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  • 2000
  • California has been the leader in the debate on cloning since it became the first state in the union to publicly address the subject of human cloning in January 2000 when the panel had its first meeting . (wired.com)
  • blunt
  • 3) Blunt the PCR product ends with something like T4 DNA polymerase and clone the resulting blunted product into a blunt-cut vector. (bio.net)
  • Nandy Hofland ( nandy at ruly46.medfac.leidenuniv.nl ) wrote: For two months now I have been trying to clone a 2 kb blunt fragment (NruI/HindIII, filled in with klenow) into a PvuII site of a 6.5 kb vector. (bio.net)
  • I have been using Stratagenes pCRscript blunt end cloning kit with limited success. (bio.net)
  • animal clones
  • Meat and milk from cow, pig, and goat clones, and the offspring of any animal clones, are as safe as food we eat every day. (fda.gov)
  • These animal clones are then used for conventional breeding, and their sexually reproduced offspring become the food-producing animals. (fda.gov)
  • FDA has concluded that cattle, swine, and goat clones, and the offspring of any animal clones traditionally consumed as food, are safe for human and animal consumption. (fda.gov)
  • Food labels do not have to state that food is from animal clones or their offspring. (fda.gov)
  • EFSA's scientific advice will help inform risk managers in considering any future EU measures in relation to animal clones, their offspring and their products, such as meat and milk. (europa.eu)
  • experiments
  • First, I think he is assuming that cloning can work, not postulating hundreds of unethical experiments to try to get there. (marginalrevolution.com)
  • Monkey and related experiments are significant largely because they obviously bring us nearer to human cloning," Michael Shapiro, JD, a law professor and expert on medical ethics at the University of Southern California, told Healthline. (healthline.com)
  • Initial mammalian cloning experiments, with sheep and other species, have produced many sickly offspring that die quickly. (wired.com)
  • stem-cell res
  • Kerry's web page on stem-cell research also doesn't mention cloning. (wired.com)
  • While voters might not be proficient enough to perform stem-cell research or cloning, most can at least grasp the concepts enough to form a meaningful opinion, said Cary Funk, professor and director of the Virginia Commonwealth University Life Sciences Survey . (wired.com)
  • This fact was ignored by the establishment press, which insisted on saying Ron Reagan was merely endorsing "stem cell research"-which, unlike cloning research, can be conducted with cord blood and does not require destruction of a human life. (humanevents.com)
  • meat and milk
  • After years of detailed study and analysis, the Food and Drug Administration has concluded that meat and milk from clones of cattle, swine (pigs), and goats, and the offspring of clones from any species traditionally consumed as food, are as safe to eat as food from conventionally bred animals. (fda.gov)
  • There is no indication that differences exist in terms of food safety for meat and milk of clones and their progeny compared with those from conventionally bred animals. (europa.eu)
  • gene
  • It is faster and cheaper than creating a physical gene map and sequencing clones one by one, but the reliability of reassembling all the sequences of the small fragments into one genomic sequence has been doubted. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Is cloning an organism the same as cloning a gene? (utah.edu)
  • Cloning a gene usually involves copying the DNA sequence of that gene into a smaller, more easily manipulated piece of DNA, such as a plasmid. (utah.edu)
  • eggs
  • Thousands of eggs are necessary to complete cloning projects and few ethical guidelines exist governing how donors should be treated. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The San Francisco-based Pacific Fertility Clinic, which had said it would help the stem cell hub collect eggs beginning in January, said on Monday that it has severed all ties with Hwang and has dropped all involvement with cloning research. (washingtonpost.com)
  • University of Pittsburgh cloning researcher Gerald Schatten said on Saturday that he resigned from the stem cell hub and ended his 20-month collaboration with Hwang because of the South Korean's "unethical practices" in collecting eggs from a volunteer then misleading Schatten about it. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Since then, though, rumors have swirled that some of the 242 eggs used in the experiment were donated by subordinate scientists in Hwang's famed cloning lab. (washingtonpost.com)
  • To clone human embryos, however, you need eggs. (howstuffworks.com)
  • They said he used unacceptable practices to remove eggs from human donors and faked research into cloning stem cells. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • After months of a double-digit lead, the proposition, which in effect would guarantee the right to clone human embryos and competitively pay women for their eggs, won by only a hair. (americamagazine.org)
  • Artificial
  • The original DNA can be either genomic DNA (whole genome shotgun cloning) or a clone such as a YAC ( yeast artificial chromosome ) that contains a large piece of genomic DNA needing to be split into fragments. (encyclopedia.com)
  • rhesus
  • Although primates have been cloned before, most notably a rhesus macaque named Tetra born in 1999, ZZ and HH are the first primates cloned using SCNT. (healthline.com)
  • human beings
  • Some groups feel that cloning could lead the world down a path where human beings would eventually lose their individuality. (easybib.com)
  • Frank Pavone, a well-respected writer for the church, feels that clones would also feel less of human beings because 'value is intimately tied to uniqueness' (Pavone). (bartleby.com)
  • 2001
