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  • trauma
  • Comminuted fractures are associated with high-energy trauma such as being hit by a car or sustaining a gunshot injury. (petplace.com)
  • There is no breed predisposition, but since vehicular trauma is the most common cause of comminuted fractures, young intact males are more commonly affected. (petplace.com)
  • Any areas of skin, muscle and other soft tissue trauma is dressed and covered to prevent further contamination at the fracture site. (petplace.com)
  • Splints and casts are usually inadequate types of repair for comminuted fractures due to their inability to restore the normal anatomy and the fact that many times they would conceal and impair treatment of concurrent soft tissue trauma. (petplace.com)
  • Supracondylar fractures of femur have a bimodal age distribution, with a high incidence in young adults from high energy trauma, such as motor vehicle accidents and a second peak in elderly with minor fall [ 2 , 3 ]. (imedpub.com)
  • Also known as an open fracture, this form of bone trauma is characterized by luxation of the bone, with it being exposed to contamination. (buzzle.com)
  • The goals of the diagnostic radiologist in lumbar spine trauma imaging are to identify lumbar spine fractures correctly, to identify and correlate neurologic injury to vertebral fractures, to advise the surgeon (who best defines the extent of injury to supporting structures), to gauge the risk to the spinal cord, and to judge the stability of postoperative fixation. (medscape.com)
  • Compression fractures with little angulation often are associated with significant posterior ligamentous trauma (arrow). (medscape.com)
  • So a femur fracture is often the result of great force during severe trauma (such as a car accident, bad fall, or serious sports injury). (bannerhealth.com)
  • maintain fracture
  • Because many flexible nails do not have distal interlocking capability to maintain fracture length, submuscular plating, open plating and external fixation are all viable options for restoration of femoral alignment and maintenance of length in comminuted fractures. (springer.com)
  • Successful rehabilitation of hand fractures addresses the need to (1) maintain fracture stability for bone healing, (2) introduce soft tissue mobilization for soft tissue integrity, and (3) remodel any restrictive scar from injury or surgery. (scribd.com)
  • infection
  • Many comminuted fractures will also be described as open, where a piece of shattered bone pierces through the skin, causing contamination or infection. (petplace.com)
  • Most comminuted fractures are considered a severe orthopedic injury, which, unless treated, may lead to loss of limb function and could lead to spread of infection and even death. (petplace.com)
  • Open fractures are at a very high risk of infection and they typically take longer to heal. (wisegeek.com)
  • Complications of comminuted fractures can include infection, compartment syndrome, vascular necrosis , and nonunion, in which the pieces of bone fail to join together. (wisegeek.com)
  • Are Nucleated Cell Counts Useful in the Diagnosis of Infection in Periprosthetic Fracture? (ebscohost.com)
  • Background: Evaluating for the possibility of prosthetic joint infection in the setting of periprosthetic fracture is important because it determines the course of treatment. (ebscohost.com)
  • However, fracture-related inflammation can make investigations used in the diagnosis of infection less reliable. (ebscohost.com)
  • Abstract  We report two cases of acute infection of an uncemented femoral component in a hip prosthesis implanted after external fixation of a femoral fracture. (ebscohost.com)
  • open fixation
  • A comprehensive literature review is provided to compare evidence for practice in managing the variety of fracture patterns associated with metacarpal and phalangeal fractures, following closedand open-fixation techniques. (scribd.com)
  • diaphyseal
  • Kocher MS (2010) American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons clinical practice guideline on treatment of pediatric diaphyseal femur fracture. (springer.com)
  • We report the results of treating the 17 fractures with a standard protocol of retrograde nailing for diaphyseal fractures and. (ebscohost.com)
  • Internal fixation of comminuted diaphyseal humeral fractures with locking plates described in this study allows an intensive program of rehabilitation immediately after surgery and is associated with a high union rate. (jotr.in)
  • bony
  • Among them, in comminuted fractures of anterior maxillary wall, multiple depressed and impacted bony segments cannot be reduced easily when performing internal fixation using plates and screws or wires, and inadequate restoration leads to a range of complications. (e-acfs.org)
  • Complications
  • With inappropriate treatment or even appropriate treatment, 10% of patients with ankle fractures develop complications such as post-traumatic arthritis, limited ankle activity, and chronic ankle pain. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In comminuted fractures of anterior maxillary wall, the use of a resorbable mesh with fibrin glue can be an advantageous and effective method for a successful restoration without complications. (e-acfs.org)
  • occurs
  • The patient usually experiences tremendous pain at the site of the fracture, and he or she may even pass out at the time that the break occurs as a result of the pain. (wisegeek.com)
  • vertebral body
  • A fracture line crossed upper and lower endplates (type А in F. Denis classification), and as a result big vertebral body ventral fragment formed ( Figure 2b). (romj.org)
  • Sagittal reformatted CT image demonstrates fracture of the anterior L1 vertebral body with a posterior fragment displaced into the spinal canal (black arrow). (medscape.com)
  • A second fracture in the L3 vertebral body is noted in the posterior aspect of the inferior endplate of the L3 (white arrow). (medscape.com)
  • calcaneal fractures
  • Following this, the elbow was stabilized with an EBI hinged external fixator (not shown), planning to leave this on four weeks, anticipating inadvertent weight bearing due to the patient's bilateral calcaneal fractures. (eatonhand.com)
  • About 60% of calcaneal fractures result from falling from a height. (medscape.com)
  • stress fractures
  • Overuse can cause stress fractures, which are very small cracks in the bone. (icdlist.com)
  • Pathologic features may become apparent on scintigraphy a few weeks before they become apparent on plain radiographs because the increased osteoblastic activity associated with stress fractures is more easily detected with scintigraphy. (medscape.com)
  • spinal fractures
  • Postsurgical imaging must consider the appearance and the position of posterior pedicle screws, which are often used to stabilize lumbar spinal fractures. (medscape.com)