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  • mRNA
  • Implicated with other RNA-binding proteins in the cytoplasmic deadenylation/translational and decay interplay of the FOS mRNA mediated by the major coding-region determinant of instability (mCRD) domain. (proteopedia.org)
  • tooth
  • 1 More than 40% of children have tooth decay by the time they reach kindergarten. (aappublications.org)
  • Many children experience painful tooth decay which can lead to the tooth/teeth being extracted. (cochrane.org)
  • Even if teeth are not extracted the tooth decay may be distressing, be expensive to treat and may involve children and their carers having time off school and work. (cochrane.org)
  • Toothpastes containing at least 1000 parts per million (ppm) fluoride are effective at preventing tooth decay in children, which supports the current international standard level recommended. (cochrane.org)
  • The primary outcome was caries increment in the permanent or deciduous dentition as measured by the change in decayed, (missing), filled tooth surfaces (D(M)FS/d(m)fs) from baseline. (cochrane.org)
  • The sooner tooth decay is treated, the less of a problem it is. (faqs.org)
  • Without treatment, decay attacks more and more of a tooth, which may make it necessary for a root canal. (faqs.org)
  • Tooth decay often goes undetected until too late. (newscientist.com)
  • Now researchers working for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the US have discovered that infrared light - with a wavelength of 1310 nanometres - can pass straight through a tooth, providing a safe and simple way to probe for hidden decay. (newscientist.com)
  • Any decay inside the tooth creates small pores that scatter the infrared light, causing a dark shadow to appear in the resulting image. (newscientist.com)
  • Read the full tooth decay probe patent application . (newscientist.com)
  • We have 700 different species of bacteria swarming in our mouths, but only one species causes most of our tooth decay. (sciencentral.com)
  • Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is a breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the decay passes through enamel, the dentinal tubules, which have passages to the nerve of the tooth, become exposed, resulting in pain that can be transient, temporarily worsening with exposure to heat, cold, or sweet foods and drinks. (wikipedia.org)
  • A tooth weakened by extensive internal decay can sometimes suddenly fracture under normal chewing forces. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the decay has progressed enough to allow the bacteria to overwhelm the pulp tissue in the center of the tooth, a toothache can result and the pain will become more constant. (wikipedia.org)
  • neutrino
  • In 1937, Ettore Majorana demonstrated that all results of beta decay theory remain unchanged if the neutrino were its own antiparticle, now known as a Majorana particle . (wikipedia.org)
  • Neither the beta particle nor its associated neutrino exist within the nucleus prior to beta decay, but are created in the decay process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since a proton or neutron has lepton number zero, β+ decay (a positron, or antielectron) must be accompanied with an electron neutrino, while β− decay (an electron) must be accompanied by an electron antineutrino. (wikipedia.org)
  • artfully
  • Who knew that decay itself -- artfully marshaled, braided, scored and sustained -- could provoke such transports of sublime reverie amid such pangs of wistful sorrow? (nytimes.com)
  • transforms
  • For example, beta decay of a neutron transforms it into a proton by the emission of an electron, or conversely a proton is converted into a neutron by the emission of a positron (positron emission), thus changing the nuclide type. (wikipedia.org)
  • atom
  • The decay rate can be affected by the distortion of uniform density of states of photons, due, for example, an external cavity or a nanofiber located in vicinity of the atom or by simply placing the system near a dielectric or metallic boundary. (wikipedia.org)
  • The energy of an excited nucleus may be emitted as a gamma ray in a process called gamma decay, or that energy may be lost when the nucleus interacts with an orbital electron causing its ejection from the atom, in a process called internal conversion. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • In neutrinoless double beta decay, a hypothesized process that has never been observed, only electrons would be emitted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Splattered, Famished corpses in the process of decay. (lyricsfreak.com)
  • Kristofer Covey, lead scientist at the Ucross High Plains Stewardship Initiative and a Yale lecturer, said fungi are a big part of the decay process, which then feeds into the global carbon cycle system. (yaledailynews.com)
  • 63, 54-73 (1930) Elementary Decay Process. (wikipedia.org)
  • http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Elementary_Decay_Process_%28Kouznetsov%29#Schroedinger_equation_and_single-photon_states H. Rohde, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, R. Blatt Optical decay from a Fabry-Perot cavity faster than the decay time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urban decay (also known as urban rot and urban blight) is the process by which a previously functioning city, or part of a city, falls into disrepair and decrepitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electron capture is sometimes included as a type of beta decay, because the basic nuclear process, mediated by the weak force, is the same. (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of electron emission (β− decay) is the decay of carbon-14 into nitrogen-14 with a half-life of about 5,730 years: 14 6C → 14 7N + e− + ν e In this form of decay, the original element becomes a new chemical element in a process known as nuclear transmutation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The total energy of the decay process is divided between the electron, the antineutrino, and the recoiling nuclide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ecosystem decay is a term coined by Thomas Lovejoy to define the process of which species become extinct locally based on habitat fragmentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Decay products from a nucleus with spin may be distributed non-isotropically with respect to that spin direction, either because of an external influence such as an electromagnetic field, or because the nucleus was produced in a dynamic process that constrained the direction of its spin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Such a parent process could be a previous decay, or a nuclear reaction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major source of heat production in a newly shut down reactor is due to the beta decay of new radioactive elements recently produced from fission fragments in the fission process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like other cluster decays, alpha decay is fundamentally a quantum tunneling process. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2002
