• However, the cost-effectiveness of incorporating CAC into treatment decision rules has yet to be clearly delineated. (plos.org)
  • To model the cost-effectiveness of CAC for cardiovascular risk stratification in asymptomatic, intermediate risk patients not taking a statin. (plos.org)
  • Knowledge of treatment cost is essential in assessing cost effectiveness in healthcare. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A research to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a loyalty scheme based intervention involving rewards for increasing physical activity in public sector employees. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The aim of this operational research is to compare the cost-effectiveness of two methods for capacity building of existing TBAs/CVs to improve rates of delayed cord clamping, early skin to skin contact and infant-led initiation of breastfeeding, to reduce prelacteal feeding and increase early exclusive breastfeeding in research areas of rural Bangladesh. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It will compare the cost effectiveness of practical training of these relatively uneducated community members, with or without supportive supervision in improving early infant feeding practices, using a cluster-randomized study design. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This workbook is part of a series to enhance treatment efficiency and intended to educate program plan- cost-effectiveness using the informa- ners, managers, staff and other de- tion that comes from these evalua- cision-makers about the evaluation tion activities. (who.int)
  • o The transaction is treated consistently with regard to direct/indirect cost purposes. (uvm.edu)
  • When appointing expenses to production and/ or service activities it is crucial to understand whether the cost is a direct or an indirect cost. (accountingdissertations.com)
  • A significant benefit of the method highlighted in this post compared with the indirect cost function is that any sort of expenses can be assigned to tasks regardless of other deals tape-recorded. (accountingdissertations.com)
  • Consistent treatment of costs is necessary to avoid inappropriate charges to the federal government or other sponsors when sponsored agreements are charged directly for specified costs, then charged again, through the University's indirect cost rate. (uky.edu)
  • This Indirect Cost Rate Guide (Guide) has been prepared to assist non-profit organizations to understand the requirements for the determination of indirect cost rates for application on cost reimbursable grants and other agreements awarded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (usaid.gov)
  • in the "Indirect Cost Rate Proposal (ICR) Checklist for First Time NICRA" comments on documentation to be provided by small business to support the proposed indirect cost rate. (usaid.gov)
  • When the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) provides the majority of a non-profit organization's Federal funding, it is the cognizant Federal agency for negotiating the organization's indirect cost rates. (usaid.gov)
  • The Overhead, Special Cost, and Closeout Branch (M/OAA/CAS/OCC), within the Cost Audit Support Division, Office of Acquisition and Assistance, within the Bureau for Management is the central unit authorized to negotiate indirect cost rates with concerns awarded contracts, grants or cooperative agreements by USAID. (usaid.gov)
  • M/OAA/CAS/OCC establishes Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate Agreements (NICRA) for U.S. and foreign organizations with awards issued by the Bureau for Management's, Office of Acquisition and Assistance (M/OAA) in Washington, DC. (usaid.gov)
  • Historical development Traditionally cost accountants had arbitrarily added a broad percentage of expenses into the indirect cost However as the percentages of indirect or overhead costs had risen, this technique became increasingly inaccurate because the indirect costs were not caused equally by all the products. (slideshare.net)
  • Weighted service allocation is believed to provide the most accurate indirect cost estimation, but the method is time consuming. (ovid.com)
  • The use of inpatient day allocation would likely most closely reflect the indirect cost estimates obtained by the weighted service method. (ovid.com)
  • The Province of Ontario has recognized the importance of the indirect cost recovery on grants awarded by NSERC, SSHRC and CIHR. (lakeheadu.ca)
  • Take advantage of multiple enterprise-wide, as well as departmental, uses including IT service costing, shared service allocations, profitability by product/customer/channel, cost transparency, and operational transfer pricing. (oracle.com)
  • SEER for Hardware, Electronics, & Systems - SEER-H - a version of SEER designed to aid in the life-cycle cost estimation of any type of hardware, electronics or system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, an exact full cost approach for the complete cycle of care for a medical condition should be the goal of the costing processes [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • And streamlined systems allows you to create efficiencies, centralize control, cut costs and reduce paper-from creating labels or tracking a package, to automating shipping processes. (ups.com)
  • Save time, empower your teams and effectively upgrade your processes with access to this practical Cost allocation Toolkit and guide. (theartofservice.com)
  • In certain circumstances, you, as an undertaking under BaFin's supervision, may also incur other costs, the most important of which are described briefly below. (bafin.de)
