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  • solute
  • Unless two substances are fully miscible there exists a concentration at which no further solute will dissolve in a solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • The terms are related in that they both compare the solute concentrations of two solutions separated by a membrane. (wikipedia.org)
  • ca is the (anhydrous) solute concentration in g/ml - not to be confused with the density of dried plasma According to IUPAC, osmolality is the quotient of the negative natural logarithm of the rational activity of water and the molar mass of water, whereas osmolarity is the product of the osmolality and the mass density of water (also known as osmotic concentration). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the cases of gas separations, pervaporation, membrane distillation, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, and microfiltration separations, the concentration profile has a higher level of solute nearest to the upstream membrane surface compared with the more or less well mixed bulk fluid far from the membrane surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normality
  • There are three common areas where normality is used as a measure of reactive species in solution: In acid-base chemistry, normality is used to express the concentration of hydronium ions (H3O+) or hydroxide ions (OH−) in a solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since only 0.5 mol of H2SO4 are needed to neutralize 1 mol of OH−, the equivalence factor is: feq(H2SO4) = 0.5 If the concentration of a sulfuric acid solution is c(H2SO4) = 1 mol/L, then its normality is 2 N. It can also be called a "2 normal" solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normality is an ambiguous measure of the concentration of a solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Majors
  • Concentrations are not majors and are not required to earn the Liberal Arts/ Humanities and Social Sciences degree. (cayuga-cc.edu)
  • This concentration is designed for students who plan to transfer into Theatre programs at four-year colleges and universities, students who wish to transfer as English majors or other liberal arts majors, and students who are interested in obtaining practice in working in theater as actors, directors, and technicians. (cayuga-cc.edu)
  • refers
  • The term concentration can be applied to any kind of chemical mixture, but most frequently it refers to solutes and solvents in solutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retail concentration refers to the market-share generally belonging to the top 4 or 5 mass distribution firms present in a regional market, as a percentage of the total. (wikipedia.org)
  • In United States agricultural regulation, packer concentration refers to the degree to which a few large firms dominate total sales within segments of the meat packing industry, which, some farmers and other critics contend, can cause or at least contribute to lower prices for their animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally
  • The MBA Concentration in Accounting Principles introduces students to generally accepted accounting standards (GAAP), financial statements, regulatory and reporting requirements, and compliance issues. (suffolk.edu)
  • Concentration courses should generally be advanced courses in a discipline, which is interpreted as a course numbered 300 and above or a course having prerequisites of other courses in that department. (udel.edu)
  • Generally, to reduce the concentration polarization, increased flow rates of the solutions between the membranes as well as spacers promoting turbulence are applied [5, (wikipedia.org)
  • equivalent
  • Or alternatively, patronage concentration is the micro equivalent of market share. (wikipedia.org)
  • Normal concentration of an ionic solution is intrinsically connected to the conductivity (electrolytic) through the equivalent conductivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • A concentration parameter of 1 (or k, the dimension of the Dirichlet distribution, by the definition used in the topic modelling literature) results in all sets of probabilities being equally likely, i.e. in this case the Dirichlet distribution of dimension k is equivalent to a uniform distribution over a k-1-dimensional simplex. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • Market concentration (considering the upper and lower tails) A more refined form, which calculates the percentage of last 4/ competitors on the first 4/5. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bachelor
  • In support of that, courses taken toward the major or minor in the other department can often be used as part of the concentration requirement for a Bachelor of Science in computer science. (udel.edu)
  • different
  • The relative caries preventive effects of fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations increase with higher fluoride concentration. (cochrane.org)
  • To determine the relative effectiveness of fluoride toothpastes of different concentrations in preventing dental caries in children and adolescents, and to examine the potentially modifying effects of baseline caries level and supervised toothbrushing. (cochrane.org)
  • Randomised controlled trials and cluster-randomised controlled trials comparing fluoride toothpaste with placebo or fluoride toothpaste of a different concentration in children up to 16 years of age with a follow-up period of at least 1 year. (cochrane.org)
  • A concentration with the same or similar title could have different courses in it and a different rationale. (udel.edu)
  • Students
  • Also students who study abroad can ask to count courses taken abroad toward their concentration. (lsu.edu)
