• From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia In Freudian psychoanalytic theory, defense mechanisms are unconscious psychological strategies brought into play by various entities to cope with reality and to maintain self-image. (scribd.com)
  • In psychoanalytic theory, defence mechanisms (German: Abwehrmechanismen) are psychological strategies brought into play by the unconscious mind to manipulate, deny, or distort reality in order to defend against feelings of anxiety and unacceptable impulses and to maintain one's self-schema. (wikipedia.org)
  • In psychoanalytic theory, repression is considered as the basis for other defence mechanisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study showed a new and effective antimicrobial mechanism of MCs against Coxiella burnetii , an intracellular bacterium whose infection during pregnancy is associated with abortion, preterm labor, and stillbirth. (asm.org)
  • In general, phenolics participate in pre-formed defenses (toxins, cell wall associated compounds) as well as in active defense reactions (antimicrobial phytoalexins). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Estrogen supports urothelial defense against infection by increasing the expression of antimicrobial peptides and by protecting epithelial integrity. (sciencemag.org)
  • Anderson, DP & Jeney, G 1992, ' Immunostimulants added to injected Aeromonas salmonicida bacterin enhance the defense mechanisms and protection in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) ', Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology , vol. 34, no. 3-4, pp. 379-389. (elsevier.com)
  • On the other hand, M. tuberculosis, as a prime example of a well-adapted facultative intracellular bacterium, has learned during evolution to counter-balance the host's immune defense strategies to secure survival or multiplication within this otherwise hostile environment. (nih.gov)
  • A decrease in self-confidence was positively related to the use of the immature defense of denial and negatively related to the use of the relatively mature defense of identification. (ovid.com)
  • Adolescents who reporting higher self-esteem used more sublimation, while those with lower self-esteem showed more immature defense styles, and used more projection, acting out and displacement than the other group. (who.int)
  • The RML group, directed by Marshall Bloom, M.D., chose Langat virus because it is spread by ticks--a trademark of RML expertise--and because it possesses the same survival mechanisms as the more serious tick-borne encephalitis, Omsk hemorrhagic fever (found in western Siberia) and the closely related Kyasanur forest disease (found in western India). (rxpgnews.com)
  • Dr. Bloom says that all flaviviruses have a similar genomic structure, and many scientists thought they would use the same survival mechanism and respond to the same vaccines and therapies, but the RML work shows otherwise. (rxpgnews.com)
  • As predator and prey are locked in an arms race for survival, the prey develop defense mechanisms and strategies to avoid becoming lunch. (sciforums.com)
  • Thus, our results show that HG sustains TXNIP up-regulation in Muller glia and evokes a program of cellular defense/survival mechanisms that ultimately lead to oxidative stress, ER stress/inflammation, autophagy and apoptosis. (hindawi.com)
  • Changes occur in almost every mechanism supporting cell survival, including cell growth-promoting pathways, apoptosis, developmental pathways, DNA damage repair, and endocytosis. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Consequently, political leaders usually have the luxury of determining many of their defense priorities not just according to the necessity for survival but also through the lens of national values. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It was filed under Beetles , Defense Mechanisms , Insects , October , Short-winged Blister Beetle , Uncategorized and was tagged with Cantharidin , Meloe angusticollis . (wordpress.com)
  • The researchers found that E. coli produces a protein called NorR which contains a iron molecule which binds to the nitric oxide produced by the host and protects the bacterium against host defense. (medindia.net)
  • Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, have made the surprising discovery that flaviviruses, which cause such serious diseases as West Nile fever, yellow fever and forms of encephalitis, evade immune system defenses in different ways depending on whether they are transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks. (rxpgnews.com)
  • According to researchers at NIAID's Rocky Mountain Laboratories (RML) in Hamilton, MT, NS5 blocks the body's attempt to signal for immune defenses, preventing the immune system from both stopping the spread of virus and helping the body recover from infection. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center researcher Steven Grant, M.D., and a team of VCU Massey researchers have uncovered the mechanism by which leukemia cells trigger a protective response when exposed to a class of cancer-killing agents known as histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs). (vcu.edu)
  • Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology and the University of Pretoria have now been able to show in a new study that this defense is also effective to some extent against the widespread and detrimental fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. (scienmag.com)
  • The researchers were able to show experimentally that the defense based on glucosinolates is actually effective against fungal attacks. (scienmag.com)
  • The researchers wanted to identify the enzymes and corresponding genes underlying this detoxification mechanism. (scienmag.com)
  • The aim of the present study is to identify the resistance genes and understand the molecular mechanisms for GLS resistance. (springer.com)
  • At 10-DAI, network analysis indicated a massive upregulation of defense-associated genes, including NAC, WRKY, and MYB classes of transcription factors and potential ancillary signaling molecules such as leucine aminopeptidases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Prof. Morgan says targeting the HOX genes appears to knock out a key defense mechanism in the mesothelioma cells. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Together, all of the genes identified in these sequences have provided an enticing glimpse of the E. coli pan-genome ( 4 , 7 , 9 ) and as such serve as a starting point for developing testable hypotheses about the mechanisms underlying the organism's adaptations to different habitats, including the evolution of its virulence. (pnas.org)
  • However, as we use the drugs, germs develop defense strategies against them. (cdc.gov)
  • In addition, national defense must account for intentions, essentially the risk that foreign capability will actually be organized and directed against the state. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Projection does what all defense mechanisms are meant to do: keep discomfort about ourselves at bay and outside our awareness," explains Koenig. (healthline.com)
  • Similarly, I never considered emotions to be an evolutionary defense/response effort to predict and cope with adaptive challenges (16). (blogspot.com)
  • We conclude that oxidative stress imposed by cigarette smoking has a low impact upon certain pathways involved in DNA damage and the antioxidative defense system. (oup.com)
  • These are the building blocks for cells and form the molecular mechanisms of life. (phys.org)
  • The significantly enhanced shot-gun proteomics performance was translated into in-depth proteomic and molecular mechanisms for plant insect interaction, where carbon re-distribution was used to play an essential role. (mcponline.org)
  • The present article, however, hypothesizes that the formative principles and motivations underpinning the physicalist narrative-whether it ultimately turns out to be philosophically correct or not-are partly subjective, reflecting neurotic ego-defense maneuvers meant, as described by Vaillant (1992) , to "protect the individual from painful emotions, ideas, and drives" (p. 3). (realitysandwich.com)
  • In keeping with Hobbes ' s line of argument, the more defense measures hinge on emergency maneuvers and closely held intelligence, the more power tends to be concentrated in the executive, even in otherwise liberal societies. (encyclopedia.com)