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  • membrane
  • The development of his theory of the High pH Cancer Therapy with Cesium grew out of his understanding of the physics of the cell membrane. (encognitive.com)
  • The lighter isotope struck the membrane surface the more readily. (encognitive.com)
  • The detailed research I carried out on membrane action showed clearly that the prime contributing factor is to be found in the electrodynamics of the P=O radical which characterizes the cell membrane surfaces. (encognitive.com)
  • Eukaryotic cells also contain other membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria and the Golgi apparatus , and in addition, some cells of plants and algae contain chloroplasts . (wikipedia.org)
  • We have elucidated the role of unsaturated fatty acid in the in vitro model phospholipid membrane and in vivo live cell membrane. (usda.gov)
  • Results showed that plants were inclined to absorb light Ni isotopes, presumably due to the functioning of low-affinity transport systems across root cell membrane. (jove.com)
  • We previously identified Cis4, a zinc transporter belonging to the cation diffusion facilitator protein family, and we demonstrated that Cis4 is implicated in Golgi membrane trafficking in fission yeast. (jove.com)
  • Notably, green fluorescent protein-tagged Ecm33, which was observed at the cell surface in wild-type cells, mostly localized as intracellular dots that are presumed to be the Golgi and endosomes in membrane-trafficking mutants, including ?apm1, ypt3-i5, and chc1-1 mutants. (jove.com)
  • Taken together, these results suggest that GPI-anchored proteins are transported through a clathrin-mediated post-Golgi membrane trafficking pathway and that zinc transporter Cis4 may play roles in membrane trafficking of GPI-anchored proteins in fission yeast. (jove.com)
  • Endosomes are one of the major membrane sorting checkpoints in eukaryotic cells and they regulate recycling or destruction of proteins mostly from the plasma membrane and the Golgi. (jove.com)
  • concentrations
  • However, the serum zinc concentrations were lower in the supplemented group than in the control group. (nih.gov)
  • In 2002, new research showed certain concentrations of zinc improved the effect of a therapy called interferon for some patients with chronic hepatitis C. Although the trial was preliminary, it showed promise for further research into zinc's effects in enhancing interferon therapy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Cereals are an important source of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) for humans, but their concentrations are generally low in white flour (which corresponds to the starchy endosperm) and their bioavailability is limited by high phytate content in the bran. (springer.com)
  • occur
  • Proteomics approaches are especially useful to understand the mechanisms of nerve regeneration and degeneration because changes in axons following injury or in disease states often occur without the contribution of transcriptional events in the cell body. (mcponline.org)
  • Changes in axons after injury or in disease states often occur without the contribution of transcriptional events in the cell body in part because of the distance separating the injury site from the nucleus. (mcponline.org)
  • There are five isotopes of zinc that occur in nature. (ducksters.com)
  • lighter
  • The humification of both dead moss and larch needles leads to retain the fraction where Zn bound most strongly thus releasing the lighter isotopes in solution and preserving the heavy isotopes in the humification products, in general accord with previous experimental and modeling works [GCA 75:7632-7643, (springeropen.com)
  • bacteria
  • are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes , unlike prokaryotes ( Bacteria and Archaea ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike unicellular archaea and bacteria, eukaryotes may also be multicellular and include organisms consisting of many cell types forming different kinds of tissue . (wikipedia.org)
  • In his 1938 work Titres et Travaux Scientifiques , Chatton had proposed the two terms, calling the bacteria prokaryotes and organisms with nuclei in their cells eukaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other supplements that will complement zinc in combating yeast problems are vitamin A, vitamin C , and vitamin E . Another measure that can help to limit problems with Candida is eating yogurt, which is an excellent source of Lactobacillus , a friendly bacteria that competes with yeast. (encyclopedia.com)
  • oxygen
  • In the unenergized state Ca++, Mg++, and Na+ cations which transport oxygen into the cell can no longer enter. (encognitive.com)
  • In the absence of oxygen the cell loses its pH control and becomes acid, and thus turns into the cancerous state. (encognitive.com)
  • In the human body, it has a vital role like carrying oxygen to every cell, brain development, improving immune functions and many more. (yuprocks.com)
