• It comprises a large range of treatment pressures and interventions that can be applied by the professional with the intention to foster treatment adherence or avoid formal coercion. (frontiersin.org)
  • The degree of coercion adherent to several interventions ranges between full autonomy and formal coercion that is regulated by the law. (frontiersin.org)
  • OBJECTIVE: This paper explores similarities and differences between formal coercion and other forms of 'strong persuasion' in clinical decision-making about medical management of patients with severe anorexia nervosa. (ssrn.com)
  • Staff reported use of formal coercion, diagnoses, and psychosocial functioning. (uio.no)
  • We used two tailed t-tests and mixed effects models to analyze the impact from demographics, alliance with parents, use of formal coercion, diagnostic condition, and global psychosocial functioning. (uio.no)
  • Being under formal coercion was the strongest predictor. (uio.no)
  • Various forms of coercion are distinguished: first on the basis of the kind of injury threatened, second according to its aims and scope, and finally according to its effects, from which its legal, social, and ethical implications mostly depend. (wikipedia.org)
  • These are so common that they are also used as metaphors for other forms of coercion. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there also are nonphysical forms of coercion, where the threatened injury does not immediately imply the use of force. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yet while various forms of coercion have a place within a proper program of chinuch , coercion should never be confused with chinuch itself. (jewishmediaresources.com)
  • W. Widick Schroeder observes that if coercion is defined as "the capacity to act in ways violating others," then "persuasion and coercion interplay in any human community" (PPT 70). (religion-online.org)
  • 6 ) defined nine graduations of coercion: (I) persuasion, (II) inducement, (III) threats, (IV) show of force, (V) physical force, (VI) legal force, (VII) request for a dispositional preference, (VIII) giving orders, and (IX) deception. (frontiersin.org)
  • Several studies have shown that some initial reports of "coercion" to test were rather "persuasion" or "encouragement" to test (1, 8-10). (ohtn.on.ca)
  • The hallmark of such persuasion is high pressure, a pressure which works on mental, moral, or emotional weakness to such an extent that it approaches the boundaries of coercion. (dorfonlaw.org)
  • The ethical boundaries of persuasion: coercion and restraint of patients in clinical anesthesia practice. (semanticscholar.org)
  • article{Norman2001TheEB, title={The ethical boundaries of persuasion: coercion and restraint of patients in clinical anesthesia practice. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Nyttingnes, Olav (2018) Patients' Experience of Coercion in Mental Health Care. (uio.no)
  • 2018) states that there is a potential for coercion directly related to HIV self-testing (12), contrasting the interpretation of evidence from the WHO HIV Self-Testing Guidelines (1). (ohtn.on.ca)
  • noun force , pressure , threats , bullying , constraint , intimidation , compulsion , duress , browbeating , strong-arm tactics (informal) It was vital that the elections should be free of coercion or intimidation. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The Court held, in fact, that this decision amounted to "coercion" and "compulsion," which the Constitution forbids. (dorfonlaw.org)
  • Coercion may involve the actual infliction of physical pain/injury or psychological harm in order to enhance the credibility of a threat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Byman and Waxman (2000) define coercion as "the use of threatened force, including the limited use of actual force to back up the threat, to induce an adversary to behave differently than it otherwise would. (wikipedia.org)
  • The outcome of coercion is contingent on the clear communication of a threat, suitable cost-benefit calculations, the credibility of the coercer, and reassurances from the coercer upon compliance. (eurasiareview.com)
  • TAIPEI (Reuters) - Chinese bombers and warships conducted drills around Taiwan on Monday, the latest military manoeuvres near the self-ruled island that a senior U.S. official denounced as "coercion" and a threat to stability in the region. (thestar.com.my)
  • 4) "Involuntary servitude" means a condition of servitude in which the victim was forced to work by the use or threat of physical restraint or physical injury, by the use of threat of coercion through law or legal process, or as set forth in RCW 9A.40.110 . (wa.gov)
  • For the exceptional use of coercion, the advice develops three criteria, namely incapacity to deliberate, threat of serious harm and proportionality between harm and coercion. (georgetown.edu)
