• Capable of beating in unison, cilia move mammalian ova through oviducts, generate water currents to carry food and oxygen past the gills of clams, carry food through the digestive systems of snails, circulate cerebrospinal fluid of animals, and clean debris from the respiratory systems of mammals. (britannica.com)
  • In modified form, cilia trigger the discharge of stinging devices in jellyfish and give rise to the light-sensitive rods of the mammalian retina and the odour-detecting units of olfactory neurons. (britannica.com)
  • Most mucous membranes, such as those in the nose , are covered with cilia to create a constant flow of mucus. (conservapedia.com)
  • On the top we see the cilia, labeled (H). They are attached to columnar cells, labeled (I). The cilia sweep the mucous produced in the goblet cells, labeled (J) as well as mucous coming from deeper glands within the lungs and the particulate matter trapped in the mucous. (whyquit.com)
  • As you see with the cilia actions being diminished, mucous starts to build up in the small airways making it harder for the smoker to breath and causing the characteristic smokers cough in order to clear out the airways. (whyquit.com)
  • As the cilia starts to break up and sweep out mucous, coughing and congestion can follow. (whyquit.com)
  • The current scientific understanding of primary cilia views them as "sensory cellular antennae that coordinate a large number of cellular signaling pathways, sometimes coupling the signaling to ciliary motility or alternatively to cell division and differentiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the outside of cilia is a membrane like the plasma membrane, but compositionally distinct due to a blocking ring ("necklace") around the base, and distinct also in its population of receptors and other integral proteins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cilia are numerous short extensions of the plasma membrane used for locomotion and other purposes. (conservapedia.com)
  • Cilia are antenna-like membrane-associated structures which play essential roles during development, and during the normal function of many cells throughout the body. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • it functions to sort, modify and permit entry of only membrane and protein constituents destined for transport and incorporation into the developing cilium. (els.net)
  • the singular is cilium) in entomology are fine hairs along the edges of the insect wing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent findings regarding its physiological roles in chemical sensation, signal transduction, and control of cell growth, have led scientists to acknowledge its importance in cell function, with the discovery of its role in diseases not previously recognized to involve the dysgenesis and dysfunction of cilia, such as polycystic kidney disease, congenital heart disease, and an emerging group of genetic ciliopathies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cilium , plural cilia , short eyelashlike filament that is numerous on tissue cells of most animals and provides the means for locomotion of protozoans of the phylum Ciliophora . (britannica.com)
  • Ciliates are microscopic organisms that possess motile cilia exclusively and use them for either locomotion or to simply move liquid over their surface. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also known that the cilium must be disassembled before mitosis can occur. (rug.nl)
  • Some of the signaling with these cilia occur through ligand binding such as Hedgehog signaling. (rug.nl)
  • The male of A. cilium is distinguished easily from the other Adetomyrma males by a combination of long hairs on the eye, long suberect hairs on the anterior surface of the mesofemur, and a well-developed subpetiolar process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epithelial sodium channels ENaC that are specifically expressed along the entire length of cilia apparently serve as sensors that regulate fluid level surrounding the cilia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent studies suggest that primary cilia regulate the cell cycle, giving them a potential role in carcinogenesis. (qiagen.com)
  • I just got my actual pathological slides showing the cilia destruction caused by tobacco smoke. (whyquit.com)
  • The axoneme of primary cilia typically has a ring of nine outer microtubule doublets (called a 9+0 axoneme), and the axoneme of a motile cilium has two central microtubule singlets in addition to the nine outer doublets (called a 9+2 axoneme). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cryo-electron tomography has been a valuable tool in the analysis of 3D structures of cilia at molecular and cellular levels. (biomedcentral.com)
  • President Anne Cilia is the daughter of Past President Peter Stenning (1987/8) who sadly died in 1990. (bandbhac.org.uk)
  • Several different tip types, functional rather than morphogenetic variants, are demonstrated, but similarly bent cilia have similar tips. (rupress.org)
  • In animals, primary cilia are found on nearly every cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, examples of specialized primary cilia can be found in human sensory organs such as the eye and the nose: The outer segment of the rod photoreceptor cell in the human eye is connected to its cell body with a specialized non-motile cilium. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, for example, motile cilia are found in the lining of the trachea (windpipe), where they sweep mucus and dirt out of the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spodoptera cilium, known variously as dark mottled willow, lawn caterpillar and grasslawn armyworm, is a noctuid moth found throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa and western, southern, and south-east Asia and several countries in southern and eastern Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cilia Erens - Found on the facebook of Cilia Erens. (mediamatic.net)
  • Picture of the soundwalk in china called 'China Daily' - Found on the website of Cilia Erens. (mediamatic.net)
  • The Cilia family name was found in the USA, the UK, and Canada between 1880 and 1920. (ancestry.com)
  • The most Cilia families were found in the USA in 1920. (ancestry.com)
  • Since the question of cilia and coughing and lung damage comes up often I figured I would try to show some illustrations as to what happens in the lungs from smoking. (whyquit.com)
  • To stop this process thus reducing your risk cancer, as well as helping to keep your lungs clean of other irritants by allowing the healing of the cilia, you must always remember and practice the simple treatment of knowing to never take another puff! (whyquit.com)
  • Within bivalves , cilia create a constant flow of water over various filtering and sorting surfaces and move and separate food particles from the water. (conservapedia.com)
  • Molecules can move to the tip of the cilia with the aid of anterograde IFT particles and the kinesin-2 motor. (rug.nl)