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  • colonization
  • In carefully framed language, a "respectable portion of the free people of color of the city of Richmond," Virginia met on January 24, 1817 to consider the position put forth by the American Colonization Society. (pbs.org)
  • A month earlier, at the first meeting of the American Colonization Society, ACS Secretary and Supreme Court Justice Elias B. Caldwell had spoken on "the practicability of colonization" within the American continent -- rejecting the idea for fear of black alliances with "Indians, or the nations bordering on our frontiers, in case of war," or that "the colony would become the asylum of fugitives and runaway slaves. (pbs.org)
  • Pilgrims
  • Spaniards also held a thanksgiving, 56 years before the Pilgrims, when they feasted near St. Augustine with Florida Indians, probably on stewed pork and garbanzo beans. (nytimes.com)
  • French
  • For that we can thank the fortitude of American forces under George Washington, the siegecraft of French troops of Gen. Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, the count of Rochambeau - and the relentless bloodthirstiness of female Anopheles quadrimaculatus mosquitoes. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • After the fourth of these conflicts, the Seven Years' (or French and Indian) War , the British government tried to reform the now greatly expanded empire. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The third Anglo‐French War (1739-48) brought America back in to British strategic calculations for the first time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The French and Indian War, which became the Seven Years' War in Europe, created unprecedented problems of finance and control for Britain. (encyclopedia.com)
  • the second solved itself as Britain conquered French colonies in Canada and the Caribbean. (encyclopedia.com)
  • British, French, and Spanish colonies sprouted up along the eastern coast of America soon after Columbus's expedition. (brightkite.com)
  • The early history of Spanish North America is well documented, as is the extensive exploration by the 16th-century French and Portuguese. (nytimes.com)
  • In this book there are artworks of familiar Austrian hussars, Prussian dragoons, French chasseurs, American continentals and British grenadiers, but also grim and desperate Boer farmers, ferocious Zulu, Apache and Souix warriors, Boxers from the Chinese rebellion, and rebel Sepoys from the Great Indian mutiny. (dymocks.com.au)
  • Rather, they learned to close an earlier chapter in which they established and maintained diplomatic relations with the Spanish, British, and French, and open a new chapter in which Indians would do legal battle with the new United States of America. (blogspot.com)
  • 1)King George III wanted military positions for his friends, 2) feared possible rebellion of French Canadians, 3) Wanted to quell potential Native American attacks. (scribd.com)
  • A young adventurer of noble French birth described the fish in his 1703 bestseller whose English title is "New Voyages to North America. (annarborchronicle.com)
  • distinct
  • Although the 1933 exhibition was the first to draw distinct comparisons between Native and non-Native art in America, the debate on how to classify Native American cultural objects and their relationship to modern art was prevalent well before the 1930s. (virginia.edu)
  • While a broad, virtually indiscriminate primitivism that attempted to define a Western tradition distinct from all other artistic form and methodology was certainly common in responses to the Armory Show, critics of the 1913 exhibition also praised or denounced works through their connection to Native American sculpture, weaving, and basketry. (virginia.edu)
  • The District of Port Phillip, forming previously the southern division of the Colony of New South Wales, became on 1st July last, by Imperial enactment, a distinct and independent province, under the designation of the Colony of Victoria. (wikisource.org)
  • world
  • Malaria, still one of the most deadly infectious diseases in the world, was a widespread scourge in North America until little more than a century ago. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • The cultivation of corn (along with tomatoes, potatoes, squash, peanuts, and beans) originated in America and remains a principal source of food around the world. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But by June he had engineered perhaps the greatest military campaign in American history and was one of the most famous men in the Western world. (centuriesandsleuths.com)
  • Indian farmers were the first in the world to domesticate corn (maize), beans, squash, potatoes, tomatoes, and many other food plants that help feed the peoples of the world today. (britannica.com)