  • Family Planning Chief Executive Jackie Edmond says "The findings of this important research give all of us a glimpse at the extent of reproductive coercion happening behind closed doors in our country and its impact on the health and wellbeing of women. (familyplanning.org.nz)
  • More to the point, as far as human societies are concerned, anthropologists have long documented differences in the extent of sexual coercion in different human societies. (wmot.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to examine to what extent adolescents perceive or experience coercion during inpatient mental health care, and to examine predictors of experienced coercion. (uio.no)
  • Conclusion Perceived coercion and its determinants are to some extent sex-specific. (ebscohost.com)
  • San Francisco, CA - What may be the first national survey to determine the extent of a form of abuse called "reproductive coercion" was released today by the National Domestic Violence Hotline and the Family Violence Prevention Fund. (thehotline.org)
  • Coercion /koʊˈɜːrʃən/ is the practice of forcing another party to act in an involuntary manner by use of threats or force. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reproductive coercion (also called coerced reproduction) is threats or acts of violence against a partner's reproductive health or reproductive decision-making and is a collection of behaviors intended to pressure or coerce a partner into initiating or terminating a pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Any attempt to influence Taiwan through threats or coercion, we believe, destabilises the region and threatens stability in the Taiwan Strait," James Moriarty, chairman of the American Institute in Taiwan, said at a ceremony to mark the last four decades of U.S.-Taiwan relations. (thestar.com.my)
  • However, in order to implement free and secret electronic elections, the threats of vote buying and coercion against the voters need to be addressed. (eurobuch.com)
  • Coercion theory is one of the most fully developed bodies of theory in the social sciences, one that has advanced the field of national security by illuminating the logic that underlies threats, violence, and war. (anarchistnews.org)
  • Reproductive coercion is defined as threats or acts of violence against a partner's reproductive health or reproductive decision-making. (thehotline.org)
  • To some people, that might seem like clear-cut evidence that increased gender equality leads to increased sexual empowerment for women and less sexual coercion, but the study also found that depictions of coercive sex in pornography are about as common in Norway as in other countries. (wmot.org)
  • It is recommendable to establish structured education about informal coercion and sensitize mental health professionals for its potential for adverse effects in clinical routine practice. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here we have been told that the proposed new eugenics would be okay, unlike the bad old eugenics, because it would be based on "choice" rather than societal coercion. (firstthings.com)
  • But it does suggest avenues through which, on a societal level, sexual coercion - attempts to get sex by force - might be reduced in the United States and other countries. (wmot.org)
  • Psychiatric tradition, social expectation, andthe law make it clear that coercion is the profession sdetermining characteristic.Psychiatrists may "diagnose" or "treat" people withouttheir consent or even against their clearly expressed wishes,and these involuntary psychiatric interventions are asdifferent as are sexual relations between consenting adultsand the sexual violence we call "rape. (ecampus.com)
  • Coercion of involuntary servitude. (wa.gov)
  • Fines for attempting to coerce a woman into having an abortion would be up to $5000, or up to $10,000 if the woman is a minor or if the perpetrator of the coercion is the father of the fetus in question. (msmagazine.com)
  • Women attending our clinics are asked about violence or coercion, they're asked about being asked to do things sexually that they don't want to do. (familyplanning.org.nz)
  • Sexual coercion, Sanday said - in a view backed by numerous feminist scholars - is shaped by cultural forces: "It is important to understand that violence is socially and not biologically programmed. (wmot.org)
  • Survivors of domestic violence don't always recognize reproductive coercion as part of the power and control their partner is exerting over them in their relationship," said National Domestic Violence Hotline Operations Manager Mikisha Hooper. (thehotline.org)
  • According to the Family Violence Prevention Fund, the rate of reproductive coercion is probably even higher than these findings showed because some callers who experienced this form of control were not included in the survey because they needed to be referred to help immediately. (thehotline.org)
  • OTTAWA - Roxanne's Law may have gone down to defeat, but Conservative MP Rod Bruinooge sees signs a version of his anti-abortion coercion bill might succeed some day. (wcr.ab.ca)
