• Derivatives of this compound are also referred to as cyanamides, the most common being calcium cyanamide (CaCN2). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanamide is produced by hydrolysis of calcium cyanamide, which in turn is prepared from calcium carbide via the Frank-Caro process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the fact that calcium cyanamide fertiliser is hazardous to one's health, it is nonetheless widely employed. (wssajournals.org)
  • Calcium cyanamide combines nitrogen fertilisation with soil liming and broad suppression of hazardous organisms. (wssajournals.org)
  • Calcium cyanamide is the chemical name for CaNCN or CaCN2. (wssajournals.org)
  • Calcium cyanamide is a multifunctional nitrogen fertiliser since it delivers not only nitrogen but also lime and possesses herbicidal, bactericidal, and fungicidal properties. (wssajournals.org)
  • When calcium cyanamide comes into touch with liquid water in the soil, it becomes activated. (wssajournals.org)
  • We discern three distinct impacts of calcium cyanamide fertiliser below. (wssajournals.org)
  • Because the lime effect is equal to 60% CaO, calcium cyanamide can be liming like limestone with 60 grammes of calcium oxide in 100 grammes. (wssajournals.org)
  • A US health authority opinion issued in 2016 concluded that calcium cyanamide can impair human wellbeing and pollute surface and groundwater quality. (wssajournals.org)
  • Because calcium cyanamide fertiliser is caustic, gloves should always be worn when applying it. (wssajournals.org)
  • Nevertheless, since calcium cyanamide can not provide an organic, carbon-rich substrate, the bacteria feed on the soil's natural carbon or humus. (wssajournals.org)
  • If you must use calcium cyanamide, for example, to prevent having to dispose of old stocks, we strongly advise you to first determine the pH value of your soil in order to avoid driving it to plant-intolerant heights. (wssajournals.org)
  • Calcium Cyanamide Market Report is expected to grow at CAGR XX% by 2030. (cspmarketresearch.com)
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  • Calcium cyanamide is an important nitrogen fertilizer. (pengshengchem.com)
  • Calcium Cyanamide/ Lime Nitrogen is an import organic chemical raw material and widely used in the production of cyanogen melt, dicyandiamide, thiourea. (pengshengchem.com)
  • Sodium cyanide can also be prepared by heating sodium amide with carbon or by melting sodium chloride and calcium cyanamide together in an electric furnace (Hartung 1982). (cdc.gov)
  • Cyanamide, under the trade name Dormex, is a common agricultural rest-breaking agent applied in spring to stimulate uniform opening of buds, early foliation and bloom. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrogen cyanamide is the active agent in Dormex® (Dormex is a registered trademark of and available from AlzChem AG, Germany). (justia.com)
  • Dormex (52% of hydrogen cyanamide) was the commercial chemical used. (bvsalud.org)
  • Water, hydrogen sulfide, and hydrogen selenide react with cyanamide to give urea, thiourea, and selenourea, respectively: H2NCN + H2E → H2NC(E)NH2 (E = O, S, Se) In this way, cyanamide behaves as a dehydration agent and thus can induce condensation reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Can hydrate cyanamide to urea. (proteopedia.org)
  • Carbonic anhydrase catalyzes cyanamide hydration to urea: is it mimicking the physiological reaction? (proteopedia.org)
  • It is applicable only in the absence of urea or its derivatives, of cyanamide and of organic nitrogenous compounds. (iso.org)
  • The cyanamide anion has the character of a pseudo chalcogen, cyanamide can therefore be regarded as analogue to water or hydrogen sulfide. (wikipedia.org)
  • South African production are!3S receive insufficient winter chilling for apple production, necessitating the use of artificial means to break dormancy_ Hydrogen cyanamide (HC) alone or in combination with mineral oil (oil) is used as a rest-breaking agent in many deciduous species. (uchile.cl)
  • Update: hydrogen cyanamide--related illnesses - Italy, 2002-2004. (cdc.gov)
  • The most commercially successful bud dormancy breaking chemical is hydrogen cyanamide. (justia.com)
  • In addition to compensating for a lack of chilling, hydrogen cyanamide has been used to initiate earlier bud break and more synchronous bud break leading to better fruit yields. (justia.com)
  • However, hydrogen cyanamide is highly toxic and has been shown to cause adverse human health effects from contact with the skin and/or mucous membranes. (justia.com)
  • The adverse effects of hydrogen cyanamide on human health: an evaluation of inquiries to the New Zealand National Poisons Centre. (justia.com)
  • Moreover, high rates of hydrogen cyanamide are associated with in-season phytotoxicity and long-term decline in vine health and bearing. (justia.com)
  • However, thidiazuron is less-effective and not as reproducible as a dormancy beaker in the field as hydrogen cyanamide. (justia.com)
  • However, nitrogen fertilizers are not as effective or consistent as hydrogen cyanamide at breaking bud dormancy. (justia.com)
