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  • occupational
  • Genetics, dietary factors, occupational exposures, toxicants and lifestyle factors play an important role in bladder cancer initiation and development, and the major known risk factors for bladder cancer include smoking, aromatic hydrocarbons, water chlorination byproducts, and inorganic arsenic ( 3 , 5 - 6 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • degrees
  • Compared with other volcanic crises, there is reduced scope for including broad safety margins in delineating areas of different degrees of hazard. (mtu.edu)
  • concentrations
  • As shown in the chart to the right, this requires compiling sets of information which describe exposure concentrations and intake variables to arrive at a pathway-specific exposure dose for each substance. (experttoxicologist.com)
  • This Addendum to the earlier 1982 U.S. EPA document, Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter and Sulfur Oxides, evaluates scientific information on health effects associated with exposure to various concentrations of sulfur oxides and particulate matter in ambient air. (epa.gov)
  • hazards
  • To identify and assess the exposure of people, property, critical facilities, infrastructure, and economic activities to the natural hazards. (preventionweb.net)
  • Thus the assessment is required to include evaluations of the current scientific understanding of the volcano as it relates to the potential hazards and the threat that these hazards pose to the people of the island and its infrastructure. (mtu.edu)
  • methodology
  • These benefits include the establishment of a validated, structured methodology that is sensitive to the dynamics of individual case studies, extremely informative, locally applicable and internationally comparable with other RRM assessments. (scielo.org.za)
  • consistent
  • The association between SHS exposure and invasive meningococcal and Hib diseases was consistent regardless of outcome definitions, age groups, study designs, and publication year. (prolekare.cz)
  • dysfunction
  • The hypothesis that some cardiovascular phenotypes associated with AAS use may wax and wane with drug exposure," such as LV systolic dysfunction, "while others may be more permanent, perhaps irreversible," such as LV diastolic dysfunction and coronary atherosclerosis, "deserves rigorous assessment. (natap.org)
  • epidemiologic
  • A number of epidemiologic studies have observed an association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and pediatric invasive bacterial disease (IBD) but the evidence has not been systematically reviewed. (prolekare.cz)
  • estimates
  • Daily Weighted Average exposure estimates were reviewed by job title, across all facilities. (cdc.gov)
  • In combined models, effect estimates for SES changed minimally after adjustment for ETS exposures, whereas estimates for ETS exposures were attenuated after adjusting for SES. (aappublications.org)
  • association
  • 3 Regional median family income shows an exposure-response relationship with worsened mortality, lung function, and nutrition, demonstrating that the association is incremental rather than a dichotomous one that affects only the impoverished. (aappublications.org)
  • Studies
  • See examples of exposure assessment studies and methods . (cancer.gov)
  • Studies show that absorption of chemicals through the skin can occur without being noticed by the worker, and in some cases, may represent the most significant exposure pathway. (cdc.gov)
  • and (2) provides an updated assessment of newly available information of potential importance for derivation of health criteria for both the particulate matter and sulfur oxides standards, with major emphasis on evaluation of human health studies published since 1982. (epa.gov)
  • Because the burden of IBD is highest in developing countries where SHS is increasing, there is a need for high-quality studies to confirm these results, and for interventions to reduce exposure of children to SHS. (prolekare.cz)
  • Translational studies show that the key consequences of stress exposure on the hippocampus are suppression of neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus (DG) and dendritic remodeling in the cornu ammonis (CA), particularly the CA3 subfield. (pnas.org)
  • humans
  • These findings support the hypothesis that exposure to early stress in humans, as in other animals, affects hippocampal subfield development. (pnas.org)
  • evidence
  • When considered together with evidence from direct smoking and biological mechanisms, our systematic review and meta-analysis indicates that SHS exposure may be associated with invasive meningococcal disease. (prolekare.cz)
  • Search
  • DCEG investigators often pool together cohorts in order to search for information on rare exposures or cancers, or to strengthen the statistical power for a complicated analysis. (cancer.gov)
  • provide
  • The scientists at the Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO) have been directed by HMG to carry out an updated assessment of the Soufriere Hills volcano to provide the best possible information for the Governments of Montserrat (GoM) and the United Kingdom for decision-making and planning. (mtu.edu)
  • lower
  • In separate models, lower SES and ETS exposure were significantly associated with lower FEV 1 % predicted, presence of crackles or wheezes, and lower weight percentile. (aappublications.org)
  • The north of the island has very much lower exposure to fine ash than communities closer to the volcano. (mtu.edu)