• Etiology of acute conjunctivitis due to coxsackievirus A24 variant, human adenovirus, herpes simplex virus, and Chlamydia in Beijing, China. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A combination topical agent that contains betadine and low-dose dexamethasone is currently in confirmatory phase III clinical trials as a broad-spectrum agent for the treatment of adenovirus, HSV, VZV, and other forms of infectious conjunctivitis. (medscape.com)
  • Viral conjunctivitis is usually caused by adenovirus, but can also be caused by other viruses such as herpes simplex virus (HSV). (healio.com)
  • Human adenovirus (HAdV)-associated acute conjunctivitis is a common infectious disease and causes significant morbidity among residents in Beijing, China. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While all of these symptoms are common to many viral infections, if they are accompanied by conjunctivitis, adenovirus infection becomes a much more likely candidate for the cause of infection. (stanford.edu)
  • Conjunctivitis caused by adenovirus infection is a more serious manifestation of the virus. (stanford.edu)
  • Enteroviral myocarditis can present as acute myocardial infarction associated with arrhythmias and heart failure. (medscape.com)
  • Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for enteroviral RNA from acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis cases. (cdc.gov)
  • Characterization of an Outbreak of Acute Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis in Mexico, 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • Outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis in French Guiana and West Indies caused by coxsackievirus A24 variant: phylogenetic analysis reveals Asian import. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis occurred in Delhi, India, during August and September 1996, The etiologic agent was confirmed as enterovirus type 70 by a modified centrifugation-enhanced culture method followed by immunofluorescence and neutralization tests. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Phylogenetic analyses of the 14 isolates of coxsackievirus A24 variant (CA24v) from the South Korean outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, summer 2002. (cdc.gov)
  • An outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) occurred in Rio de Janeiro in 2004. (cdc.gov)
  • An outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis occurred in Delhi, India, during August and September 1996. (elsevier.com)
  • During October 2010, Egypt reported an outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractDuring September 2010, an outbreak of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis reemerged in Jiangsu, three years after the nationwide epidemic in China in 2007. (duhnnae.com)
  • Application of Susceptible-Infected-Recovered model in dealing with an outbreak of acute hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis on one school campus," Chinese Journal of Epidemiology , vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 830-833, 2011 (Chinese). (hindawi.com)
  • An outbreak of Acute Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis (AHC) developed in the state of Colima, Mexico during the period of September-November, 2003. (harvard.edu)
  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) is an epidemic form of highly contagious conjunctivitis and is characterized by sudden onset of painful, swollen, red eyes, with conjunctival hemorrhaging and excessive tearing. (cdc.gov)
  • One adult in each household was asked whether any members of the household had developed conjunctivitis (defined as the onset of redness, tearing, swelling, itching, and/or burning around one or both eyes of at least 1 day's duration) within the preceding 8 weeks. (cdc.gov)
  • Acute Haemmorrhagic Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva of sudden onset. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis causes the rapid onset of conjunctival redness, swelling of the eyelid, and a sticky discharge. (wikipedia.org)
  • In rare instances, a neurological illness that resembles acute poliomyelitis follows, usually within several weeks of the onset of the conjunctivitis ( 13 ), suggesting that the tissue tropism of EV70 also includes the central nervous system (CNS). (asm.org)
  • The onset of acute fatal disease (feline infectious peritonitis) is caused by pantropic variants (able to disseminate throughout the organism) of enteric FCoVs with deletions or recombinations in the 3c and 7b genes at the 3' end of the FCoV genome (4). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • To estimate the number of secondary cases generated by a primary case of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis using epidemic curve data and report on the relative frequency of the symptoms presented, the spatial, the age-specific incidence, and the time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis distributions. (harvard.edu)
  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis is a rarely seen form of conjunctivitis which is highly infectious and is typified by a sudden onset of symptoms. (simple-remedies.com)
  • The sudden onset of purpuric skin lesions, mild fever, and tender edema of the hands, feet, or face, with a history of a recent viral or bacterial infection, especially within the last 7-15 days, new medication usage, or vaccination in an otherwise healthy and well child suggests the diagnosis of acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy (AHEI). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Dr. Lee and Salim Rezaie, MD, delve into the case of a 73-year-old woman with acute onset of thoracic back pain. (lww.com)
  • Dr. Lee and Greg Henry, MD, discuss a 66-year-old man with diabetes, hypertension, and afib who presented with acute onset of vision problems. (lww.com)