  • As European powers scrambled for access to this lucrative trade, England dabbled in searching for a North-West Passage to the Orient through the frozen North of the New world. (britishempire.co.uk)
  • They believed that these years were the most important in American history, indeed the most important in the history of the world. (vassar.edu)
  • When speaking of the united republican States, I hazarded no conjectures upon the permanence of republican forms in the New World, and when making frequent allusion to the commercial activity which reigns in the Union, I was unable to inquire into the future condition of the Americans as a commercial people. (gradesaver.com)
  • Indeed significant arguments will arise from the perspectives of science and the Developing World e.g. it controversially suggests a rapid, epigenetics-based, neo-Lamarckian evolution of human intelligence in recent centuries, and minimizes the horrendous, de-industrializing and deadly impact of genocidal British colonialism that robbed India of $45 trillion and caused 1,800 million premature Indian deaths over 2 centuries. (countercurrents.org)
  • The Americans then had to turn their attention to the native Indians and the Spanish to defend their gains, and in other colonies around the world the old empires were crumbling with insurgencies in India and China. (dymocks.com.au)
  • An extensive world of trade had existed in the Indian Ocean for centuries, to the virtual exclusion of Europe. (amazonaws.com)
  • The United States of America is the most conservative and prosperous nation in the world, based on one of the longest-running Constitutions in history. (conservapedia.com)
  • This is addressed to the entire Western Civilization: to the colonies planted all over the world, and to the heart and soul of the West, the Mother-soil and Father-Culture of Europe. (faem.com)
  • In Pennsylvania the winters were colder and the summers hotter than in England, but compared to much of the world it was still a mild climate, shaped by winds that swept east across the continent. (explorepahistory.com)
  • Thus the Christian world rivals the antiquarian field of America, as a stage upon which to manufacture doubt, by man made doubly doubtful. (olivercowdery.com)
  • peoples
  • By the time of European contact in the 1500s, corn had become so important that Indian peoples performed elaborate annual ceremonies, such as the Green Corn Ceremony in the Southeast, to give thanks and to ensure a successful harvest. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Nevertheless, American Indians have been among the world's most active and successful native peoples in bringing about political change. (britannica.com)
  • Peoples of the American Arctic prefer the term Native Alaskan, Yupik, or Inuit. (britannica.com)
  • The Native Americans and the Irish citizens who immigrated to the United States suffered a similar plight in the sense that both peoples were persecuted for their cultural differences as well as exiled from their own homelands. (brightkite.com)
  • Cahill's focus on pre-Columbian art encouraged viewers to accept non-representational form because of its derivation from the art of the continents' first peoples, deliberately distancing it from European modernism. (virginia.edu)
  • modernism
  • In the midst of the Thomas Craven's rails against modern art in the 1930s, when social realism and regionalism was often reduced to anti-modernism and dogmatic nationalism, the Museum of Modern art presented its first exhibition connecting pre-Columbian and American modern art. (virginia.edu)
  • As W. Jackson Rushing has argued in Native American Art and the New York Avant-Garde , "the recognition of Indian art as such was coincident with the emergence of modernism in America. (virginia.edu)
  • the modernism of New York's avant-garde, 1910-1950, was dependent on Native American art and culture to a degree previously unrecognized in the art-historical literature" (xi). (virginia.edu)
  • 2,000
  • Every day 2,000 Americans stop smoking. (tripod.com)
  • In 1540, Francisco Vázquez de Coronado led 2,000 Spaniards and Mexican Indians across today's Arizona-Mexico border - right by the Minutemen's inaugural post - and traveled as far as central Kansas, close to the exact geographic center of what is now the continental United States. (nytimes.com)
  • eastern
  • In eastern North America, A. quadrimaculatus was the sole important malaria vector. (wattsupwiththat.com)
  • For example, California Indians relied primarily on acorns as a gathered food, whereas Eastern Woodlands people hunted deer, cultivated corn, and collected berries to supplement their diets. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Pennsylvania lies in the middle of the transitional zone between the great northern and southern forests of eastern North America. (explorepahistory.com)
