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  • genomic
  • Remarkable progress is being made in appreciation and the role of epigenetics in topics as diverse as somatic gene therapy, cloning and transgenic strategies in plants and animals, aspects of cancer biology, the study of viral latency, the activity of mobile elements, genomic imprinting, and developmental abnormalities in animals and plants. (keystonesymposia.org)
  • human
  • Fish insulin messenger RNA is larger (1.5 times) than the messenger RNA encoding mammalian (rat and human) insulin, in part because of a larger C peptide (an additional six amino acids or 18 nucleotides in length) but mainly because of increases in the 5' and 3' untranslated regions. (sciencemag.org)
  • cell lines
  • Additionally, many cell lines, especially the endocrine cell lines we most commonly work with, require extra serum to survive at low densities - adding to the expense of dilution cloning. (addgene.org)