• This is the first permanent museum exhibit to trace the history of evolution -- from the extinction of the dinosaurs to the rise of humans -- within the context of epochal changes in the Earth's geology and climate," says John Harris, the Natural History Museum's head of vertebrate studies and chief curator of the Page Museum at the La Brea Tar Pits. (latimes.com)
  • A new dinosaur hall is scheduled to open in 2011, followed by a permanent exhibition about Southern California's natural and cultural history in 2012. (latimes.com)
  • Alex Mesoudi, a scholar in the field of cultural evolution, is publishing book chapters as preprints. (gnxp.com)
  • This is because, although evolved genetic mechanisms, ecological processes, and socio-cultural mechanisms all influence resource use, social conditions often change more quickly than ecological conditions and cultural evolution is more rapid than genetic evolution (Perreault 2012 ). (springer.com)
  • As such, there is an urgent need for sustainability scientists to develop more holistic or inclusive models to explain and integrate socio-cultural mechanisms of change at both individual and institutional levels (Borgerhoff Mulder and Coppolillo 2005 ). (springer.com)
  • Mesoudi reviews the history of the field, from the rise and fall of human sociobiology in the 1970s to the birth of evolutionary psychology in the 1980s, and the gradual but consistent waxing of lesser-known disciplines such as cognitive anthropology and human behavioral ecology (out of which comes cultural evolution). (gnxp.com)
  • houses in Hanoi's Old Quarter (based on 78 data lines extracted from 248 photos), the study argues that it is plausible to look at the aesthetics, architecture, and designs of the house façade to find traces of cultural evolution in Vietnam, which went through more than six decades of French colonization and centuries of sociocultural influence from China. (philarchive.org)
  • Evolutionary studies of the society have been called a variety of names: Sociocultural Evolution, Social Evolution, Sociobiology, Evolutionary Psychology, and even Social Darwinism (the last one is now a thoroughly discredited theory, which was used especially in the late nineteenth century to justify racism, imperialism, Nazism, and a number of other unpleasant ideologies). (peterturchin.com)
  • To many social scientists (including, most notably, social anthropologists), sociocultural evolution implies some kind of a theory of social progress, which often assumes that human societies pass through a set of well-defined stages. (peterturchin.com)
  • For example, one of the earliest proponents of sociocultural evolution, the American anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan (1818-1881), proposed that societies develop through three stages: from 'savagery' to 'barbarism' and finally to 'civilization. (peterturchin.com)
  • This view of sociocultural evolution divides all societies into four stages: savage, barbarous, half-civilized, and civilized. (peterturchin.com)
  • Address the roles of disease in human evolution and history, sociocultural factors in contemporary world health problems, the comparative cultures of ethnomedicine and biomedicine, and ethnicity and health care. (wagner.edu)
  • This talk was the first event presented by The Association for Cultural Evolution at the Institute for the Study of Consciousness. (photosynthesis.com)
  • We hope you will join us in Jena, Germany at the inaugural meeting of the Cultural Evolution Society in September 2017. (mpg.de)
  • A cultural evolutionary approach reveals the relationship between economic growth, inequality, tolerance for inequality, and widespread beliefs-like "evil eye" and witchcraft-that have economic implications (Li & Muthukrishna, 2017, "The coevolution of Economic Growth, Inequality, Tolerance for Inequality, and Belief in Evil Eye", Working Paper). (35.161.114)
  • Social transmission is the inheritance mechanism in the case of culture and culture evolves through a process of descent with modification, affected by forces such as natural selection operating on its bearers and by a variety of other forces that have no analogue in genetic evolution. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • This article outlines a Darwinian approach to sports that takes into account its profoundly cultural character and thereby overcomes the traditional nature-culture dichotomies in the sociology of sport. (jhu.edu)
  • Their experimental design, however, emphasizes the role of selection at the expense of other fundamental features of human cultural evolution that need to be taken into account to study the evolution of real musical culture. (pnas.org)