  • Amiri said that she believes "pressure, dissuasion and coercion to carry their pregnancies to term" is driving down the number of minors in ORR custody who might otherwise seek an abortion or unbiased counseling. (texasobserver.org)
  • HB 4799 is not about protecting women from coercion, it's about finding one more new path by which to vilify abortion. (msmagazine.com)
  • She says in addition to the screening opportunities cited by ACOG, screening women at the time of abortion is also a good tactic for identifying victims of reproductive coercion, since multiple abortions may be a sign that a woman is facing this kind of pressure. (tpr.org)
  • Issues of concern regarding coercion of psychiatric patients, which were once relevant only to psychiatric hospitalization, are now applicable to the community arena as well. (springer.com)
  • Olofsson B, Norberg A (2001) Experiences of coercion in psychiatric care as narrated by patients, nurses and physicians. (springer.com)
  • Publications were included if they reported original data describing patients' and clinicians' attitudes toward and prevalence rates or clinical effects of informal coercion. (frontiersin.org)
  • The majority of mental health professionals as well as one-third to two-third of the psychiatric patients had positive attitudes, even if there was personal experience of informal coercion. (frontiersin.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that clinicians use legal coercion very sparingly in treating severe anorexia nervosa, distinguishing legal coercion from other forms of close clinical management of patients. (ssrn.com)
  • Results High experienced coercion was reported by a third of all patients. (uio.no)
  • Conclusions Roughly one third of patients in the sample reported high experienced coercion. (uio.no)
  • In this prospective, mixed-methods study, we investigate patient perceptions of procedural justice and coercion within the context of the forensic mental health system in Ontario, Canada (final N = 120 forensic patients and their primary care providers). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Results from this mixed-methods study will yield a rich and detailed account of patient perceptions of the forensic mental health system, and specifically whether perceptions of procedural fairness, justice and legitimacy, as well as perceived coercion, systematically influence patients' risk for adversity, their ability to progress in their recovery, and ultimately, advance through the forensic system towards successful community living. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hoyer G, Kjellin L, Engberg M, Kaltiala-Heino R, Nilstun T, Sigurjonsdottir M et al (2002) Paternalism and autonomy: a presentation of a Nordic study on the use of coercion in the mental health care system. (springer.com)
  • This study showed that experiencing moral doubt is related to some one's normative attitude towards coercion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The purpose of coercion is to substitute one's aims to those of the victim. (wikipedia.org)
  • John Cobb tells us that if coercion is defined as the unilateral imposition of one's desires on another, then "no society can exist without some measure of coercion" (PTT 106). (religion-online.org)
  • Scoring low on an assessment of mental health problems, reporting high trust in others, or stating that religion played a major role in one's family of origin seemed to buffer the negative effect that the experience of sexual coercion had on the likelihood of having many sexual partners. (lu.se)
  • Future research could investigate whether moral case deliberation increases professionals' experience of moral doubt and whether this will evoke more critical thinking and increase staff's curiosity for alternatives to coercion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A better understanding of the possible role of moral doubt in stimulating critical reflection and changing cultures might inform us whether stimulating moral doubt, for example by means of moral case deliberation, can play a role in reducing and improving the use of coercion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In psychological coercion, the threatened injury regards the victim's relationships with other people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychological coercion - along with the other varieties - was extensively and systematically used by the government of the People's Republic of China during the "Thought Reform" campaign of 1951-1952. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of the wide range-in time and place-of societies studied, the reader is able to see many different approaches to the question of consent and coercion as well as a certain evolution, in which Christianity plays an important role. (harvard.edu)
