• One of these weapons initially became known as Agent White, then Agent Blue, and eventually and infamously as Agent Orange, a so-called herbicide, or defoliant, that wreaked havoc with the health of countless American soldiers and veterans. (ahrp.org)
  • The most commonly known herbicide, Agent Orange, contained high levels of dioxins, a chemical compound now known to be extremely carcinogenic. (iava.org)
  • A highly toxic chemical present in the self-administered antibody COVID test kit "flying off the shelves" by the end of 2021. (wikispooks.com)
  • Veterans with "boots on the ground" were eligible for benefits if they had an illness connected to exposure to the toxic chemical Agent Orange, which was sprayed as a defoliant during the war. (propublica.org)
  • Throughout, as an officer and later as the government's go-to consultant, Young's fervent defense hasn't wavered: Few veterans were exposed to Agent Orange, which contained the toxic chemical dioxin. (allgov.com)
  • While noting it was just a drill, the E-911 dispatcher relayed the scenario that the crash had injured multiple people and involved the spillage of an unknown, possibly toxic chemical. (thepostsearchlight.com)
  • Before EMS personnel or anyone else could approach the "victims," however, firefighters Dennis Mock and Jeff Kelly surveyed the situation wearing Level B Hazardous Materials suits, which would keep them safe from the effects of a toxic chemical. (thepostsearchlight.com)
  • Inside the tent, Hazmat team members pretended to use water and other materials to remove the toxic chemical from patients so that they could be loaded back into ambulances and taken to the Memorial Hospital Emergency Room. (thepostsearchlight.com)
  • Agehara's plan is to find a better tool for blueberry growers that can replace Dormex because "Dormex is a very toxic chemical that isn't healthy to handle. (specialtycropgrower.com)
  • Defoliants have a practical use in the harvesting of certain crops, particularly cotton, in the United States as well as a number of other cotton-producing countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of defoliants aids in the effective harvesting of cotton and finer lint quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effectiveness of defoliant use in cotton harvesting depends on the type of defoliant(s) used, the number of applications, the amount applied, and environmental variables. (wikipedia.org)
  • A published study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry reported that through successive surface runoff events in defoliated cotton fields, defoliant concentrations decreased exponentially within the test area and could negatively affect marine life in the runoff zones. (wikipedia.org)
  • it is used only as a defoliant (a chemical that removes leaves) for cotton plants. (cdc.gov)
  • The organic cotton has no pesticides, defoliants or mineral oils. (maplegrace.com)
  • In Tuesday's emergency, the drill's planners had participants act as if the cropduster crashing had spread cotton defoliant at the site, affecting the injured students, Memorial Public Relations Director Jan Godwin said. (thepostsearchlight.com)
  • Among other occupations, farmers are at a significantly higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease due to a greater chance of defoliant exposure. (wikipedia.org)
  • ToxGuide - Quick reference guide providing information such as chemical and physical properties, sources of exposure, routes of exposure, minimal risk levels, children's health, and health effects for a substance. (cdc.gov)
  • Similar status has been granted in the past for illnesses related to Agent Orange exposure during the Vietnam War, where widespread use of the chemical defoliant was well-known but difficult to prove in specific locations decades later. (senate.gov)
  • But since few overseas combat sites routinely monitored air quality and chemical exposure of troops, directly linking those pits to health issues later in life has proven difficult. (senate.gov)
  • Three studies evaluated the acute exposure to the chemical factory accident in Seveso, Italy, and found a non-significant increase in the risk of thyroid cancer. (bvsalud.org)
  • Agent Orange, a defoliant used by the United Kingdom during the Malayan Emergency in the 1950s and the United States during the Vietnam War to defoliate regions of Vietnam from 1961 to 1971, has been linked to several long-term health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Members of the Air Force Ranch Hand and the Army Chemical Corps who served in the Vietnam War were occupationally exposed to Agent Orange have a higher incidence of diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, and chronic respiratory diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seven US chemical companies agreed Monday to set up a $180 million trust fund to settle claims by thousands of Vietnam veterans who were exposed to Agent Orange. (csmonitor.com)
  • Its withdrawal followed public concern over its use as an ingredient in Agent Orange, a defoliant used extensively in Vietnam. (teara.govt.nz)
