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  • study
  • This study aimed to objectively verify smoking and drinking behavior during pregnancy and to disclose self-misreporting through maternal hair analysis. (pubfacts.com)
  • head
  • The goal was to identify a paradigm where operant behaviors such as lever presses and nose pokes, as well as other tracked behavior such as licks and head entries, can be used to reliably predict blood alcohol concentration (BAC). (pubfacts.com)
  • Innate
  • These findings add insight into how innate behaviors such as feeding and sleep are integrated and suggest a novel mechanism through which diet-induced obesity during puberty imposes its long-lasting effects on sleep-wake behavior. (jneurosci.org)
  • The first stage, often simply referred to as the "reflex stage," lasts from birth until around 1 month of age, with infants limited to simple automatic "innate" behaviors ( Piaget and Inhelder, 1969 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • behavioral
  • RDoC represents an inherently translational approach, considering psychopathology in terms of dysregulation and dysfunction in fundamental aspects of behavior as established through basic neuroscience and behavioral science research. (nih.gov)
  • Techniques and Basic Experiments for the Study of Brain and Behavior emphasizes the practical aspects of conducting behavioral experiments, illustrates the various fundamental methods with characteristic examples, and provides a thorough description of the techniques. (elsevier.com)
  • Importantly, the present study provides compelling evidence that fat is not addictive, but the way in which fat is consumed can promote long-term behavioral vulnerability to addiction-like behavior . (goodtherapy.org)
  • consumption
  • Temporary inactivation of the basolateral amygdala (BLA), via GABAA agonist muscimol administration prevents increased consumption following intra-Acb opioid administration of the selective μ-opioid agonist D-Ala2, NMe-Phe4, Glyol5-enkephalin (DAMGO), yet leaves food approach behaviors intact, particularly after consumption has ended. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • mechanisms
  • Because all NE innervation of the PVN and approximately 50% of the NPY innervation arises from hindbrain NE and NPY neurons, the findings from this study are in agreement with other studies suggesting that the circuitry for consummatory ingestive responses is controlled in part by hindbrain mechanisms. (wsu.edu)
  • Given that central mechanisms may mediate the reinitiation of sexual behavior characteristic of the Coolidge effect, a likely candidate is the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system, projecting from the ventral tegmental area to the NAC. (jneurosci.org)
  • exposure
  • Self-administration sessions were then reinstituted, and a fixed time (FT) schedule of 10% ethanol access was used to assess the effects of ethanol exposure and NPY on lever pressing and drinking behavior. (diva-portal.org)
  • There is also evidence that, in some situations, greater experience with nutritive fluids and, thus more exposure to their postingestive consequences, can further alter behavior ( 2 , 10 ). (physiology.org)
  • cognitive
  • Early-life obesity predisposes to obesity in adulthood, a condition with broad medical implications including sleep disorders, which can exacerbate metabolic disturbances and disrupt cognitive and affective behaviors. (jneurosci.org)
  • Sexual
  • The Coolidge effect describes the reinitiation of sexual behavior in a "sexually satiated" animal in response to a novel receptive mate. (jneurosci.org)
  • Given the role of the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system in the initiation and maintenance of motivated behavior, microdialysis was used to monitor nucleus accumbens (NAC) DA transmission during copulation, sexual satiety, and the reinitiation of sexual behavior. (jneurosci.org)
  • There are, however, relatively few data on the neurochemical correlates of sexual satiation and the reinitiation of sexual behavior. (jneurosci.org)
  • A microdialysis experiment was conducted to determine the following: (1) whether the onset of sexual satiety is accompanied by the return of extracellular DA concentrations in the NAC to precopulation values or below, and (2) whether the reinstatement of copulatory behavior in a "sexually satiated" male rat with a novel receptive female is correlated with increases in NAC DA efflux. (jneurosci.org)
  • circuits
  • The major RDoC framework consists of a matrix where the rows represent specified functional Constructs , concepts summarizing data about a specified functional dimension of behavior, characterized in aggregate by the genes, molecules, circuits, etc., responsible for it. (nih.gov)
  • Effects
  • The present paper reviews the responsiveness of different animal species to opiates in relation to ingestive behaviors, the opioid receptors involved in such consummatory behaviors, the site of action of opioid modulation of feeding, the role of glucose in opioid induced feeding, and endocrine effects on opioid feeding systems. (nih.gov)
  • known
  • Since the second decade of this century it has been known that opiates can influence ingestive behaviors. (nih.gov)
  • The second stage, known as "primary circular reactions," occurs approximately between 1 and 4 months and sees the infant's behavior begin to incorporate, repeat, and refine reflex behaviors focused on their own bodies. (frontiersin.org)
  • Stimuli that are naturally pleasurable, and therefore attractive, are known as intrinsic rewards , whereas stimuli that are attractive and motivate approach behavior, but are not inherently pleasurable, are termed extrinsic rewards . (wikipedia.org)
  • While that may be true, noted Robert Swift, professor of psychiatry and human behavior at Brown University Medical School, little is known about coffee's role vis-à-vis abstinence, whether drinking coffee makes it easier or harder to stay sober. (eurekalert.org)
  • Study
  • The present study explored the role of the amygdala in mediating a unique pattern of feeding behavior driven by intra-accumbens (intra-Acb) opioid activation in the rat. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • This study aimed to objectively verify smoking and drinking behavior during pregnancy and to disclose self-misreporting through maternal hair analysis. (pubfacts.com)
  • treatment
  • Likewise, MDMA administration every other day for approximately 3 weeks elevated autonomic activity (i.e., salivation) and 5-HT syndrome behaviors evoked by the treatment ( Spanos and Yamamoto, 1989 ). (aspetjournals.org)