Loading...
  • years
  • We studied the association of stroke severity with survival from 1 month to 10 years after stroke and explored how stroke severity interacts with other prognostic indicators with time. (dtu.dk)
  • At five years of age, 12.9% of the children in the study wereoverweight and 4.3% were obese. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1970
  • Are you a 1970 cohort member? (ioe.ac.uk)
  • The first wave in 1970, called the British Births Survey, was conducted by the National Birthday Trust Fund together with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in order to collect information to compare with those of the National Child Development Study (NCDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • Members of the 1970 birth cohort study created a Facebook page for themselves. (wikipedia.org)
  • large cohort
  • The Nurses' Health Study is one example of a large cohort study, and it has produced many important links between lifestyle choices and health by following hundreds of thousands of women across North America. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • There are still significant uncertainties that can only be resolved by monitoring the health of a large cohort of phone users over a long period of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • BCS70
  • Over the course of cohort members lives, the BCS70 has collected information on health, physical, educational and social development, and economic circumstances among other factors. (ioe.ac.uk)
  • study's
  • The launch of the study's name and identity coincides with a consultative conference on the study for UK academics and policymakers. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • by mid-2001, the Millennium Cohort Study's first enrollment period was launched, collecting baseline data from over 77,000 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation
  • citation needed] Another study on the impact of assets, such as savings and investments on future life chances, played a major part in the development of assets-based welfare policy, including the much-debated Child Trust Fund. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Studies by Cohen show that up to 25% of all low back pain is sacroiliac joint in origin and that the diagnosis of sacroiliac joint disease is frequently overlooked by physicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • investigation
  • The cohort allows for the investigation of various research issues and previous results were published in many publications. (bfs.de)
  • The comparison group may be the general population from which the cohort is drawn, or it may be another cohort of persons thought to have had little or no exposure to the substance under investigation, but otherwise similar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crucially, the cohort is identified before the appearance of the disease under investigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a cohort study, the population under investigation consists of individuals who are at risk of developing a specific disease or health outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods
  • In addition to the general purpose, the study was designed to gather information to test specific hypotheses concerning demographic and socioeconomic differentials in fertility, the prevalence of contraceptive practice and the methods employed, the extent to which subfecundity and sterility may have contributed to low fertility, and the timing patterns and childbearing pace of the time. (wikipedia.org)
  • spouses
  • The Largest DoD Population-Based Military Health Study Launched Next Survey Cycle, Hopes to Enroll Military Members and Spouses" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Family Study also provides a unique opportunity to explore the impact of relationship quality on the physical and psychological health of Service members, their spouses and children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Family Study is a longitudinal study designed to follow spouses of Service members from all branches of the military, including the National Guard and Reserve, for 21 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • characteristic
  • Any study in which there are measures of some characteristic of one or more cohorts at two or more points in time is cohort analysis. (springer.com)
  • A cohort study is a particular form of longitudinal study (panel study) that sample a cohort (a group of people who share a defining characteristic, typically who experienced a common event in a selected period, such as birth or graduation), performing a cross-section at intervals through time. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort study is a panel study, but a panel study is not always a cohort study as individuals in a panel study do not always share a common characteristic. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort is a group of people who share a common characteristic or experience within a defined period (e.g., are currently living, are exposed to a drug or vaccine or pollutant, or undergo a certain medical procedure). (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • For research purposes, a cohort is any group of individuals who are linked in some way or who have experienced the same significant life event within a given period. (springer.com)
  • The Massachusetts Gambling Impact Cohort or MAGIC Study is a multi-year study being carried out by a research team from the University of Massachusetts Amherst School of Public Health & Health Sciences (SPHHS). (umass.edu)
  • Using participant responses, the MAGIC Research Team will be able to study gambling problems as they emerge. (umass.edu)
  • What is a cohort study in medical research? (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The Information Commissioner has advised that this research study complies fully with the requirements of the Data Protection Act 1998 . (wikipedia.org)
  • Professor Paul Boyle, Chief Executive of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) which funds Life Study, in partnership with the Medical Research Council (MRC), said: "There can be no more important goal than to improve the lives, health and wellbeing of children, which is exactly what Life Study aims to do. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • There have been approximately 2,500 published pieces of research worldwide using the four studies according to one source and over 6,000 papers and forty books by another source. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Lothian birth-cohort studies are two ongoing cohort studies which primarily involve research into how childhood intelligence relates to intelligence and health in old age. (wikipedia.org)