  • Theoretical and empirical results show that individuals actively transform and recombine information according to psychological biases and that these biases drive the evolution of culture ( 2 ), both in humans and nonhuman animals ( 3 ). (pnas.org)
  • both factors need to be taken into account when trying to understand the evolution of real music, real language, and, more broadly, real culture ( 5 ). (pnas.org)
  • Biology makes culture possible and culture influences the direction of evolution. (biology-online.org)
  • Redefining Translation and Interpretation in Cultural Evolution is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on culture-oriented translation and interpretation studies in the contemporary globalized society. (iatis.org)
  • After serving during the war in China, he began a lifelong integration of cultural patterns and psychology, ranging from classical antiquity to Asian culture. (photosynthesis.com)
  • I have regarded for quite some time that ever since culture expanded with the aid of language, or rather the development of language along with its structural physical changes to the brain, there has been little biological evolution in the homo genus. (ning.com)
  • There are a few assumptions in the idea that 1) there has been little biological development since the development of language/culture and 2) Cultural re/production replaced biological evolution. (ning.com)
  • There is a lot of literature out there now that takes apart the biology/culture distinction -- and I think any discussion of evolution has to question this. (ning.com)
  • I would argue that in order to discuss evolution it is necessary to question the categories we consider basic, which themselves are rooted in a certain history, culture, and language. (ning.com)
  • The Cultural Evolution Society supports evolutionary approaches to culture in humans and other animals. (mpg.de)
  • You can read a description here in which Director Russell Gray and Olivier Morin of the Department of Liguistic and Cultural Evolution discuss the significance of this event for the study of human language and culture. (mpg.de)
  • Europe: culture areas Map showing the distribution of various culture areas, each inhabited by groups exhibiting linguistic and other cultural similarity, in Europe. (britannica.com)
  • Aleem, Hadiyah Saeed and Jannat Asif Submitted To: Ms. Amna Waheeda Major: Media Studies Course Title: Media culture and society Semester: 3rd Final Project Report Topic: Cultural Globalization Cultural Globalization: Cultural globalization refers to the process of international integration resulting from the interchange of ideas and other cultural aspects. (ipl.org)
  • Then and finally- came cultural insights and so-called cultural brand strategy in the US market with some early guerrilla marketing tactics and risk-takers like Crispin Porter or W&K which brought "Culture" out of the strategic planning closet, albeit what amounts to a teenage boy version of it. (esomar.org)
  • The cultural transmission of knowledge and skills, and concomitant iterative advances in technology, have led to extraordinary demographic and ecological accomplishments in our species 1 , but the mechanisms that give human culture its potency remain unresolved. (nature.com)
  • Role of psychological bias in evolution depends on the kind of culture. (claidiere.fr)
  • This hypothesis builds on a long tradition suggesting that social learning, and thus culture, may affect evolution (e.g. [ 13 ]), and can also be linked to Reader & Laland's [ 14 ] hypothesis that general behavioural flexibility, which includes social learning, may have favoured the evolution of intelligence. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The volume demonstrates how a thick understanding of change in culture emerges from multiple disciplinary vantage points, each of which is required to understand cultural evolution in all its complexity. (umn.edu)
  • In recent decades, the concept of the meme, posited as a basic unit of culture analogous to the gene, has been central to debates about cultural transformation. (umn.edu)
  • By focusing on the full range of evolutionary processes across distinct contexts, from rice farming to scientific reasoning, this volume demonstrates how a thick understanding of change in culture emerges from multiple disciplinary vantage points, each of which is required to understand cultural evolution in all its complexity. (umn.edu)
  • Any adequate account of the transmission, elaboration, and evolution of culture must, this volume argues, recognize the central roles that cognitive and social development play in cultural change and the complex interplay of technological, organizational, and institutional structures needed to enable and coordinate these processes. (umn.edu)
