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  • CRE1
  • (C) A triple ahk2-5 ahk3-7 cre1-2 mutant plant (right) 70 DAG compared with the wild type. (plantcell.org)
  • A high throughput method was developed for screening compounds with agonist or antagonist properties toward the CRE1/AHK4 cytokinin receptor in a single experiment using the Nanodrop II liquid handling system and 384-well plates. (frontiersin.org)
  • AHK4 is also known as CYTOKININ RESPONSE1 [CRE1] or WOODEN LEG [WOL]) are activated by autophosphorylation at a conserved His residue. (plantcell.org)
  • roots
  • If the plant is forming roots, more root growth can occur. (agriorganics.com)
  • Belimov AA, Hontzeas N, Safronova VI et al (2005) Cadmium-tolerant plant growth-promoting bacteria associated with the roots of Indian mustard ( Brassica juncea L. Czern. (springer.com)
  • Synthesized in roots, cytokinins move upward in the xylem (woody tissue) and pass into the leaves and fruits, where they are required for normal growth, for cell differentiation, and, in conjunction with auxin (another plant hormone), to promote cell division. (britannica.com)
  • Barlow PW, Brain P, Parker JS (1991) Cellular growth in roots of a gibberellin-deficient mutant of tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (springer.com)
  • Third, we grew plants under varying levels of nitrogen availability and found that although sexual size dimorphism was unaffected by nitrogen, females, but not males, decreased their relative allocation to both roots and reproduction under high nitrogen availability. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • But plants must allocate resources to root growth below ground too, so that allocation trade offs really ought to be assessed between roots versus shoots and reproduction. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Finally, because roots and shoots function both as allocation sinks as well as sources of different resources (soil nutrients, such as nitrogen and carbon, respectively), an assessment of allocation trade offs ought also to differentiate between above- versus below-ground plant structures. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Kelp Me Kelp You improves water holding characteristics of soil and contains numerous plant growth promoting substances, most notably cytokinins, which have been shown to accelerate the uptake of plant nutrients into roots, increase plant growth, and slow the progression of disease. (horticulturesource.com)
  • They are produced by growing roots in spring and translocated to the stem to stimulate growth of buds. (encyclopedia.com)
  • fertilizer
  • Miscanthus has been regarded as a promising bioenergy crop for lignocellulosic biofuel production due to its superior characteristics such as high biomass yield, perennial growth habitus, low water and fertilizer requirement, abiotic stress tolerance and broad adaptation to marginal land etc. (frontiersin.org)
  • ethylene
  • Transcription factors of the plant-specific apetala2/ethylene response factor (AP2/ERF) family co. (ugent.be)
  • Direct mechanisms are related to phosphorus solubilization, nitrogen fixation, iron chelation, production of phytohormones, and degradation of ethylene production, while the indirect are fitted to suppression of plant phytopathogens and induced systematic resistance in plants. (springer.com)
  • soil
  • Growing conditions such as low or high moisture levels, hot or cold temperature variations, soil imbalance and nutritional deficiencies contribute to plant stress and result in underperformance of the crop. (agriorganics.com)
  • (B) Rosettes of plants grown on soil 25 DAG. (plantcell.org)
  • Dell'Amico E, Cavalca L, Andreoni V (2005) Analysis of rhizobacterial communities in perennial Graminaceae from polluted water meadow soil, and screening of metal-resistant, potentially plant growth-promoting bacteria. (springer.com)
  • Plant-microbe association has been widely studied during the second half of the last century yet focusing on pathogenicity and plant-saprophytic associations like nitrogen fixation, improving soil nutrient cycles and plant growth, etc. (springer.com)
  • These may be germinated before or after storage and transplanted to the soil for further growth. (google.com)
  • Ahemad M, Khan MS (2010) Phosphate-solubilizing and plant growth-promoting Pseudomonas aeruginosa PS1 improves greengram performance in quizalafop-p-ethyl and clodinafop amended soil. (springer.com)
  • Seaweed extract is a plant biostimulant that can be sprayed on the foliage, applied to the soil, or added to the hydroponic recirculating nutrient reservoir. (horticulturesource.com)
  • xylem
  • In both cases, these regulations would be important for root-to-shoot supply of tZ via xylem for regulation of shoot growth. (nii.ac.jp)
  • leaf
  • Using the example of wheat, the plant starts out as a seed, germinates, goes through the seedling stage, through the three, five and seven leaf stages, and finally forming a head and producing new seed. (agriorganics.com)
  • (B) Dark-induced senescence in a detached leaf assay and its inhibition by cytokinin. (plantcell.org)
  • When placed on a yellow leaf, a drop of cytokinin can cause the leaf to turn green again. (scienceclarified.com)
  • processes
  • Antoun H, Beauchamp CJ, Goussard N, Gray EJ, Smith DL (2005) Intracellular and extracellular PGPR: commonalities and distinctions in the plant-bacterium signaling processes. (springer.com)
  • bacteria
  • Plant growth‐promoting bacteria have been successfully used to improve abiotic stress tolerance in several crops including wheat. (deepdyve.com)
  • This chapter describes the possibilities of using engineered plant- associated endophytic bacteria to improve phytoremediation of organic contaminants by complementing the metabolic properties of their host plant. (springer.com)
  • An alternative proactive approach to natural enrichment is to inoculate plants with endophytic bacteria that are engineered to optimally metabolize the contaminant of interest, thereby improving the overall phytoremediation process. (springer.com)
  • Beattie GA (2007) Plant associated bacteria: survey, molecular phylogeny, genomics and recent advances. (springer.com)
  • Anokhina TO, Kochetkov VV, Zelenkova NF, Balakshina VV, Boronin AM (2004) Biodegradation of phenanthrene by Pseudomonas bacteria bearing rhizospheric plasmids in model plant-microbial associations. (springer.com)
  • Numerous rhizosphere bacteria are known to be beneficial for plant growth. (springer.com)
  • In: Gnanamanickam SS (ed) Plant-associated bacteria. (springer.com)
  • amino
  • The live plant is quickly dried at a low temperature to preserve its valuable vitamins, minerals, trace elements, amino acids, and alginates. (agriorganics.com)
  • vegetative
  • These results define a genetic pathway consisting of CKI1 , AHPs , and type-B ARRs in the regulation of female gametophyte development and vegetative growth. (plantcell.org)
  • microbial
  • However during the last decade, the emphasis has been shifted upon microbial communication with plants for remediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites. (springer.com)
  • Balcom IN, Crowley DE (2010) Isolation and characterization of pyrene metabolizing microbial consortia from the plant rhizoplane. (springer.com)
  • regulate
  • They then travel to target tissues and regulate digestion, growth, maturation, reproduction, and homeostasis (maintaining the body's chemical balance). (scienceclarified.com)
  • Functions
  • Bacillus treatment provides systemic effects that involve metabolic and regulatory functions supporting both growth and stress management. (deepdyve.com)
  • mechanisms
  • Diversity of biological systems warrants deep understanding of the mechanisms involved for utilizing plant-microbe association for bioremediation of hydrocarbons. (springer.com)