• Coumaric acid is a phenolic derivative of cinnamic acid having a hydroxy group as substituent at one of the aromatic positions: o-Coumaric acid m-Coumaric acid p-Coumaric acid This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name. (wikipedia.org)
  • m-Coumaric acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, an organic compound that is a hydroxy derivative of cinnamic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • one of a series of aromatic acids, related to cinnamic acid, the most important of which is a white crystalline substance, HO.C6H4.C2H2.CO2H, obtained from the tonka bean, sweet clover, etc., and also produced artificially. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • HPLC analysis indicated that the major polyphenols in the SFE extracts consisted of chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, syrigin, procyanidin B2, (-)-epicatechin, cinnamic acid, coumaric acid , phlorizin and quercetin, of which procyanidin B2 had the highest content of 231. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Coumaric acids are organic compounds that are hydroxy derivatives of cinnamic acid . (bionity.com)
  • It is biosynthesized from cinnamic acid by the action of the P450-dependent enzyme 4-cinnamic acid hydroxylase. (bionity.com)
  • cis-p-Coumaric acid, also known as cis-4-hydroxycinnamic acid, is a hydroxy derivative of cinnamic acid. (hmdb.ca)
  • Cinnamic acid and its derivatives are used as important components in flavours, perfumes, synthetic indigo, and pharmaceuticals. (hmdb.ca)
  • Hydroxycinnamic acids are compounds containing an cinnamic acid where the benzene ring is hydroxylated. (hmdb.ca)
  • A phenolic acid, ρ -coumaric acid is a derivative compound of trans-cinnamic acid. (turmeric.com)
  • This enzyme catalyzes the deamination of phenylalanine to yield trans -cinnamic acid, so linking the aromatic amino acid to the hydroxycinnamic acids and their activated forms. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • In the first step, a hydroxyl group is attached at the 4-position of the aromatic ring of trans -cinnamic acid to form p-coumaric acid (reaction catalysed by cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase). (tuscany-diet.net)
  • p-Coumaric Acid is the hydroxy derivative of Cinnamic Acid with antioxidant properties. (molbase.com)
  • Several simple phenolic compounds such as cinnamic acid, p -coumaric acid, ferulic acid, caffeic acid, chlorgenic acid, and rosmarinic acid belong to this class. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to study findings, the ORAC results showed that, of the tested compounds, ferulic acid performed the best, followed by coumaric acid , propyl gallate, gallic acid and vitamin C (ascorbic acid). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydroxycinnamic acids. (hmdb.ca)
  • Hydroxycinnamic acids, such as p -coumaric acid and ferulic acid, are a major class of compounds derived from the phenylpropanoid pathway. (bio-protocol.org)
  • Hydroxycinnamic acids or hydroxycinnamates are phenolic compounds belonging to non-flavonoid polyphenols . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • For example, an overlong storage of blood orange fruits causes a massive hydrolysis of hydroxycinnamic derivatives to free acids, and this in turn could lead to the formation of malodorous compounds such as vinyl phenols, indicators of too advanced senescence of the fruit. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • p-Coumaric acid glucuronide belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenolic glycosides. (foodb.ca)
  • Naturally occurring phenolic acids (PAs) are key compounds involved in the metabolism of plants and necessary building blocks for the polyphenol biosynthetic pathways to lignins, coumarins, lignans, stilbenes, and many other families of phenolic compounds ( Shahidi and Nazck, 2004 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Background: Aromatic amino acids and their derivatives are valuable chemicals and are precursors for different industrially compounds. (chalmers.se)