  • This study strongly suggests that coxsackievirus A24 variant was associated with the acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis outbreak reported in Egypt in October 2010. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In conclusion, our study suggests that a new cluster of coxsackievirus A24 variant that had already evolved into diverse strains was associated with the acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis outbreaks in Jiangsu in September 2010. (duhnnae.com)
  • The picornaviruses coxsackievirus A24 variant (CVA24v) and enterovirus 70 (EV70) cause continued outbreaks and pandemics of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC), a highly contagious eye disease against which neither vaccines nor antiviral drugs are currently available. (ebscohost.com)
  • Phylogenetic analysis of CA24 strains isolated during the acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis outbreaks in Rio de Janeiro in 2003 and 2004. (cdc.gov)
  • Other viral causes of conjunctivitis generally are self-limited and treated supportively with cool or warm compresses for comfort, topical antihistamines to limit redness and itching, chilled artificial tears for comfort, and topical antibiotics as necessary to prevent bacterial superinfection. (medscape.com)
  • Common bacteria responsible for nonacute bacterial conjunctivitis are Staphylococcus , Streptococcus , [5] and Haemophilus species. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Study to Determine if BOL-303224 is Safe and Effective in the Treatment of Bacterial Conjunctivitis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This is a study to investigate a novel drug candidate for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • While acute bacterial meningitis is becoming less common in developed countries because of the widespread use of vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitides, and Haemophilus infl. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The purpose of the study is to determine whether AL-15469A is safe and effective in the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • However, patients with NLD obstruction present with less conjunctival injection than patients with bacterial conjunctivitis. (healio.com)
  • This is another way to differentiate allergic conjunctivitis from other forms, as recurrences within a short period of time are unlikely with bacterial or viral conjunctivitis. (healio.com)
  • Would you see follicles or papillae with bacterial conjunctivitis? (brainscape.com)
  • In more serious cases of bacterial conjunctivitis, broad spectrum topical antibiotics can be used. (brainscape.com)
  • Local ophthalmologists considered the symptoms characteristic of viral acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC). (cdc.gov)
  • Moreover, these viruses can cause symptoms in the cornea, upper respiratory tract, and neurological impairments such as acute flaccid paralysis. (ebscohost.com)
  • Clinical symptoms were initially observed in 3 miniature pinschers (45 days of age) and 1 cocker spaniel (53 days of age) and consisted of fever (39.5[degrees]C-40[degrees]C), lethargy, inappetence, vomiting, hemorrhagic diarrhea, and neurologic signs (ataxia, seizures) with death after 2 days. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Therefore, pediatricians must be aware of the clinical signs and symptoms that can provide a differential diagnosis of conjunctivitis, so that it can be properly treated. (healio.com)
  • Allergic conjunctivitis has a protracted course, with the severity of symptoms waxing and waning throughout the allergy season. (healio.com)
  • Emadine is a prescription medication used to temporarily treat the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. (rxwiki.com)
  • We analyzed 886 cases of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis for which clinical symptoms were fully recorded by public health clinics of the Mexican Institute of Public Health (IMSS) in the state of Colima, Mexico during the period of September - November 2003. (harvard.edu)
  • Resumo em inglês PURPOSE: To describe four cases of conjunctivitis presumably due to Acanthamoeba considering diagnosis, signs, symptoms and treatment. (worldwidescience.org)
  • Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common disease especially in early childhood, and yet the knowledge of the symptoms of AOM remains scarce. (aappublications.org)
  • The diagnostic definition of AOM includes acute symptoms. (aappublications.org)
  • This ' acute flaccid paralysis ' has been tentatively associated with Enterovirus D-68. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The focus of this review is on enterovirus (EV)-associated acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) due to spinal cord anterior horn cell disease. (springer.com)
  • Differential diagnosis of acute flaccid paralysis and its role in poliomyelitis surveillance. (springer.com)
  • It is an acute febrile illness characterized by aseptic meningitis and weakness or paralysis of one or more extremities, along with weakness of one or more muscle groups. (medscape.com)
  • This is why the organism is tian Papyrus literature dating back to the 16th Cen- sometimes called the TRIC agent, short for tury B.C.[1] and even earlier records in the Chinese Trachoma Inclusion Conjunctivitis agent. (who.int)
  • Enteroviruses appear to be the most common viral cause of myopericarditis and account for at least half of all cases of acute myopericarditis. (medscape.com)
  • The serotypes that cause conjunctivitis infections can be transmitted in swimming pools with insufficient chlorination or from eye equipment that has not been properly sterilized. (stanford.edu)