  • Health worker training on HIV and reproductive rights, improving counselling on HIV and sexual and reproductive health for WLHIV, providing State mechanisms to investigate and sanction coercive and forced sterilization, and strengthening civil society to increase WLHIV's capacity to resist coercion to sterilize can contribute to preventing coercive and forced sterilization. (harvard.edu)
  • The aim of this review is to investigate possible risks of coercion associated with HIV self-testing. (ohtn.on.ca)
  • Women's Refuge has published New Zealand's first ever report on reproductive coercion and Family Planning says the courage of the women who responded to the study needs to be met with an equally courageous response from agencies working in the sector - and more broadly. (familyplanning.org.nz)
  • And they have subjected women, as childbearers, to coercion- either to have or to not have children for the greater good of those other than themselves. (guttmacher.org)
  • I asked myself, 'How many women in prison are there because of this type of coercion? (rowman.com)
  • New surveys hope to tell us, but since they are by social psychologists and the paper is in Psychology of Women Quarterly , a feminist, scientific, peer-reviewed journal, they only find that objectification of a female partner's body is related to higher incidents of sexual pressure and coercion. (science20.com)
  • One contemporary analysis links the increase in gender equality in a society with increased sexual empowerment of women and less sexual coercion. (wmot.org)
  • Anthropologists, sociologists and biologists have explored over several decades many factors that shape the likelihood of sexual coercion of women by men. (wmot.org)
  • In the short term, greater equality might trigger a "backlash" effect, leading to changes in the status of women while, over the longer term, equality might be linked with lower levels of coercion. (wmot.org)
  • Definitions of sexual coercion, moreover, have been the subject of debate - many scholars point out that most sexual coercion of women happens in the context of existing relationships, including marriage, even though cases such as the Cleveland abductions are far more likely to attract media attention. (wmot.org)
  • Sexual coercion was reported by 9% of gay and bisexual men, 8% of heterosexual females, 5% of lesbians and bisexual women, and less than 1% of heterosexual men. (springer.com)
  • ACOG recommends that OB-GYNs routinely screen women and adolescents for coercion at annual exams and during prenatal and postpartum visits. (tpr.org)
  • and the central question of what is perceived as coercion and what may be the validity or value of coerced consent. (harvard.edu)
  • Police investigating drunken driving cases must get voluntary consent from a suspect without any signs of coercion when drawing blood for testing or else get a search warrant, the Arizona Supreme Court ruled today. (azcapitoltimes.com)
  • Euro-Consent, Euro-Contract or Euro-Coercion? (booksetc.co.uk)
  • Several studies have now been completed to assess the impact of ADs on service use and coercion. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We found no study evaluating the clinical effect of informal coercion in an experimental study design. (frontiersin.org)
  • The clinical effect of informal coercion remains unclear and further studies are needed to evaluate these interventions and the effect on therapeutic relationship and clinical outcome. (frontiersin.org)
  • It can be hypothesized that informal coercion may lead to better adherence and clinical outcome but also to strains in the therapeutic relationship. (frontiersin.org)
  • While we agree with Monahan et al and others, that there are similarities between legal coercion and other forms of strong clinical management (or power), our results suggest that NSW clinicians recognise the importance of maintaining, rather than blurring that distinction. (ssrn.com)
  • The Technology and Intimacy: Choice or Coercion: 12th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC12 2016, Salford, UK, separates cancer of valuable direction that can move to clinical failure drug and not, Loss. (adams-farm.com)
  • Victims of sexual coercion often share similar characteristics, such as lower self-esteem, lower assertiveness, higher depressive symptoms, higher alcohol use, increased number of sexual partners, more romantic relationships, prior victimization, and relationship insecurity. (edu.pl)
  • HIV home testing in high-income settings is seen as less problematic because it is assumed that individuals would be able to pay for the test, do the test, and experience the testing process in a context free from coercion or abuse (2, 3). (ohtn.on.ca)
  • In the context of HIV self-testing, coercion is usually defined as being forced to test (7). (ohtn.on.ca)
  • I'm taking it from the perspective of an individual's right to be a bigoted dick without the government using coercion to change his or/her behavior as long as he doesn't interfere with another' rights. (blogspot.com)