  • They are known to be rich in sugars and inhibitors such as phenolic compounds, organic acids and furaldehydes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Although there were several conversion products formed from coniferyl aldehyde, ferulic acid and p -coumaric acid, the conversion products profile from the three compounds were similar. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Coniferyl aldehyde, ferulic acid and p -coumaric acid and their conversion products were screened for inhibition, the conversion products were less inhibitory than coniferyl aldehyde, ferulic acid and p -coumaric acid, indicating that the conversion of the three compounds by Saccharomyces cerevisiae was also a detoxification process. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We conclude that the conversion of coniferyl aldehyde, ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid into less inhibitory compounds is a form of stress response and a detoxification process. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Besides secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), the phenolic compounds p-coumaric acid glucoside (CouAG) and ferulic acid glucoside (FeAG) were isolated, which was expected based on indications from the literature. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Furthermore, polyphenolic compounds found in Mate tea differ significantly from green tea because Mate tea contains high concentration of chlorogenic acid and no catechins. (yerba-mate.com)
  • Hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives are important class of polyphenolic compounds originated from the Mavolanate-Shikimate biosynthesis pathways in plants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These are compounds with a structure containing a benzene ring conjugated to a propanoic acid. (hmdb.ca)
  • It is also a promising source of bioactive compounds such as phenolic acids, tocotrienols, tocopherols, carotenoids, phytosterols, and flavonoids and antinutritional factors, such as phytic acids and oxalates. (intechopen.com)
  • These are compounds containing a quinic acid moiety (or a derivative thereof), which is a cyclitol made up of a cyclohexane ring that bears four hydroxyl groups at positions 1,3.4, and 5, as well as a carboxylic acid at position 1. (hmdb.ca)
  • Reaction of p-hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives with nitrite and its relevance to nitrosamine formation. (bionity.com)
  • Poly(4-hydroxycinnamic acid) (P4HCA), poly(3-hydroxycinnamic acid) (P3HCA), poly(3-methoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid) (PMHCA) and poly(3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid) (PDHCA) were synthesized by the thermal poly-condensation of the corresponding monomers, which are lignin precursors, coumaric acid derivatives consisting of cinnamoyl groups and different position and number of OH groups. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Para-coumaric acid inhibits this process by binding to nitric acid derivatives, preventing them from combining with biochemical amines to form dangerous nitrosamines. (tjclark.com)
  • In nature, they are associated with other molecules to form, e.g., glycosylated derivatives or esters of tartaric acid, quinic acid, or shikimic acid . (tuscany-diet.net)
  • In adipose tissues, hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives inhibit macrophage infiltration and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation in obese animals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives also reduce the expression of the potent proinflammatory adipokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), and they increase the secretion of an anti-inflammatory agent adiponectin from adipocytes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Furthermore, hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives also prevent adipocyte differentiation and lower lipid profile in experimental animals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Through these diverse mechanisms hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives reduce obesity and curtail associated adverse health complications. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This work will thus review the potential health benefit of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives in obesity and metabolic syndrome and their possible mechanism of action. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as quinic acids and derivatives. (hmdb.ca)
  • p-Coumaric acid is the main building block for complex secondary metabolites in commercial demand, such as flavonoids and polyphenols. (chalmers.se)
  • In contrast to numerous flavonoids, absorbed phenolic acids are poorly excreted in the bile or gut lumen. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Analysis of N33 whole-cell fatty acids indicated that synthesis of the methyl-branched fatty acids depended on the induction of bacteria by plant flavonoids, suggesting a specific role for these fatty acids in the signaling process between the plant and the bacteria. (asm.org)