  • ProPublica and The Virginian-Pilot are exploring the effects of the chemical mixture Agent Orange on Vietnam veterans and their families, as well as their fight for benefits. (propublica.org)
  • They argue that Young's self-labeled "investigations" are compromised by inaccuracies, inconsistencies or omissions of key facts, and rely heavily on his previous work, some of which was funded by Monsanto Co. and Dow Chemical Co. , the makers of Agent Orange. (allgov.com)
  • In an era in which the military and the VA are facing a barrage of claims from vets alleging damaging chemical exposures, from burn pits in Afghanistan to hidden munitions in Iraq, Stellman said Young provides a reliable response when it comes to Agent Orange: No. (allgov.com)
  • The Vietnam Red Cross estimates 2.1 to 4.8 million Vietnamese were directly exposed to Agent Orange and other chemicals that have been linked to cancers, birth defects and other chronic diseases since the war. (vnexpress.net)
  • CT folks take a legitimate, real issue/event like the military using Agent Orange chemicals to clear out jungle cover in Viet Nam and this highly toxic defoliant proved harmful to the health of (White) American GIs. (occidentaldissent.com)
  • Common harvest-aiding chemical defoliants include tribufos, dimethipin, and thidiazuron. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to a 1998 report by the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), tribufos and thidiazuron accounted for 60% of crop area that was treated by defoliants during that crop year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tribufos (also called S,S,S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate) is a defoliant, a chemical that removes the leaves from plants. (cdc.gov)
  • We'd like to test different chemicals and different concentrations, and we'd like to find out which chemical is the best tool that we can use as an alternative to Dormex. (specialtycropgrower.com)
  • Worldwide use of defoliants, along with the development of other herbicides and pesticides, allowed for the Green Revolution, an increase in agricultural production in mid-20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War, the Rainbow Herbicides were a group of tactical-use chemicals used by the United States military. (wikipedia.org)
  • Weeds can become resistant to chemical herbicides. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Young tested the weed killer for the Air Force during the war, helped develop a plan to destroy it at sea a decade later - a waste of good herbicides, he'd said - then played a leading role in crafting the government's response to veterans who believed the chemicals have made them sick. (allgov.com)
  • In the United States, plant or insect growth regulators, defoliants, and desiccants also are referred to as pesticides ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The event, organized by the National Steering Committee for Post-war Clearance of Ordnance and Toxic chemicals and USAID, shared some details on dioxin cleanup at the Da Nang International Airport, a U.S. air base during the Vietnam War. (vnexpress.net)
  • Troops exposed to the defoliant have blamed it for a variety of health problems. (csmonitor.com)
  • Defoliants are widely used for the selective removal of weeds in managing croplands and lawns. (wikipedia.org)
  • A primary application of defoliants is the selective killing of plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1998, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) concluded that the use of agricultural defoliants led to increased risks of water contamination and dangers to freshwater and marine life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agricultural Chemical Usage 1998 Field Crops Summary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shinsuke Agehara, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences assistant professor at the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center in Balm, is conducting research on alternative chemicals. (specialtycropgrower.com)
  • The chemical control of weeds has always been seen as an attractive solution because it is relatively cheap and easy. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Dangerous chemicals such as arsenic were used in the 1920s and 1930s to control many weeds. (teara.govt.nz)
  • These chemicals are still used today to kill thistles and ragwort in pastures, and as ingredients in solutions to combat weeds in cereal crops. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Defoliants have also been used in warfare as a means to deprive an enemy of food crops and/or hiding cover, most notably by the United Kingdom during the Malayan Emergency and the United States in the Vietnam War. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the Vietnam War, the US Military sprayed nearly 20 million gallons of defoliants over forests to deny cover and concealment to the enemy. (iava.org)
  • Carter, now 70, had received the 2009 memos in response to public records requests he filed after recalling the chemical stench in a C-123 he crewed on as an Air Force reservist in the years after the Vietnam War. (allgov.com)