  • Overall, 33.5% of antibiotics were prescribed for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) for which antibiotics are often not indicated. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • A common form of the condition that occurs every rainy season is the seasonal conjunctivitis popularly referred to as "Apollo" by West Africans because the reports of its first epidermic in Accra coincided with the Apollo 11 moon landing. (wikipedia.org)
  • He said washing of the eyes with clean water is also important to guard against acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis, popularly known as apollo. (sunnewsonline.com)
  • Conjunctivitis, Acute is a topic covered in the 5-Minute Clinical Consult . (unboundmedicine.com)
  • A large proportion (8.6% - 22.1%) of patients receiving dupilumab for atopic dermatitis (AD) in clinical trials develops conjunctivitis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Clinical aspects of acute poliomyelitis. (springer.com)
  • Acute flaccid myelitis: a clinical review of US cases 2012-2015. (springer.com)
  • Because antimicrobial cultures take time and are not always accurate, the diagnosis and treatment of conjunctivitis are often based on the physician's knowledge regarding the current literature on likely pathogens and clinical experience. (healio.com)
  • gonococcal conjunctivitis ( gonorrheal conjunctivitis ) a severe form caused by infection with gonococci, marked by greatly swollen conjunctivae and eyelids with a profuse purulent discharge. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Conjunctivitis due to common pus-producing bacteria causes marked grittiness or irritation and a stringy, opaque, greyish or yellowish discharge that may cause the lids to stick together, especially after sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious and is characterized by watery discharge. (healio.com)
  • It can also be a subacute disease with nasal and ocular discharge, tracheitis, conjunctivitis, and mild rales. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • A recent epidemic of acute conjunctivitis in Singapore showed again the importance of Coxsackie virus type A24 variant as a causative agent of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC). (bmj.com)
  • Christopher S , John J , Charles V , Ray S . Coxsackie virus A24 variant EH 24/70 and enterovirus type 70 in an epidemic of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis-a preliminary report. (cdc.gov)
  • Broor S , Kishore J , Dogra V , Satapathy G , Seth P . An epidemic of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis caused by Coxsackie A24 variant. (cdc.gov)
  • Conjunctivitis , also known as pink eye , is inflammation of the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid . (wikipedia.org)
  • Except in obvious pyogenic or toxic/chemical conjunctivitis, a slit lamp (biomicroscope) is needed to confirm the diagnosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Making a definitive diagnosis for a pediatric patient presenting with conjunctivitis can be difficult. (healio.com)
  • NLD obstruction is always in the differential diagnosis for conjunctivitis during the first year of life. (healio.com)
  • Factors associated with broad-spectrum prescribing included older patient age, specialty pulmonologists or otorhinolaryngologists, training in eastern Europe, diagnosis of ARTI, acute diagnosis, and first episode of disease. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) is a highly contagious eye disease, which appeared for the first time in Africa in 1969. (scielo.br)
  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis is a common disease in China. (semanticscholar.org)
  • For conjunctivitis associated with molluscum contagiosum, disease will persist until the skin lesion is treated. (medscape.com)
  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) is a highly contagious, epidemic, eye disease characterized by eyelid swelling, tearing, and conjunctival hemorrhages. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) is a quite common communicable disease in many Chinese cities. (hindawi.com)
  • Infective conjunctivitis and corneal scarring in three brothers with sex linked hypogammaglobulinaemia (Bruton's disease). (bmj.com)
  • From July to October during 2011-2013, a total of 18 hospitals out of 113 tertiary hospitals and 155 secondary hospitals from 18 districts in Beijing were selected to participate in the acute conjunctivitis surveillance program which was designed and managed by Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) is a highly communicable disease typical of tropical, coastal cities. (harvard.edu)
  • Microscopically, the acute phase of the severe form of the disease is characterized by a desquamative, necrotizing tracheitis and conjunctivitis. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • The mild forms of the disease are characterized by discrete hemorrhagic areas in the upper trachea and larynx and mild conjunctivitis. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Human enteroviruses have been implicated in a variety of human diseases, including the common cold, hand foot and mouth disease, acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, myocarditis, encephalitis, and poliomyelitis. (frontiersin.org)
  • acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis a highly contagious form due to infection with enteroviruses. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Unlike the majority of human enteroviruses, EV70 apparently does not replicate in the enteric tract but rather is primarily associated with an infection of the eye commonly referred to as acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) (for a review, see reference 49 ). (asm.org)
