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  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • FOLFIRINOX or Gemcitabine as Adjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Cancer. (nih.gov)
  • Smoking is a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (including emphysema and chronic bronchitis), and cancer (particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, and pancreatic cancer). (wikipedia.org)
  • Smoking most commonly leads to diseases affecting the heart and lungs and will most commonly affect areas such as hands or feet with first signs of smoking related health issues showing up as numbness, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, and cancer, particularly lung cancer, cancers of the larynx and mouth, and pancreatic cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • rectal cancer
  • Impact of enhanced recovery on oncological outcomes following minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer. (bjs.co.uk)
  • Influence of the level of sacrectomy on survival in patients with locally advanced and recurrent rectal cancer. (bjs.co.uk)
  • Sugarbaker PH, Gianola FJ, Dwyer A, Neuman NR. A simplified plan for follow-up of patients with colon and rectal cancer supported by prospective studies of laboratory and radiologic test results. (springer.com)
  • Prospective Randomized Trial Comparing Intravenous 5 Fluorouracil and Oral Doxifluridine as Preoperative Concurrent Chemoradiation for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer. (koreamed.org)
  • p53, Bcl-2 and Ki-67 Expression according to Tumor Response after Concurrent Chemoradiation Treatment for Advanced Rectal Cancer. (koreamed.org)
  • When measured in feces with a cutoff value of 4 U/ml, its sensitivity has been estimated to be 85% (with a 95% confidence interval of 65 to 96%) for colon cancer and 56% (confidence interval 41-74%) for rectal cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • colon
  • After surgery for cancer in the colon or rectum (colorectal cancer), most people are intensively followed up for at least five years to monitor for signs of the cancer returning. (cochrane.org)
  • PURPOSE: This study investigated the value of intense follow-up compared with no follow-up after curative surgery of cancer in the colon or rectum. (springer.com)
  • The evolution of cancer of the colon or rectum. (springer.com)
  • Lovett E. Family studies in cancer of the colon and rectum. (springer.com)
  • CEA was first identified in 1965 by Phil Gold and Samuel O. Freedman in human colon cancer tissue extracts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bowel cancer may be diagnosed by obtaining a sample of the colon during a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancers that are confined within the wall of the colon may be curable with surgery while cancer that has spread widely are usually not curable, with management being directed towards improving quality of life and symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been suggested that the presence of antibodies to Streptococcus bovis/gallolyticus antigens or the antigens themselves in the bloodstream may act as markers for the carcinogenesis in the colon. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease) are at increased risk of colon cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with inflammatory bowel disease account for less than 2% of colon cancer cases yearly. (wikipedia.org)
  • surgery
  • Colorectal cancer tissue samples obtained from surgery at Uppsala University Hospital, were frozen fresh and cryosectioned. (diva-portal.org)
  • An increased level of CEA can be picked up by a blood test, which is normally done every three to six months after colorectal cancer surgery. (cochrane.org)
  • Effect of care continuity on mortality of patients readmitted after colorectal surgery. (bjs.co.uk)
  • Mechanical Bowel Preparation for Elective Colorectal Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Study Comparing Two Liters and Four Liters of Polyethylene Glycol-Based Oral Lavage Solutions. (koreamed.org)
  • Treatments used for colorectal cancer may include some combination of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The individual likelihood of five-year survival of a patient depends on how advanced the cancer is, whether or not all the cancer can be removed with surgery, and the person's overall health. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemotherapy
  • Overall survival of 11.3 months was comparable to other phase II data with advanced colorectal cancer patients treated with a variety of chemotherapy agents, including irinotecan, with considerably less toxicity. (nih.gov)
  • lung cancer
  • For example, it can help to distinguish between adenocarcinoma of the lung and mesothelioma, a different type of lung cancer which is not normally CEA positive. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) plasma levels in non-small cell lung cancer: relationship with coagulation and platelet activation markers. (nih.gov)
  • Tumor M2-PK is also useful to diagnose lung cancer and better than SCC and NSE tumor markers. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1950, Richard Doll published research in the British Medical Journal showing a close link between smoking and lung cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Four years later, in 1954, the British Doctors Study, a study of some 40,000 doctors over 20 years, confirmed the suggestion, based on which the government issued advice that smoking and lung cancer rates were related. (wikipedia.org)
  • The association of smoking with lung cancer is strongest, both in the public perception and etiologically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Historically, lung cancer was considered to be a rare disease prior to World War I and was perceived as something most physicians would never see during their career. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the postwar rise in popularity of cigarette smoking came a virtual epidemic of lung cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelial
  • Since HOX genes play a prominent role in embryogenesis and carcinogenesis, genes on the sense strand and antisense non-coding RNA (ncRNA) genes are often studied in their role of aberrant epithelial differentiation and cancer development. (wikipedia.org)