  • The 15 credit IS Concentration - Digital Innovation option gives students knowledge and skills to navigate the digital economy. (mcgill.ca)
  • The Environmental Sustainability concentration will provide students with the tools to become sustainability leaders, and students working in this concentration are challenged to recognize points of integration and points of tension between the needs of the planet and all its inhabitants and ecosystems, as well as the demands of business and economic growth. (babson.edu)
  • This concentration is designed for students who plan to transfer into Music programs at four-year colleges and universities. (cayuga-cc.edu)
  • Students in this concentration experience varied writing classes in order to understand fundamental differences between writing disciplines and/or to help select writing programs upon transfer. (cayuga-cc.edu)
  • define
  • Regulations that define and limit the concentration of pollutants in the ambient air or in gaseous emissions to the ambient air are issued by various national and state (or provincial) environmental protection and occupational health and safety agencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of multivariate Dirichlet distributions, there is some confusion over how to define the concentration parameter. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically
  • When antitrust agencies are evaluating a potential violation of competition laws, they will typically make a determination of the relevant market and attempt to measure market concentration within the relevant market. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • Meta-analyses have found that exercise results in small but significant decreases of low-density-lipoprotein- and total cholesterol (2), and that smoking is associated with a small, but significant higher concentration of these lipids (3). (bmj.com)
  • The higher cholesterol concentration of the physically inactive, smoking and stressed individual may just be an innocent bystander telling that something is wrong. (bmj.com)
  • There are game theoretic models of market interaction (e.g. among oligopolists) that predict that an increase in market concentration will result in higher prices and lower consumer welfare even when collusion in the sense of cartelization (i.e. explicit collusion) is absent. (wikipedia.org)
  • content
  • Some express the concentrations as ppmv (parts per million by volume) and some express the concentrations as mg/m3 (milligrams per cubic meter), while others require adjusting or correcting the concentrations to reference conditions of moisture content, oxygen content or carbon dioxide content. (wikipedia.org)
  • focuses
  • Lastly, one of the most influential crime concentration theories is the Crime Place Theory because it focuses on criminal events on specific locations rather than a large view at the high crime density area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concentration in Europe focuses on the history, politics, art, and literature of the countries of modern Europe. (lsu.edu)
  • strongly
  • Systems that can be strongly influenced by the dynamics of preferential concentration are aerosol production of fine powders, spray, emulsifier, and crystallization reactors, pneumatic devices, cloud droplet formation, aerosol transport in the upper atmosphere, and even planet formation from protoplanetary nebula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concentration polarization strongly affects the performance of the separation process. (wikipedia.org)
  • frequent
  • Once these thresholds are set, they are managed by frequent and diligent reporting to assess concentration areas and identify elevated thresholds. (wikipedia.org)
  • various
  • In economics, market concentration is a criterion that can be used to rank order various distributions of firms' shares of the total production (alternatively, total capacity or total reserves) in a market. (wikipedia.org)
  • course
  • They may also elect to use a research project for course or concentration credit by arranging an Independent Study course . (brown.edu)
  • Note: Course offerings will vary from semester to semester, and there are invariably new courses or special topics classes which are applicable to this concentration but do not appear on the list below. (lsu.edu)
  • Check out the Course Listings for more information about specific requirements and course options within each concentration. (goshen.edu)
  • make
  • A single or a conjunction of crime concentrations within a study area can make up a crime hotspot. (wikipedia.org)
  • Opening the album is the industrial rock influenced, "Concentration 20 (make you alright). (wikipedia.org)
  • Poet, lapsed Catholic and conscientious objector Louis Sacchetti is sent to a secret military installation called Camp Archimedes, where military prisoners are injected with a form of syphilis intended to make them geniuses (hence the punning reference to "concentration" in the novel's title). (wikipedia.org)
  • degree
  • Whether you want to develop a new expertise, position yourself for a promotion, or prepare to re-enter the job market, the Suffolk MBA concentrations allow you to tailor your degree to your career goals. (suffolk.edu)
  • Within an A.A. degree this concentration requires a minimum of three writing courses beyond English 101 and 102 totaling 9-13 credits. (cayuga-cc.edu)
  • As an economic tool market concentration is useful because it reflects the degree of competition in the market. (wikipedia.org)
  • mass