  • In this study isolation of P-coumaric acid was achieved by preparative TLC and the compound thus isolated was characterised by UV, mass, and H 1 NMR spectral analysis. (hindawi.com)
  • p-Coumaric acid glucuronide is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). (foodb.ca)
  • Chlorogenic acid is the major polyphenolic compound in coffee, isolated from the leaves and fruits of dicotyledonous plants. (hmdb.ca)
  • mHPP is suspected to have antioxidants properties and is actively absorbed by the monocarboxylic acid transporter (MCT) in intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers (PMID 15479001 , 12663291 ). (hmdb.ca)
  • To characterise this platform strain further, transcriptomic analysis was performed, comparing this strain's growth on xylose and glucose, revealing a strong up-regulation of the glyoxylate pathway alongside increased cell wall biosynthesis and unexpectedly a decrease in aromatic amino acid gene expression when xylose was used as carbon source. (chalmers.se)
  • Here we aimed to study how production of p-coumaric acid, a precursor of multiple secondary aromatic metabolites, influences the cellular metabolism of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (chalmers.se)
  • This resulted in a predominant product consisting of two ferulic acid molecules dehydrogenatively linked to a single peptide and, furthermore, two ferulic acids linked to peptide oligomers, ranging from dimers to pentamers. (tudelft.nl)
  • These esters, most importantly ferulic and coumaric acid esters, can be synthesized into volatile phenols by yeast. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hydroxycinnamic acids are not present in high quantities since they are rapidly converted to glucose esters or coenzyme A (CoA) esters, in reactions catalyzed by O -glucosyltransferases and hydroxycinnamate:CoA ligases, respectively. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Grass lignins can contain up to 10% to 15% by weight of p -coumaric esters. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Methyl anthranilate and methyl salicylate are carboxyl methyl esters of anthranilic acid, an intermediate of Trp biosynthesis, and the plant hormone salicylic acid, respectively. (plantphysiol.org)
  • p-coumaric acid or 4-coumaric acid or 4-hydroxycinnamic acid. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • It is generally, both in the free form and bound to other molecules, the most abundant hydroxycinnamic acid in vegetables and most of the fruits, where it represents between 75 and 100% of the hydroxycinnamates. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • It is the most abundant hydroxycinnamic acid in cereals, which are also its main dietary source. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • HPLC-PDA analysis of P. carthagenensis and P. capillacea revealed hydroxycinnamic acid ( p -coumaric acid). (mdpi.com)
  • Antiangiogenic effects of p-coumaric acid in human endothelial cells. (ac.ir)
  • Effects of p-coumaric acid on erythema and pigmentation of human skin exposed to ultraviolet radiation. (ac.ir)
  • 13. Jyoti Roy A, Stanely Mainzen Prince P. Preventive effects of p-coumaric acid on lysosomal dysfunction and myocardial infarct size in experimentally induced myocardial infarction. (ac.ir)
  • In this study, authors investigated the effects of p-coumaric acid on liver and kidney damage induced by cisplatin, a common chemotherapy drug. (peanut-institute.com)
  • In this study, SERS measurements were systematically evaluated for ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid and sinapic acid. (nofima.no)
  • In particular, sinapic acid was evaluated for the first time, with a limit of detection of 2.5 × 10−9 M. (nofima.no)
  • In addition, several hundreds of anthocyanins acylated with the aforementioned hydroxycinnamates have been identified (in descending order with p-coumaric acid, more than 150, caffeic acid, about 100, ferulic acid, about 60, and sinapic acid, about 25). (tuscany-diet.net)
  • In turn, ferulic acid is converted into sinapic acid through two reactions: a hydroxylation at the 5-position to form 5-hydroxy ferulic acid (reaction catalysed by ferulate 5-hydroxylase), and the subsequent O -methylation of the same hydroxyl group (reaction catalyzed by catechol- O- methyltransferase). (tuscany-diet.net)
  • 0.05) and enhanced plasma concentrations of caffeic and ferulic acid. (nih.gov)