  • Batteries, unexploded ordnance, petroleum products, plastics, human waste, and even amputated limbs were disposed of in burn pits, which unsurprisingly have been connected to a variety of dangerous chemical compounds . (iava.org)
  • You want to dilute the chemical with water, down to parts per million, so it would be less dangerous. (thepostsearchlight.com)
  • A defoliant is any herbicidal chemical sprayed or dusted on plants to cause their leaves to fall off. (wikipedia.org)
  • Defoliants can defoliate plants, causing leaves to fall off quicker. (specialtycropgrower.com)
  • From 1950 to 1975 more than 7,000 soldiers at Edgewood Arsenal and Fort Detrick were subjected to secret experiments testing "a witches' brew" of extremely and incapacitating chemicals. (ahrp.org)
  • Some 80 million liters of the deadly defoliant are said to have been sprayed over 78,000 square kilometers (30,000 square miles) of Vietnamese territory. (vnexpress.net)
  • In the late 1950s, Dr. Hoffmann's work for the CIA and Fort Detrick also evolved into intensive research regarding the development of lethal chemical agents to be used as weapons in Vietnam. (ahrp.org)
  • Ergashev Dilmurod Adiljonovich, research assistant of the Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan E- mail: [email protected] Askarova Mamura Komilovna, candidate of chemical sciences (Ph. (cyberleninka.ru)
  • According to their January 2015 report, it was concluded that many C-123 reservists had been exposed to chemical residuals on the interior surfaces of the aircrafts and suffered higher risks of health problems as a result. (hillandponton.com)
  • The chemicals could have washed into the sea, where Navy ships were distilling water for their own uses - like showering, washing clothes and making food. (propublica.org)
  • 1. Kuznecov V. Y. Physic-chemical aspects of the corrosion inhibition of metals in water solutions//Successes of chemistry. (cyberleninka.ru)
  • Alternative chemicals are being researched to replace hydrogen cyanamide, a plant growth regulator that is used in Florida on blueberries to improve fruit earliness and develop more concentrated fruit set. (specialtycropgrower.com)
  • There are two types of chemicals being evaluated as potential alternatives to Dormex, defoliants and plant hormones. (specialtycropgrower.com)
  • We tested only one defoliant, which is zinc sulfate, but there are other defoliants and also plant hormones we can use as defoliants," he explains. (specialtycropgrower.com)
  • Young also served as an expert for the chemical companies in 2004 when Vietnam vets sued them. (allgov.com)
  • States military during the Vietnam War as a defoliant to remove tree cover, destroy crops, and clear vegetation around US bases. (cancer.org)
  • Every year, conventional cotton crops are doused with millions of pounds of chemicals. (patagonia.com)
  • In the '90s, cotton pesticide use peaked at nearly 86 million pounds of chemicals applied to crops. (patagonia.com)
  • The cotton is hand-harvested to avoid defoliants and other chemicals commonly used in mechanized crops - for safety as well as sustainability. (mamapacha.ch)
  • Current cotton cultivation practices cause it to be one of the most polluting crops, using a defoliant in addition to the standard biocides. (cagreens.org)
  • Endothall is used as a defoliant for a wide range of crops and as a herbicide for both terrestrial and aquatic weeds. (osu.edu)
  • Research has shown that extensive and intensive use of synthetic fertilizers, soil additives, defoliants and other substances wreak havoc on soil, water, air and many living things. (patagonia.com)
  • The production does not require chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or defoliants, and the social impact improves the well-being of the farmers. (hello-ben.com)
  • However, the bulk of our current agriculture consists of large-scale agribusinesses that rely heavily on the use of chemical biocides and fertilizers rather than organic methods. (cagreens.org)
  • Schools like the University of California Agricultural Extension should perform research in organic farming methods and integrated pest management as a way to replace our present emphasis on chemical biocides and fertilizers. (cagreens.org)
  • 16. Dioxins and dioxin-like chemicals in blood and semen of American Vietnam veterans from the state of Michigan. (nih.gov)
  • 18. Dioxins and dioxin-like chemicals in blood and semen of American Vietnam veterans from the state of Michigan. (nih.gov)
  • Today people are exposed to dioxins primarily by eating food, in particular animal products, contaminated by these chemicals. (nih.gov)
  • 13. Health status of Army Chemical Corps Vietnam veterans who sprayed defoliant in Vietnam. (nih.gov)
  • The VFW is calling on VA to add hypertension and a precursor to multiple myeloma to the current list of 14 presumptive diseases associated with contact with chemical defoliants used in Vietnam, Thailand, and along the Korean DMZ. (vfwauxiliary.org)