  • In this study, using in vivo biochemical markers and whole-cell iTRAQ-based proteomics analysis, we explored the cellular responses associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell fate decision during the early response to Fe limitation in the centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. (jove.com)
  • Heme is utilized by red blood cells in the form of hemoglobin for oxygen transport and is perhaps the most recognized metal system in biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • iron
  • The first group of 28 pregnant women received daily prenatal supplements containing 60 mg of iron and 250 mcg of folate with or without 15 mg of zinc, from week 10 to 24 of gestation until delivery. (nih.gov)
  • The serum iron of the iron group was significantly higher than that of the iron + zinc group (P 0.03) or control group (P 0.001). (nih.gov)
  • His work includes the study of stable isotopes of iron and zinc and the overall relationship of mineral nutriture to health. (nih.gov)
  • Measuring iron bioavailability by isotopic techniques The most common method is based on incorporation of the isotope e.g Fe-57, Fe-58 into red blood cells following extrinsic labeling (mixing label directly with the food) and feeding to the test subjects. (amazonaws.com)
  • Since newly absorbed iron is primarily used for hemoglobin synthesis, iron bioavailblitiy from a specific diet can be determined by measuring the incorporation of an iron isotope into red blood cell hemoglobin 14 days after the ingestion of the test meal. (amazonaws.com)
  • A sample of 300 children within the program was additionally given milk fortified with iron and zinc. (amazonaws.com)
  • traces
  • Small traces of zinc can be found in ocean water and the air. (ducksters.com)
  • Here the methods for mouse adrenal gland tissue dissection, chromaffin cell culture, basic cell-attached techniques, and subsequent examples of individual traces measuring singular endocytic event are described. (jove.com)
  • hormones
  • Zinc is a mineral that is essential for a healthy immune system, production of certain hormones, wound healing, bone formation, and clear skin. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This gland tends to shrink with age, and consequently produces less of the hormones that boost the production of infection-fighting white blood cells. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Testosterone is one of the hormones that requires zinc for production. (encyclopedia.com)
  • immune
  • Zinc acts as an immune booster, in part due to stimulation of the thymus gland . (encyclopedia.com)
  • In another immune stimulant capacity, zinc can offer some relief from chronic infections with Candida albicans , or yeast. (encyclopedia.com)
  • metabolism
  • SiHa cells were used to characterize metabolism under hypoxia, by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and DNA damage by comet assay and γH2AX formation. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Your body improve metabolism, boost produce of lipolytics enzymes, starts apoptosis - cell death of subcutaneous fat tissue. (amazonaws.com)
  • soil
  • The larch (Larix gmelinii ) from North and South-facing slopes is enriched in heavy isotopes compared to soil reservoir while larch from Sphagnum peatbog is enriched in light isotopes. (springeropen.com)
  • enzymes
  • This element is an important part of several enzymes and helps to produce energy in the cells of the human body. (yuprocks.com)
  • Despite the low requirement, zinc is found in nearly every cell of the body and is a key to the proper function of more than 300 enzymes, including superoxide dismutase. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Zinc also plays an important role in biology and is found in over one hundred enzymes. (ducksters.com)
  • affinity
  • Zinc binding occurs with low micromolar affinity at the protein active site, with E18, C106 and two water molecules as ligands. (springer.com)
  • Cells which exhibit an affinity for the porphyrin element indicate sites of plaque buildup. (google.com)
  • element
  • First, they may be designated by writing the name of the element followed by the mass number of the isotope. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Second, isotopes may be designated by the chemical symbol of the element with a superscript that shows their mass number. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The advantage of using two or more isotopes of the same element is that the isotopes will all have the same chemical properties but may differ from each other because of their mass differences. (encyclopedia.com)
  • He thought that element number 31 might be found in zinc ores. (encyclopedia.com)
  • pregnant
  • The U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for zinc is 5 milligrams (mg) for children under one year of age, 10 mg for children aged one to 10 years old, 15 mg for males 11 years or older, 12 mg for females 11 years or older, 15 mg for women who are pregnant, and 16-19 mg for women who are lactating. (encyclopedia.com)