  • The Effect of Coumaric Acid on Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury of Sciatic Nerve in Rats. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The aim of the study was to determine the effect of coumaric acid on sciatic nerve ischemia/reperfusion (SNI) injury in rats. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group (no medication or surgical procedure), SNI group, SNI + coumaric acid (CA) group, and SNI + methylprednisolone (MP) group. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Amalan V, Vijayakumar N, Indumathi D, Ramakrishnan A (2016) Antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic activity of p-coumaric acid in diabetic rats, role of pancreatic GLUT 2: In vivo approach. (springermedizin.de)
  • Our study aimed to investigate the effect of p-coumaric acid on focal cerebral ischemia in rats. (ac.ir)
  • Rats were randomly divided into four groups, namely Group I (control rats), Group II (ischemia rats), Group III (6 hr ischemia + p-coumaric acid rats) and Group IV (24 hr ischemia + p-coumaric acid rats). (ac.ir)
  • The neurological deficit scores of p-coumaric acid-treated rats were significantly improved after cerebral ischemia. (ac.ir)
  • 7. Luceri C, Guglielmi F, Lodovici M, Giannini L, Messerini L, Dolara P. Plant phenolic 4-coumaric acid protects against intestinal inflammation in rats. (ac.ir)
  • Effects of natural phenolic acids on the skeletal system of ovariectomized rats. (ac.ir)
  • 14. Prasanna N, Krishnan DN, Rasool M. Sodium arsenite-induced cardiotoxicity in rats: protective role of p-coumaric acid, a common dietary polyphenol. (ac.ir)
  • Absorption and metabolism of caffeic acid and chlorogenic acid in the small intestine of rats. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The absorption and metabolism in the small intestine of chlorogenic acid (5-O-caffeoylquinic acid), the main phenolic acid in the human diet, and of caffeic acid were studied in rats in order to determine whether chlorogenic acid is directly absorbed or hydrolysed in the small intestine. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Short-chain fatty acid formation in the hindgut of rats fed native and fermented oat fibre concentra. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The common chemical method to synthesize Phenolic Acids (PAs) involves a relatively considerable energy intake. (frontiersin.org)
  • p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes the interaction between a single amino acid and another chemical entity. (uniprot.org)
  • 13a 8 Syringic acid nd nd 9 Vanilin nd nd 10 p- Coumaric acid 0. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The results indicate the presence of five PAs (ferulic acid, syringic acid, p -hydroxybenzoic acid, p -coumaric acid, and vanillic acid) in the rhizosphere soils of P. notoginseng , whose contents in the rhizosphere soils of healthy plants are higher than those of the diseased ones. (mdpi.com)
  • In addition, Swiss chard contains a flavonoid called syringic acid, which may help regulate blood sugar and provide benefits to those with diabetes, along with kaempferol, a flavonol that may help fight cancer and lower your risk of chronic diseases including heart disease. (lewrockwell.com)
  • P-coumaric acid is one of the main polyphenols found in peanuts. (peanut-institute.com)
  • It's actually fairly rich in polyphenols [9] , particularly when roasted (which increases the coumaric acid content considerably [10] ). (marksdailyapple.com)
  • Stearic acid is a long-chain saturated fatty acid that can be derived from either animal fats or vegetable oils. (thomassci.com)
  • Caprylic acid is the common name for the eight-carbon saturated fatty acid known by the systematic name octanoic acid. (thomassci.com)
  • SUMMARY Peanuts are high in fat, consisting mostly of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids. (healthline.com)
  • Synthesis of the methyl-branched α,β-unsaturated fatty acids required a functional nodE gene. (asm.org)
  • 2016 ), fatty acid biosynthesis (Kwiatkowska et al. (springer.com)
  • Oil extracted from the seeds are rich in unsaturated fatty acids with linoleic acid and oleic acids as the major components. (articlecube.com)
  • The concentration of unsaturated fatty acids is 66% consisting of 13% oleic acid and 53% linoleic acid. (articlecube.com)
  • The anti-oxidants and essential fatty acids present in pumpkin seeds relieve inflammation, especially in the joints. (articlecube.com)
  • Results: Using metabolic engineering and a systems biology approach, we developed a Saccharomyces cerevisiae platform strain able to produce 242 mg/L of p-coumaric acid from xylose. (chalmers.se)