  • Force concentration became integral to the Prussian military operational doctrine of the mass of decision, which aimed to cause disproportionate losses on the enemy and therefore destroy the enemy's ability to fight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meanwhile, in the limit as the concentration parameter tends towards zero, only distributions with nearly all mass concentrated on one of their components are likely (the distribution over distributions is highly peaked around the k possible Dirac delta distributions centered on one of the components, or in terms of the k-dimensional simplex, is highly peaked at corners of the simplex). (wikipedia.org)
  • market
  • In economics, market concentration is a function of the number of firms and their respective shares of the total production (alternatively, total capacity or total reserves) in a market. (wikipedia.org)
  • Market concentration is related to industrial concentration, which concerns the distribution of production within an industry, as opposed to a market. (wikipedia.org)
  • In industrial organization, market concentration may be used as a measure of competition, theorized to be positively related to the rate of profit in the industry, for example in the work of Joe S. Bain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tirole (1988, p. 247) notes that: Bain's (1956) original concern with market concentration was based on an intuitive relationship between high concentration and collusion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Section 1 of the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission's Horizontal Merger Guidelines is entitled "Market Definition, Measurement and Concentration. (wikipedia.org)
  • A simple measure of market concentration is 1/N where N is the number of firms in the market. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any criterion that can be used to compare or rank distributions (e.g. probability distribution, frequency distribution or size distribution) can be used as a market concentration criterion. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this first case, where there is a linear distribution of market share among players, the HHI scores at 0,121 (considered a moderate concentration indicator) 2 scenario: 14% *5 (top 5 players =70%, having equal market share), the remaining, each equalling 3% (3%*10). (wikipedia.org)
  • credits
  • The 12 credits in the concentration are intended to develop a student's knowledge in computer science and/or its relationships to other areas. (udel.edu)
  • and then select any 12 credits from the courses below to complete their concentration. (babson.edu)
  • high
  • Preferential concentration is the tendency of dense particles in a turbulent fluid to cluster in regions of high strain (low vorticity) due to their inertia. (wikipedia.org)
  • term
  • Furthermore, too much concentration means squeezing the price of industry and of agriculture, which can lead to outsourcing food from anywhere it can cost less, without a truly long term impact assessment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patronage concentration is a term used in marketing and retailing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concentration risk is a banking term denoting the overall spread of a bank's outstanding accounts over the number or variety of debtors to whom the bank has lent money. (wikipedia.org)
  • order
  • In order to complete a Concentration, the student must achieve a grade of C or better in all the courses that comprise the Concentration. (mcgill.ca)
  • Concentration inequalities can be sorted according to how much information about the random variable is needed in order to use them. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a chemical species participating in an electrochemical electrode reaction is in short supply, the concentration of this species at the surface decreases causing diffusion, which is added to the migration transport towards the surface in order to maintain the balance of consumption and delivery of that species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Courses
  • A concentration is a coherent group of advanced courses that integrates computer science with your specific career goals. (udel.edu)
  • Concentration courses must be distinct from courses taken to satisfy other CISC requirements. (udel.edu)
  • What courses are eligible for a concentration? (udel.edu)
  • Approval of a concentration is dependent on the coherence among the courses and the rationale for the concentration as being relevant to the student's career goals in computer science and the other courses selected by the student as technical electives. (udel.edu)
  • A student interested in a business career might choose a concentration consisting of courses from the Alfred Lerner College of Business and Economics leading to a minor in Business Administration. (udel.edu)
  • The approval is dependent on the coherence among the courses as established by the rationale for the concentration. (udel.edu)
  • On the other hand, a student who is interested in educational technology might have a concentration consisting of some courses from the CIS department and some courses from the College of Education and Human Development. (udel.edu)
  • Note that concentrations will not be approved just because a student wants to take courses in some other department - the concentration must be relevant to the student's career goals for his or her computer science major. (udel.edu)
  • For the BS in CIS concentration in Artificial Intelligence, a choice of 4 of the following courses would likely meet your advisor's approval. (udel.edu)
  • other courses may fit equally well into this concentration. (udel.edu)
  • Concentration in Music courses. (cayuga-cc.edu)
  • known
  • Concentration, also known as Match Match, Match Up, Memory, Pelmanism, Shinkei-suijaku, Pexeso or simply Pairs, is a card game in which all of the cards are laid face down on a surface and two cards are flipped face up over each turn. (wikipedia.org)