  • They manufactured deadly defoliants sprayed in the Vietnam wars containing dioxin-it has not only killed living people during the war, but gradually kills their children generations, like me, and goes on to kill the next ones. (lipa-lipa.ro)
  • I am a second generation victim of Agent Orange, one among the plaintiffs, representing millions of Agent Orange victims, in a lawsuit against 37 U.S. chemical manufacturers in the U.S. Federal Court, two richest of which are Dow and Monsanto. (lipa-lipa.ro)
  • GENERAL INFORMATION Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is the most commonly used of a group of related chemicals called phthalates or phthalic acid esters. (osu.edu)
  • GENERAL INFORMATION Chlordane, a synthetic organic chemical, is a viscous liquid, colorless to amber, with a slight chlorine-like aromatic odor. (osu.edu)
  • Growing food and fiber with industrial techniques and harmful chemicals is a main contributor to climate change. (patagonia.com)
  • VFP has sent fact-finding delegations to that violence torn land and conducts educational programs about U.S. military involvement, ongoing human rights abuses and the harmful effects of chemical defoliants used in the 'war on drugs' which are being paid for by American taxpayers. (vetsforpeacesheboygan.org)
  • Perhaps more important,the Japanese also had (or the United States believed they had) the capacity for retaliation with far more lethal chemical weapons. (nih.gov)
  • spellx done 227 Ratification of the Geneva Protocol and the control of Chemical Warfare The Washington Post March 21, 1971 The Geneva Protocol of 1925 is again before the Senate for be- lated ratification. (nih.gov)
  • Databases, therefore, were searched for the names of those compounds, their synonyms and abbreviations, and their Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) numbers. (nationalacademies.org)
  • He also exposed that the globalists are spraying defoliants, which are chemical dust or spray applied to plants to cause their leaves to drop off prematurely. (greendeal.news)
  • Today, twenty years after the Bhopal disaster, those who survived the gas remain sick, and the chemicals that Union Carbide left behind in Bhopal have contributed to an epidemic of cancers, birth defects, and other afflictions. (bhopal.net)
  • Class 1 includes mainly chemical products for use in industry, science and agriculture, including those which go to the making of products belonging to other classes. (wipo.int)
  • We would love for you to have a copy of this so you can protect yourself and your loved ones from this dangerous, cancer-causing chemical. (responsibletechnology.org)
  • It aims at the simple and universally accepted goal of controlling chemical and biological warfare. (nih.gov)
  • That neither side used it is hard to explain except for its chemical warfare implications. (nih.gov)
  • The first chemical to be used in warfare was chlorine gas in World War I, although during the course of the war other chemicals were used as well. (uia.org)
  • The use of defoliants is even more inhumane than traditional warfare because of its unobservable and thus undetectable presence. (uia.org)
  • The use of defoliants on North Vietnamese supply routes was shown to have seriously impeded North Vietnamese movements. (uia.org)
  • Twenty years ago, on Dec. 3rd, 1984, thousands of people in Bhopal, India, died after a catastrophic chemical leak at a Union Carbide pesticide plant. (bhopal.net)
  • Pro): Chemical weaponry illustrates the exploitation of technology in support of U.S. military power. (nih.gov)
  • Understanding the role of environmental chemicals in the development or progression of diabetes is an emerging issue in environmental health. (nih.gov)
  • The problems include the subtleties of legal draftsmanship, complexities of technical distinction of chemical from other weapons, uncertainties how to verify and respond to apparent violations, controversies over the nature of international law and confusions about what is meant by a "national interest. (nih.gov)
  • Pro): It would be fine if other weapons could be replaced by nonlethal chemicals. (nih.gov)
  • A stubborn defense of the use of tear gas in in war would then result in collapse of the whole structure of restraints on chemical weapons. (nih.gov)
  • Italy used chemical weapons against Ethiopia in 1935-1936 and both Ally and Axis powers produced and stockpiled chemical weapons in World War II. (uia.org)
  • the second bans the production, possession, transfer, and use of chemical weapons but lacks verification procedures. (uia.org)
  • In 1984, Kampuchea complained to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights that the Vietnamese occupying forces in Kampuchea were using chemical weapons in water sources and food supplies, leading to severe diarrhoea, dysentery, fever, and possible death. (uia.org)
  • Pro): We must restrain a potential technology race that will proliferate the use of chemicals in war. (nih.gov)
  • however, survival of any group was not significantly affected by administration of the test chemical. (nih.gov)