• Despite the advent of novel medical therapies for the treatment of these injuries, many patients with spinal cord injury remain severely incapacitated and dependent on their families and/or specialized nursing care. (springer.com)
  • Improvements in the treatment of the chronic stages of the disease include the surgical management of syringomyelia, late post-traumatic deformity, and pain control has also been achieved.Increased survival for patients with spinal cord injury has focused the health care industry to develop strategies to enhance the quality of life via improvements, which range from lighter wheel chairs to development of fertility programs for the spinal cord injured patient. (spine.org)
  • Treatment for patients with spinal cord injury often involves stabilizing the injured spine. (spine.org)
  • Stem cell-rich cord blood can be used to treat a range of diseases, but Frances Verter, Ph.D., founder and director of Parent's Guide to Cord Blood Foundation, estimates that there's only a 1 in 217 chance that your child will ever need a stem cell transplant with cord blood (or bone marrow). (yahoo.com)
  • Vocal cord , Latin plica vocalis , either of two folds of mucous membrane that extend across the interior cavity of the larynx and are primarily responsible for voice production. (britannica.com)
  • Diagnosis of vocal cord trauma is made on the basis of an adequate history with questions directed at eliciting signs and symptoms of this condition, with imaging techniques such as plain radiographs, CT scanning and endoscopic visualization of the larynx. (news-medical.net)
  • Vocal cords are located in the larynx or voice box. (childrens.com)
  • Stem cells from cord blood can be given to more people than those from bone marrow. (acog.org)
  • More matches are possible when a cord blood transplant is used than when a bone marrow transplant is used. (acog.org)
  • In addition, the stem cells in cord blood are less likely to cause rejection than those in bone marrow. (acog.org)
  • It is harder to collect bone marrow than it is to collect cord blood. (acog.org)
  • The outcomes of cord blood transplants have improved over the past 10 years because researchers and clinicians have learned more about dosing cord blood, picking better matches, and giving the patient better supportive care as they go through the transplant," says Joanne Kurtzberg, M.D., director of the pediatric bone marrow and stem cell transplant program at Duke University. (yahoo.com)
  • Leung V, Pugh J, Norton J (2015) Utility of neurophysiology in the diagnosis of tethered cord syndrome. (springer.com)
  • Lew SM, Kothbauer KF (2007) Tethered Cord Syndrome. (springer.com)
  • Sanchez T, John RM (2014) Early identification of tethered cord syndrome: a clinical challenge. (springer.com)
  • Yamada S, Knerium DS, Mandybur GM, Schultz RL, Yamada BS (2004) Pathophysiology of tethered cord syndrome and other complex factors. (springer.com)
  • Yamada S, Won DJ (2007) What is the true tethered cord syndrome? (springer.com)
  • Damage to your spinal cord in your back will result in paraplegia. (spinal.co.uk)
  • Patients suffer paralysis and loss of sensation in their legs (paraplegia) if the lower part of the cord is damaged, or in their arms and legs (quadriplegia) if the injury is in the upper regions of the cord. (encyclopedia.com)
  • What are the causes of Pediatric Tethered Cord? (childrens.com)
  • How is Pediatric Tethered Cord treated? (childrens.com)
  • If your child has a tethered cord, you'll need to find care from a team of specialists in pediatric care, including pediatric urology. (childrens.com)
  • The clinician uses the patient's neurological exam, age, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the spinal cord, and other clinical data to guide the patient and his family on the expected outcome for a specific injury. (spine.org)
  • Stem cells in cord blood can be used to strengthen the immune system during cancer treatments. (acog.org)
  • A disadvantage of cord blood is that it does not contain many stem cells. (acog.org)
  • Some public banks will store cord blood for directed donation if you have a family member who has a disease that could potentially be treated with stem cells. (acog.org)
  • If you have a family member with a disorder that may potentially be treated with stem cells, some private banks will store the cord blood free of charge. (acog.org)
  • Cord blood is rich in stem cells that can morph into all sorts of blood cells, which can be used to treat diseases that harm the blood and immune system, such as leukemia and certain cancers, sickle-cell anemia, and some metabolic disorders. (yahoo.com)
  • Provides information about the science, preservation and use of cord blood stem cells so that new parents can make informed decisions. (dmoztools.net)
  • The Cord Blood Registry provides a blog about the science and usage of newborn stem cells. (dmoztools.net)
