• The Blood Service residual risk estimates for transfusion-transmissible viral infections have been derived using published models and are updated periodically. (transfusion.com.au)
  • People without CF rarely carry the particular bacteria that cause chronic infection in CF, but they may still carry other bacteria or viruses that cause problems for people with CF. Thus, "The concept of 'less threatening' bacteria is no longer accepted and all pathogens should be considered as potentially transmissible and universal precautions should be taken. (cfnz.org.nz)
  • Oral health, the mirror of general well being, is altered by many mediators like infection, chronic inflammation, and genetic predisposition. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Periodontal disease, also generally called periodontitis or gum disease, is a chronic infection-induced inflammatory disease that causes tooth loss if not properly treated, and is considered as a modifying factor in systemic health. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • The Australian Red Cross Blood Service publishes estimates of the residual risks of transfusion-transmissible infection as a guide for clinicians in transfusion decision-making and informed consent processes. (transfusion.com.au)
  • Results: SEMs strongly supported a latent (host phenotype) variable associated with FcaGHV1 exposure and co-infection risk, suggesting these individuals are simply more likely to become infected with multiple pathogens. (oregonstate.edu)
  • The scale differentiated between subgroups of persons with the hepatitis B infection in terms of age, gender, employment, education, disease duration, and stage of disease. (ovid.com)
  • A veterinary surgeon must be contacted immediately if strangles is suspected as early diagnosis and treatment are essential for the individual animal and to prevent the spread of infection. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Background: Epidemiological studies of disease exposure risk are frequently based on observational, cross-sectional data, and use statistical approaches as crucial tools for formalising causal processes and making predictions of exposure risks. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Research consortium, linking scientists from different disciplines internationally to create cross-functional teams. (dmoztools.net)
  • Horses are particularly at risk, being prone to small puncture wounds (eg from thorns or nails), through which infection can enter the body and then thrive. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Signs of infection, which begin to develop a few days after exposure to the virus, include a husky cough and nasal discharge (which changes over a period of four to five days from thin to thick mucus), combined with general signs of ill health. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • It recognises that there is no reliable way to completely prevent the risk of cross infection. (cfnz.org.nz)
  • The risk of infection remains for people with CF who have had a lung transplant. (cfnz.org.nz)
  • For outdoor events there is no way to completely prevent the risk of cross infection and the safest approach is for people with CF not to attend, if they do people with CF should be separated by a distance of 4 metres. (cfnz.org.nz)
  • This includes reducing the risk of acquiring an infection from a visit to a dental practice to an acceptable level. (dentaljuce.com)
  • 20 ] reported that lower consumption of raw vegetables was significantly associated with higher risk of H. pylori infection in a group of Iranian students. (springer.com)
  • The risk of infection varies from area to area and from horse to horse, with younger horses (and those with impaired health) at greater risk. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Strict hygiene measures should be adopted, to minimise the risk of infection spreading to other horses. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • The purpose of this study was to prevent cross-contamination of dental hygienists by aerosols. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The purpose of the present study is to report the development of "sulfadiazine-tolerance" by a type VIII pneumococcus and the transmission of this strain to another patient by cross infection. (annals.org)
  • The results of this study demonstrate the application of SEMs to understanding epidemiological processes using observational data, and could be used more widely as a complementary tool to understand complex cross-sectional information in a wide variety of disciplines. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Healthcare providers play an important role in the transmission of these infections on their hands, clothing and equipment. (journals.co.za)
  • It is, however, not known whether international travel is more important for spread of the epidemic as compared to endogenous infections within single countries. (eur.nl)
  • Because infections through travelling between countries is not frequently observed it is important to have good surveillance of the national HIV-1 epidemics. (eur.nl)
  • This may be particularly important when attempting to infer causality in patterns of co-infection through pathogen-facilitation. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Therefore, routine hygiene procedures form an essential part of horse management by preventing disease and minimising the potential spread of infection. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Infection can occur following inhalation of the airborne virus from other infected horses or by indirect transmission via, for example, the stable, equipment or grooms. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • The ID tag has been identified as a possible source of infection spread in this and previous studies. (journals.co.za)
  • Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to identify the association between socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary and other health-related variables with H pylori infection. (springer.com)
  • Horses can suffer numerous health problems as a result of bacterial, viral or fungal infections. (bluecross.org.uk)
  • Staywell®´´, an independent company, offers health and wellness engagement tools and information on behalf of Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts is a leading provider of quality health insurance for residents of Massachusetts. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Blastocystosis is a medical condition caused by infection with Blastocystis, a single-celled parasite that infects the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals. (dmoztools.net)
  • Studies on the association of smoking and alcohol consumption with the infection show conflicting results. (springer.com)
  • In previous rounds urban residence, residential mobility, the length of time sexually active before marriage, time since marriage and age of the partner were associated with HIV infection. (biomedcentral.com)