  • The studies have been funded by a variety of sources, including but not limited to the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, the Medical Research Council, the Scottish Government's Chief Scientist Office, Age UK and Research into Ageing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The prospective study is important for research on the etiology of diseases and disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both studies are conducted at the Naval Health Research Center in San Diego, California. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • We also compare our results with those of other published studies of homeless women and with data for women in the general population. (cmaj.ca)
  • In addition, we analyzed data from published studies of mortality rates among homeless women in 6 other cities (Montreal, Copenhagen, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Brighton, UK). (cmaj.ca)
  • 1 Data from a prospective cohort study known as the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study was used. (bmj.com)
  • Retrospective cohort studies look at data that already exist and try to identify risk factors for particular conditions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • They can be prospective studies and gather data going forward, or retrospective cohort studies, which look at data already collected. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The results of the study will be published following independent review but no individually identifying data will ever be published. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. (umich.edu)
  • Started in 1984, the study involves collection of biological specimens and medical and behavioral data on MSM (men who have sex with men) in order to study the natural and treated history of HIV. (nih.gov)
  • Cohort studies can be retrospective (looking back in time, thus using existing data such as medical records or claims database) or prospective (requiring the collection of new data). (wikipedia.org)
  • The advantage of prospective cohort study data is that it can help determine risk factors for contracting a new disease because it is a longitudinal observation of the individual through time, and the collection of data at regular intervals, so recall error is reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, cohort studies are expensive to conduct, are sensitive to attrition and take a long follow-up time to generate useful data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data on the relevant events for each individual (the form and time of exposure to a factor, the latent period, and the time of any subsequent occurrence of the outcome) are collected from existing records and can immediately be analyzed to determine the relative risk of the cohort compared to the control group. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, both kinds of cohort studies share the same starting point (considering data from before the occurrence of the outcome). (wikipedia.org)
  • One key publication which also includes data of other British Cohort Studies is Elsa Ferri, John Bynner and Michael Wadsworth (eds. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2003) Changing Britain, Changing Lives: three generations at the turn of the century The data and additional study information are available on the website of the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • sweeps
  • The following two sweeps in 1975 and 1980, when the study was known as the Child Health and Education Study (CHES), were carried out by the Department of Child Health at Bristol University. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • The study groups follow a group of people who do not have the disease for a period of time and see who develops the disease (new incidence). (wikipedia.org)
  • Such a study would recruit a group of smokers and a group of non-smokers (the unexposed group) and follow them for a set period of time and note differences in the incidence of lung cancer between the groups at the end of this time. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cohort of individuals that share a common exposure factor is compared to another group of equivalent individuals not exposed to that factor, to determine the factor's influence on the incidence of a condition such as disease or death. (wikipedia.org)
  • While retrospective cohort studies try to compare the risk of developing a disease to some already known exposure factors, a case-control study will try to determine the possible exposure factors after a known disease incidence. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, one might follow a cohort of middle-aged truck drivers who vary in terms of smoking habits, to test the hypothesis that the 20-year incidence rate of lung cancer will be highest among heavy smokers, followed by moderate smokers, and then nonsmokers. (wikipedia.org)
  • mortality
  • We report mortality rates and causes of death in a cohort of women who used homeless shelters in Toronto. (cmaj.ca)
  • Previous studies have focused on excess mortality observed among homeless people relative to their counterparts in the general population. (cmaj.ca)
  • 14 In a study of homeless people in Boston, mortality rates among men were 5.9, 3.0 and 1.6 times higher than those in the general population for people 18-24, 25-44 and 45-64 years of age respectively. (cmaj.ca)
  • differ
  • This type of study compares a group of patients who have that condition with a group of patients that do not have it, and looks back in time to see how the characteristics of the two groups differ. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Background: We examined the associations of maternal age with low birthweight (LBW) and preterm birth in four cohorts from a middle- and a high-income country, where the patterning of maternal age by socio-economic position (SEP) is likely to differ. (scribd.com)
  • A prospective cohort study is a longitudinal cohort study that follows over time a group of similar individuals (cohorts) who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determine how these factors affect rates of a certain outcome. (wikipedia.org)
  • compares
  • A before and after study measures particular characteristics of a population or group of individuals at the end of an event or intervention and compares them with those characteristics before the event or intervention. (www.nhs.uk)
  • academics
  • UK academics from social, environmental, clinical, and biomedical sciences together with UK policymakers attending today's scientific conference have an opportunity to engage with Life Study and its design and to comment on the topics and measures that have been proposed for inclusion in the pilot phase of the study, due to commence in 2013. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Comparisons between the different generations in the four cohorts enable academics to chart social change and start to untangle the reasons behind it. (wikipedia.org)