  • From January to April 2015, Réunion experienced a major outbreak of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) caused by coxsackievirus A24, which heavily impacted the healthcare system. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Kono R , Miyamura K , Tajiri E , Shiga S , Sasagawa A , Irani PF , Neurological complications associated with acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis virus infection and its serological confirmation. (cdc.gov)
  • Chatterjee S , Quarcoopome CO , Apenteng A . Unusual type of conjunctivitis in Ghana. (cdc.gov)
  • Kono R , Sasagawa A , Ishii K , Sugiura S , Ochi M , Matsumiya H , Pandemic of new type of conjunctivitis. (cdc.gov)
  • Interestingly, our isolates shared greatest homology with the GIV-C4 strains, not with the isolates that were responsible for the nationwide acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis epidemic in China in 2007. (duhnnae.com)
  • Three strains were obtained from conjunctival and two from throat swabs of patients with mild to severe conjunctivitis. (bmj.com)
  • Fever (≥38°C) occurred in 54% and 36% ( P = .006) and severe conjunctivitis in 16% and 44% ( P = .047) of children with bilateral and unilateral AOM, respectively. (aappublications.org)
  • Treatment of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis is supportive, as in adenoviral infection, and includes bed rest, cold compresses, and analgesics. (medscape.com)
  • Viral conjunctivitis is often associated with an infection of the upper respiratory tract, a common cold, or a sore throat. (wikipedia.org)
  • In symptomatic employees, lower palpebral swab samples were obtained, if conjunctivitis was present and throat swab sample was obtained, if upper respiratory infection was present. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an acute, highly contagious, herpesvirus infection of chickens and pheasants characterized by severe dyspnea, coughing, and rales. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • Human enterovirus 109: a novel interspecies recombinant enterovirus isolated from a case of acute pediatric respiratory illness in Nicaragua. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Conjunctivitis in the pediatric patient can be mimicked by nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction and caused by allergies, bacteria, and viruses. (healio.com)
  • We estimate the number of secondary cases generated by a primary infectious case of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) to be approximately 4. (harvard.edu)
  • Kishore J , Manjunath N , Bareja U , Verma LK , Broor S , Seth P . Study of an outbreak of epidemic conjunctivitis in Delhi in 1986. (cdc.gov)
  • An epidemic of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis affecting persons of all ages and both sexes occurred in Delhi and surrounding areas during the monsoon season of 1994. (ijo.in)
  • A study by Wilkins et al focused on whether topical steroids improve the comfort of patients compared with hypromellose in acute presumed viral conjunctivitis. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with conjunctivitis caused by HSV usually are treated with topical antiviral agents, including ganciclovir gel, idoxuridine solution and ointment, vidarabine ointment, and trifluridine solution. (medscape.com)
  • This is a prospective study that aimed to observe the therapeutic effects of minor salivary gland transplantation for cicatrizing conjunctivitis patients. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No.3 (NAMRU-3) was contacted by the Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population to perform diagnostic laboratory testing on eighteen conjunctival swabs from patients with conjunctivitis from El Daqahliya Governorate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients with herpetic conjunctivitis may complain of severe pain. (healio.com)
  • Patients with conjunctivitis thought to be caused by HSV should always be referred to an ophthalmologist. (healio.com)
  • Two patients using hydrogel contact lenses on a daily wear schedule slept overnight with the lenses and woke up with a Contact Lens Induced Acute Red Eye (CLARE). (ijo.in)
  • A peak of patients with conjunctivitis was detected in the first 15 days of March (week 10 and 11), coinciding with increased eye drop sales on the island. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Pal SR , Szucs Gy , Melnick JL, Kaiwar R , Bharadwaj G , Singh R , . Immunofluorescence test for the epidemiological monitoring of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis cases. (cdc.gov)
  • During August--October 2003, health-care providers reported 51,850 cases of conjunctivitis. (cdc.gov)
  • Immediately thereafter, health authorities on St. Croix (1998 population: approximately 50,000) became aware of increased numbers of cases of conjunctivitis. (cdc.gov)
  • During September, one of the two public health clinics on the island recorded 88 cases of conjunctivitis, compared with three cases during August. (cdc.gov)
  • Approximately 10% of households reported at least one case of conjunctivitis, and cases were distributed widely across the island. (cdc.gov)
  • Corticosteroids, sometimes used as palliative care in cases of viral conjunctivitis caused by other viruses, are contraindicated in conjunctivitis caused by HSV. (healio.com)
  • Of 876 conjunctivitis cases, 349 (39.8%) were HAdV positive. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The median number of clinically diagnosed acute conjunctivitis cases at enrolled hospitals in July, August, September and October was 25.0 (IQR: 18.3-65.0), 27.5 (IQR: 15.8-61.8), 25.5 (IQR: 9-49.5) and 19.5 (IQR: 10-39.8), respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Aseptic meningitis in infants younger than 2 years of age: acute illness and neurologic complications. (medscape.com)