  • Accordingly, there is a need in the art for a composition that can break bud dormancy as well or better than hydrogen cyanamide but without causing negative plant or animal health issues. (justia.com)
  • The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of hydrogen cyanamide (CH2N2) on the chemical thinning of peach-tree flowers and fruits of Eldorado cultivar. (bvsalud.org)
  • The main reaction exhibited by cyanamide involves additions of compounds containing an acidic proton. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the chemical industry, it is the raw material of cyanamide, dicyandiamide, melamine, which can be further processed into thiourea and guanidine. (pengshengchem.com)
  • A convenient method for the preparation of secondary amines which are not contaminated with primary or tertiary amines is the reaction of cyanamide with alkyl halides to N,N-dialkylcyanamides which can easily be hydrolyzed to dialkylamines and then decarboxylated. (wikipedia.org)
  • A guanidino group is introduced by reaction of cyanamide with sarcosine In the industrial synthesis of creatine: This synthesis route mostly avoids problematic impurities like chloroacetic acid, iminodiacetic acid, or dihydrotriazine that occur in other routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In our study, we tried adding another simple molecule called cyanamide to the formose reaction. (yahoo.com)
  • When you add cyanamide to the formose reaction, another of the products is a compound called 2-aminooxazole, which is used in chemistry research and the production of many pharmaceuticals. (yahoo.com)
  • In the experiment from 1958, Miller had the idea to use the organic compound cyanamide in the reaction. (ucsd.edu)
  • Scientists had previously found that the reaction with cyanamide would work only in mildly acidic conditions, which were likely not widespread on early Earth. (ucsd.edu)
  • The nitrogen is found as cyanamide after dissolution (H2CN2). (wssajournals.org)
  • Containing both a nucleophilic and electrophilic site within the same molecule, cyanamide undergoes various reactions with itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanamide dimerizes to give 2-cyanoguanidine (dicyandiamide). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanamide is an organic compound with the formula CN2H2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanamide can be regarded as a functional single carbon fragment which can react as an electrophile or nucleophile. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanamide inhibits the enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which really is responsible for acetaldehyde degradation in the blood. (wssajournals.org)
  • As a result, if alcohol is drunk after consuming cyanamide, even tiny amounts will result in an extremely unpleasant, long-lasting nausea as the acetaldehyde builds in the blood. (wssajournals.org)
  • Cyanamide is efficient against several weeds , unwanted plants and their seeds, pests , slugs, wireworms, and several soil-borne fungi, like plasmodia, that are single-celled parasites of cabbage plants, in the top three to four centimetres of soil (Plasmodiophora brassicae). (wssajournals.org)
  • Cyanamide is also used in the synthesis of other pharmaceutical drugs including tirapazamine, etravirine, revaprazan, and dasantafil. (wikipedia.org)
  • The physiological precursor guanidinoacetic is obtained analogously by reacting cyanamide with glycine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyanamide exists as two tautomers, one with the connectivity N≡C-NH2 and the other with the formula HN=C=NH ("carbodiimide" tautomer). (wikipedia.org)
  • The biocidal action of cyanamide is, of course, compounded to this effect. (wssajournals.org)
  • Due to the strong affinity towards self-condensation in alkaline media (see above) solutions of cyanamide are stabilized by the addition of 0.5 wt% of monosodium phosphate as buffer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Certificate of Origin (CoO), Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) and Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) of "Cyanamide Oral Solution 1% 'TANABE'" are available. (synapse.inc)
  • Cyanamide can effectively compensate for the moderate lack of chilling units accumulated in the previous autumn and save the harvest that would otherwise be lost. (wikipedia.org)
  • Solid cyanamide is produced by careful evaporation of the solvent and subsequent addition of a hydrolysis-labile ester of formic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • High pressure-assisted co-cyclization of disubstituted cyanamides with formamide or monosubstituted formamides gave 2-amino- or 2-monosubstituted amino-4,6-bis(disubstituted amino)-1,3,5-triazines in one pot. (heterocycles.jp)
  • Cyanamide Oral Solution 1% 'TANABE'" is a prescription medicine (Rx) in Japan. (synapse.inc)
  • Search on-going Clinical Trials of "Cyanamide Oral Solution 1% 'TANABE'" on International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) Search Portal provided by WHO. (synapse.inc)