  • A cost is considered reasonable if the nature of the goods or services acquired and the amount involved reflect the action that a prudent person would have taken under the circumstances prevailing at the time the decision was made to incur the cost. (uky.edu)
  • When goods transportations are consolidated, they may reduce operational costs, e.g. labor and fuel. (diva-portal.org)
  • Automatically add a secondary allocation if one is not specified, and reduce secondary allocation to the largest available free extent. (ibm.com)
  • Eliminate the creation of unnecessary control blocks and reduce CPU time associated with allocations done by IBM Db2 subsystems. (ibm.com)
  • The client asked Synaptitude to team with one their key managers to execute a detailed circuit allocation and price validation exercise and reduce the gap. (synaptitudeconsulting.com)
  • And the opportunity to reduce costs is substantial. (mckinsey.com)
  • Our results show that, absent political interference, direct lending would be preferred to intermediated (tier two) lending because PDB profits will reduce the cost of subsidies to tax payers. (lacea.org)
  • Equally, according to Wang and Kopfer [ 2 ], logistics collaboration helps small- and medium-sized companies to reduce costs, while increasing operational efficiency. (springer.com)
  • Recent evidence from a large scale trial conducted in the United States indicates that enhancing shared decision-making and improving knowledge, self-management, and provider communication skills to at-risk patients can reduce health costs and utilisation of healthcare resources. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It gives you a guidebook to combining the latest technologies with traditional training models to create high-impact programs that drive superior business results (not just reduce costs). (wiley.com)
  • Egalitarian-equivalent Groves mechanisms in the allocation of heterogenous objects ," Social Choice and Welfare , Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 38(1), pages 137-160, January. (repec.org)
  • Under this model, both the service provider and its respective consumers become aware of their service requirements and usage and how they directly influence the costs incurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • The model is applied to some illustrative examples, and the cost allocation results are discussed. (diva-portal.org)
  • In order to maintain the cooperation, a suitable business model, in which fair cost allocations plays an important role is essential. (diva-portal.org)
  • In addition, suggestions are made for the identification of alternative treatment approaches, and a potential treatment allocation model is recommended. (elsevier.com)
  • Newman, MG 2000, ' Recommendations for a cost-offset model of psychotherapy allocation using generalized anxiety disorder as an example ', Journal of consulting and clinical psychology , vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 549-555. (elsevier.com)
  • Efficiently model profitability by segment and complex costing of shared services. (oracle.com)
  • However, the scheme has serious flaws in national tariff calculation: inlier calculation is normative, and the "one hospital" model causes cost bias, adjustment and representativeness issues. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Project R-3, San Jose, Calif.: Evaluation of Results and Development of a Cost Model. (rand.org)
  • In his study, Zaks examined an even split for emissions allocation and argues that such a model would give the edge to those nations which don't simply expand area under cultivation -- thereby expanding land use conversion -- but rather would encourage greater yields on land which is already available. (treehugger.com)
  • Such techniques are referred to as cost allocation approaches. (accountingdissertations.com)
  • The cost approaches were compared independently for appendectomy, hip replacement, cataract, and stroke in representative general hospitals in The Netherlands for 2005. (ovid.com)
  • Disease management - a term used to describe a wide range of approaches designed to mitigate the progression and quality of life impacts of health conditions and encourage adherence to recommended treatment plans and self-care strategies [ 4 ] - has been promoted as a way to improve quality of care, improve health outcomes and lower costs, particularly for patients with chronic disease [ 5 - 7 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Today's organizations face growing pressure to control costs and enable responsible financial management of resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) Uniform Guidance, there are only three types of costs - Indirect, Indirect-Admin (Overhead) and Direct. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inventory holding cost (IHC) and safety stock inventory (SSI) are critical to the effective management of inventory, and their quantification has impact at the highest levels of many manufacturing and service industries. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Joint costs should be allocated between fundraising and the appropriate program or management and general function. (mlrpc.com)
  • If the joint cost criteria are not met, all costs of the joint activity should be reported as fundraising costs, including costs that otherwise might be considered program or management and general costs if they had been incurred in a different activity. (mlrpc.com)
  • Manage and drive profitability with Oracle Enterprise Performance Management (EPM) Cloud Profitability and Cost Management. (oracle.com)
  • The G-DRG system was designed for reimbursement calculation, but developed to a standard with strategic management implications, generalized by the idea of adapting a hospital's cost structures to DRG revenues. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Connect IBM® Tivoli® Advanced Allocation Management to IBM Tivoli OMEGAMON® XE for Storage through IBM Tivoli Enterprise Portal (TEP) to achieve integration with related storage management capabilities and to monitor the effect of allocation abends. (ibm.com)
