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  • salts
  • Water of crystallization is stabilized by electrostatic attractions, consequently hydrates are common for salts that contain +2 and +3 cations as well as −2 anions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crystallization of soluble salts can result in serious damage to the ceramic structure and the decorative surface, especially if it is glazed. (britannica.com)
  • magmas
  • For example, the partial pressure (fugacity) of water in silicate melts can be of prime importance, as in near-solidus crystallization of magmas of granite composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • artificial
  • Crystallization is the (natural or artificial) process by which a solid forms, where the atoms or molecules are highly organized into a structure known as a crystal. (wikipedia.org)
  • equilibrium
  • Once the solution is no longer supersaturated, the solid-liquid system reaches equilibrium and crystallization is complete, unless the operating conditions are modified from equilibrium so that the solution becomes supersaturated again. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • solution
  • A crystallization adjutant is a material used to promote crystallization, normally in a context where a material does not crystallize naturally from a pure solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • The crystallization experiments were carried out in hanging drops by the vapor diffusion technique at room temperature (20 ° C). The solution in the crystallization drop was prepared by mixing 10 µl of phage solution with 10 µl of 5% ammonium sulfate in 0.04 M TRIS-HCl (pH 8.0), 0.15 M NaCl and 0.02% NaN3. (scripps.edu)
  • The solution in the crystallization well was prepared by mixing 12 µl of virus solution (10 mg/ml) with 8 µl of 2% PEG 6000 in 0.05 M TRIS/HCl pH 7.4, 0.2 M NaCl, 0.1 mM MgSO4, 0.01 mM EDTA and 0.02% (W/V) NaN3. (scripps.edu)
  • Temperature
  • In some contexts, water of crystallization is the total weight of water in a substance at a given temperature and is mostly present in a definite (stoichiometric) ratio. (wikipedia.org)
  • separation
  • The crystallization sequence of oxide minerals such as magnetite and ulvospinel is sensitive to the oxygen fugacity of melts, and separation of the oxide phases can be an important control of silica concentration in the evolving magma, and may be important in andesite genesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • mineral
  • An example of such texture, related to fractioned crystallization, is intergranular (also known as intercumulus) textures that develop wherever a mineral crystallizes later than the surrounding matrix, hence filling the left-over interstitial space. (wikipedia.org)