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  • plasmids
  • The result of Hfr/F− conjugation is a F− strain with a new genotype.When F-prime plasmids are transferred to a recipient bacterial cell, they carry pieces of the donor's DNA that can become important in recombination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Basically, the target chromosome is randomly digested and inserted into plasmids which are transformed and cloned in bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • genomes
  • A majority of her work has focused on the Australian marsupials and monotremes where her cytogenetic and molecular research on marsupial chromosomes and development of strategies to map genomes has provided important insight into the evolution of mammalian genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • The chromosomes are R-banded and the karyotypes described according to the International System for Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN 2005) [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This is accomplished by truncating the natural chromosome, followed by the introduction of unique genetic material via the Cre-Lox system of recombination. (wikipedia.org)
  • virus
  • It is believed that this replication mechanism of HPV may have physiological implications into the integration of the virus into the host chromosome and eventual progression into cervical cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • Their study revealed the chromosome rearrangements and CNV of MCF7 human cancer cells at a 150kb resolution, which is much more accurate compared to both CGH and spectral karyotyping at that time. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Since chromosome banding techniques have been applied to the analysis of chromosomal aberrations in leukemia and cancer, several hundreds of recurring chromosomal breakpoints have been identified. (hindawi.com)
  • gene
  • At the same time, Michael W. Young's team reported similar effects of per, and that the gene covers 7.1-kilobase (kb) interval on the X chromosome and encodes a 4.5-kb poly(A)+ RNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • For instance, Dr. Stephen Meyer of Discovery Institute says that "bacterial cells are propelled by rotary engines called flagellar motors that rotate at 100,000 rpm," which is powerful evidence for design by an intelligent cause. (blogspot.fi)
  • found
  • artificial promoters with complete conservation of the -10 and -35 elements have been found to transcribe at lower frequencies than those with a few mismatches with the consensus. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is a molecular cytogenetic technique that uses fluorescent probes that bind to only those parts of the chromosome with a high degree of sequence complementarity. (wikipedia.org)
  • size
  • Haplotypes have no defined size and can refer to anything from a few closely linked loci up to an entire chromosome. (wikipedia.org)