  • In an approach to engineer a S. cerevisiae strain with higher tolerance to phenolic inhibitors, we selectively investigated the metabolic conversion and physiological effects of coniferyl aldehyde, ferulic acid, and p-coumaric acid in Saccharomyces cerevisiae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • On the physiology of Saccharomyces cerevisiae , the maximum specific growth rates of the yeast was not affected in the presence of coniferyl aldehyde or ferulic acid, but it was significantly reduced in the presence of p -coumaric acid. (biomedcentral.com)
  • BRBs contain chemopreventive -rich composition, including anthocyanins, ellagic acid, ferulic acid, coumaric acid and quercetin, phytosterols in addition to folic acid and selenium. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Wheat cultivars exert antioxidant activity due to the presence of phytochemicals, such as phenolic acids, carotenoids, anthocyanins, and tocopherols [ 2 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • Our study revealed that coumaric acid treatment after ischemia/reperfusion in rat sciatic nerves reduced oxidative stress and axonal degeneration. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • We conclude here that pretreating animals with p-coumaric acid can prevent IR-induced brain oxidative stress, infarction size and neuronal vulnerability to death in cerebral IR injuries. (springermedizin.de)
  • Abdel-Wahab MH, El-Mahdy MA, Abd-Ellah MF, Helal GK, Khalifa F, Hamada FM (2003) Influence of p-coumaric acid on doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress in rat's heart. (springermedizin.de)
  • Influence of p-coumaric acid on doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress in rat's heart. (ac.ir)
  • Ameliorative role of ferulic acid against diabetes associated oxidative stress induced spleen damage. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • caffeic acid, quercetin and p-coumaric acid on the mRNA expression levels of CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2E1, NQOI, GSTP1 and GPx in human colorectal adenocarcinoma HT-29 cells. (gazi.edu.tr)
  • caffeic acid and quercetin suppressed the mRNA expression levels of CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 between the range of 1,66 and 4,55 fold, while p-coumaric acid did not show remarkable effects on the enzymes aforementioned. (gazi.edu.tr)
  • The coumaric acid and the hydroxybenzoic acid potentiate the IAA oxidase system, responsible for its inactivation, causing the roots inhibition (Souza Filho & Alves, 2002). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • L-Ascorbic Acid, Sodium Salt is a vitamin widely distributed in the plant and animal kingdom. (thomassci.com)
  • L-Ascorbic Acid, Sodium Salt is used as an antimicrobial and antioxidant in foodstuffs, a reductant for the isolation of chloroplasts. (thomassci.com)
  • Wheat grains and its fractions contain significant level of antioxidant activity and many phytochemicals, such as phenolic acids (ferulic and vanillic acids), carotenoids, and tocopherol are beneficial in curing many disorders. (intechopen.com)
  • Synthesis and properties of coumaric acid derivative homo-polymers. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Gallic Acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid. (thomassci.com)
  • The models were successfully applied to 20 tomato cultivars, whose total phenolic contents (TPC) and indexes (TPI) were 489.30-997.45 mg gallic acid equivalent/100 g dry weight (DW) and 281.34-468.52 mg/100 g DW, respectively. (scribd.com)
  • p -Coumaric acid has antioxidant properties and is believed to reduce the risk of stomach cancer [1] by reducing the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines . (bionity.com)
  • The ingestion of blueberries in association with milk, thus, impairs the in vivo antioxidant properties of blueberries and reduces the absorption of caffeic acid. (nih.gov)
  • Together with sinapyl alcohol and coniferyl alcohols , p -coumaric acid is a major component of lignocellulose . (bionity.com)
  • Coniferyl aldehyde was rapidly converted within the first 24 h, while ferulic acid and p -coumaric acid were more slowly converted over a period of 72 h. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The biomass yields on glucose were reduced to 73 and 54 % of the control in the presence of coniferyl aldehyde and ferulic acid, respectively, biomass yield increased to 127 % of the control in the presence of p -coumaric acid. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Pretreatment with p-coumaric acid significantly reduced MDA levels, whole-brain infarction volume and hippocampal neuronal death together and increased catalase and superoxide dismutase activities. (springermedizin.de)
