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  • toxins
  • Friendly bacteria protect us from disease-causing bacteria and they help digest our food.They break down environmental toxins and manufacture essential nutrients like vitamins and short chain fatty acids. (wisdom-magazine.com)
  • Defense by plant toxins in milkweed bugs (Heteroptera: Lygaeinae) through the evolution of a sophisticated storage compartment. (uni-hamburg.de)
  • Despite sequestration of toxins being a common coevolutionary response to plant defence in phytophagous insects, the macroevolution of the traits involved is largely unaddressed. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • From the insects' perspective, diet specialization, resistance to plant toxins, sequestration of these toxins and aposematic coloration may often be coupled as an adaptive strategy [ 1 , 2 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Yet, quite remarkably, we have little understanding of the macroevolution of such strategies and how interacting traits facilitate tolerance and sequestration of host plant toxins. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Plant toxins are sequestered by many animals and the toxicity is frequently advertised by aposematic displays to deter potential predators. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • vegetables
  • The study is part of Plant & Food Research's Food Innovation science platform that focuses on discovering the natural goodness in fruit, vegetables, grains and seafood and using this knowledge to develop fresh whole foods, ingredients and food concepts. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • New Zealand is well known for its quality fresh produce and I am quietly confident our understanding of natural compounds in fruit, vegetables, grains and seafood has good potential for food and beverage companies. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • Most vegetables contain only moderate amounts of sugar and acid, and these are quickly used up by the plant cells after harvest. (dailycamera.com)
  • Plant breeding, over the years, has sought to mellow vegetables to the point of blandness, but the best varieties retain a subtle balance of sweet and bitter, or sweet and tart. (dailycamera.com)
  • For starters, eat some of your foods cooked (e.g. leafy green vegetables), sprouted (e.g. breads, grains and legumes) and fermented (e.g. tempeh), since these preparation methods release iron from phytates. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • intake
  • Food intake was strictly standardized and venous blood for CRP, and sVCAM-1 analysis was sampled at standardized timepoints during the first 3.5 h after breakfast and once 24 h later. (uio.no)
  • cultivars
  • Most are cylindrical, but some cultivars have a more bulbous shape, which generally tends to be favored by food processors as it is more resistant to breakage. (rug.nl)
  • organic
  • Buy the organic varieties of these foods(and any products that contain them as ingredients) or avoid them all together. (wisdom-magazine.com)
  • Pesticides also alter our microbiome and,like GM foods, the only way to avoid them is to eat organic. (wisdom-magazine.com)
  • One claim made by a number of raw "experts" is that "cooking makes all minerals inorganic," i.e., cooking converts all the (organic) minerals in food into an inorganic form. (beyondveg.com)
  • will cause chemical changes to any/all organic molecules (present in the food) that include or are chemically bound to minerals, such that all the minerals in the organic compound(s) are converted into inorganic form (i.e., inorganic compounds and/or free ions). (beyondveg.com)
  • minerals
  • They are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals and bioactive plant compounds, but they also contain some sugar. (healthline.com)
  • Tapioca is often chemically modified before formulation in food products and as such, presents a threat to health by binding essential minerals that play key roles in many critical enzyme systems, and also producing the disease, parakeratosis. (wysong.net)
  • potentially
  • The compound has potent anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-cancer properties through a variety of pathways and it has also been shown to synergize with Taxol in its anti-cancer properties, making it potentially a very important anti-cancer phytonutrient as taxol resistance is a major problem for cancer patients worldwide. (encognitive.com)
  • grains
  • In pet food kibbles, the "no grains" claim is almost assuredly made to imply that the grains have been replaced by a superior ingredient. (wysong.net)
  • However, the idea that ridding the food of grains creates a superior product is not supported by the facts. (wysong.net)
  • metabolism
  • Moreover, the microbial metabolism of phenolic compounds results in a large array of new metabolites through different bioconversion pathways such as glycosylation, deglycosylation, ring cleavage, methylation, glucuronidation and sulfate conjugation, depending on the microbial strains and substrates used. (mdpi.com)
  • oligosaccharides
  • Maple sap is a good source of oligosaccharides and can be used as a good carbon source for the good bacteria (eg-lactobacilli) in our gut that help digest our food and strengthen our digestive system. (curejoy.com)
  • Chemical
  • In fact, hydrogen cyanide is a chemical warfare agent and was used in Germany's gas chambers and is used for execution today in the U.S. The toxicity is dose dependent and therefore animals or humans fed a steady diet of any food that yields hydrogen cyanide are at risk. (wysong.net)
  • Nutrition
  • The findings are published in the journal Molecular Nutrition and Food Research . (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • These plant-based foods have compounds needed for good nutrition and fighting disease like cancer. (hubpages.com)
  • You'd have to explore topics like plant-based nutrition, animal rights philosophy, the exploitation of slaughterhouse workers, as well as the damage the meat industry inflicts on human health and the environment. (vegan.com)
  • In October 2007, the United Nations declared 2008 as The Year of the Potato, highlighting the importance of this crop as a staple food in human nutrition. (semanticscholar.org)
  • supplements
  • Food consumers' concerns regarding how foods and food supplements influence health have increased in recent years [ 1 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Functional food (also known as superfood, nutraceutical, and dietary supplements) comprises an actively growing business sector [ 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Food supplements are being used to provide additional essential nutrients, bio-functionality, and counteract health issues. (mdpi.com)
