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  • mossy
  • These synchronous discharges are evident in field potential recordings, which progress from the hilus to CA1 at 0.023 ± 0.002 m/sec and in intracellular recordings from the hilar mossy cells and CA3 pyramidal cells. (jneurosci.org)
  • pyramidal
  • After a brief summary of the development of this intriguing layer, the major pyramidal cell classes to be found in layer 6 are described and compared. (frontiersin.org)
  • inhibition
  • Artificial stimulation and inhibition of neuronal activity has applications ranging from fundamental neurobiology questions ( 1 - 4 ) to potential clinical treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders ( 5 , 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • stimulation
  • Using this technique in an ` in vitro ' interface slice preparation, we found that following either parallel fiber stimulation or an orthogonal field stimulus, a sink appeared in the ganglionic layer and propagated into the molecular layer. (biologists.org)
  • Broad action potentials can be evoked in vivo by either corollary discharge input or electrosensory input, and in vitro by parallel fiber stimulation. (biologists.org)
  • In the experiments described within, leeches were presented with either multiple stimuli (such as food and tactile stimulation) or the same stimulus while in different behavioral states (such as satiated or hungry). (frontiersin.org)
  • stimuli
  • Mean field models are based on the evidence of redundancy at small volumes within brain tissues as neurons within these volumes respond in similar fashion to identical stimuli. (scholarpedia.org)
  • function
  • The nonlinear (sigmoid function) wave to pulse transfer function transforms the wave activity (average level of transmembrane potential) of a subpopulation into the average firing rate of action potentials of the same subpopulation. (scholarpedia.org)
  • propagation
  • Propagation of Action Potentials from the Soma to Individual Dendrite of Cultured Rat Amacrine Cells is Regulated by Local GABA Input Journal of Neurophysiology. (jove.com)
  • mice
  • Previous reports demonstrated impaired long-term potentiation (LTP) in slices of symptomatic Mecp2 -null mice, and decreased excitatory neurotransmission, but the causal relationship between these phenomena is unclear. (jneurosci.org)
  • addition
  • Low concentrations of 4-AP (∼100 μ m ) readily induce synchronized discharges in the hippocampus that are blocked by tetrodotoxin (TTX), suggesting that they require Na + -dependent action potentials in addition to the enhanced release of neurotransmitters. (jneurosci.org)
  • mechanism
  • Owing to the importance of Wnt signaling in a wide range of biological fields, a better understanding of the precise mechanism of Wnt signaling might provide fundamental insights regarding its role in disease development and may provide novel targets for therapeutic applications. (hindawi.com)
  • behavioral
  • The Morris water maze, Novel Object Recognition, and Open field tests were used to assess cognitive behavioral changes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In such cases, we will describe the ensuing motor pattern, or lack thereof, as the leech's behavioral "choice. (frontiersin.org)
  • cells
  • Here, we describe in detail a rapid and accurate method for the simultaneous measurement of cytoplasmic and organellar pH by using confocal microscopy on living cells 3 . (jove.com)
  • input
  • In the literature, discussion of different regions of thalamus uses the terms primary sensory, or 'specific' to describe the thalamic nuclei or regions that receive direct excitatory input from the periphery, eg. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this review, the term 'primary sensory' is used to describe those thalamic regions that receive sensory input directly from the periphery. (frontiersin.org)