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  • genetic
  • Genetic studies on site-specific endodeoxyribonucleases in Bacillus subtilis: multiple modification and restriction systems in transformants of Bacillus subtilis 168. (atcc.org)
  • Transformation is one of three processes for horizontal gene transfer, in which exogenous genetic material passes from bacterium to another, the other two being conjugation (transfer of genetic material between two bacterial cells in direct contact) and transduction (injection of foreign DNA by a bacteriophage virus into the host bacterium). (wikipedia.org)
  • Humans
  • APE1 is a gene that codes for DNA AP lyase in humans which binds to AP DNA loops into both the DNA major and minor grooves and binds a flipped-out AP site in a pocket that excludes DNA bases and racemized-anomer AP sites. (wikipedia.org)
  • After some time (typically 1-2 hours in humans, 4-6 hours in dogs, 3-4 hours in house cats),[citation needed] the resulting thick liquid is called chyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • A family of regulatory genes associated with type II restriction-modification systems. (naver.com)
  • Data from three wild-type and two Frzb -/- samples could be used for pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes and were explored with PANTHER, DAVID and GSEA bioinformatics tools. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Binding Sites
  • Fragmentation of the RNA reduces 5' bias of randomly primed-reverse transcription and the influence of primer binding sites, with the downside that the 5' and 3' ends are converted to DNA less efficiently. (wikipedia.org)
  • nucleotide
  • Phylogenomic comparisons based on average nucleotide identity (ANI) and tetranucleotide signature suggest that these two pathogens are different species of mycoplasmas, with M. haemocanis infecting dogs and M. haemofelis infecting cats. (beds.ac.uk)
  • simultaneously
  • it works with a 5' exonuclease (human gene Xrn2) to degrade the newly formed transcript downstream, leaving the polyadenylation site and simultaneously shooting the polymerase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major
  • Each BamH I subunit makes the majority of its backbone contacts with the phosphates of a DNA half site but base pair contacts are made between each BamH I subunit and nitrogenous bases in the major groove of the opposite DNA half site. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although a6 from each subunit does not enter the DNA major groove, its preceding loops interact with the outer ends of the recognition site. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • the other two are transduction, carried out by means of a bacteriophage, and conjugation, in which a gene is passed through direct contact between bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mass spectrometry is a clinical application involving diagnosis of bacteria-specific molecules. (wikipedia.org)
  • polymerase
  • RNA polymerase is, therefore, recruited to HO in two steps and not as a holoenzyme. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Exonuclease II is associated with DNA polymerase I, which contains a 5' exonuclease that clips off the RNA primer contained immediately upstream from the site of DNA synthesis in a 5' → 3' manner. (wikipedia.org)
  • bases
  • In the case of the AhdI site embedded in PahdIMS, a non-template strand A between the extended −10 TG motif and the CATACT −10 element and the template strand A two bases downstream of the −10 element should be methylated (Figure 1). (nih.gov)