• Fraioli, RE , Hirsch, BE & Kassam, AB 2008, ' Fibrin sealant for control of cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea ', American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery , vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 135-137. (elsevier.com)
  • To the best of our knowledge, clival dysplasia-caused CSF rhinorrhea has never been reported in the neurosurgical field.Conclusion:Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea is often treated by surgery, and a transsphenoidal approach repair is the main surgical method used, offering the advantages of less trauma, fewer complications, rapid postoperative recovery, and low recurrence rate. (deepdyve.com)
  • There were no major postoperative complications, recurrences of encephaloceles, or cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea in these patients. (thejns.org)
  • Drainage from the ear, or otorrhea, is commonly encountered in pediatric practice and can present a diagnostic and therapeutic quandary to the pediatrician. (healio.com)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid is a clear, colorless fluid that circulates in the cranial and spinal subarachnoid spaces, located between the pia and arachnoid matters. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Head or spine MRI to detect evidence of sinking of the brain, collapse of the superior opthalmic vein, subdural fluid collection, decrease in ventricular size and prominent dural sinuses, extra-arachnoid fluid, meningeal diverticuli, meningeal enhancement, or engorgement of epidural venous plexi. (pietromortini.com)
  • Earlier, he was thought to have chronic otitis and in retrospect had had one episode of CSF otorrhea from his right ear and one episode of CSF rhinorrhea from his right nostril. (ajnr.org)
  • The authors describe spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage as a result of chronic increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in four patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). (aao.org)
  • There are two forms of otorrhea: acute or chronic and this can be a symptom of a serious underlying problem. (medic8.com)
  • Chronic otorrhea lasts for six weeks or longer. (medic8.com)
  • But untreated or chronic ear infections are the most likely cause of otorrhea. (medic8.com)
  • Chronic otorrhoea is difficult to treat, with treatment in South Africa (SA) being protocol driven and generally initiated at the primary healthcare level. (scielo.org.za)
  • There is a lack of local studies that focus on the bacteriology and antimicrobial sensitivities of chronic otorrhoea, which underpins the management advice offered. (scielo.org.za)
  • To determine the microbiological profile and antimicrobial susceptibility of patients with chronic otorrhoea and the validity of the Department of Health's (DoH) current guideline. (scielo.org.za)
  • Although treatment is protocol driven, a PubMed search failed to reveal SA studies focusing purely on the bacteriology and antimicrobial sensitivities of chronic otorrhoea underpinning the management advice offered. (scielo.org.za)
  • To investigate the microbiology profiles of patients presenting to a tertiary hospital in Cape Town with chronic otorrhoea and to ascertain the validity of the current treatment protocol for chronic otorrhoea outlined by the SA Department of Health (DoH). (scielo.org.za)
  • A spectrum of severity of injury occurs which includes chronic tympanic membrane perforation, chronic otorrhoea, facial nerve injury and deafness. (lenus.ie)
  • We present a case of drop weld injury to the left tympanic membrane, resulting in chronic middle ear inflammation, otorrhoea and tympanic perforation. (lenus.ie)
  • Chronic otorrhea is when the middle ear gets infected and inflamed while the tympanic membrane gets perforated and the condition remains the same for 6 - 12 weeks. (hxbenefit.com)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea is caused most often by skull fracture, and is looked for routinely in patients who have had trauma to the head. (jamanetwork.com)
  • The initial examination performed by a trauma team included X-ray imaging of his thorax and pelvis, that were found normal, as well as ultrasound of his abdomen, which showed no sign of free fluid. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is also possible in case of a trauma to the brain where the cerebral fluid seeps into the passage of the ear and is drained out from there. (hxbenefit.com)
  • At admission, computed tomography (CT) imaging of the head showed enlargement of the lateral ventricles, a right mastoid fluid collection, and a defect of the superior wall of the right petrous bone. (scientificscholar.in)
  • Worldwide, there has been a change in the profile of organisms causing otorrhoea and increases have been observed both in the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and in resistance to antimicrobials. (scielo.org.za)
  • Overall, prophylaxis appears to be effective at reducing the incidence of post-tympanostomy tube otorrhea. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The mean odds ratio was 52%, suggesting that prophylaxis may reduce the incidence of post-tympanostomy tube otorrhea by half. (unboundmedicine.com)