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  • populations
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -Adult Pima-Indian and non-Pima populations in the Sierra Madre mountains of Mexico were examined using oral glucose tolerance tests and assessments for obesity, physical activity, and other risk factors. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS -The much lower prevalence of type 2 diabetes and obesity in the Pima Indians in Mexico than in the U.S. indicates that even in populations genetically prone to these conditions, their development is determined mostly by environmental circumstances, thereby suggesting that type 2 diabetes is largely preventable. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • DNA studies focusing on the ancient migration of world populations support a North-East Asian origin of modern Native American populations arriving through the now-submerged land-bridge that once connected Siberia to Alaska during the last Ice Age, approximately 15,000 years ago. (bmaf.org)
  • Ancestry and interrelationships of the Indians and their relationship with other world populations: a study based on mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms. (springer.com)
  • A paper a few weeks ago suggests that there was at least one such wave of Ancestral South Indian-like populations around the time that the Dingo was introduced. (blogspot.com)
  • The earliest evidence of modern humans in North and Central Asia to the best of my recollection (based on archaeology and evidence of megafauna extinctions) date to more like 30,000 kya, far too late to influence the composition of the founding populations of Sahul. (blogspot.com)
  • most haplogroups are typical of modern East Asian populations, but intriguingly, many different Western Eurasian clades were also identified, with a particular high incidence of H (~8.0%), the most common haplogroup in Europe. (blogspot.com)
  • Here, we present population structure results from compiled datasets after merging with the Human Genome Diversity Project and the Population Reference Sample studies, which consisted of 146 non-Jewish Middle Easterners (Druze, Bedouin and Palestinian), 30 northern Africans (Mozabite from Algeria), 1547 Europeans, and 653 individuals from other African, Asian, Latin American, and Oceanian populations. (blogspot.com)
  • Inter-mating between these migrant and indigenous populations led to the subsequent formation of new admixed populations, such as African and Latino Americans. (blogspot.com)
  • The Siddis are more African than not, but, they are clearly admixed with the Indian populations. (discovermagazine.com)
  • In the eastern part of the United States, there are certain populations of mixed white, Negro, and Indian ancestry. (socialexplorer.com)
  • Europeans
  • They believe it to be an historical record originally engraved on golden plates, covering a period of [Page approximately 1,000 years (600 bc to ad 400) and dealing with ancient people who lived in the American continent hundreds of years before the arrival of the Europeans. (bmaf.org)
  • But missions to the Indians played important roles in social, cultural, and political changes for Indians, Europeans, and Americans from the very beginning of contact in the 1500s to the present. (oxfordre.com)
  • As economic interests deepened and colonies grew more powerful, classifications distinguished Europeans from "Negroes" or "Indians," but at no point in the history of early America was there a consensus that "race" denoted bodily traits only. (oxfordre.com)
  • colonization
  • Although current dating methods for genetic diversity rely heavily on several assumptions, best estimates provide support for archaeological dates, indicating that, relative to the colonization of America, Australia was inhabited very early. (blogspot.com)
  • Since the beginning of European exploration in the 15th century, voyagers called attention to the peoples they encountered, but European, American Indian, and African "races" did not exist before colonization of the so-called New World. (oxfordre.com)
  • evidence
  • He offered the economic performance of West Indian immigrants as evidence that the poor economic performance of American blacks is due to neither genetics not prejudice. (blogspot.hk)
  • Mt haplotypes indicate ancient ancestry for both Australia and New Guinea peoples, with evidence of some shared genetic connection and other unshared haplogroups apparently specific to both places. (blogspot.com)
  • Migration into Sahul from south-east Asia may have been by more complex routes than only along a 'southern coastal route', raising the question of possible common ancestry in central or northern Asia for some Australian and American peoples for which current genetic evidence is tenuous. (blogspot.com)
  • The reconstructed patterning of peoples in Eastern Asia, as well as the scanty archaeological evidence, suggests a dihybrid origin for the American Indians. (blogspot.com)
  • A partial Central or North Asian origin for Australian peoples, in contrast, would be a major paradigm shift - since it would implicate Northern route migration ca. 50,000 kya (allowing a few thousand years to migrate from Eastern Europe or Northern India, to Siberia, to Australia) for which there is no archaelogical or megafauna extinction evidence of which I am aware. (blogspot.com)