  • Baron de Lahontan's book detailed the experiences gleaned from a decade of travel in New France, the onetime colony that encompassed most of present-day eastern Canada and the U.S. He wrote of Lake Erie, "[I]t abounds with sturgeon and whitefish, but trout are very scarce in it as well as the other fish that we take in the Lakes of Hurons and [Michigan]. (annarborchronicle.com)
  • open for settlement
  • Consequently, citizens of the the new nation looked out over the vast expanse to the west and, in spite of the presence of tens of thousands of Indians, considered the land unoccupied and open for settlement. (blogspot.com)
  • fought
  • Those Native American artifacts had been passed down in his family for generations, beginning with an uncle who claims to have fought against the Cheyenne and the Arapaho with General Custer at the Battle of the Washita. (pbs.org)
  • Collapse
  • In addition to knowing honey bees as pollinators, people are becoming increasingly aware of their plight, which was brought to the forefront with the colony declines led by the colony collapse disorder in 2006. (missouri.edu)
  • Spanish
  • Most Americans associate the early Spanish in this hemisphere with Cortés in Mexico and Pizarro in Peru. (nytimes.com)
  • Two iconic American stories have Spanish antecedents, too. (nytimes.com)
  • Some coins bear the image of Urraca, an Indian chief who resisted the Spanish conquests, but most coins depict Vasco Nuñez de Balboa, the discoverer of the Pacific Ocean. (blogspot.com)
  • existence
  • Whether building canals in the arid Southwest or constructing fishing weirs in the streams and rivers of the rest of the continent, Indians altered their environments to provide the necessities of daily existence. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cort é s ' s years as notary had earned him allies and taught him the workings of the colony at a key juncture in its existence. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Gold had been traced in the interior of the Colony for several years previously, but the existence of a "gold field" was not ascertained until May last. (wikisource.org)
  • suggests
  • Nothing in the sample exam suggests that prospective citizens need know anything that occurred on this continent before the Mayflower landed in 1620. (nytimes.com)
  • history
  • History Detective Wes Cowan meets with Jerry Greene, a historian of the Indian Wars. (pbs.org)
  • After watching the "Powder Keg of Tension" video from the History Detectives episode Chief Black Kettle , lead a discussion about what the students already know about Manifest Destiny and the Indian Wars. (pbs.org)
  • on that shield, the CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES was sculptured (by forms unseen, and in characters then invisible to mortal eye,) the predestined and prophetic history of the one confederated people of the North American Union. (oathkeepers.org)
  • COURSING through the immigration debate is the unexamined faith that American history rests on English bedrock, or Plymouth Rock to be specific. (nytimes.com)
  • coverage of issues related to important moments in African-American history. (democracynow.org)
  • However, subsequent U.S. history bears out that unlike leaders such as Crazy Horse, Geronimo, and Sitting Bull, many Indians neither died nor surrendered. (blogspot.com)
  • This highly visual survey of American history introduces students to the key features of American political, social, and economic history in an exciting format designed to ignite students passion to know history. (ecampus.com)
  • Baldwin, in his "Ancient America," published by Harper Brothers, 1871, states that it was written "in 1558 as an abridged reproduction of a very ancient Quich book which contained an account of their history, traditions, religion and cosmogony. (olivercowdery.com)
  • nations
  • An Indian considered himself a Delaware, a Dakota, a Navajo, or a member of one of the hundreds of other Indian nations in the Americas. (britannica.com)
  • Later, Native Americans in Canada began to refer to themselves as First Nations. (britannica.com)
  • and the land itself had been the recent theatre of a ferocious and bloody seven years' war between the two most powerful and most civilized nations of Europe, contending for the possession of this continent. (oathkeepers.org)
  • According to the arrangement that was finally worked out, "the Americans laid the foundation of a new country that sought to ignore the Indian nations within its borders" (36). (blogspot.com)
  • After the War, the League of Nations turned over most of the German Pacific colonies, including West Australia, to the Japanese. (rcn.com)