  • One of the theory's central claims is that culture evolves partly through a Darwinian selection process, which dual inheritance theorists often describe by analogy to genetic evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Boyd lectured on "How Culture Transformed Human Evolution. (blogspot.com)
  • Beginning with psychologist Donald T. Campbell's work in the 1960s, we, and a few compatriots, have sought to give cultural evolution its due weight without divorcing culture from biology" (17). (blogspot.com)
  • Using the concept of memes as cultural transmitters and replicators, this article explores the origins of a talent meme and the subsequent evolution of talent management (TM). (hud.ac.uk)
  • Memes survive, reproduce, and evolve in accordance with principles that share similarities with those of biological evolution. (johnholland.ws)
  • The question of the cultural phenotype] is as difficult, obscure, and contentious as the nature of memes. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • Whatever political goals it is used to promote, the idea of cultural evolution is not much more than a misleading metaphor….Memes are just a pseudo-scientific way of talking about ideas, not actually existing physical entities. (carcinisation.com)
  • It seems that Gray did not, in the four years between the two essays, find time to learn more about cultural evolution, such as by reading the paper Matt Ridley linked in his reply to Gray's review, Five misunderstandings about cultural evolution by Henrich, Boyd, and Richerson. (carcinisation.com)
  • It's surprising that Richerson and Boyd seem to be unaware of Hayek's studies of Darwinian cultural evolution, which show the influence of people like Donald Campbell, suggesting that Richerson and Boyd belong to the same intellectual tradition as Hayek (see, for example, Hayek's "Three Sources of Human Values" in Law, Legislation, and Liberty, volume 3, 153-76). (blogspot.com)
  • Actually, Boyd and Richerson have written a Hayekian account of liberal evolution in "The Evolution of Free Enterprise Values," in Paul Zak, ed. (blogspot.com)
  • These results show that frequent, nonrandom transformative processes, resulting from psychological biases, are crucial in models of cultural evolution, requiring a difference in emphasis from models inspired by biology, such as genetic algorithms. (pnas.org)
  • Here we use two large datasets containing lyrics from n = 4913 and n = 159,015 pop songs respectively and spanning 1965-2015, to test whether cultural transmission biases derived from the cultural evolution literature can explain this trend towards emotional negativity. (cambridge.org)
  • The first topic concerns how cultural transmission biases, that is, simple heuristics such as "copy prestigious individuals" or "copy the majority," operate in the novel context of digital media. (frontiersin.org)
  • 1) used an innovative Darwinian method to demonstrate the importance of consumers' preferences in shaping the evolution of music, a fact that has often been overlooked and deserved attention. (pnas.org)
  • 1 ) opens up a wide range of possible developments that invites further studies on the relative strength of transformative processes and Darwinian selection and on their role in shaping cultural evolution. (pnas.org)
  • Ever since I began thinking about a Darwinian process for cultural evolution back in the mid-1990s I've insisted on making a distinction between phenotypic entities (which I'm now calling "phantasms") and genotypic entities (which I'm now calling "coordinators") . (replicatedtypo.com)
  • By contrast, a Darwinian science of human nature supports traditionalist conservatives and classical liberals in their realist view of human imperfectibility, and in their commitment to ordered liberty as rooted in natural desires, cultural traditions, and prudential judgments. (blogspot.com)
  • The first session was on cultural evolution, with Rob Boyd presenting a Darwinian view of cultural evolution and Maurice Bloch questioning the adequacy of such a Darwinian view. (blogspot.com)
  • Boyd's lecture at the MPS conference would have been an appropriate occasion for him to reflect on the connections between his work on Darwinian cultural evolution and Hayek's. (blogspot.com)
  • Some months ago I wrote a post mentioning the difficulties that, at times, people working in the interdisciplinary field of "cultural evolution" may face in order to find an appropriate scientific journal to submit their research. (acerbialberto.com)
  • Beyond the Meme assembles interdisciplinary perspectives on cultural evolution, providing a nuanced understanding of it as a process in which dynamic structures interact on different scales of size and time. (umn.edu)