  • The story's title was named after the Mountain Goats song "Source Decay" from their 2002 album All Hail West Texas. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1980s
  • Despite significant progress in experimental techniques in 1960-70s, double beta decay was not observed in a laboratory until the 1980s. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Decay maintains the same electropop funk music structure consisting of 1980s synthesizers, tough bass sounds and science fiction elements that was on Com Truise's previous releases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the 1970s and 1980s, urban decay has been associated with Western cities, especially in North America and parts of Europe (mostly Britain and France). (wikipedia.org)
  • quantum
  • For the most of laser systems, the effects of decoherence determine the spectral width of the emitted photons, and there is no reason to consider in detail the evolution of isolated quantum-mechanical systems which show the optical decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • binding energy
  • In order for (double) beta decay to be possible, the final nucleus must have a larger binding energy than the original nucleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • For some nuclei, such as germanium-76 , the isobar one atomic number higher ( arsenic-76 ) has a smaller binding energy, preventing single beta decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the isobar with atomic number two higher, selenium-76 , has a larger binding energy, so double beta decay is allowed. (wikipedia.org)
  • nuclei
  • Highly excited neutron-rich nuclei, formed as the product of other types of decay, occasionally lose energy by way of neutron emission, resulting in a change from one isotope to another of the same element. (wikipedia.org)
  • positron
  • β+ decay is also known as positron emission. (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of positron emission is the decay of magnesium-23 into sodium-23 with a half-life of about 11.3 s: 23 12Mg → 23 11Na + e+ + ν e β+ decay also results in nuclear transmutation, with the resulting element having an atomic number that is decreased by one. (wikipedia.org)
  • short-lived
  • Certain highly excited short-lived nuclear states can decay through neutron emission, or more rarely, proton emission. (wikipedia.org)
  • The decay of the short-lived radioisotopes created in fission continues at high power, for a time after shut down. (wikipedia.org)
  • creates
  • Related terms include "friction of distance", which describes the force that creates distance decay and Waldo R. Tobler's "First law of geography", an informal statement that "All things are related, but near things are more related than far things. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • Caries ( dental decay ) is a disease of the hard tissues of the teeth caused by an imbalance, over time, in the interactions between cariogenic bacteria in dental plaque and fermentable carbohydrates (mainly sugars). (cochrane.org)
  • Unfortunately, Source Decay kicks this idea to death by the time the story ends. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the same time, some UK Decay members produced their own monthly fanzine The Suss and ran their own punk record and clothes shop called Matrix. (wikipedia.org)
  • In nuclear reactor engineering, decay heat plays an important role in reactor heat generation during the relatively short time after the reactor has been shut down (see SCRAM), and nuclear chain reactions have been suspended. (wikipedia.org)
  • An additional 23 MeV of energy are released at some time after fission from the beta decay of fission products. (wikipedia.org)
  • This results in 13 MeV (6.5% of the total fission energy) being deposited in the reactor core from delayed beta decay of fission products, at some time after any given fission reaction has occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fragments
  • When a nuclear reactor has been shut down, and nuclear fission is not occurring at a large scale, the major source of heat production will be due to the delayed beta decay of these fission products (which originated as fission fragments). (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • Because radioisotopes of all half life lengths are present in nuclear waste, enough decay heat continues to be produced in spent fuel rods to require them to spend a minimum of one year, and more typically 10 to 20 years, in a spent fuel pool of water, before being further processed. (wikipedia.org)
  • proton
  • For example, a neutron, composed of two down quarks and an up quark, decays to a proton composed of a down quark and two up quarks. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Certain countries such as Brazil prohibit the harvesting of Brazil nut trees and groves of this species causing forest fragmentation and thus causing ecosystem decay to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Although similar to forest fragmentation and island biogeography, ecosystem decay is what results in the event of forest fragmentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urban
  • This Urban Decay Naked eyeshadow palette features ultra-smooth mattes, gorgeous pearls, and glimmering metallics. (sephora.com)
  • Urban Decay is beauty with an edge. (sephora.com)
  • Known for their daring shade names and innovative products, Urban Decay carries one of the widest selections of color at Sephora-a main reason their brand is so much fun! (sephora.com)