  • Anglo
  • Though he cites no specific examples of the Armory Show's effect on American artists, by calling on the 1913 exhibition, which from the beginning was associated with the emergence of modern art in America, Cahill connects the advent of modern art with an interest in Native American art by Anglo painters and sculptors. (virginia.edu)
  • revolt
  • in 1708 , a slave revolt begins in Newton, Long Island, New York colony. (blogspot.com)
  • In 1925, the United States intervened in a revolt by Kuna Indians on the northeast Atlantic coast and established a tribal reserve. (blogspot.com)
  • time
  • These references show that the fact of German-smoking-prevalence was common knowledge in America at the time. (tripod.com)
  • This time-honored script renders the road from colonies to nation clear, smooth, and straight, with familiar landmarks along the way, from Boston's Massacre and Tea Party through Lexington and Concord, then on to Bunker Hill and Yorktown before reaching its destination: Philadelphia in 1787, where the Founders invented a government worthy of America's greatness. (vassar.edu)
  • At the time, many Americans believed in Manifest Destiny, the idea that the United States was destined to spread across the entire North American continent. (pbs.org)
  • As they island hopped across the central Pacific, the tenuous American supply line all the way back to back to Hawaii (no bases in Australia and New Guinea in this timeline) was stretched to the limit, and by the time the European War ended in May of 1945, they had barely made it to the Mariana Islands. (rcn.com)
  • Portuguese
  • When Nashville writer Will Allen Dromgoole asked two Tennessee legislators of the 1890's to define "Malungeons," the answers were "a dirty Indian sneak" and "a Portuguese nigger. (melungeon.org)
  • citizens
  • Residents of that area were called "Zonians" and remained American citizens even after three generations of residence. (blogspot.com)
  • imperial
  • They revived Halifax's plans to increase metropolitan supervision over imperial trade and the internal polities of the colonies, but also responded to the urgent legacies of war. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Main Idea: George Grenville: Imperial Reformer was the main British leader of the imperial reform of the colonies. (scribd.com)
  • troops
  • Brinkley, 84) Jackson led his troops of the Tennessee militia against the Creek Indians in the Battle of Horse Shoe Bend on March 27, 1814. (brightkite.com)
  • he is still unwilling to believe that the American heartland can be taken by foreign troops. (blogspot.com)
  • Their assault on New Zealand, however, turned into a savage war of attrition that sucked in American troops as fast as they could be recruited, armed and shipped out. (rcn.com)
  • observation
  • In Carolyn Forché's stunning new memoir, What You Have Heard is True , the poet and activist makes a sad observation about poetry in America. (openculture.com)
  • In his most recent book, This Indian Country: American Indian Political Activists and the Place They Made (New York: Penguin, 2012), Frederick E. Hoxie offers a broad observation: in the United States, forgetting and ignoring American Indians is an old habit, one with deep historical roots. (blogspot.com)
  • years
  • In the East, Southwest, and Northwest Coast, Indians lived in villages that stayed in the same place for years, moving only to plant new fields once the old ones wore out. (encyclopedia.com)
  • During the Constitution's bicentennial eleven years later, American ignorance of the nation s other sacred text proved equally profound. (vassar.edu)
  • Almost 80 years before John Smith's alleged rescue by Pocahontas, a man by the name of Juan Ortiz told of his remarkably similar rescue from execution by an Indian girl. (nytimes.com)
  • With a variety of mobile gaming apps available, as well as the rise of iGaming in virtual reality, one thing seems certain - gambling is sure to be an American pastime for many years more. (history1700s.com)
  • Exhausted by the war, however, the British began to dump their Asian colonies after only a couple of years. (rcn.com)
  • It would be 200 years before Lewis and Clark would cross the American continent. (britishheritage.com)
  • forests
  • In Pennsylvania the mixed hardwoods of the southern forests - the broadleaf oak, hickory, chestnut and walnut - merged into mixed softwood and hardwood forests of the north - the great white pine, hemlock, sugar maple, beech and birch. (explorepahistory.com)
  • entire
  • Although the Japanese fleet was temporarily stopped by the Americans at the Battle of Coral Sea, a series of overland assaults from the Japanese Zone of Australia managed to take the entire continent. (rcn.com)