  • When it became apparent in 2001 that cloning could become a commercial venture to help improve the quality of herds, FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) asked livestock producers to voluntarily keep food from clones and their offspring out of the food chain until CVM could further evaluate the issue. (fda.gov)
  • organs
  • I am thinking in particular of attempts at human cloning with a view to obtaining organs for transplants: these techniques, insofar as they involve the manipulation and destruction of human embryos, are not morally acceptable, even when their proposed goal is good in itself. (vatican.va)
  • Slate
  • Still, the stem-cell issue, which unbeknownst to many is closely linked to cloning, was raised 20 times during the Democratic National Convention, according to Slate. (wired.com)
  • genetic copies
  • Clones are genetic copies of an animal,' says Larisa Rudenko, Ph.D., a Molecular Biologist and Senior Adviser for biotechnology in CVM. (fda.gov)
  • implant
  • The report also says that the panel isn't worried about women wanting to implant available clones. (wired.com)
  • process
  • They were only able to clone one or two follicles from an extracted hair but for the process to be efficient this number should have been around 1000. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ethicality of Cloning Cloning the latest process that could change the way we look at our environment, and the step to take us to lose what makes us unique and unparalleled. (bartleby.com)
  • Creating
  • This involves shotgun cloning the whole genome and sequencing the clones without creating a physical map. (encyclopedia.com)
  • On Meet the Press , West argued that since ACT plans to destroy its cloned embryos before gastrulation, "Scientifically, the entities we're creating are not an individual. (slate.com)
  • Implications
  • EFSA adopted a scientific opinion on the implications of animal cloning on food safety, animal health and welfare and the environment in July 2008. (europa.eu)
  • EFSA received 128 submissions (285 including repetitive comments) during the public consultation on the implications of animal cloning on food safety, animal health and welfare and the environment, from 64 interested parties (including individuals, non-governmental organisations, industry organisations and national assessment bodies). (europa.eu)
  • Cloning and Its Sociobiological Implications Picture this: walking down a street and seeing someone who looks exactly like you. (bartleby.com)
  • pigs
  • It also considered the extent to which current knowledge on the cloning of cattle and pigs could be applied to sheep, goats and chickens. (europa.eu)
  • milk
  • On May 18, 2010, Got, the cloned calf is born through a surrogate Swiss milk cow and is an exact replica of his father. (infoplease.com)
  • Clones may allow farmers to upgrade the quality of their herds by providing more copies of their best animals-those with naturally occurring desirable traits, such as resistance to disease, high milk production, or quality meat production. (fda.gov)
  • science
  • At the outset of the clone craze, some scientists and companies focused on exploiting the science-fiction aspects of the technology. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Kerry's detractors could prey on Americans' general ignorance and loathing of the science of cloning. (wired.com)
  • Whether or not the omission is intentional, Kerry may soon find it necessary to explain an arcane science to voters, because his opposition's definition of cloning is much simpler to understand: There is just one type of cloning. (wired.com)
  • But the yuck factor associated with cloning could hurt Kerry if his campaign isn't proactive about explaining what exactly the science involves. (wired.com)
  • FDA has found no science-based reason to require labels to distinguish between products from clones and products from conventionally produced animals. (fda.gov)
  • Human cloning might seem like something out of a science-fiction novel, but it may someday be possible with advances in science and technology. (bartleby.com)
  • However
  • However, if you like movies about neo-Nazi cloning projects, get the popcorn ready! (howstuffworks.com)
  • However, that assertion comes with a giant asterisk because the nuances and ethics related to human cloning make the issue significantly more complicated. (healthline.com)
  • However it was interesting and shocking to see Miranda's reaction towards the cloning issue and the themes made it also heavier, so it compensates it. (bartleby.com)
  • involves
  • It involves taking the DNA to be cloned and cutting it either using a restriction enzyme or randomly using a physical method to smash the DNA into small pieces. (encyclopedia.com)
  • people
  • Set in 2019, wealthy people keep clones of themselves on an island so if they ever get hurt, they can just snag a body part from their clone by murdering him or her. (howstuffworks.com)
  • They are trying to scare people by convincing them that Kerry wants to hatch marching armies of cloned soldiers,' said R. Alta Charo, professor of law and bioethics at the University of Wisconsin Law and Medical Schools. (wired.com)
  • are that people would clone themselves or others in multiple for ghastly purposes such as organ replenishment and that people would clone themselves directly rather than have children out of a desire for immortality or a pure access of ego. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • If people were being cloned one after the other, then there wouldn't be much diversity in the society. (bartleby.com)
  • Additionally, cloning would help aid people who are sick. (bartleby.com)
  • But have people ever considered the consequences of human cloning if it becomes permitted? (bartleby.com)
  • issue
  • I think (cloning is) moving out of the shadows into what well may be the second most important issue after defense and security,' said Nigel Cameron, president of the Institute on Biotechnology and the Human Future at the Chicago-Kent College of Law. (wired.com)
  • Cloning techniques are being used in a number of non-EU countries as well and several food safety authorities have already issued scientific advice on this issue. (europa.eu)