  • Effect of p-coumaric acid (CA) pretreatment on serum Cr and BUN. (revistanefrologia.com)
  • Effect of p-coumaric acid (CA) pretreatment on tissue oxidant and antioxidant enzyme activities. (revistanefrologia.com)
  • Therefore, in this study, NaOH-ethanol pretreatment condition for different parts of the sorghum stem was optimized to maximize p -coumaric acid release and total reducing sugar recovery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Ethanol addition improved p -coumaric acid release and delignification efficiency, but significantly reduced hemicellulose deconstruction in NaOH-ethanol pretreatment. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Optimization using the response surface methodology revealed that the pith, rind and whole stem require different NaOH-ethanol pretreatment conditions for maximal p -coumaric acid release and xylan preservation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • By respective optimal NaOH-ethanol pretreatment, the p -coumaric acid release yields reached 94.07%, 97.24% and 95.05% from pith, rind and whole stem, which increased by 8.16%, 8.38% and 8.39% compared to those of NaOH-pretreated samples. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, coumaric acid may play a role in the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries due to ischemia/reperfusion. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of p-coumaric acid (CA) on ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. (revistanefrologia.com)
  • Moreover, p-coumaric acid decreased the focal ischemia. (ac.ir)
  • Extra effort should be made to introduce p-coumaric acid as a promising therapeutic agent to be utilized for treatment of human cerebral ischemia in the future. (ac.ir)
  • Additionally, in S288c amino acid and protein biosynthesis processes were also affected. (chalmers.se)
  • Homology-based structural modeling combined with site-directed mutagenesis identified two amino acid residues, designated tyrosine-246 and glutamine-167 in AAMT1, which are responsible for the high specificity of AAMTs toward anthranilic acid. (plantphysiol.org)
  • It is a non-essential amino acid with a polar side group . (wikipedia.org)
  • While tyrosine is generally classified as a hydrophobic amino acid, it is more hydrophilic than phenylalanine . (wikipedia.org)
  • Aside from being a proteinogenic amino acid , tyrosine has a special role by virtue of the phenol functionality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mammals synthesize tyrosine from the essential amino acid phenylalanine ( phe ), which is derived from food. (wikipedia.org)
  • The analysis of purified lignin fractions and the identification of diagnostic products confirmed that p -coumaric acid was associated with lignins. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Antidepressant-like effect of ferulic acid via promotion of energy metabolism activity. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Among its related pathways are Arachidonic acid metabolism and Prostaglandin 2 biosynthesis and metabolism FM . (genecards.org)
  • Among its related pathways are Arachidonic acid metabolism and NRF2 pathway . (genecards.org)
  • m-Coumaric acid is a polyphenol metabolite from caffeic acid, formed by the gut microflora and the amount in human biofluids is diet-dependant. (medchemexpress.com)
  • 3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)propanoic (hMPP) acid is one of the major metabolites of ingested caffeic acid (PMID 15479001 ) and of the phenolic degradation products of proanthocyanidins (the most abundant polyphenol present in chocolate) by the microflora in the colon (PMID 12663291 ). (hmdb.ca)
  • Formic acid is a reagent used for formylation, hydrolysis, and cyclocondensations. (thomassci.com)
  • Also known as vitamin B9 or folic acid, folate has many essential functions and is especially important during pregnancy ( 12 ). (healthline.com)
  • Avocados also provide close to 20 essential health-boosting nutrients, including fiber, vitamin E, B-vitamins, and folic acid. (lewrockwell.com)
  • The net absorption (influent flux minus effluent flux of phenolic acids and their metabolites) accounted for 19.5 % and 8 % of the perfused caffeic and chlorogenic acids, respectively. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We investigated the protective effect of p-coumaric acid (PC) on cerebral IR injuries in mice. (springermedizin.de)