  • traits
  • Race," as a concept denoting a fundamental division of humanity and usually encompassing cultural as well as physical traits, was crucial in early America. (oxfordre.com)
  • Drawing upon the frameworks of scripture, natural and moral philosophy, and natural history, scholars endlessly debated whether different races shared a common ancestry, whether traits were fixed or susceptible to environmentally produced change, and whether languages or the body provided the best means to trace descent. (oxfordre.com)
  • Nevertheless, they have assimilated to many Indian cultural traits. (discovermagazine.com)
  • despite
  • In 1959, the first study was published showing the increased risk of premature heart disease in Indian immigrant males, who had four times the rate compared with the men in Framingham, despite having lower rates of hypertension, smoking and high cholesterol, and more often following a vegetarian diet. (gnxp.com)
  • Jewish
  • Just as the Jewish holocaust victims don't want their story forgotten, neither do the Black Indians," adds Mr. Heape. (richheape.com)
  • As DNA tests became more sophisticated in the first decade of the 21st century, some people who thought they were of Cherokee descent begin getting reports that told them they carried Jewish, Semitic or Middle Eastern DNA, but made no mention of Native American DNA . (accessgenealogy.com)
  • Genetically, they are more Jewish than the typical American Jew of European ancestry. (accessgenealogy.com)
  • estimates
  • While their findings suggest the potential for more detailed ethnicity estimates for people of British ancestry, the study also illuminates some of the challenges in pinpointing British origins from DNA. (ancestry.com)
  • For example, we find that Europe West , Scandinavia, and other regions often appear in the ethnicity estimates of people with deep ancestry in Great Britain. (ancestry.com)
  • In our continued research into ethnicity estimates for individuals born in the UK, we also discovered that the proportion of DNA attributed to such continental European ancestry even varies by location in the UK. (ancestry.com)
  • minority
  • Yet as a minority of two minorities, black Indians - sometimes called the "ultimate survivors" and once referred to as mulattos or people of color - often feel ostracized for being neither Indian nor black enough. (richheape.com)
  • concentration
  • For example, we find the greatest concentration of Scandinavian ancestry in the East Midlands and Northern England, and we find higher proportions of Europe West ancestry in the South East of England. (ancestry.com)
  • History
  • By comparing Catholic and Protestant missions to the Indians, this article provides a better understanding of the relationship between these movements and their functions in the history of borders and frontiers, including how the missions changed both European and Indian cultures. (oxfordre.com)
  • tribe
  • Many claimed to be Cherokee, or simply said they were Indian, without a definite tribe. (multiracial.com)
  • Numbering over 54,000 enrolled members, the Lumbees are the largest Indian tribe east of the Mississippi River. (encyclopedia.com)
  • utterly
  • Utterly without fear, Soto brushed past the Indian force into what is now eastern Arkansas, through thickly settled land-"very well peopled with large towns," one of his men later recalled, "two or three of which were to be seen from one town. (nielsenhayden.com)
  • racial identity
  • This may be the same as the apportion mentioned by Sijia Wang et al, 2008 (doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000037) for a sample from Mexico City specifically described as "mestizo" (though one may note that that's the most common racial identity in Mexico). (blogspot.com)
  • proxy
  • Their results provide an insightful proxy model for nineteenth century military medical practice without endangering or complicating their observations by committing the common error of presentism, i.e., interpreting past events in terms of modern values and concepts. (cwbr.com)
  • recent
  • I have just been looking over a recent article by Roland Fryer and Steven Levitt in the American Law and Economics Review , "The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade. (blogspot.hk)
  • In contrast with the U.S. Pima Indians, they have experienced relatively little recent change in environmental conditions ( 9 , 10 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • They were long presumed to be American Indians from Siberia, but recent research by anthropologists have revealed many similarities with the big game hunters of Western Europe. (accessgenealogy.com)
  • Eve is the most recent common ancestor of all humans alive on Earth today with respect to matrilineal descent. (bahamapundit.com)
  • early
  • My own involvement in this process began very early as I have had a lifelong interest in American Indians. (multiracial.com)
  • For many years, this was the only higher educational institution available for the Lumbees, and from 1940 to 1953, Pembroke State College (which grew out of the early normal school) was the only state-supported four-year college for Indians in the United States . (encyclopedia.com)