  • The health-benefit characteristics of food supplements are expected to have a positive impact on worldwide industrial demand. (mdpi.com)
  • specialization
  • Feeding specialization and host plant use - How the interaction with plant glycosides has shaped the digestive β-glucosidase activity in two Longitarsus leaf beetles. (uni-hamburg.de)
  • Moreover, specialization on cardenolides was not an evolutionary dead end, but enabled this insect lineage to host shift to cardenolide-producing plants from distantly related families. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • ingredients
  • Dr Kieran Elborough GM Science Food Innovation says research is improving the understanding of food and its makeup, how it benefits us and the development of new value technologies, ingredients and products. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • The background 'pharmaceutical noise' of dietary origin Certain active pharmaceutical ingredients occur naturally in food plants and spices. (mussenhealth.us)
  • health
  • 1 WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Volume I, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1999 (also mentioned under monographs) 2 WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Volume. (mussenhealth.us)
  • However, the term is generally used to describe chemicals from plants that may affect health, but are not essential nutrients. (encognitive.com)
  • The lack of comprehensive phytochemical composition food tables precludes the study of their health impact, especially in developing countries. (scielosp.org)
  • phytochemical
  • Interestingly though, lycopene, a phytochemical present in tomatoes, is concentrated in processed foods such as spaghetti sauce and ketchup, making those foods better sources of lycopene than fresh tomatoes[citation needed]. (encognitive.com)
  • functional food
  • The world functional food market was valued at $129.39 billion USD in 2015 [ 5 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Grand View Research estimates that the functional food market will steadily increase over the next eight years, due to growing consumer interest in healthy eating [ 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The ability of phlorotannins to mediate hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia makes them attractive candidates for the development of functional food products to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. (springer.com)
  • Cooking
  • When we apply it [fire] to our food in the process of cooking, it results in such a change as destroys the elementary plant form, and the mineral elements return to their inorganic condition. (beyondveg.com)
  • products
  • With over 900 staff based at sites across New Zealand as well as in the USA and Australia, Plant & Food Research provides research and development that adds value to fruit, vegetable, crop and marine-based food products. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • Food sources include soy products such as soy milk, tofu , tempeh, and miso, but not soy sauce or soybean oil. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Other foods that may be genetically modified include cottonseed oil, meat from grain-fed animals, dairy products from cows treated with rBGH, Hawaiian papaya, and some varieties of zucchini and yellow squash. (wisdom-magazine.com)
  • Vegan diets exclude all foods produced by or derived from animals: meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, and honey. (vegan.com)
  • potential
  • However, most short-term experimental human studies do show that plant foods favourably modulate potential cancer-preventive mechanisms. (core.ac.uk)
  • This strategy could have potential to produce extracts with a high-added value from plant-based matrices. (mdpi.com)
  • natural
  • A preliminary study by New Zealand company Plant & Food Research shows that natural chemicals from blackcurrants may help breathing in some types of asthma. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • Should we discover more about how this works we may eventually develop foods containing these compounds that could provide more natural alternatives to assist conventional drug treatments for asthma and even other allergic re-actions. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • Maintaining wellness in a natural way is a growing consumer trend that food companies recognise, "says Dr Elborough. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • Also avoid foods made with additives like preservatives and sweeteners, both natural and artificial. (wisdom-magazine.com)
  • Onions, garlic, leeks and shallots do more than add savory flavor to your foods, they boost the action of cells in your immune system called natural-killer cells, which destroys tumor cells and flushes them out from the body. (hubpages.com)
  • nuts
  • Just as with toasting nuts, the warmth magnifies the tastes and the aromas that make us love good food. (dailycamera.com)
  • activity
  • These actions are distinct from the inflammation-reducing activity of another group of compounds, anthocycanins, which are also rich in blackcurrants. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • describe
  • A catalogue might describe a plant as easy to grow in a small space, early-bearing, vigorous, productive and pretty to look at. (dailycamera.com)
  • Lygaeinae
  • Lygaeinae, ca 550 species) are seed predators which are well known for their aposematic black and red coloration and seem to be commonly associated with apocynaceous host plants on five continents [ 9 - 13 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • science
  • Plant & Food Research is a New Zealand government-owned science company. (plantandfood.co.nz)
  • Food Technology magazine provides deep coverage of critical issues and advances in food science. (ift.org)
  • IFT offers members many opportunities to engage with the food science and technology community. (ift.org)
  • Hosted by the Chinese Institute of Food Science and Technology. (ift.org)
  • CFS is the only global certification for food science professionals. (ift.org)
  • IFT salary survey reports feature data on the compensation of professionals within food science and technology. (ift.org)
  • As it turns out, science is showing us that there are certain foods that cause acne and foods that help fight it. (foodrevolution.org)