition is intended for growth and maintenance during the first year of life. (thomassci.com)
  • cholesterol levels
  • Keys' book Eat Well and Stay Well popularized the supplementary idea that reducing the amount of saturated fat in the diet would reduce cholesterol levels and the risks of serious diseases due to atheroma. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight
  • 1) lifestyle intervention (weight loss, increased physical activity, and a healthy diet) and 2) more detailed, short-term risk assessment (e.g. (diabetesindia.com)
  • The major lifestyle interventions include weight loss in overweight or obese subjects, increased physical activity, and modification of an atherogenic diet. (diabetesindia.com)
  • The Montignac diet is a weight-loss diet that was popular in the 1990s, mainly in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • groups
  • This study investigated whether taurine affects atherogenic diet-induced myocardial apoptosis, and whether HSP70, HSF-1 and caspase 3 are involved.New Zealand white rabbits were divided into 3 groups for 4 weeks according to their diet. (austin.org.au)
  • Animals were randomly assigned to 4 groups, fed an atherogenic diet containing stanol ester, sesamin, combination of stanol ester and sesamin or a control diet with no additions. (springer.com)
  • HDL-C was not significantly different among the diet groups. (biomedsearch.com)
  • reduce
  • June 2014 - June 2015 He has been particularly prominent in attacking the "myth" that saturated fat must be removed from the diet to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • nuts
  • One TMD diet was supplemented with virgin olive oil (VOO) (TMD+VOO) and the other with nuts (TMD+nuts). (nih.gov)
  • We found that TMD+VOO intervention prevented an increase in COX-2 and LRP1, and reduced MCP-1 expression compared to TMD+nuts or control diet interventions. (nih.gov)
  • TMD+nuts specifically increased the expression of CD36 and TFPI compared to TMD+VOO and control diet intervention. (nih.gov)
  • study
  • As the world's first multicountry epidemiological study, it systematically examined the relationships between lifestyle, diet, coronary heart disease and stroke in different populations from different regions of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • size
  • better source needed] Meat eating was undoubtedly a factor in the increase in human brain size, but its importance in human diet cannot be assumed across all times and places, and is heavily dependent on the local environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • In each new species of hominin, particularly genus Homo there is a general trend of increasing brain size and decreasing dentition, these patterns are inextricably linked with an evolving diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • animals
  • It is also used as a harmless, biologically acceptable, bulking agent in the specialized diets of laboratory animals. (thomassci.com)
  • human
  • This fact with the difficulty of finding conclusive of evidence often makes broad generalizations of the earlier human diets very difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human coprolites can also reflect direct evidence of diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lp(a) carries cholesterol and binds atherogenic proinflammatory oxidized phospholipids as a preferential carrier of oxidized phospholipids in human plasma, which attract inflammatory cells to vessel walls and leads to smooth muscle cell proliferation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first direct evidence of pure anti-initiating activity by a natural anticarcinogen (indole-3-carbinol) found in human diet was claimed by Dashwood, et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • The dental and jaw morphology of Australopithecus afarensis have often been assumed to indicate a diet of harder brittle foods, however tooth wear analysis from some specimen reflect a diet of tough grasses and leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • Black gram complements the essential amino acids provided in most cereals and plays an important role in the diets of the people of Nepal and India. (wikipedia.org)
  • books
  • Montignac sold 15 million books about his diet, and his method has been made famous by the celebrities who adopted it, including Gérard Depardieu and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Pioppi Diet (with Donal O'Neill), Penguin Books, 2017 ISBN 9781405932639 Malhotra, Aseem (22 October 2013). (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • In people with very high cholesterol (e.g. familial hypercholesterolemia), diet is often not sufficient to achieve the desired lowering of LDL, and lipid-lowering medications are usually required. (wikipedia.org)