  • Urban Decay loves animals as much as they love makeup. (sephora.com)
  • Since then, major structural changes in global economies, transportation, and government policy created the economic and then the social conditions resulting in urban decay. (wikipedia.org)
  • on other continents, urban decay is manifested in the peripheral slums at the outskirts of a metropolis, while the city center and the inner city retain high real estate values and sustain a steadily increasing populace. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another characteristic of urban decay is blight-the visual, psychological, and physical effects of living among empty lots, buildings and condemned houses. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the industries have relocated outside of cities, some have experienced population loss with associated urban decay, and even riots. (wikipedia.org)
  • rate
  • Instead, the scientists found that biotic or living factors, like interactions between different species of fungi, were critical in predicting the rate of wood decay. (yaledailynews.com)
  • If a particle has multiple decay branches or modes with different final states, its full decay rate is obtained by summing the decay rates for all branches. (wikipedia.org)
  • The branching ratio for each mode is given by its decay rate divided by the full decay rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • cuts
  • Sarah Manguso, winner of the Rome Prize and author of two books of poetry, cuts through these conventions in Two Kinds of Decay , a prose chronicle of her harrowing battle with a rare and incurable autoimmune blood disorder. (slate.com)
  • Some tracks on In Decay are slow-tempo, calm-vibe dance songs, while others are extraterrestrial psychedelic cuts similar to the works of Tangerine Dream and Popol Vuh. (wikipedia.org)
  • He wrote that the best tracks of In Decay, the cuts "that really go places," are better than the greatest tracks on Galactic Melt. (wikipedia.org)
  • mainly
  • Ecosystem decay can be mainly attributed to population isolation, leading to inbreeding, leading to a decrease in the population of local species. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Gamow solved a model potential for the nucleus and derived, from first principles, a relationship between the half-life of the decay, and the energy of the emission, which had been previously discovered empirically, and was known as the Geiger-Nuttall law. (wikipedia.org)
  • predict
  • Contrary to the traditional scientific understanding, researchers discovered that the mere knowledge of abiotic, or nonliving, conditions is insufficient to predict how fungi will decay wood. (yaledailynews.com)
  • term
  • Distance decay is a geographical term which describes the effect of distance on cultural or spatial interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous
  • Pitchfork journalist Andrew Gaerig analyzed that while previous releases of Com Truise focused on Haley being able to skillfully wind synthesizer sounds "into pleasing shapes that his compositions can sound complex when they're not," In Decay is where drum sounds such as "grid-worshipping snares" "give him away" and go against "the more formed melodic ideas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quantitatively, at the moment of reactor shutdown, decay heat from these radioactive sources is still 6.5% of the previous core power, if the reactor has had a long and steady power history. (wikipedia.org)
  • About 1 hour after shutdown, the decay heat will be about 1.5% of the previous core power. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this reason, at the moment of reactor shutdown, decay heat will be about 6.5% of the previous core power if the reactor has had a long and steady power history. (wikipedia.org)
  • half-lives
  • the decay curve depends upon the proportions of the various fission products in the core and upon their respective half-lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another
  • Another Cochrane review showed that fluoride toothpastes do reduce dental decay , by about 24% on average, when compared with a non-fluoride toothpaste. (cochrane.org)
  • UK Decay was born out of the ashes of another Luton band called the Resiztors, who had formed in 1978. (wikipedia.org)
  • However
  • However, despite a strong showing in the independent charts and an ever-expanding fanbase, the five years of continuous touring took their toll and UK Decay split up in December 1982. (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • About 10 MeV of the energy released from the beta decay of fission products is in the form of neutrinos, and since neutrinos are very weakly interacting, this 10 MeV of energy will not be deposited in the reactor core. (wikipedia.org)
  • hence
  • A radioactive nucleus with zero spin can have no defined orientation, and hence emits the total momentum of its decay products isotropically (all directions and without bias). (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • Chemical species released from the damaged core material may lead to further explosive reactions (steam or hydrogen) which may further damage the reactor Naturally occurring decay heat is a significant source of the heat in the interior of the Earth. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • If no cooling system is working to remove the decay heat from a crippled and newly shut down reactor, the decay heat may cause the core of the reactor to reach unsafe temperatures within a few hours or days, depending upon the type of core. (wikipedia.org)
  • less
  • As expected the use of toothpaste containing more fluoride is generally associated with less decay. (cochrane.org)
  • The earliest-made tracks featured on In Decay were before the release of Cyanide Sisters (2010), and Haley described these early tracks as less "experimental" and more "structured" than his later material. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can refer to various things which decline with greater distance from the center of the Central Business District (CBD): density of pedestrian traffic street quality quality of shops (depending on definitions of 'quality' and 'center') height of buildings price of land Distance decay weighs into the decision to migrate, leading many migrants to move less far. (wikipedia.org)