  • We focus on the value of coupled empirical and formal methodologies, and on the futility of mysterianism , the declining view that the nature, origins and evolution of language cannot be addressed empirically. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here, we argue that anti-empiricist views on language have detrimental effects on understanding its origins and evolution. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our June issue features bird flocks, the evolution of vertebrae, phenological mismatches, tyrannosaurid origins, Bolivian environmental policy and much more. (nature.com)
  • This research has been implemented in fluid construction grammar (FCG), a formalism for construction grammars that has been specially designed for the origins and evolution of language. (upf.edu)
  • Bridging the gap between the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, archaeologists integrate many types of evidence in order to shed light on the origins of our species, Homo sapiens sapiens and development through time of so many different cultural manifestations. (buffalo.edu)
  • We are an outward-facing Centre , welcoming new members from a wide range of disciplines who's research may intersect with the field of cultural evolution, so don't hesitate to get in touch if you're interested to find out more and enjoy cross-disciplinary conversation. (dur.ac.uk)
  • The Cultural Evolution Lab also constitutes a centre of expertise on workflow and data quality issues for humanities and social science projects. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We are always keen to hear from potential Ph.D. students or post-doctoral researchers with interest or experience in theoretical cultural evolution, especially from mathematical or quantitative backgrounds. (mpg.de)
  • We have embraced the challenge of bringing members of these fields together under a shared interest in cultural evolution, based in rigorous science with strong theoretical foundations. (mpg.de)
  • Evolution in Changing Environments: Some Theoretical Explorations. (princeton.edu)
  • Boyd illustrated this by showing how survival in the arctic was difficult for European explorers who did not have all the cultural knowledge of the native American Inuit. (blogspot.com)
  • To benefit from cultural learning, we must ignore individual reason and copy others, Boyd explained. (blogspot.com)
  • For quite some time there is a tremendous nuisance in my mind: Could there be a similar transitional condition in the concept of human cultural evolution? (ning.com)
  • It is increasingly recognised that cultural evolution can influence gene distributions in populations, as in the well-known case of the selective effect of dairying on the incidence of adult lactose tolerance. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Collard M, Shennan S, Tehrani JJ (2006) Branching, blending, and the evolution of cultural similarities and differences among human populations. (springer.com)
  • For instance, populations are able to produce linguistic conventions on accepted names for children and pets ( 11 ), on common names for colors ( 12 ), and on popular terms for novel cultural artifacts, such as referring to junk email as "SPAM" ( 13 , 14 ). (pnas.org)
  • Ecology of human evolution: biological, social and cultural approaches to hominin adaptations. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Cultural Evolution is one of the most recent and interesting approaches to the crucial task of understanding how society works. (bsc.es)
  • These related studies reveal how cultural evolution may offer new approaches to age old problems, but also how the economic toolkit may be deployed to understand culturally evolved beliefs and behaviors. (35.161.114)
  • Even though American corporations have been the engine of globalism that has necessitated more "cultural" approaches to global mega-branding in order to contextualise American multinational brands in new regions, numbers-first thinking and geographic isolation made most American clients slow to comprehend the power and importance of cultural literacy for brands. (esomar.org)
  • Using a myriad of approaches, scientists are now exploring every aspect of this evolution. (sciencemag.org)
  • Theories of cultural evolution have been used to explain or justify a variety of social movements and political ideologies as diverse as Marxism , Gaians , Ecoregional Democracy and new tribalists . (academickids.com)
  • INNOVATIONIST Trademark of The Institute for Cultural Evolution. (trademarkia.com)
  • Or, contact the owner The Institute for Cultural Evolution of the INNOVATIONIST trademark by filing a request to communicate with the Legal Correspondent for licensing, use, and/or questions related to the INNOVATIONIST trademark. (trademarkia.com)
  • Assuming that changes during reproduction are few and undirected offers a much better approximation in genetics than in the cultural domain. (pnas.org)