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  • vaginal
  • This is usually only done if the cervix is too short to attempt a standard cerclage, or if a vaginal cerclage has failed or is not possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, a few doctors (namely Arthur Haney at the University of Chicago and George Davis at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey) are pushing for the transabdominal cerclage to replace vaginal cerclages, due to perceived better outcomes and more pregnancies carried to term. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shirodkar
  • This procedure was developed by the Canadian Gynecologist and Obstetrical Pathologist and Surgeon, Ellice McDonald (1876-1955)[citation needed] A Shirodkar cerclage is very similar, but the sutures pass through the walls of the cervix so they're not exposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • McDonald
  • This type of cerclage is less common and technically more difficult than a McDonald, and is thought (though not proven) to reduce the risk of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • While cerclage is generally a safe procedure, there are a number of potential complications that may arise during or after surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal
  • citation needed] An abdominal cerclage, the least common type, is permanent and involves placing a band at the very top and outside of the cervix, inside the abdomen. (wikipedia.org)