  • investigate
  • The study will investigate the possible health effects of long-term use of mobile phones and other wireless technologies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Federal Office for Radiation Protection ( BfS ) is conducting this study to scientifically investigate the health effects of mining-related activities. (bfs.de)
  • long-term
  • These long-term studies are sometimes called longitudinal studies. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The long term intention of the study is to follow participant's health status for at least 20 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • The COSMOS study aims to carry out long term health monitoring of a large group of people to identify if there are any health issues linked to long term mobile phone use. (wikipedia.org)
  • The MQ-MINDS cohort study aims to pilot the establishment of a prospective cohort of Macquarie University graduates that would be a long-term resource to shape our understanding of how various factors affect health and wellbeing of young people as they emerge into adulthood. (edu.au)
  • aims
  • MQ-MINDS is a longitudinal cohort study that aims to shape our understanding of the health and wellbeing of Macquarie University graduates as they transition into adulthood. (edu.au)
  • exposures
  • Some cohort studies track groups of children from their birth, and record a wide range of information (exposures) about them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family relationships play an important role in the functioning and well-being of US military Service members, yet few studies have examined the impact of deployment and occupational exposures on family members. (wikipedia.org)
  • Findings
  • Major cognitive ageing findings of the studies have concerned the stability of intelligence from childhood to old age, the influence of genetics on cognitive function and decline, and the role of the brain's white matter integrity in successful cognitive ageing. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • In this study, we focus on homeless single women, who tend to have more health problems than homeless women accompanied by children. (cmaj.ca)
  • 2 In this study, 51 529 American health professionals aged between 40 and 75 years responded to a postal questionnaire. (bmj.com)
  • The health professionals were recruited in 1986 and self reported that they were free of prostate cancer at the start of the study. (bmj.com)
  • COSMOS is a cohort study of mobile phone use and health . (wikipedia.org)
  • The UK study will follow the health of approximately 90,000-100,000 volunteer mobile phone users (18+ years of age for 20-30 years). (wikipedia.org)
  • The international cohort will follow the health of approximately 250,000 European mobile phone users. (wikipedia.org)
  • UCL Institute of Child Health, home to Life Study. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The studies were key sources of evidence for a number of UK Government inquiries, such as the Plowden Committee on Primary Education (1967), the Warnock Committee on Children with Special Educational Needs (1978), the Finer Committee on One Parent Families (1966-74), the Acheson Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health (1998) and the Moser Committee on Adult Basic Skills (1997-99). (wikipedia.org)
  • Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging / Étude longitudinale canadienne sur le vieillissement (CLSA-ÉLCV) The CARTaGENE cohort / Quebec's largest prospective study , Quebec, Canada Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey, the Philippines Framingham Heart Study, USA. (wikipedia.org)
  • Up Series Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study Coleman, Nick (2015). (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of the Millennium Cohort Family Study is to gain a more complete understanding of the military experience and its impact on the health and well-being of Service members and their families. (wikipedia.org)
  • Important health facts, which may seem obvious now, were not always known to be true - they were learned through cohort studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • experimental
  • In some cases, cohort studies are preferred to randomized experimental design. (springer.com)
  • When used in clinical studies, the WOMAC pain and function subscales perform comparably or better than other tests in being responsive to change from experimental interventions, but this varies for the different subscales and types of intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • period
  • The large scale, the long observation period and the wealth of information about different risk factors make this study unique. (bfs.de)
  • Infections
  • Our pilot study in a rural community in Ghana indicates an urgent need for action in dealing at least with high-prevalent pregnancy-relevant infections, such as hepatitis B, malaria and those caused by group B streptococci. (biomedcentral.com)
  • safety
  • The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • First suspension using the cipro treat chlamydia safety skin, actual study appearance, l-hydl'0xy-120tfluoro-1 hemisuccinaze article, ablation and generic lactose alert after the chart, the state is reluctant. (420surveillance.com)
  • found
  • A study found that both social standing in the classes and the employment status of offenders found them more likely to be detained, arrested and prosecuted by Law Enforcement. (wikipedia.org)
  • social
  • The sixth sibling, Martha Parker, studied social sciences, gaining a master's degree from Temple University. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further
  • She undertook further studies from 1946-1947 at Ohio State University, towards the end of time of her time on the Dayton Project. (wikipedia.org)
  • University
  • He argues that there is not enough elite university provision in the UK, leading thousands of British students to study in the United States instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hallmark University is a nonprofit university located in San Antonio, Texas specializing in graduate and undergraduate degrees in four key areas of study including Aeronautics, Healthcare, Business and Information Technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • He attended Edinburgh Academy 1896 to 1899 and then studied Medicine at Edinburgh University graduating MB ChB in 1904, and being given his doctorate (MD) in 1908. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Access to human crewmembers during both short- and long-duration mission for the study of skeletal muscle adaptation to microgravity and the efficacy of countermeasures has been, and continues to be, limited. (wikipedia.org)