  • 1997) Urodynamic findings in the tethered spinal cord syndrome: does surgical release improve bladder function? (springer.com)
  • If the cord compression becomes more severe, it can affect lower muscle functions such as bowel and bladder. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Your child might have weakness in the arms and legs, back pain and problems controlling her bladder because of the tethered cord. (childrens.com)
  • Some infants and children require surgery to repair their tethered cord and to help with bladder control problems. (childrens.com)
  • The tumor may originate in a number of areas and either directly or indirectly put pressure on the cord. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is an obstetrical emergency because the prolapsed cord is vulnerable to compression, umbilical vein occlusion, and umbilical artery vasospasm, which can compromise fetal oxygenation. (uptodate.com)
  • Hoffmann HJ, Hendrick EB, Humphreys RP (1976) The tethered spinal cord: its protean manifestation, diagnosis and surgical correction. (springer.com)
  • With a cord blood donation, the mother's blood is tested for genetic disorders and infections, and the cord blood also is tested after it is collected. (acog.org)
  • But if the cord blood donor is healthy and there is a sibling or another immediate family member who has a genetic condition, the cord blood could be a good match for them. (yahoo.com)
  • The vocal cords are shorter and thinner in women and children, accounting in part for their higher-pitched voices. (britannica.com)
  • In contrast, the nerves that exit the ventral surface (closest to the stomach) of the spinal cord carry information from the spinal cord to the rest of the body. (encyclopedia.com)
  • As the name implies, these tracts begin in the brain and travel down the spinal cord to make connections with neurons in the ventral horn. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The spinal cord is an extension of the brain and is made up of a thick bundle of nerves. (spinal.co.uk)
  • When the spinal cord is damaged, the communication between our brain and the rest of our body is disrupted, resulting in a loss of movement and sensation from below the level of injury. (spinal.co.uk)
  • In short, the spinal cord carries all of the information that enters and exits the brain. (encyclopedia.com)
  • At Duke University, for example, researchers are using patients' own cord blood in trials for cerebral palsy and Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (a condition in which the brain does not receive enough oxygen). (yahoo.com)
  • The spinal cord functions by transmitting ascending impulses to the brain and descending impulses from the brain to the body. (which.net)
  • This pattern is caused by the many axons going up to the brain from all levels of the spinal cord AND there are many axons traveling from the brain down to different segments of the spinal cord. (washington.edu)
  • In lower segments of the spinal cord, there is less white matter because there are fewer axons traveling to and from the brain. (washington.edu)
  • Children born with a serious problem of tethered cord may need surgery as soon as possible to prevent complications. (childrens.com)
  • It is our opinion that early recognition of spinal cord injury and careful management in an intensive care setting can prevent many of the medical complications that are the major source of morbidity and mortality in these patients. (springer.com)
  • Your provider may also perform a laryngoscopy, which involves looking at the vocal cords through a camera attached to a flexible tube. (childrens.com)
  • The 3G Arrow Rear Wheel Drive Power Wheelchair with TrueTrack is a powered wheelchair designed for use by individuals with mobility, neurological, or lower extremity disabilities or spinal cord injury. (abledata.com)
  • The 3rd Hand Small Electronics Mount is an extension arm for wheelchair accessories designed for use by individuals with mobility or neurological disabilities or spinal cord injury. (abledata.com)
  • This condition is closely associated with spina bifida , a birth defect in which the spinal cord does not close properly during fetal development. (childrens.com)
  • Once it arrives at the blood bank, the cord blood is "typed. (acog.org)
  • It's completely free to donate blood to a public cord blood bank, but private banks charge $1,400 to $2,300 for collecting, testing, and registering, plus an annual $95 to $125 storing fee. (yahoo.com)
  • The occult prolapsed cord is also vulnerable to compression and its sequelae. (uptodate.com)
  • Compression of the spinal cord in this region would be known as compression at C7. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Importantly, the first symptom patients usually display prior to actual spinal cord compression is pain, especially pain that is not relieved by lying down, and which has lasted one month or more. (encyclopedia.com)