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  • cognition
  • Since elevated levels of the klotho protein appear to improve cognition throughout the lifespan, raising klotho levels could build cognitive reserve as a bulwark against the disease. (ucsf.edu)
  • We thank INSERM U 910 "Génétique Médicale, Génomique Fonctionnelle", CNRS UMR 7290 Psychologie cognitive, Fédération de Recherche 3C-Comportement Cerveau-Cognition, and Aix Marseille University, and also the Fondation Jérôme Lejeune. (springer.com)
  • The name of Cognitive Tutor® now usually refers to a particular type of intelligent tutoring system produced by Carnegie Learning for high school mathematics based on John Anderson's ACT-R theory of human cognition. (wikipedia.org)
  • according to the authors, they "were able to identify 70 genomic loci significantly associated with cognition, implicating 350 candidate genes underlying cognitive ability. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Distributed cognition is the Cognitive Science version of sociology -- examining the way people think and interact in groups. (everything2.com)
  • Brain
  • Differential Brain, Cognitive and Motor Profiles Associated with Partial Trisomy. (springer.com)
  • The term cognitive training (also called brain training or neurobics) reflects a hypothesis that cognitive abilities can be maintained or improved by exercising the brain, in an analogy to the way physical fitness is improved by exercising the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the first time, we were able to use genetic information to point us towards specific drugs that might aid in cognitive disorders of the brain, including Alzheimer's disease , schizophrenia , and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Cognitive science is an area of interdisciplinary study that investigates the nature and representation of knowledge, the structure and function of intelligence (natural and artificial), and the relation of mind to brain and machine. (lawrence.edu)
  • A California-based husband and wife doctor duo wants more people to maintain their brain health, so they launched their own cognitive-care supplement company. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Browse this list of cognitive and brain health resources-for yourself, your family and friends, or your clients and patients. (nih.gov)
  • Proposals will be considered that investigate a particular cognitive process using human brain data. (nsf.gov)
  • processes
  • Cognitive-behavioral strategies are based on the theory that in the development of maladaptive behavioral patterns like substance abuse, learning processes play a critical role. (drugabuse.gov)
  • The cognitive psychologist studies human perceptions and the ways in which cognitive processes operate to produce responses. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Although important inroads continued to be made into the study of mental processes - including the work of the W ü rzburg School, the Gestalt psychologists, the field theory of Kurt Lewin , and Jean Piaget 's theories of cognitive development in children - the behaviorist focus remained dominant in the United States through the middle of the twentieth century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A program was classified as promoting cognitive competence if it sought to influence a child's cognitive abilities, processes, or outcomes, including academic performance, logical and analytic thinking, problem-solving, decision-making, planning, goal-setting, and self-talk skills. (hhs.gov)
  • These developments allow cognitive processes to be characterized at unprecedented resolution: single neuron activity. (mit.edu)
  • Additionally, proposals directed at understanding low-level sensorimotor processes or restricted to model-based simulations of neural data will not be considered, unless they are embedded in a cognitive question related to one of the central research topics listed above. (nsf.gov)
  • affective
  • Student model, the central component of an ITS, is expected to contain as much knowledge as possible about the students: their cognitive and affective states, and the progress they gained as they learn. (wikipedia.org)
  • tutor
  • A cognitive tutor is a particular kind of intelligent tutoring system that utilizes a cognitive model to provide feedback to students as they are working through problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cognitive Tutor programs utilize cognitive model and are based on model tracing and knowledge tracing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Model tracing means that the cognitive tutor checks every action performed by students such as entering a value or clicking a button, while knowledge tracing is used to calculate the required skills students learned by measuring them on a bar chart called Skillometer. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2013 report concluded that Carnegie Learning Curricula and Cognitive Tutor® was found to have mixed effects on mathematics achievement for high school students. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report identified 27 studies that investigate the effectiveness of Cognitive Tutor ®, and the conclusion is based on 6 studies that meet What Works Clearinghouse standards. (wikipedia.org)
  • A tutoring system adopting a cognitive model is called a cognitive tutor. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cognitive model is used to trace each student's solution through complex problems, enabling the tutor to provide step-by-step feedback and advice, and to maintain a targeted model of the student's knowledge based on student performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • As of 2016, companies offering products and services for cognitive training have marketed them as improving educational outcomes for children, and for adults as improving memory, processing speed, and problem-solving, and even as preventing dementia or Alzheimers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alzheimer's
  • The FTC found that Lumosity's marketing "preyed on consumers' fears about age-related cognitive decline, suggesting their games could stave off memory loss, dementia, and even Alzheimer's disease", without providing any scientific evidence to back its claims. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanisms
  • The fifth edition of The Cognitive Neurosciences continues to chart new directions in the study of the biological underpinnings of complex cognitio-the relationship between the structural and physiological mechanisms of the nervous system and the psychological reality of the mind. (mit.edu)
  • In real life, however, our choices are governed by cognitive mechanisms shaped over evolutionary time through the process of natural selection. (mit.edu)
  • Neural
  • A wide range of neuroimaging techniques are employed by cognitive neuroscientists for measuring or inferring neural activity, as well as techniques for determining neuroanatomical structure-function relationships (e.g., fMRI, EEG, MEG, TMS). (nsf.gov)
  • insights
  • With capabilities like People Insights, Facial Recognition, and Webex Assistant, Cognitive Collaboration is transforming the virtual team experience. (cisco.com)
  • enable
  • Furthermore, allowing cognitive biases enable faster decisions which can be desirable when timeliness is more valuable than accuracy, as illustrated in heuristics . (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • Allin M, Matsumoto H, Santhouse AM, Nosarti C, AlAsady MH, Stewart AL, Rifkin L, Murray RM (2001) Cognitive and motor function and the size of the cerebellum in adolescents born very pre-term. (springer.com)
  • study
  • As the world's population ages, cognitive frailty is our biggest biomedical challenge," said Dena Dubal , MD, PhD, assistant professor of neurology, the David A. Coulter Endowed Chair in Aging and Neurodegeneration at UCSF and lead author of the study, published May 8 in Cell Reports . (ucsf.edu)
  • Language became an important area of study for cognitive psychologists. (encyclopedia.com)
  • memory
  • A simple cognitive artifact may serve as external memory. (everything2.com)
  • Evolution has created strong biases in how and when we process information, and it is these evolved cognitive building blocks-from signal detection and memory to individual and social learning-that provide the foundation for our choices. (mit.edu)
  • context
  • Cognitive biases may lead to more effective actions in a given context. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, cognitive tutors also have the ability to provide context-sensitive hints and instruction to guide students towards reasonable next steps. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Kahneman and Tversky (1996) argue that cognitive biases have efficient practical implications for areas including clinical judgment, entrepreneurship, finance, and management. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Montreal Cognitive Assessment is a quick and easy instrument that can be adapted for use in the clinical setting. (aafp.org)
  • ability
  • Cognitive reserve is the capacity of a person to meet the various cognitive demands of life and is evident in an ability to assimilate information, comprehend relationships, and develop reasonable conclusions and plans. (wikipedia.org)
  • One trait that has proven trickier to pin down is cognitive ability. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Because cognitive ability is likely to be spread across a number of locations in the genome, not having a large enough sample size is one of the reasons that previous studies have had little success. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • His team could only identify a few genetic loci associated with cognitive ability. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This is considered to be a relatively reliable estimation of cognitive ability. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Also, a new genetic overlap was found between cognitive ability and the risk of autoimmune diseases, such as eczema , Crohn's disease , rheumatoid arthritis , and celiac disease . (medicalnewstoday.com)