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  • ions
  • These channels may conduct many different ions, but are named for chloride because its concentration in vivo is much higher than other anions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the exchangers, these chloride ions do not interact strongly with one another, due to compensating interactions with the protein. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the channels, the protein does not shield chloride ions at one binding site from the neighboring negatively charged chlorides. (wikipedia.org)
  • important physiological
  • Voltage-gated chloride channels display a variety of important physiological and cellular roles that include regulation of pH, volume homeostasis, organic solute transport, cell migration, cell proliferation and differentiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • salts
  • Quaternary ammonium salts , used as surfactants , are readily formed by alkylation of tertiary amines with benzyl chloride. (wikipedia.org)
  • The process involves two parallel reactions: 2 Cl− → Cl 2 + 2 e− 2 H 2O + 2 e− → H2 + 2 OH− Another major application involving chloride is desalination, which involves the energy intensive removal of chloride salts to give potable water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are used to preserve food. (wikipedia.org)
  • potable water
  • Chloride is also a useful and reliable chemical indicator of river / groundwater fecal contamination, as chloride is a non-reactive solute and ubiquitous to sewage & potable water. (alfa.com)
  • Many water regulating companies around the world utilize chloride to check the contamination levels of the rivers and potable water sources. (wikipedia.org)