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  • genes
  • Well, he or she would be a complete human being who happens to share the same set of genes with another person. (readthehook.com)
  • Clones would be born with certain expectations, goes the argument, because people with their exact set of genes would have lived before them. (readthehook.com)
  • To make a long story short, the problem with mammalian cloning may be that the genes from nuclei from mature cells may have lost their proper imprinting because of aging. (readthehook.com)
  • Using DNA microarray technology, the team analyzed more than 10,000 genes from liver and placenta cells in cloned mice and found that up to four percent of the genes do not function normally. (genomenewsnetwork.org)
  • The result was clear differences in how genes functioned in the cloned cells. (genomenewsnetwork.org)
  • People will start to look and act more like each other, and if one person's genes contains vital information for the future and he/she doesn't reproduce sexually, it would be shared with another individual and evolution of the human race will never take place again. (bartleby.com)
  • It has been well established that most of the non-human embryos produced through nuclear transfer cloning are abnormal, with a deficiency in several of the genes (imprinted and non imprinted) necessary to the development of the early embryo. (vatican.va)
  • Gene cloning produces copies of genes or segments of DNA. (studymode.com)
  • mice
  • Now, a new study by Rudolf Jaenisch and his colleagues at the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research in Cambridge, Massachusetts, shows that the genomes of cloned mice are severely compromised. (genomenewsnetwork.org)
  • This mouse went through the birthing process to create the cloned mice. (studymode.com)
  • beings
  • Yes, because of the potential physical dangers and the profound ethical dilemmas it poses, the cloning of human beings should be prohibited. (encyclopedia.com)
  • No, the cloning of human beings should not be prohibited because the potential for medical accidents or malfeasance is grossly overstated, and the ethical questions raised by detractors are not unique to cloning-indeed, ethical questions attend every scientific advancement. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The emotional nature of the debate, and the lack of understanding of the scientific aspects of the subject, is epitomized by House Majority Whip Tom Delay (R-Texas) who declared: "Human beings should not be cloned to stock a medical junkyard of spare parts. (encyclopedia.com)
  • One of the prospects should not be, perhaps should never be, the extension of this technique to human beings," said Carl Felbaum , president of the Biotechnology Industry Organization, in an interview with CNN. (cnn.com)
  • Frank Pavone, a well-respected writer for the church, feels that clones would also feel less of human beings because 'value is intimately tied to uniqueness' (Pavone). (bartleby.com)
  • However, the Holy See applauds and encourages research using adult stem cells, because it is completely compatible with respect for the dignity of human beings. (vatican.va)
  • Moreover, a non-human primate model of cloning, which would be necessary in order to conduct experiments to establish safety before attempting therapeutic experiments in human beings, has yet to be developed (10). (vatican.va)
  • About half of the countries in Central and Eastern Europe and former Soviet republics in the Caucasus have ratified the Protocol on the Prohibition of Cloning Human Beings. (publicintegrity.org)
  • Our society and our planet come closer every day to having to make some very difficult decisions about whether cloning of human beings should be allowed. (mediamonitors.net)
  • On Friday, a National Academy of Sciences panel said cloning human beings for the purpose of creating a child is medically unsafe and should be banned. (mediamonitors.net)
  • The therapeutic cloning procedure does not create completely formed human beings, but rather early-stage embryos from which stem cells can be harvested. (mediamonitors.net)
  • In all actuality, even if there were convincing reason to perform this procedure on human beings, it would have to fall under one strict criteria that morals and medical ethics alike consider to be impenetrable: the slogan "to first do no harm" (United, 65).Dolly was successful in only one out of 277 attempts. (studymode.com)
  • experiments
  • The unintended consequences of human knowledge and curiosity are easily recognized in technologies of atom splitting (bombs and waste), agriculture (land devastation), and unethical medical experiments. (ethicsdaily.com)
  • ethical
  • But it is hard to see why this age difference might present an ethical problem- or give clones a different moral status. (readthehook.com)
  • Due to ethical concerns, Britain has banned human cloning, and research using human embryos is strictly regulated. (cnn.com)
  • Indeed, even putting aside fundamental ethical considerations other than the patient's expectations, the present state of 'therapeutic cloning' precludes, now and in the near future, any clinical application. (vatican.va)
  • Ten years ago, this wooly charmer -- the first mammal clone -- put cloning on the scientific and ethical maps. (whyfiles.org)
