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  • genome
  • A few years ago there were plans to sequence the entire chloroplast genome from a conifer. (bio.net)
  • Chloroplasts have their own genome, which is considerably reduced compared to that of free-living cyanobacteria, but the parts that are still present show clear similarities with the cyanobacterial genome. (bionity.com)
  • Many of the proteins required for chloroplast gene expression are encoded in the nuclear genome, and most of these proteins have yet to be identified biochemically. (springer.com)
  • Emergence of the draft sequence of the Chlamydomonas nuclear genome has enabled us to carry out a prediction and comparative analysis of the proteins required for chloroplast mRNA translation. (springer.com)
  • Gardeners might end up never planting the wrong bulb again after the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) and Reading University successfully mapped a daffodil's chloroplast genome for the first time. (phys.org)
  • 2001
  • Sakai T, Kagawa T, Kasahara M, Swartz TE, Christie JM, Briggs WR, Wada M, Okada K (2001) Arabidopsis nph1 and npl1: blue light receptors that mediate both phototropism and chloroplast relocation. (springer.com)
  • thylakoid
  • The process causes modifications in mitochondrial cristae, condensation of the nucleus, shrinkage of chloroplasts and extensive alteration of thylakoid structure. (springer.com)
  • tertiary
  • Despite this, chloroplasts can be found in an extremely wide set of organisms, some not even directly related to each other-a consequence of many secondary and even tertiary endosymbiotic events . (wikipedia.org)
  • accumulation
  • By using a microplate reader, quantitative measurements of chloroplast accumulation or avoidance can be monitored over time, for multiple samples with relatively little hands-on time. (springer.com)