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  • Molecular
  • Specifically, her work with chondroitin sulfate (CS) and heparan sulfate (HS), the two most common glycosaminoglycans in the nervous system, has shown that this "sulfation code" functions as a molecular recognition element for growth factors and modulates neuronal growth, indicating that these specific sulfated glycosaminoglycans play a major role in neuronal communication, learning, and memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • stiffness
  • Results of the clinical trial available today in Arthritis & Rheumatism, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR), also report that chondroitin sulfate improves grip strength and relieves morning stiffness. (redorbit.com)
  • oral
  • A review published in the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases describes all the documented evidence regarding the mechanisms of action of chondroitin sulfate Pharmacokinetic studies performed on humans and experimental animals after oral administration of chondroitin sulfate revealed that it can be absorbed orally. (wikipedia.org)