  • Evaluate potential cost savings by generating a projected savings report using a System Management Facility (SMF) reporting utility. (ibm.com)
  • IBM Tivoli Advanced Allocation Management does not support VSAM record-level-sharing (RLS) access mode. (ibm.com)
  • Access IBM Tivoli Advanced Allocation Management through an online user interface that enables authorized users to issue operator commands to view and update subsystem information, activate rule and volume group definitions, and enable or disable specific product functions, such as product-level intercepts, from an operator console. (ibm.com)
  • The basic regulations for ascertaining the costs of federally sponsored research at educational institutions are set forth in Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-21: Cost Principles for Educational Institutions. (uky.edu)
  • The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) published Title 2 of the Code of Federal Regulations Part 200 (2 CFR 200), titled "Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards" to streamline the Government-wide guidance on Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal awards. (usaid.gov)
  • The size of this trial and it's assessment of cost utility with respect to potentially preventable hospitalisations adds significantly to the body of knowledge to support policy and investment decisions in Australia as well as to the international debate regarding the effect of disease management programs on financial outcomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Egalitarian Equivalent Allocations: A New Concept of Economic Equity ," Discussion Papers 174, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science. (repec.org)
  • Is a management function that involves compiling cost information to serve a specific purpose. (gc.ca)
  • If there is a gap between the cost of a program and the funding available, management must take action to align planned activities with the funding available. (gc.ca)
  • A survey of inventory holding cost assessment and safety stock allocation. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • We project that it is both cost-saving and more effective to scan intermediate-risk patients for CAC and to treat those with CAC≥1, compared to treatment based on established risk-assessment guidelines. (plos.org)
  • A further empirical assessment attests high costing quality. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The latest quick edition of the Cost allocation Self Assessment book in PDF containing 49 requirements to perform a quickscan, get an overview and share with stakeholders. (theartofservice.com)
  • Featuring 740 new and updated case-based questions, organized into seven core areas of process design, this Self-Assessment will help you identify areas in which Cost allocation improvements can be made. (theartofservice.com)
  • It is assumed that the municipality is willing to carry some cost to ensure a stable collaboration for the potential benefits received, e.g., reduced traffic congestion in the city. (diva-portal.org)
  • It is shown that the role of the municipality may be decisive in achieving a stable collaboration between the freight forwarders, and further that the municipality does not necessarily need to contribute to covering the costs. (diva-portal.org)
  • Accelerate projects with this cost-effective cloud project collaboration application for AEC project managers. (hp.com)
  • These guidelines are intended to inform discussions about costing and to facilitate collaboration by all parties involved throughout the costing process. (gc.ca)
  • An abundant body of empirical evidence points to cases where this allocation seems to follow political considerations rather than seeking to maximise efficiency (Carvalho 2014, Cole 2009, Dinc 2005, Khwaje and Mian 2005, Lazzarini et al. (lacea.org)
  • Leaders from two Huron Education clients - Georgia Tech and Northern Kentucky University - described to large audiences at the annual meeting of the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) initiatives they have undertaken that are resulting in greater efficiency and administrative cost reductions. (slideshare.net)
  • In line with our Capital Allocation policy, which aims at a balanced mix of investments in organic and inorganic growth opportunities, actions to drive balance sheet efficiency and returns to shareholders, we also announced a new EUR 1.5 billion share buyback program to be launched in the third quarter of 2017. (webwire.com)
  • Is the compiling of cost information to serve a specific purpose, such as determining the cost of providing a service, aligning resources with results, measuring performance, evaluating efficiency or reallocating resources. (gc.ca)
  • Cohen, Deborah A., Shin-Yi Wu, and Thomas Farley, Cost-Effective Allocation of Government Funds for Preventing HIV. (rand.org)
  • This simple approach is insufficient if one-time appropriations will be provided to cover required fixed costs ( e.g. , renovation of some operating rooms), but increases in operating funds will not be provided to cover new hospital variable costs over the short term. (asahq.org)
  • Approves source of cost sharing/matching funds. (uvm.edu)
  • Identifies funds to cover project cost overruns. (uvm.edu)
  • BaFin raises the funds required to cover its costs from the undertakings it supervises instead. (bafin.de)
  • In Eslava and Freixas (2016), we set out to explore a different dimension of credit market imperfections - the need for costly screening to decide on the allocation of funds. (lacea.org)