  • Ten years AD, cloning discoveries continue to produce surprising scientific results that raise ethical, political and scientific questions. (whyfiles.org)
  • In fact, it was the cloning of Dolly that first launched the world into a grand ethical debate over cloning. (scribd.com)
  • Clearly, the world is undecided on the ethical status of cloning. (scribd.com)
  • vitro
  • Eventually animal research may indicate that human cloning can be accomplished with no greater risk than in vitro fertilization posed when Louise Brown, the first "test-tube baby" was born in 1978. (encyclopedia.com)
  • But the success of an in vitro procedure is far from guaranteed, especially when the mother is in her mid-thirties or older, so cloning one of the parents may be their final hope for having a child with a biological tie. (discovermagazine.com)
  • The government of Canada defines a human clone as, "an embryo that, as a result of the manipulation of human reproductive material or an in vitro embryo, contains a diploid set of chromosomes obtained from a single - living or deceased - human being, foetus or embryo" (Health Canada). (scribd.com)
  • in vitro maturation and fertilization, in vitro embryo culture, embryo freezing, embryo biopsy and sexing by PCR, embryonic manipulation with special regard to nuclear transfer (cloning). (unite.it)
  • My current area of research is nuclear reprogramming and the epigenetic modification of DNA induced on early embryos by cloning and other in vitro manipulations. (unite.it)
  • nuclear
  • The additional protocol to the treaty noted that such an action was necessitated by "scientific developments in the field of mammal cloning, particularly through embryo splitting and nuclear transfer. (publicintegrity.org)
  • However, this nuclear transfer has the potential for serious physical and psychological harm s to all involved in the procedure, and when such harms exits, rarely are any procedures performed on humans without extensive animal research. (studymode.com)
  • implications
  • Cloning and Its Sociobiological Implications Picture this: walking down a street and seeing someone who looks exactly like you. (bartleby.com)
  • In a more welcome vein, the first in what promises to be a series of books examining the implications of cloning has been published. (latimes.com)
  • goats
  • Using goats as egg donors and surrogates, they made several clones of a wild mountain goat called the bucardo-but the longest-surviving clone died soon after birth. (smore.com)
  • Clonaid
  • At one of the oddest press conferences ever, Brigitte Bosselier, a "bishop" in the Raelian UFO cult announced on December 27 that their cloning company, Clonaid, has succeeded in cloning a 7-pound baby girl named Eve. (readthehook.com)
  • However, Clonaid says that it has agreed to let an independent panel chosen by science journalist Michael Guillen determine whether Eve is in fact a clone of her mother. (readthehook.com)
  • And for $200,000 the company Clonaid promises to clone a human baby. (genomenewsnetwork.org)
  • In July, for example, a group called Clonaid said it had a surrogate mother carrying a clone in South Korea. (discovermagazine.com)
  • dignity
  • Human lives, souls, and dignity are at stake! (apologeticspress.org)
  • Thus, the Holy See earnestly encourages investigations that are being carried out in the fields of medicine and biology, with the goal of curing diseases and of improving the quality of life of all, provided that they are respectful of the dignity of the human being. (vatican.va)
  • This respect demands that any research that is inconsistent with the dignity of the human being is morally excluded. (vatican.va)
  • 13) From an anthropological standpoint, most people recognize that cloning is offensive to human dignity. (vatican.va)
  • Issues of human genetics and bioethics in Europe have been widely accepted as human rights issues concerning human dignity and fundamental freedoms of the citizens," according to Emilia Ianeva, director of the Center for Human Rights at California State University, Hayward. (publicintegrity.org)
  • bioethics
  • The most public debate in bioethics today centers on the technology of cloning. (ethicsdaily.com)
  • Years earlier, in October of 1995, Clinton had established the National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) in light of bioethical concerns over research on humans. (scribd.com)
  • advancement
  • Before that advancement arrives, we need to ask ourselves if this knowledge of cloning is a beneficial idea or a destructive one. (bartleby.com)
  • 1998
  • Nineteen European countries including France, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Germany signed a treaty in 1998 prohibiting human cloning (DuPrau 77). (scribd.com)
  • offensive
  • Some benefits of cloning in this way are that especially resistant plant lines can be reproduced for use in diseased areas, individual plants can be shared between gardeners, and reproducing plants that have an offensive sex can be avoided. (studymode.com)
  • Dolly's
  • Clone: The Road to Dolly and the Path Ahead," by New York Times reporter Gina Kolata, lucidly separates science fact from fiction, reconstructs the history of scientific developments that led to Dolly's creation and offers a thoughtful overview of the potential pitfalls attending the discovery. (latimes.com)