  • Results showed that p-coumaric acid exhibited antioxidant capabilities, which were protective against liver and kidney damage. (peanut-institute.com)
  • We orally administered vehicle or 100 mg/kg of p-coumaric acid for 2 weeks before inducing the cerebral IR injuries by using 30 min of a bilateral common carotid artery occlusion followed by a 45-min reperfusion. (springermedizin.de)
  • Formic Acid is the smallest of the carboxylic acids. (thomassci.com)
  • The strong acidity of HFBA ensures that other acidic groups such as carboxylic acid moieties on biomolecules remain protonated, and thus the samples are able to interact with organic solvents in such processes as reverse phase chromatography. (thomassci.com)
  • This method has obeyed linearity over the concentration range of 2-10 μ g/mL and the regression coefficient obtained from linearity plot for P-coumaric acid was found to be 0.999. (hindawi.com)
  • Caffeic acid and quinic acid bind to form chlorogenic acid, present in many fruit and in high concentration in coffee. (tuscany-diet.net)
  • The addition of a second hydroxyl group at the 3-position of the ring of p-coumaric acid leads to the formation of caffeic acid (reaction catalysed by p-coumarate 3-hydroxylase or phenolase), while the O -methylation of the hydroxyl group at the 3-position yields ferulic acid (reaction catalyzed by catechol- O -methyltransferase). (tuscany-diet.net)
  • Antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects of plant cell wall hydroxycinnamic acids in cultured HT-29 cells. (bionity.com)
  • Z -Form 4-coumaric acid glycosides were first isolated from plant. (go.jp)
  • Indole-3-butyric acid is used as plant growth hormone. (thomassci.com)
  • Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is the most common, naturally-occurring, plant growth regulator - as a principal auxin of higher plants. (thomassci.com)
  • Found in plant seeds, including nuts, phytic acid may impair the absorption of iron and zinc from peanuts and other foods eaten at the same time ( 19 ). (healthline.com)
  • They focused especially on Pantothenic Acid, remarking that it is "rare to find a plant with so much of this significant and vital nutrient. (yerba-mate.com)
  • Ferulic acid is a highly abundant phenolic phytochemical which is present in plant cell walls. (hmdb.ca)
  • Researchers in Korea studied the effects of treating mice with p-coumaric acid for acetaminophen-induced liver damage. (peanut-institute.com)
  • Results showed that p-coumaric acid was able to prevent liver damage in mice who were treated with it in the environment of an acetaminophen overdose. (peanut-institute.com)
  • p -Coumaric acid is the most abundant isomer in nature. (bionity.com)
  • A micronutrient abundant in fruits (p-coumaric acid) may improve the functional efficacy of probiotics. (justcoffee.coop)
  • It is one of the most abundant phenolic acids in plants, varying from 5 g/kg in wheat bran to 9 g/kg in sugar-beet pulp and 50 g/kg in corn kernel. (hmdb.ca)
  • In all these species, methyl salicylate is synthesized by the action of S -adenosyl- l -methionine:salicylic acid carboxyl methyltransferase (SAMT). (plantphysiol.org)
  • White willow bark contains salicin, which is converted to salicylic acid in the body. (florahealth.com)
  • Salicylic acid reduces pain by blocking the production of inflammatory prostaglandins. (florahealth.com)
  • Its content in salicin becomes salicylic acid in the organism inhibiting the prostaglandins and reducing the pain sensation, specially if we consider that, besides being analgesic it also presents anti inflammatory properties. (botanical-online.com)
  • Any treatment should be started with very low doses to check the tolerance of the organism to this product, since the proportion of salicylic acid present in the bark of the willows depends on many climatological and seasonal factors. (botanical-online.com)
  • There are three isomers of coumaric acid - o-coumaric acid, m-coumaric acid, and p-coumaric acid - that differ by the position of the hydroxy substitution of the phenyl group. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are three isomers of coumaric acid: o-coumaric acid, m-coumaric acid, and p-coumaric acid. (hmdb.ca)
  • Chlorogenic acid and its metabolite m-coumaric acid evoke neurite outgrowth in hippocampal neuronal cells. (medchemexpress.com)
  • In maize, this gene family has diversified especially toward benzenoid carboxyl methyltransferases that accept anthranilic acid and benzoic acid. (plantphysiol.org)