  • They provide general guidance that includes a seven step approach to costing that departments are encouraged to use. (gc.ca)
  • SEER for Manufacturing - SEER-MFG - a version of SEER tailored for estimating the detailed production costs of manufacture, covering a wide range of state-of-practice and state-of-the-art manufacturing process knowledge. (wikipedia.org)
  • First, introductory material provides a statewide summary by aid category of the actual unit costs and ratios for headcount enrollments and full-time equivalent (FTE) indicating that the total unduplicated headcount for the district was 447,819 students and that the cost per headcount student was $855. (ed.gov)
  • The OR manager should consider the impact of changes in OR time on future hospital costs to ensure such a change is sound fiscally. (asahq.org)
  • The statute of limitations is the amount of time EPA, states, and private parties have to take action in court to recover their costs. (epa.gov)
  • For example, one product might take more time in one expensive machine than another product, but since the amount of direct labor and materials might be the same, the additional cost for the use of the machine would not be recognised when the same broad 'on-cost' percentage is added to all products. (slideshare.net)
  • Hence, to account for the differences in physical activity, TEE was estimated through factorial calculations that combined the time allocated to habitual activities and the energy cost of those activities. (fao.org)
  • However, it should be noted that this contribution falls well below the full indirect costs (excluding capital costs and faculty time) which have been estimated by the Canadian Association of University Business Officers to be at least 50% of direct costs. (lakeheadu.ca)
  • Most other firms are faced with the task of quantifying the costs associated with holding inventory, and deriving meaningful safety stock estimates for each particular product. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The report provides estimates of the costs associated with recoverable space related abends and a projected annual savings summary. (ibm.com)
  • Failure to accurately determine IHC and use this cost to make decisions fails to recognize that inventory can represent one-third to one-half of a company's assets. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • FASB ASC 958-720-55-2 includes a flowchart that depicts a decision tree for helping to determine whether not-for-profit entities have joint activities and, if so, how joint costs should be allocated. (mlrpc.com)
  • Determine the true costs of projects, products, campaigns and sales across your entire enterprise. (tagetik.com)
  • The study will also determine whether any benefit of the intervention is justified by the costs of intervening. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is the second year in succession that the allocation for grants to improve or adapt the private homes of older people and people with a disability has fallen. (fiannafail.ie)
  • For these grants, the Province of Ontario provides to Lakehead University a "Research Infrastructure Envelope Fund" contribution toward the indirect costs associated with administering Federal Council grants. (lakeheadu.ca)
  • The core components of a cost allocation system consist of a way to track which organizations provides a product and/or service, the organizations that consume the products and/or services, and a list of portfolio offerings (e.g. service catalog). (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the IRS requires that not-for-profit organizations disclose the allocation on Form 990. (mlrpc.com)
  • 37 copies/ml viral load at the 48 weeks and the treatment cost defined by the sum of cost ogfthe antiretroviral treatment and all its consequences (adverse effects, changes of pattern study antiretroviral resistance in case of being necessary, days of sick leave by the patient and hospital admission days) that occur in the 48 weeks. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • These costs occur through lost productivity, increased healthcare, offending behaviour and other public sector costs and through social disruption. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These costs are not directly traceable to any particular cleanup activity and include the following activities: administrative matters, personnel issues, guidance development, and office, utility, and supply costs, etc. (epa.gov)
  • The Guidelines also provide links to specific guidance on costing-related matters, such as the attestation provided by chief financial officers (CFOs) for Cabinet submissions. (gc.ca)
  • Joint costs are the costs of conducting joint activities that are not identifiable with a particular component of the activity. (mlrpc.com)
  • The joint costs of purchasing and processing the crude vegetable oil were $96,000. (transtutors.com)
  • Lean manufacturing systems are designed to minimize supply variability, both internally and externally, thereby minimizing concerns associated with inventory holding cost (IHC), and safety stock inventory (SSI) for raw materials and WIP. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Q: Nations with socialized medicine reduced the cost of their healthcare systems by restricting patients access that needed treatments and healthcare rationing. (ontheissues.org)
  • Systems for gathering information on patient admissions, theatre information and general ledger records can be inefficient to capture and report reliable and complete information for the costing exercise. (markedbyteachers.com)
  • In turn, the associated expense is assigned to internal clients' cost centers that consume the products and services. (wikipedia.org)